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Lamentations 4

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1 Kuidas küll on tuhmunud kuld, puhas kuld kuidas teiseks saanud! Pühamu kivid on paisatud kõigile tänavanurkadele.

2 Kallid Siioni lapsed, puhtaima kullaga võrdsed, kuidas on nad nüüd saanud saviastjate sarnaseks, potisseppade käsitööks!

3 Ðaakalidki ulatavad nisa, et imetada oma poegi, aga mu rahva tütar on julm, otsekui jaanalind kõrbes.

4 Imiku keel jääb kinni suulakke janu pärast, lapsed paluvad leiba, aga pole, kes neile jagaks.

5 Kes enne sõid maiustusi, närbuvad tänavail; keda hellitati purpuri peal, lebavad sõnnikuhunnikul.

6 Mu rahva tütre süü on suurem kui patt Soodomas, mis paisati segi silmapilkselt, kätega aitamata.

7 Tema vürstid olid puhtamad lumest, valgemad piimast, ihult korallidest verevamad, kujult otsekui safiirid.

8 Nüüd on nad näost mustemad kui nõgi, neid ei tunta tänavail ära; nende nahk on kontidel kortsunud, kuivanud nagu puu.

9 Õnnelikumad olid need, kes mõõgaga maha löödi, kui need, kes surid nälga, kes põllusaagi puudumisel kidusid nagu teibasse aetud.

10 Kaastundlike naiste käed keetsid oma lapsi: need olid neile roaks mu rahva tütre hävingus.

11 Issand valas välja oma viha, tegi teoks oma tulise raevu ja süütas Siionis tule, mis põletas selle alusmüüridki.

12 Ei oleks uskunud maa kuningad ja kõik maailma elanikud, et vihamees ja vaenlane tuleb sisse Jeruusalemma väravaist.

13 See on sündinud tema prohvetite pattude, tema preestrite süü pärast; nende pärast, kes valasid seal õigete verd.

14 Nad vaarusid tänavail nagu pimedad, verega roojastatud, nõnda et nende riideid ei võinud puudutada.

15 'Hoidke eest! Roojane!' hüüti nende kohta. 'Hoidke eest, hoidke eest, ärge puudutage!' Nad vaarusid ka põgenedes, rahvaste seas öeldi: 'Nad ei tohi jääda siia kauemaks!'

16 Issanda pale hajutas nad, ta ei vaata enam nende peale. Preestritest ei peetud lugu, vanadele ei antud armu.

17 Isegi veel siis, väsinud silmadega, me ootasime asjatult endile abi; oma vahitornidest piilusime rahva poole, kes meid ei päästnud.

18 Meie samme luurati, me ei võinud käia oma turgudel; meie lõpp ligines, meie päevad said täis - tõesti, meie lõpp tuli!

19 Meie jälitajad olid kiiremad kui kotkas taeva all; nad ajasid meid taga mägedel, varitsesid meid kõrbes.

20 Issanda võitu, kes oli meile eluõhuks, püüti kinni nende aukudes, tema, kellest me ütlesime: 'Tema varjus me elame paganate seas!'

21 Rõõmutse ja ole rõõmus, Edomi tütar, kes elad Uusimaal! Sinulegi tuleb karikas: sa jääd joobnuks ja kisud enese paljaks.

22 Sinu süü on lõppenud, Siioni tütar, enam ta ei vii sind vangi. Aga ta karistab su süüd, Edomi tütar, ta paljastab su patud.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 122


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 96, 374, 382, 1073, 1234, 1460, 2336, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 305, 312, 343, 379, 501, 502, ...

Sacred Scripture 87

True Christian Religion 252


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 175, 183, 195, 196, 239, 240, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 58

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 59

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Word/Phrase Explanations

kuld
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

kivid
Stones in the Bible in general represent truths, or things we know concerning the Lord and what He wants from us and for us in...

lapsed
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

keel
'The tongue,' as an organ, signifies doctrine, but as speech, or language, it signifies religion. 'Tongue' signifies perception of truth with respect to speech, and...

kinni
On a natural level, "clinging" to someone clearly indicates a desire to be close to them and conjoined with them. It often has a negative...

nahk
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

puu
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

käed
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

oma
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

viha
'Wrath,' as in Genesis 49:7, signifies aversion from truth. 'Great wrath,' as in Revelation 12:12, signifies hatred against the new church.

maa
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

kuningad
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

elanikud
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

vaenlane
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

verd
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

roojane
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

tuli
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

meie
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

Kotkas
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

kõrbes
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

rõõmus
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

tütar
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

patud
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

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2 Kings 18:27

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27 Kuid ülemjoogikallaja vastas neile: 'Kas mu isand on mind läkitanud kõnelema neid sõnu ainult su isandale ja sinule? Küllap ka müüri peal istuvatele meestele, kes koos teiega peavad sööma oma rooja ja jooma oma kust!'

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Word/Phrase Explanations

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When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

oma
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

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Apocalypse Explained # 1042

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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1042. Verse 4. And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, signifies the appearance of that religious persuasion in externals, as if it were from celestial good and truth, and yet in internals it is from devilish evil and falsity. This is evident from the signification of the "woman," as being the religious persuasion of the Papists; also from the signification of "arrayed," as being what it is in externals, for "garments" are external things that clothe; therefore "to be arrayed" means the appearance in externals. Also from the signification of "purple," as being good from a celestial origin, and also the evil opposite thereto, which is called devilish evil (of which presently). Also from the signification of "scarlet," as being truth from a celestial origin, and also the falsity opposite thereto, which is called devilish falsity. That these goods and truths differ from goods and truths that are from a spiritual origin, and that the like is true of the evils and falsities opposite to them, which are called infernal evils and falsities, will be shown in the following article.

(Odkazy: Revelation 17:4)


[2] This woman, who is a harlot, and is Babylon, is thus described, because those who are in evils and in falsities therefrom are described in the Word from their external appearance, thus such as they are in the eyes of the men who worship them. They are so described because the sense of the letter of the Word consists of appearances; while the spiritual sense puts off those appearances, and presents interior things naked, without clothing, and when these appear, they appear in a wholly different form; as here the woman seen in external appearance "arrayed in purple and scarlet," is called, as to her internal form, "the mother of the whoredoms and of the abominations of the earth;" and the like is said of:

The rich man clothed in purple and fine linen, who, nevertheless, was cast into hell (Luke 16:19);

also of the Assyrians, with whom Ohola and Oholibah, that is, Samaria and Jerusalem, committed whoredom, who are called:

Officers and leaders, horsemen clothed in blue riding upon horses (Ezekiel 23:6, 12).

So in other passages. Babylon is here described as a harlot appears in the world, splendidly clothed and yet abominable, because full of uncleanness.

[3] Before proving from the Word that "purple and scarlet" signify goods and truths from a celestial origin, something shall be said about such goods and truths. The Divine good that proceeds from the Lord is united with His Divine truth, as heat from the sun is with light in the time of spring. But the angels, who are recipients of the Divine good and Divine truth proceeding from the Lord, are distinguished into celestial and spiritual. Those who receive more of the Lord's Divine good than of His Divine truth are called celestial angels; because these constitute the kingdom of the Lord that is called the celestial kingdom. But the angels who receive more of the Lord's Divine truth than of His Divine good are called spiritual angels, because the Lord's spiritual kingdom consists of these. This makes clear that goods and truths have a twofold origin, namely, a celestial origin and a spiritual origin. Those goods and truths that are from a celestial origin are the goods and truths of love to the Lord; while those goods and truths that are from a spiritual origin are the goods and truths of love towards the neighbor. The difference is like that between higher and lower, or between interior and exterior; thus like that between things that are in a higher or interior degree, and those that are in a lower or exterior degree; and what this difference is can be seen from what has been said in the work on Heaven and Hell about the three degrees of the heavens, and thus of the angels, and of their wisdom and intelligence (n. 33, 34, 38-39, 208-209, 211, 435).

(Odkazy: Heaven and Hell 33-34)


[4] That "purple" signifies in the Word that good, and "scarlet" that truth, can be seen from the passages in the Word where they are mentioned. As in Ezekiel:

Fine linen of embroidered work from Egypt was thy spreading forth, blue and purple from the isles of Elishah was thy covering (Ezekiel 27:7).

This is said of Tyre, which signifies the church as to the knowledges of truth and good, "blue and purple" standing for such knowledges from a celestial origin, and "covering and spreading forth" signifying the externals of that church. In Luke:

There was a certain rich man, who was clothed in purple and fine linen and indulged in delicacies every day (Luke 16:19).

The "rich man" means the Jewish nation and the church therein, which was called "rich" from the knowledges of good and truth from the Word that they had, "in purple" meaning the knowledges of good, and "in fine linen" the knowledges of truth, both from a celestial origin. In Lamentations:

They that did eat delicacies are laid waste in the streets; they that were brought up in scarlet have embraced a dunghill (Lamentations 4:5).

"To be brought up in scarlet" means to be instructed from infancy in truths from celestial good.

[5] As the Tent of meeting represented heaven, and the garments of Aaron represented the holy things of heaven, and purple and scarlet signify the goods and truths of heaven, so the curtains and veils of the Tent, as well as the garments of Aaron, were wrought with blue, purple, scarlet double-dyed, and fine linen woven together; as:

The curtains of the habitation (Exodus 26:1);

The veil before the ark (Exodus 26:31);

The covering for the door of the Tent (Exodus 26:36);

The covering at the gate of the court (Exodus 27:16);

The ephod (Exodus 28:6);

The belt (Exodus 28:8);

The breastplate of judgment (Exodus 28:15);

The fringes of the robe of the ephod (Exodus 28:33).

Because "scarlet double-dyed" signified the truth of celestial good, therefore:

A cloth of scarlet double-dyed was spread over the table upon which was the bread of faces, and afterwards it was covered with a covering of the skin of the badger (Numbers 4:8).

For the inmost things of the celestial kingdom were signified by the things that were upon the table, which were loaves; but the exterior things by the coverings, which have reference to truths from good.

(Odkazy: Exodus 26:8)


[6] As truth from celestial good, which is the truth of the sense of the letter of the Word, is signified by "scarlet," it was used for remembrances, as that:

The sons of Israel should make for themselves a train on the borders of their garment, and should put upon the train of the border a cord of scarlet, that by it they might remember all the commandments of Jehovah and do them (Numbers 15:38-39).

And for the same reason it was a custom in ancient times, when significatives were in use, to tie a scarlet cord as a reminder or remembrance of a thing, as is said of Perez the son of Tamar, that:

The midwife tied scarlet upon his hand (Genesis 38:28, 30);

and of the harlot Rahab, that:

She tied in the window a scarlet cord, that the spies might remember their promise (Joshua 2:17, 21).

(Odkazy: Joshua 2:18)


[7] As all purifications from evils are effected by truths from the Word, therefore:

Cedar wood, scarlet and hyssop were used in cleansings (Leviticus 14:4-7, 49-52).

And scarlet was used for the waters of separation and expiation from a red heifer (Numbers 19:6).

Purple and scarlet derive their signification from the nature of these colors. For there are colors in heaven far more brilliant than in the world, originating from the light there; and as red has its origin there from what is fiery or flame-like, and what is fiery and flame-like has its origin there from the good of love, so "purple" signifies good from a celestial origin. But scarlet derives its color from what is flame-like and at the same time glistening, and glistening from light signifies truth; consequently that color signifies the truth of celestial good.

[8] As most things in the Word have a contrary sense, so have purple and scarlet; and in that sense they signify the evils and falsities opposite to those goods and truths. As in Isaiah:

Although your sins have been as scarlet they shall become white like snow; although they have been red as purple they shall be as wool (Isaiah 1:18).

Since "scarlet," the same as "snow," signifies truth, and "purple," the same as "wool," signifies good, and since "scarlet and purple," signify in the contrary sense falsity and evil (falsity and truth, and evil and good corresponding by opposition), so it is said "Although your sins have been as scarlet they shall become white like snow, and although they have been red as purple they shall be as wool."

(Odkazy: Joshua 2:18)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 1036, 1049, 1143, 1166

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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