Genesis 12


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1 Ja Issand ütles Aabramile: 'Mine omalt maalt, omast sugukonnast ja isakojast maale, mille ma sulle näitan!

2 Ma teen sind suureks rahvaks ja õnnistan sind, ma teen su nime suureks, et sa oleksid õnnistuseks!

3 Siis ma õnnistan neid, kes sind õnnistavad, panen vande alla selle, kes sind neab, ja sinu nimel õnnistavad endid kõik suguvõsad maa peal!'

4 Ja Aabram läks, nagu Issand teda käskis, ja Lott läks koos temaga; Aabram oli seitsekümmend viis aastat vana, kui ta Haaranist lahkus.

5 Ja Aabram võttis oma naise Saarai ja oma vennapoja Loti ja kogu nende varanduse, mis nad olid soetanud, ja Haaranis hangitud hingelised, ja nad läksid teele Kaananimaa poole. Ja nad jõudsid Kaananimaale.

6 Ja Aabram käis maa läbi Sekemi püha paigani, Moore tammeni; kaananlased olid siis veel sellel maal.

7 Ja Issand ilmutas ennast Aabramile ning ütles: 'Sinu soole ma annan selle maa!' Siis ta ehitas sinna altari Issandale, kes oli ennast temale ilmutanud.

8 Sealt ta liikus edasi mäestikku Peetelist hommiku poole ja lõi oma telgi üles, nõnda et Peetel jäi õhtu ja Ai hommiku poole; ja ta ehitas sinna altari Issandale ning hüüdis appi Issanda nime.

9 Ja Aabram läks teele, rändas üha ja siirdus Lõunamaale.

10 Aga maal oli nälg. Siis Aabram läks alla Egiptusesse, et seal võõrana elada, sest maal oli suur nälg.

11 Ja kui ta minnes Egiptusele ligines, ütles ta oma naisele Saaraile: 'Vaata, ma tean, et sa oled ilusa välimusega naine.

12 Aga kui egiptlased sind näevad, ütlevad nad: 'See on tema naine!' Siis nad tapavad minu, aga sinu jätavad elama.

13 Ütle siis, et oled minu õde, et mu käsi sinu tõttu võiks hästi käia ja mu hing sinu pärast ellu jääks!'

14 Kui Aabram jõudis Egiptusesse, siis nägid egiptlased, et naine oli väga ilus.

15 Ja kui vaarao vürstid teda nägid, siis nad ülistasid teda vaaraole ja naine võeti vaarao kotta.

16 Vaarao tegi Aabramile tema pärast head: ta sai lambaid ja kitsi, veiseid ja eesleid, sulaseid ja teenijaid, emaeesleid ja kaameleid.

17 Aga Issand nuhtles vaaraod ja tema koda suurte nuhtlustega Saarai, Aabrami naise pärast.

18 Siis vaarao kutsus Aabrami ning ütles: 'Miks sa mulle seda tegid? Miks sa ei teatanud mulle, et ta on sinu naine?

19 Miks sa ütlesid: Ta on mu õde, nõnda et ma tema enesele naiseks võtsin? Aga nüüd, vaata, seal on su naine, võta tema ja mine!'

20 Ja vaarao andis tema pärast meestele käsu, et nad saadaksid minema tema ja ta naise ja kõik, mis tal oli.

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Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 12      

By Steve David

The Inner Meaning of Genesis 12

In Genesis 11, we met Abram for the first time, as his genealogy was traced down through the generations from Noah. Abram represents the beginning of a new spiritual state of humankind - a new church that would record preserve important external truths. Those external truths contained internal ones - true ideas about God the way people should live.

These external truths were encoded in stories, first preserved in oral traditions then in written scriptures in the time of Moses. In the current , Abram, goes, as commanded by God, the land of Canaan. In doing this, he effectively starts the Hebrew church (from Eber, Abraham's forebear).

All the geographic places in the land of Canaan its environs had been given spiritual significations by the people of the Most Ancient Church. In the new Word that would be written there, these places would be mentioned by name would signify spiritual ideas.

When Abraham is driven by famine in the land seek refuge in Egypt, it symbolizes a state of initial instruction for this new church. That early instruction is of an external type. Egypt, in the Word, represents scientific knowledge - the natural sciences - which teach the natural level in people.

There are two levels of "story" nested in the symbolism of the literal text. One is the spiritual story of humankind. Another, higher one, is the story of the inner spiritual process that would take place in the life of Jesus Christ. Both stories are traced out in Swedenborg's exegesis of the Word.

Here's an excerpt from his capstone work, True Christian Religion:

The Word has two senses hidden in its literal sense; these are called the spiritual the celestial senses. In the spiritual sense the contents of the Word refer chiefly the church in the celestial sense chiefly the Lord. Again in the spiritual sense its contents refer Divine truth in the celestial sense Divine good. (True Christian Religion 248)

A detailed description of the inner meaning of this chapter begins in Arcana Coelestia 1401.


Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 482, 1401, 1402, 1407, 1408, 1409, 1410, ...

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 413, 414

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 440, 796, 921, 1025, 1403, 1461, 1475, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 503

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 340, 654, 750

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.

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Activity | Ages 7 - 14

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A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
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Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
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Arcana Coelestia # 1488

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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1488. 'And his house' means which He had gathered together. This becomes clear from the meaning of 'house' here as facts that are gathered together. Gathering facts together and by means of them raising and building up the external man is not unlike building a house, and therefore similar ideas are meant in various parts of the Word by 'building', and by 'building houses', as in Isaiah,

I am creating new heavens and a new earth. They will build houses and inhabit them; and they will plant vineyards and eat their fruit. They will not build and another inhabit. Isaiah 65:17, 21-22.

Here 'houses' means where there are wisdom and intelligence, thus where there are the cognitions of good and truth, for the Lord's kingdom is the subject, that is, 'new heavens and a new earth'. In Jeremiah,

Build houses and inhabit them; and plant gardens and eat their fruit. Jeremiah 29:5.

Here the meaning is similar. In David,

Blessed is the man who fears Jehovah, who delights greatly in His commandments! Wealth and riches are in his house, and his righteousness stands for ever. Psalms 112:1, 3.

Here 'wealth and riches' stands for the wealth and riches of wisdom and intelligence, thus for cognitions, which are 'in his house', that is, residing with him.

[2] 'House' is also used in the contrary sense: in Zephaniah,

I will visit those who say in their hearts, Jehovah has not done good nor has He done evil; and their wealth will be for plunder, and their houses for desolation, and they will build [rouses and not inhabit them, and they will plant vineyards and not drink [their] wine. Zephaniah 1:12-13.

In Haggai,

Go up into the mountain and bring wood and build the house. You looked for much, and behold it was little; and when you brought it home 1 I blew it away. For what reason? said Jehovah. Because of My house which has been left derelict while you run each to his own house. Therefore above you the heavens have withheld their dew. Haggai 1:8-10.

'Houses' stands for facts through which, by means of reasoning, falsities come. In Isaiah,

The vineyard of Jehovah is the house of Israel. 2 Woe to those who join house to house, who add field to field until there is no room and you dwell alone in the midst of the land! Will not many houses be a desolation, large and good ones, without inhabitant? Isaiah 5:7-9.

Here also 'houses' stands for facts through which come falsities. In Amos,

Behold, Jehovah commands, and He will smite the great house with breaches and the little house with clefts. Will horses run upon the rock? Will one plough there with oxen? that you turn judgement into poison and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood. Amos 6:11-12.

Here similarly 'houses' stands for falsities and derivative evils, 'horses' for reasoning, 'judgement' for truths which are 'turned into poison', and 'the fruits of righteousness' for goods which are 'turned into wormwood'.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 5:7, 5:8-9)

[3] Thus in various parts of the Word 'houses' stands for human minds in which intelligence and wisdom ought to be present. Here 'the house of Pharaoh' stands for facts by means of which comes intelligence and by means of this wisdom. Similar things were also meant by 'the house which Solomon built for Pharaoh's daughter', 1 Kings 7:8 and following verses. Because 'a house' stands for minds that have intelligence and wisdom within them, and that have within them affections that belong to the will, therefore the word 'house' in the Word has a wide range of meaning, but what it means in a specific instance becomes clear from the things to which it has reference. In addition man himself is called 'a house'.


1. literally, into the house

2. These words seem to have been added as an afterthought and without reference. They have been restored to their correct place.


(Odkazy: Genesis 12:17)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 4390

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.