Ezekiel 11


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1 Siis Vaim tõstis minu üles ja viis mu Issanda koja Idaväravasse, mis on ida poole; ja vaata, värava suus oli kakskümmend viis meest ja ma nägin nende keskel Jaasanjat, Assuri poega, ja Pelatjat, Benaja poega, rahva ülemaid.

2 Ja ta ütles mulle: 'Inimesepoeg, need on mehed, kes kavatsevad nurjatust ja peavad kurja nõu selle linna vastu;

3 nad ütlevad: 'Aeg ei ole käes, et ehitada kodasid. See linn on pott ja meie oleme liha.'

4 Seepärast kuuluta neile prohvetlikult, kuuluta prohvetlikult, inimesepoeg!'

5 Siis langes mu peale Issanda Vaim ja ütles mulle: 'Räägi: Nõnda ütleb Issand: Nii te ütlete, Iisraeli sugu, ja mis teil mõttes on, seda ma tean!

6 Palju on teie poolt mahalööduid selles linnas ja te olete mahalöödutega täitnud selle tänavad.

7 Seepärast ütleb Issand Jumal nõnda: Teie mahalöödud, keda te olete pannud selle keskele, on liha, ja see linn on pott, aga ma viin teid sellest välja.

8 Mõõka te kardate, aga mina toon mõõga teie kallale, ütleb Issand Jumal.

9 Ma viin teid välja selle keskelt ja annan teid võõraste kätte; otsused teie kohta viin ma täide.

10 Te langete mõõga läbi, Iisraeli piiril mõistan ma kohut teie üle ja te saate tunda, et mina olen Issand.

11 See linn ei ole teile potiks ja teie ei ole lihaks selle sees: Iisraeli piiril mõistan ma kohut teie üle.

12 Ja te saate tunda, et mina olen Issand, sest te ei ole käinud mu määruste järgi ega ole teinud mu seaduste järgi, vaid olete teinud nende paganate seaduste järgi, kes asuvad teil ümberkaudu.'

13 Aga kui ma prohvetlikult kuulutasin, suri Pelatja, Benaja poeg; siis ma langesin silmili ja kisendasin suure häälega ning ütlesin: 'Oh Issand Jumal! Kas sa teed lõpu Iisraeli jäägile?'

14 Ja mulle tuli Issanda sõna; ta ütles:

15 'Inimesepoeg, su vennad, su vennad, sugulased ja kogu Iisraeli sugu üheskoos on need, kelle kohta Jeruusalemma elanikud ütlevad: 'Nad on Issandast kaugel, maa on antud omandiks meile!'

16 Seepärast ütle: Nõnda ütleb Issand Jumal: Kuigi ma olen nad viinud kaugele paganate sekka ja kuigi ma olen nad pillutanud mööda maid, olen ma siiski pisut olnud neile pühamuks maades, kuhu nad on sattunud.

17 Seepärast ütle: Nõnda ütleb Issand Jumal: Mina kogun teid rahvaste seast ja korjan teid maadest, kuhu teid on pillutatud, ja ma annan teile Iisraeli maa.

18 Siis nad tulevad sinna ja kõrvaldavad sealt kõik selle põlastusväärsused ja kõik selle jäledused.

19 Mina annan neile ühesuguse südame ja annan nende sisse uue vaimu: ma kõrvaldan nende ihust kivise südame ja annan neile lihase südame,

20 et nad käiksid mu määruste järgi ning peaksid mu seadusi ja täidaksid neid; siis on nad mulle rahvaks ja mina olen neile Jumalaks.

21 Aga kelle süda käib nende põlastusväärsuste ja nende jäleduste meele järgi, nende eluviisid panen ma nende oma pea peale, ütleb Issand Jumal.'

22 Siis tõstsid keerubid oma tiivad ja üheaegselt nendega tõusid rattad ning ülal nende kohal oli Iisraeli Jumala auhiilgus.

23 Ja Issanda auhiilgus tõusis üles linna keskelt ning jäi seisma mäele, mis on ida pool linna.

24 Aga Vaim tõstis mind üles ja viis mind Kaldeasse vangide juurde nägemuses, Jumala Vaimus; siis kadus mul nägemus, mida ma olin näinud.

25 Ja ma jutustasin vangidele kõigist Issanda sõnadest, mis ta mulle oli ilmutanud.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Conjugial Love 26

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 134

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1250, 2921, 3813, 4503, 5922, 8408, 8427, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 36, 501, 629, 832, 883, 945

Divine Providence 134

Doctrine of the Lord 28, 39, 49, 52

Doctrine of Life 86

True Christianity 93, 143, 157, 705

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 422, 577, 652, 746, 926, 946, 1045, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 58

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 22, 52

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Arcana Coelestia # 10287

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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10287. 'And he who puts any of it on a foreigner' means a joining together for those who do not acknowledge the Lord, and so who are subject to evils and to the falsities of evil. This is clear from the meaning of 'putting it on someone' - when the subject is Divine Truths, meant by the sweet-smelling ointment - as a joining together; and from the meaning of 'a foreigner' as those who do not belong to the Church, thus those who do not acknowledge the Lord, consequently who are subject to evils and falsities. Anyone who does not acknowledge the Lord does not belong to the Church; and anyone who rejects the Lord is subject to evils and falsities. For goodness and truth come from no other source than Him. The fact that such people are meant by 'foreigners' will be clear from the places in the Word which will follow below. But first something must be stated regarding the joining of Divine Truth among those who do not acknowledge the Lord. Such a joining together constitutes profanation, for profanation is a joining of Divine Truth to falsities arising from evil. The joining together that constitutes profanation is something which cannot happen with any at all except those who have first acknowledged the things which are the Church's, and especially the Lord, but subsequently reject them. For acknowledgement of the Church's truths and of the Lord leads to contact with the heavens, and consequently to an opening of a person's interiors towards heaven; and a subsequent rejection of them leads to a joining of the same truths to falsities arising from evil. For everything a person acknowledges remains implanted in him; nothing present with a person which has entered through acknowledgement is destroyed.

[2] The state of a person with whom profanation exists is one in which he is in contact with the heavens and at the same time with the hells, through truths with the heavens and through the falsities of evil with the hells. As a result of this, in the next life a tearing apart takes place with such people, which destroys the whole of their inner life. After the tearing apart they hardly look like human beings any longer; they look like bones that have been scorched and have little life in them. See what has been stated and shown previously regarding profanation in the following places,

Profaners are those who have first acknowledged God's truths but subsequently reject them, 1001, 1010, 1059, 2051, 3398, 4289, 4601, 6348, 6959, 6963, 6971, 8394.

People who have rejected them since early childhood, such as Jews and others, are not profaners, 593, 1001, 1010, 1059, 3398, 3489, 6963.

The Lord takes the greatest care to guard against the occurrence of profanation with a person, 301-303, 1327, 1328, 2426, 3398, 3402, 3489, 6595.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1327-1328, Arcana Coelestia 6960)

[3] But it should be realized that the genera of profanation are very many, and the species composing those genera are very many. For there are those who profane the Church's forms of good and those who profane its truths; there are those who profane greatly and those who profane slightly; there are those who profane on a more internal level and those who profane on increasingly external levels; there are those who profane through belief contrary to the Church's truths and forms of good, there are those who profane through the life they lead, and those who profane through their worship. Consequently there exist very many hells of profaners, which are distinct and separate from one another, in accord with their different kinds of profanation. The hells of those who profane good are behind one's back, whereas the hells of profanation of truth are underfoot and to the sides. They are deeper than the hells of all other evils and are rarely opened.

[4] Those who do not acknowledge the Lord and refuse to do so, whether they are outside the Church or inside it, thus those who are subject to evils and to the falsities of evil, are meant by 'foreigners'; and in the abstract sense, without reference to actual persons, evils and the falsities of evil are meant. This is clear from very many places in the Word. The reason for saying 'those who do not acknowledge the Lord, thus those who are subject to evils and the falsities of evil' is that people who do not acknowledge the Lord are inevitably subject to evils and the falsities of evil; for the Lord is the source of all good and of all the truth of good. Those therefore who reject the Lord are subject to evils and the falsities of evil, as accords with the Lord's words in John,

Unless you believe that I am, you will die in your sins. John 8:24.

[5] The fact that such people are meant by 'foreigners' is clear from the following places: In Isaiah,

Your land will be a lonely place, your cities have been burned with fire; foreigners will devour your ground before you, and it will be a lonely place, as if overturned by foreigners 1 . Isaiah 1:7.

Here land should not be understood by 'land', nor cities and ground by 'cities' and 'ground'. Instead the Church should be understood by 'land' and likewise by 'ground', and by 'cities' the Church's truths, called its doctrinal teachings, which are said to have been 'burned with fire' when they have been destroyed by the evils of self-love and love of the world. From this it is evident what is meant by 'foreigners will devour your ground', namely evils and the falsities of evil destroying the Church, and by 'your land will be a lonely place' and 'your cities have been burned with fire'.

'Land' or earth means the Church, see in the places referred to in 9325, and 'ground' likewise, 566, 1068.

'Cities' are the Church's doctrinal teachings, thus its truths, 2268, 2451, 2712, 2943, 3216, 4492, 4493.

'Fire' means the evil of self-love and love of the world, 1297, 1861, 2446, 5071, 5215, 6314, 6832, 7575, 9141.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4492-4493)

[6] In Jeremiah,

Shame covered our faces when foreigners came against the sanctuaries of Jehovah's house. Jeremiah 51:51.

'Foreigners coming against the sanctuaries of Jehovah's house' are evils and the falsities of evil that go against the Church's truths and forms of good. The word 'foreigners' was used to mean members of the gentile nations who were slaves in the Jewish Church, and the gentile nations of that land also mean evil and falsities, 9320. In the same prophet,

You say, There is no hope, no; but I will love foreigners, and after them I will go. Jeremiah 2:25.

'Loving foreigners and going after them' means loving evils and the falsities of evil, and worshipping them.

[7] In Ezekiel,

I will bring a sword upon you, and will give you into the hand of foreigners. Ezekiel 11:8-9.

'Bringing a sword upon' means falsities arising from evil set in conflict against truths springing from good. 'Giving into the hand of foreigners' means to the end that they may believe and serve those falsities. For the meaning of 'a sword' as truth engaged in conflict against falsities, and in the contrary sense falsity engaged in conflict against truths, see 2799, 6353, 7102, 8294.

[8] In the same prophet,

You will die the deaths of the uncircumcised in the hand of foreigners. Ezekiel 28:10.

'The uncircumcised' are those who, for all the religious teachings they know, lead lives steeped in foul loves and the desires that go with them, 2049, 3412, 3413, 4462, 7045, 7225, the death they die being spiritual death. 'In the hand of foreigners' means subject to evils themselves and the falsities of evil.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 3412-3413)

[9] In the same prophet,

Jerusalem, an adulterous woman, takes foreigners instead of her husband. Ezekiel 16:32.

'Jerusalem, an adulterous woman' stands for the Church in which good has been adulterated; 'taking foreigners' stands for its acceptance, in life and doctrine, of evils and the falsities of evil. In Joel,

Jerusalem will be holy, and foreigners will not pass through her any longer. Joel 3:17.

Here also 'Jerusalem' stands for the Church, but one in which people acknowledge the Lord, lead good lives, and believe truths coming from the Lord. 'Foreigners will not pass through her any longer' means that evils and the falsities of evil coming from hell will not enter it.

[10] In David,

Foreigners have risen up against me, and violent ones have sought my soul. Psalms 54:3.

Here also 'foreigners' stands for evils and the falsities of evil, and 'violent ones' for these same evils and falsities acting violently against forms of good and truths. Those who see solely the literal sense of the Word take 'foreigners' to mean nothing more than those outside the Church who were rising up against David. But no ideas of actual persons enter the thinking of those in heaven, only the realities meant by them, 8343, 8985, 9007, so that they think not of people but things that are foreign or alien, that is, those which are alienated from the Church, thus evils and the falsities of evil which destroy the Church. And by 'David', against whom the foreigners were rising up, those in heaven understand the Lord, 1888, 9954.

[11] In Moses,

He forsook the God who made him, and despised the Rock of his salvation. They provoked Him to jealousy through foreign [gods]. Deuteronomy 32:15-16.

'Forsaking God' and 'despising the Rock of salvation' stand for rejecting the Lord, 'provoking through foreign [gods]' for doing so through evils and the falsities of evil, 'the Rock of salvation' being the Lord in respect of the truths of faith, see 8581. In addition to all this there are other places in which 'foreigners' stands for evils and falsities, such as Isaiah 25:2, 4-5; Jeremiah 30:8; Ezekiel 31:11-12.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 25:5)

[12] Since 'foreigners' meant those who are subject to evils and the falsities of evil, and consequently in the abstract sense meant evils and the falsities of evil, it was forbidden for a foreigner to eat that which was holy, Leviticus 22:10; no foreigner was permitted to come near and perform the priestly function or guard the sanctuary; and any who did come near was to be put to death, Numbers 1:51; 3:10, 38; 18:7;

[13] furthermore no incense was to be offered on foreign 2 fire, and because Aaron's sons Nadab and Abihu did offer incense on it they were devoured by fire from heaven, Leviticus 10:1-2. For holy fire which was taken from the altar was a sign of love derived from God, whereas foreign fire was a sign of love coming from hell, and therefore also of evils and the desires that go with them, see 1297, 1861, 2446, 5071, 5215, 6314, 6832, 7575, 9141.

[14] Mention is also made in the Word of those who are foreign-born, a different word being used in the original language from that rendered 'foreigners', and by them falsities themselves are meant, as in Lamentations,

O Jehovah, look upon our shame. Our inheritance has been turned over to foreigners, and our houses to the foreign-born. Lamentations 5:1-2.

In Obadiah,

Foreigners led his strength 3 captive, and the foreign-born entered his gates and cast 4 lots for Jerusalem. Obad. verse 11.

'Casting lots for Jerusalem' stands for destroying the Church and scattering its truths.

(Odkazy: Obadiah 1:11)

[15] In Zephaniah,

I will punish 5 the princes and the king's sons, and all clothed with the clothing of him who is foreign-born. Zephaniah 1:8.

Those 'clothed with the clothing of him who is foreign-born' stand for people subject to falsities; for 'the princes' and 'the king's sons' who are to undergo punishment mean leading truths and in the contrary sense leading falsities. For this meaning of 'princes', see 1482, 2089, 5044, and for that of 'kings' as truths themselves and in the contrary sense falsities themselves, 2015, 2069, 3009, 4581, 4966, 5044, 5068, 6148, so that 'the king's sons' means things derived from those truths or falsities.

[16] In David,

Deliver me, and rescue me from the hands of the sons of him who is foreign-born, whose mouths speak vanity, and whose right hands are the right hands of falsehood. Psalms 144:7-8, 11.

'The sons of him who is foreign-born', it is plainly evident, means those subject to falsities, and so means falsities themselves, for it says, 'Whose mouths speak vanity, and whose right hands are right hands of falsehood', 'vanity' meaning false ideas composing doctrine, and 'falsehood' false ways of life, 9248.

(Odkazy: Exodus 30:5, 30:33)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 172

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 375

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.