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Genesis 2

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1 Kaj estis finitaj la cxielo kaj la tero kaj cxiuj iliaj apartenajxoj.

2 Kaj Dio finis en la sepa tago Sian laboron, kiun Li faris, kaj Li ripozis en la sepa tago de la tuta laboro, kiun Li faris.

3 Kaj Dio benis la sepan tagon kaj sanktigis gxin, cxar en gxi Li ripozis de Sia tuta laboro, kiun Li faris kreante.

4 Tia estas la naskigxo de la cxielo kaj la tero, kiam ili estis kreitaj, kiam Dio la Eternulo faris la teron kaj la cxielon.

5 Kaj nenia kampa arbetajxo ankoraux estis sur la tero, kaj nenia kampa herbo ankoraux kreskis, cxar Dio la Eternulo ne pluvigis sur la teron, kaj ne ekzistis homo, por prilabori la teron.

6 Sed nebulo levigxadis de la tero kaj donadis malsekecon al la tuta suprajxo de la tero.

7 Kaj Dio la Eternulo kreis la homon el polvo de la tero, kaj Li enblovis en lian nazon spiron de vivo, kaj la homo farigxis viva animo.

8 Kaj Dio la Eternulo plantis gxardenon en Eden en la Oriento, kaj Li metis tien la homon, kiun Li kreis.

9 Kaj Dio la Eternulo elkreskigis el la tero cxiun arbon cxarman por la vido kaj bonan por la mangxo, kaj la arbon de vivo en la mezo de la gxardeno, kaj la arbon de sciado pri bono kaj malbono.

10 Kaj rivero eliras el Eden, por akvoprovizi la gxardenon, kaj de tie gxi dividigxas kaj farigxas kvar cxefpartoj.

11 La nomo de unu estas Pisxon; gxi estas tiu, kiu cxirkauxas la tutan landon HXavila, kie estas la oro.

12 Kaj la oro de tiu lando estas bona; tie trovigxas bedelio kaj la sxtono onikso.

13 Kaj la nomo de la dua rivero estas Gihxon; gxi estas tiu, kiu cxirkauxas la tutan landon Etiopujo.

14 Kaj la nomo de la tria rivero estas HXidekel; gxi estas tiu, kiu fluas antaux Asirio. Kaj la kvara rivero estas Euxfrato.

15 Kaj Dio la Eternulo prenis la homon kaj enlogxigis lin en la gxardeno Edena, por ke li prilaboradu gxin kaj gardu gxin.

16 Kaj Dio la Eternulo ordonis al la homo, dirante: De cxiu arbo de la gxardeno vi mangxu;

17 sed de la arbo de sciado pri bono kaj malbono vi ne mangxu, cxar en la tago, en kiu vi mangxos de gxi, vi mortos.

18 Kaj Dio la Eternulo diris: Ne estas bone, ke la homo estu sola; Mi kreos al li helpanton similan al li.

19 Kaj Dio la Eternulo kreis el la tero cxiujn bestojn de la kampo kaj cxiujn birdojn de la cxielo, kaj venigis ilin al la homo, por vidi, kiel li nomos ilin; kaj kiel la homo nomis cxiun vivan estajxon, tiel restis gxia nomo.

20 Kaj la homo donis nomojn al cxiuj brutoj kaj al la birdoj de la cxielo kaj al cxiuj bestoj de la kampo; sed por la homo ne trovigxis helpanto simila al li.

21 Kaj Dio la Eternulo faligis profundan dormon sur la homon, kaj cxi tiu endormigxis; kaj Li prenis unu el liaj ripoj kaj fermis la lokon per karno.

22 Kaj Dio la Eternulo konstruis el la ripo, kiun Li prenis de la homo, virinon, kaj Li venigis sxin al la homo.

23 Kaj la homo diris: Jen nun sxi estas osto el miaj ostoj kaj karno el mia karno; sxi estu nomata Virino, cxar el Viro sxi estas prenita.

24 Tial viro forlasos sian patron kaj sian patrinon, kaj aligxos al sia edzino, kaj ili estos unu karno.

25 Kaj ili ambaux estis nudaj, la homo kaj lia edzino, kaj ili ne hontis.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, ...

Sacred Scripture 103

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 403

True Christianity 279


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 54, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 213, 343, 447

Conjugial Love 32, 112, 132, 135, 156, 193, 194, ...

Divine Love and Wisdom 60, 325, 383

Divine Providence 275

Heaven and Hell 341, 372

Interaction of the Soul and Body 8

True Christianity 46, 48, 364, 466, 470, 520, 697


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 110, 130, 183, 419, 518, 555, 569, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 25, 27

De Verbo (The Word) 14

Divine Wisdom 6

An Invitation to the New Church 57

Spiritual Experiences 566, 6110

Marriage 32, 46, 48, 66

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Word/Phrase Explanations

tero
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Dio
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

tago
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

herbo
Every herb in the Word signifies some species of scientifics. 'Herb bearing seed,' as mentioned in Genesis 1:29, signifies every truth which regards use. 'Green...

polvo
Dust, in Ezekiel 26:12, signifies the lowest things which are of the sensual principle of man. In Isaiah 40:12, the dust signifies exterior or natural...

animo
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

malbono
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

rivero
'Rivers' signify truths in abundance serving the rational self, and so, the understanding, for the purpose of doctrine and life. 'Rivers' or 'floods' signify temptations....

kvar
The number "four" in the Bible represents things being linked together or joined. This is partly because four is two times two, and two represents...

nomo
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

unu
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

oro
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

lando
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

bona
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

gardu
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

arbo
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

diris
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

kampo
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

birdoj
Fowl signify spiritual truth; a bird, natural truth; and a winged thing, sensual truth. Fowl signify intellectual things. Fowl signify thoughts, and all that creeps...

karno
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

ostoj
Bones are strong and supportive, providing a framework for our bodies and making motion and action possible. They are also the least "alive" part of...

virino
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

viro
'A husbandman,' as mentioned in Amos 5:16, signifies the man of the church, because 'field' signifies the church regarding the implantation of truth. 'A husbandman,'...

edzino
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Adam
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Adam and Eve Disobey
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 A Wife for Adam
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 A Wife for Adam
Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

 Chastity
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Correspondences of Water
Illustration of places in the Word that relate to water.
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Garden of Eden
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Garden of Eden Scene
Project | Ages 4 - 10

 God Said What? The Creation Story
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Honoring Marriage
Have children make a picture of their parents (or color a picture of a married couple) within a golden ring or circle. Talk with the children about a wedding ring as a symbol of eternity - a circle without end. 
Project | Ages up to 10

 Life in the Garden of Eden
A picture of life in the beautiful Garden of Eden.
Story | Ages 3 - 7

 Like a Merchant Seeking Pearls
"We have to be able to recognize the pearl of great price when we find it and be willing to forsake all else for its sake. To know the source of happiness is a great thing; to be willing to sacrifice all else in the quest for it is even greater."
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 Obtaining Conjugial Love
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 One Special Person: A Wife for Adam
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Overview of Creation Reflection of God Levels A, B, C for ages 3-14
Overview of Creation: reflection of God, Levels A, B, C for ages 3-14.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 3 - 14

 Quotes: Keeping the Sabbath
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 Summary of Creation and Thankfulness
This lesson discusses a story from the Word and suggests projects and activities for young children.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Creation: A General View
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Creation: The Seventh Day
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Face and Clothing of Love
Genuine love of marriage is seen in friendship, which is described as the face and clothing of conjugial love. To be a good spouse is to be a genuine friend.
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The Garden of Eden
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Garden of Eden
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Garden of Eden
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Garden of Eden Diorama
Make the Garden of Eden with a paper plate and tree of life. Then set up clothespin figures of Adam and Eve in the garden.
Project | Ages up to 10

 The Garden of Eden: Paradise
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Garden of Eden—Paradise
Family lessons provide a worship talk and a variety of activities for children and teens..
Religion Lesson | Ages 4 - 17

 The Meaning of the Tree of Life
Worship Talk | Ages over 18

 The River in Eden
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Seven Days of Creation
An illustrated story of the seven days of creation.
Story | Ages 3 - 7

 The Seventh Day of Creation
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 The Seventh Day of Creation
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 The Story of Creation: Family Worship Ideas
Detailed notes on the seven days of creation.
Article | Ages over 18

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Married couples in heaven sometimes appear as one angel because they feel so close to each other.
Activity | Ages over 15

 Where Did Everything Come From?
Grandpa explains to Annika and Peter where everything came from.
Story | Ages 4 - 6

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This worship talk provides a gentle introduction to the topic of adultery.
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

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Apocalypse Explained # 654

Apocalypse Explained (Tansley translation)      

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654. That Egypt here signifies the natural man separated from the spiritual, and thus falsities flowing forth from the evils of the love of self, consequently, from the pride of [man's] own intelligence, shall now be explained. For when the Natural of man is separated from the Spiritual, which takes place chiefly from the love of self, then from the evils of that love falsities flow forth, all falsity being derived from evil. For falsity is the defence of evil, and the evil of the will is formed in the understanding by means of the ideas of thought; these ideas are called falsities, and because falsities flowing forth from the evils of the love of self are attended with pride, since a man then thinks from his proprium; therefore also Egypt here signifies the pride of [man's] own intelligence.

(Odkazy: Deuteronomy 28:15-20; Exodus 14:1; Revelation 11:8)


[2] But since Egypt signifies the natural man in both senses, that is both when it is conjoined with the spiritual man and when separated from it, thus in a good sense and in a bad sense, therefore the various things of the natural man are also signified by Egypt, and these in general have reference to knowledges and scientifics (cognitiones et scientifica). For the truths and falsities of the natural man are called knowledges and scientifics (cognitiones et scientifica). But when the truths themselves have acquired life, which is effected by means of a life of faith, which is charity, they then pertain to the spiritual man. These with their affections and pleasures do not appear to man's manifest sense and sight, as do the knowledges and scientifics of the natural man, because man, so long as he lives in the world, thinks naturally and speaks naturally, and a man feels and perceives this by a kind of sight belonging to his understanding. But his spiritual thought, which is conjoined to the affection for truth or for falsity is not apparent until a man has put off the natural body, and put on the spiritual body, which takes place after his death or departure from this world, and his entrance into the spiritual world; then he thinks spiritually and speaks spiritually, and no longer naturally as before. This takes place with every man, whether he be merely natural or at the same time spiritual; and thought with the merely natural man after death is still spiritual, but gross without the understanding of truth or affection for good, for it consists of corresponding ideas, which, indeed, appear to be material, but still are not material. But, the Lord being willing, more will be said elsewhere concerning the spiritual thought and also the speech therefrom of merely natural men in the spiritual world.

[3] Egypt, in the Word, signifies the natural man in both senses, good and bad, consequently everything that properly belongs to the natural man, because in Egypt knowledges (scientiae) were cultivated, especially the knowledge (scientia) of correspondences and representations, at the time when churches were representative. But, because they made for themselves images according to correspondences, and began to worship these with holy rites and make idols of them when from internal they became altogether external, therefore they turned the representatives of spiritual and celestial things into idolatrous things, and also into magical things, and thus Egypt, in the Word, in a bad sense, which is the opposite of the former, signifies the false scientific of the natural man, and also what is idolatrous and magical.

[4] That such things are signified by Egypt is evident from many places in the Word; but before we prove this from the Word it should be known that with every man there is an internal that sees from the light of heaven, which is called the internal-spiritual man, or the internal-spiritual mind, and an external that sees from the light of the world, which is called the external-natural man, or the external-natural mind. With every man of the church the internal must be conjoined with the external, or the internal-spiritual man with the external-natural man; and when they are conjoined, then the spiritual man, because it is in the light of heaven, has dominion over the natural man, which is in the light of the world, and rules it as a master rules his servant, and teaches it as a master his pupils. A man is a man of the church and an angel from this conjunction. But when the natural man is not conjoined with the spiritual and subject to it, as is especially the case when the spiritual man is closed - and it is closed with those who deny the Divine things of the Word and of the church, for such see nothing from the light of heaven - then the natural man is in blindness as to spiritual things, and by means of his Rational perverts all the truths of the church, and by means of his ideas of these turns them into falsities. The question of the conjunction of the spiritual man with the natural, and the separation of the natural man from the spiritual, is much treated of in the Word, especially where Egypt is spoken of, since Egypt signifies the natural man both conjoined with the spiritual man and separated from it. And where the natural man separated from the spiritual is treated of, Egypt is censured and rejected;

[5] and because Egypt, in a broad sense, signifies the natural man, therefore Egypt also signifies the true scientific (scientificum verum) and the false scientific, for truths and falsities in the natural man are called scientifics. And because true and false scientifics are signified by Egypt, faith also is signified by it, and since faith is of truth, and truth is of faith, therefore faith conjoined with charity is also signified by Egypt in a good sense, and faith separated from charity in a bad sense. For faith is conjoined with charity when the spiritual man is conjoined with the natural, and then Egypt signifies true scientifics; but faith is separated from charity when the natural man is separated from the spiritual, and then Egypt signifies the false scientific. For when the natural man is separated from the spiritual man, then man has no truths, and if he draws truths from the Word, or from the doctrine of the church, still he falsifies them by the ideas of his thought; therefore all truth with such a man of the church becomes falsity.

[6] So far concerning the signification of Egypt in the Word. It shall now therefore be first proved from the Word itself that Egypt signifies the natural man conjoined with the spiritual, or the scientific vivified by the influx of spiritual light, or, what is the same, faith conjoined with charity, which is in itself faith. Afterwards it shall be proved that Egypt, in the opposite sense, signifies the natural man separated from the spiritual, or the scientific not vivified by any influx of spiritual life, or, what is the same thing, faith separated from charity, which in itself is not faith. That Egypt signifies the natural man conjoined with the spiritual, also the scientific vivified by the influx of spiritual light, which in itself is the true scientific, or the truth of the natural man, and what is similar, faith conjoined with charity, which in itself is faith, is evident from the following passages.

[7] In Isaiah:

"In that day there shall be five cities in the land of Egypt, speaking with the lip of Canaan, and swearing to Jehovah Zebaoth; every one shall be called the city of Cheres. In that day there shall be an altar to Jehovah in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a statue at the boundary thereof to Jehovah. They shall cry unto Jehovah on account of oppressions, who shall send unto them a Saviour and Prince. Then shall Jehovah become known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know Jehovah in that day, and shall make the sacrifice and meal-offering. So Jehovah shall smite Egypt, smiting and healing, whence they shall turn themselves unto Jehovah, who shall be entreated of them, and shall heal them. In that day there shall be a highway from Egypt into Assyria, and Assyria shall come into Egypt, and Egypt into Assyria, and the Egyptians shall serve with Assyria; in that day Israel shall be a third with Egypt and with Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the land, which Jehovah Zebaoth will bless, saying, Blessed be my people Egypt, and Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel mine inheritance" (xix. 18-25).

Here Egypt is put for the natural man conjoined with the spiritual, thus for the nations and peoples who were outside the church, and these, not being in truths, were natural men, but having heard the Gospel, they acknowledged the Lord, and being instructed therefrom in the truths of doctrine, they received faith. The coming of the Lord is meant by the term "in that day," which is here five times used. In that day there shall be five cities in the land of Egypt, speaking with the lip of Canaan, signifies that there shall be with them many doctrinals agreeing with the truths of the doctrine of the church itself, five denoting many, cities doctrinals, the land of Egypt the church of such nations, and the lip of Canaan the truths of the doctrine of the church. Every one shall be called the city Cheres signifies the doctrine of the good of charity in every one, city denoting doctrine, and Cheres - which in the Hebrew means the sun and its brightness - denoting the good of charity and faith therefrom.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 19:18-25)


[8] In that day there shall be an altar to Jehovah in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a statue at the boundary thereof to Jehovah, signifies that then there shall be the worship of the Lord from the goods of charity, and thence from the truths of faith in all things pertaining to the natural man. The altar to Jehovah signifies worship from the good of charity, and the statue, worship from the truths of faith; in the midst of the land of Egypt signifies every where and in all things of the natural man, and the boundary signifies truth scientific (verum scientificum).

[9] They shall cry unto Jehovah on account of oppressions, who shall send to them a Saviour and Prince, signifies their grief because of the defect of truth, and of spiritual good therefrom, and the advent of the Lord from whom they will receive them; to cry signifying grief, oppressions the want of truth and spiritual good therefrom, and Saviour and Prince the Lord, who is called preserver or Saviour from the good of love, and Prince from the truth of faith. Then shall Jehovah become known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know Jehovah in that day, signifies the acknowledgment of the Lord and of His Divine. And they shall make the sacrifice and meal-offering, signifies the worship of the Lord according to His precepts from the Word, thus from truths of doctrine and from the good of love. So Jehovah shall smite Egypt, smiting and healing, whence they shall turn themselves unto Jehovah, and He shall be entreated of them and shall heal them, signifies temptations and thus conversion, and healing from falsities by means of truths.

[10] In that day there shall be a highway from Egypt into Assyria, so that Assyria may come into Egypt and Egypt into Assyria, signifies that then the Rational shall be opened in them by means of truths scientific (vera scientifica), and so that man may regard the scientifics of the natural man rationally, and thus intelligently. Egypt denotes the Scientific of the natural man, and Assyria denotes the Rational. In that day Israel shall be a third with Egypt and with Assyria, a blessing in the midst of the land, signifies influx into each from spiritual light, Israel being the spiritual man, which has light from heaven, Egypt the natural man, which has light from the world, and Asshur the rational man, which is the middle, and which, receiving light from the Spiritual, transmits it into the Natural and illustrates it. Which Jehovah shall bless, signifies influx from the Lord; saying, Blessed be Egypt my people, signifies the natural man enlightened; and Assyria the work of my hands signifies the rational man, rational not from self but from the Lord; and Israel mine inheritance signifies the spiritual man, called an inheritance because the entire Spiritual is of the Lord, for it is His proceeding Divine from which are heaven and the church. Who could understand these prophecies without the spiritual sense?

[11] In Micah:

"This is the day in which they shall come even unto thee from Assyria and the cities of Egypt, and thence from Egypt unto the river, and from sea to sea, and from mountain to mountain" (vii. 12).

These things are also said concerning the establishment of a church by the Lord with the nations, and by these words are described the extension of that church from one end to the other. One extremity of the land of Canaan was the river Euphrates, and the other was the river of Egypt; the extension of truth from one end to the other is signified by from sea to sea, and the extension of good from one end to the other, by from mountain to mountain.

(Odkazy: Micah 7:12)


[12] That the extension of the land of Canaan, which signifies the church, was from the river of Egypt to the river of Assyria (Euphrates), is evident in Moses:

"In this day Jehovah made a covenant with Abram, saying, To thy seed will I give this land, from the river of Egypt even to the great river, the river Euphrates" (Gen. xv. 18).

And in the First Book of Kings:

"Solomon was ruler over all the kingdoms from the river" Euphrates "to the land of the Philistines, and even to the lands" (iv. 21).

For the church, which in itself is spiritual, terminates in the natural man, that is, in its Rational and Scientific, for the Rational is in the interior-natural man, and is its understanding; in it also is the Scientific. The Rational is born by means of scientifics, for in these it sees its conclusions as in a mirror, and, confirms itself by means of them, but yet from the Spiritual, without which man can neither have the Rational nor a true Scientific, but in place of the Rational ability to reason, and instead of a true Scientific a false Scientific. These two therefore form the boundaries of the spiritual church, which is signified by the land of Canaan.

(Odkazy: 1 Kings 4:21; Genesis 15:18)


[13] In Ezekiel:

"Son of man, say unto Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and unto his multitude, Whom art thou like in thy greatness? Behold Asshur was a cedar in Lebanon, beautiful in branch, and a shady forest, and high in stature, and its shoot was among the interwoven boughs; the waters caused it to grow, the deep made it high so that with its rivers it went about the plant, and sent out its conduits to all the trees of the field, whence its stature became high, and its branches became long, because of the many waters which it sent out. In its branches all the birds of the heavens made their nests, and under its branches every beast of the field brought forth, and in its shade dwelt all great nations; it was beautiful in its greatness, in the length of its branches, for its root was with many waters. The cedars in the garden of God hide it not; the fir trees were not equal to its branches; nor was any tree in the garden of God equal to it in beauty; they made it beautiful by the multitude of its branches, and all the trees of Eden which are in the garden of God envied it" (xxxi. 2-9).

Because Pharaoh, king of Egypt, signifies the Intellectual of the natural man, which is born and formed from truths scientific (vera scientifica) rationally seen, he is therefore here called Asshur, which signifies the Rational, and is described by a cedar and its height, and the length and multitude of its branches; and this because a cedar also, in the Word, signifies the Rational. But the greater part of this passage has been explained above (650:26). Because the Rational is of such a nature and quality as to intellectual truths, and thence the Natural is such as to scientific truths, therefore it is said that the cedars in the garden of God hide it not, that the fir trees were not equal to its branches, nor any tree in the garden of God equal to it in beauty. The garden of God signifies the intelligence which the man of the church has, who is in genuine truths; the cedar signifies his Rational which is from a spiritual origin; the fir tree the perceptive [faculty] of the natural man; and beauty signifies affection for truth, and intelligence therefrom. By making it fair by the multitude of branches is signified abundance of scientific truths rationally perceived; all the trees of Eden in the garden of God envied it signifies the perceptions of truth from celestial good, whence comes wisdom, trees signifying perceptions, where the celestial man is treated of, cognitions where the spiritual man is treated of, and Eden in the garden of God the wisdom which is from the good of love. That Pharaoh and Egypt are here meant and described by Asshur and the cedar is evident also from the last verse of the same chapter, where it is said, "This is Pharaoh and all his multitude."

Since all the intelligence and wisdom of the spiritual man becomes ultimated in the natural man, and there renders itself visible, therefore, in the passage above cited, Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who signifies the Intellectual which is born and formed in the natural man from scientific truths, is compared to a cedar in the garden of God; consequently it is the land of Egypt that is meant by the garden of God, similarly as in Moses:

"Lot lifted up his eyes, and saw all the plain of the Jordan, that the whole of it was well watered, as the garden of Jehovah, as the land of Egypt, in coming to Zoar" (Gen. xiii. 10).

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 31:1-9, 31:2-9; Genesis 13:10; The Apocalypse Explained 650)


[14] The natural man as to his Intellectual, as described above in Ezekiel, is also described by Sennacherib, the chief captain of the king of Assyria, but by his blasphemies, in these words:

"By the hand of thy messengers thou hast insulted the Lord, and hast said, By the multitude of my chariots I am come up to the height of the mountains, the sides of Lebanon, where I will cut down the height of the cedars thereof, the choice of the fir trees thereof, and I will come on to the lodging-place of his border, the forest of his fruitful field; I have digged and drunk strange waters, and I will dry up with the sole of my footsteps all the rivers of Egypt" (2 Kings xix. 23, 24).

Similar things are here signified as in the passage cited above, namely, the rational things appertaining to the men of the church formed from scientific truths, and illustrated from the spiritual Divine, which still the king of Assyria, who here signifies the perverted rational, desired to destroy, for he made war upon Hezekiah, king of Judah. But because he blasphemed those things, and threatened to destroy all things of the church from first to last which is formed in man from the Spiritual in his Rational and Natural, therefore in that night a hundred and eighty-five thousand were smitten in his camp by the angel of Jehovah (ver. 35). Here the multitude of chariots of the king of Assyria signifies falsities of doctrine; the height of the mountains, and the sides of Lebanon which he wished to ascend, signify all the goods and truths of the church which he desired to destroy. The height of the cedars and the choice of fir trees which he wished to cut down signify rational and natural truths as to perception; the forest of the fruitful field signifies scientifics. The rivers of Egypt which he would dry up with the sole of his footsteps signify the knowledge (scientia) of the natural man from a spiritual origin, which he would annihilate and blot out by means of his Sensual, the sole of the footsteps of the king of Assyria denoting the Sensual and reasoning therefrom, which is from fallacies alone; and the rivers of Egypt denote the intelligence of the natural man from the scientifics that are from a spiritual origin, when they are applied to confirm the truths of the church, which are spiritual.

(Odkazy: 2 Kings 19:23-24, 19:35)


[15] Every man in whom the church is to be implanted must first be instructed in scientifics, for unless the natural man be instructed by means of scientifics, which consist of various experiences from worldly things and associations, a man cannot become rational, and if he does not become rational he cannot become spiritual, for the Rational of man conjoins itself on one side with the Spiritual, that is, with heaven, and on the other side with the Natural, that is, with the world. For this reason and because the church was to be instituted with the sons of Israel therefore the natural man with them had first to be instructed, that is, in truths naturally and also scientifically understood.

In order that this might be represented and signified, it came to pass that Abraham, whose posterity was to represent the church, and himself to be the head thereof, sojourned in Egypt with his wife, and abode there for a time, (Gen. xii. 10, and following verses); and afterwards, Jacob with his sons, who were then called the sons of Israel, went by command into Egypt, and dwelt in Goshen, which was the best of the lands of Egypt, and remained there a long time (Gen. xlvi., and following chapters).

(Odkazy: Genesis 12:10, Genesis 46, 46:3)


[16] This was done to the intent that they might first be instructed in truths scientifically and naturally, before being instructed spiritually. For by truths scientifically and naturally understood every one procures to himself a Rational into which the spiritual can flow and become operative; for man receives the light of heaven, which is spiritual light, through the Rational, which belongs to his understanding, and through the Rational enlightened from the Spiritual he surveys knowledges and scientifics, selecting such as are in agreement with the genuine truths and goods of heaven and the church, which are spiritual, and rejecting those which do not agree. Thus does a man establish the church in himself. This is the reason it is said of Abraham and Jacob, that on account of the famine in the land of Canaan they went to Egypt to sojourn there; it is said on account of the famine, because a famine signifies a deficiency of the knowledges of truth and good, and also an ardent desire for them, and to sojourn, in the Word, signifies to be instructed.

[17] From this it is evident what is meant by these words in David:

"Thou hast caused a vine to go forth out of Egypt, thou hast driven out the nations, and hast planted it, thou hast made clean before it, and caused it to take root, so that it filled the land; thou hast sent out its shoots unto the sea, and its little branches to the river" (Psalm lxxx. 8, 9, 11).

The vine out of Egypt signifies the church, which the sons of Israel represented. By driving out the nations is signified to expel the evils of the natural man, which are expelled by means of truths; by planting it, making clean before it, and causing it to take root, is signified to instruct according to order, that is to embue with knowledges and scientifics, then to be as in a wilderness and be tempted, and afterwards to be introduced into the land of Canaan, that is, into the church; these things are signified in their order by thou hast planted it, thou hast made clean before it, thou hast caused it to take root, so that it filled the earth. By sending out the shoots thereof even to the sea is signified the increase of intelligence and its extension to the ultimates of the good and truth of the church; and by sending out the little branches unto the river is signified unto the Rational. That the river, namely, the Euphrates, signifies the Rational may be seen above (n. 569).

(Odkazy: Psalms 80:8-9, 80:11; The Apocalypse Explained 569)


[18] In Hosea:

"When Israel was a boy, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt" (xi. 1).

Israel, in the spiritual sense, signifies the church, and in the highest sense the Lord, who, as He is the all of heaven, is also the all of the church. And because the sons of Israel were to represent the church, and it was according to Divine order that they should first be instructed in such things as might serve the Rational and by means of this the Spiritual, therefore they first sojourned in Egypt, and afterwards were led into the wilderness that they might undergo temptations, and that the natural man by means of these might be subdued. For man does not become rational until useless and false scientifics are removed, and the natural man is thus purified, which takes place chiefly by means of temptations.

(Odkazy: Hosea 11:1)


[19] Since Israel, in the highest sense, means the Lord, therefore also the Lord Himself, when an infant, was carried down into Egypt, according to these words in Matthew:

"An angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, take the boy, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word; and he arose and took the boy and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt, and was there until the death of Herod; that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, Out of Egypt have I called my son" (ii. 13-15).

This also signifies the first instruction of the Lord; for the Lord was instructed like any other man, but by virtue of His Divine He received all things more intelligently and wisely than all others. But this departure into Egypt only represented instruction; for as all the representatives of the Jewish and Israelitish church looked to Him, therefore He also represented them in Himself and accomplished them, for thus He fulfilled all things of the Law. Since representatives were the ultimates of heaven and of the church, and since all prior things - which are rational, spiritual, and celestial things - enter into ultimates and are in them, therefore it was that the Lord was in ultimates by means of them. And because all strength resides in ultimates, therefore from primaries by means of ultimates He subjugated all the hells, and reduced to order all things in the heavens. For this reason the entire life of the Lord in the world was representative, even also as to all things related by the Evangelists concerning His passion, which represented the quality of the church at that time as being contrary to the Divine, and opposed to all the goods and truths of heaven and of the church.

(Odkazy: Matthew 2:13-15, 2:13-16)


[20] From these things it is evident what is meant by Egypt, where the church to be established by the Lord is treated of in the following passages.

In Isaiah:

"Thus said Jehovah: The labour of Egypt and the merchandize of Cush and of the Sabeans, men of length, shall come over unto thee, and they shall be thine; they shall come after thee, in bonds shall they come over unto thee, so that they shall bow themselves down towards thee, they shall pray towards thee; only in thee is God, and there is no God beside" (xlv. 14).

These things are said of the Lord, who is treated of in the whole of that chapter. By the labour of Egypt, and by the merchandize of Cush and of the Sabeans, is signified the delight of natural love arising from the acquisition of the knowledges of truth and good; those knowledges themselves are signified by the Sabeans, who are called men of length from good, for length signifies good and its quality, and breadth truth and its quality. That they will be added to the church, and acknowledge and worship the Lord, is signified by they shall come over unto thee, they shall be thine, they shall bow themselves down towards thee. That the natural man in them will serve the spiritual, and thus the Lord, is signified by the words, in bonds shall they come over, for those are said to come in bonds, in whom the desires of the natural man are restrained; that they shall acknowledge the Lord alone to be God is meant by the words, they shall pray towards Him, only in Him is God, and there is no God beside.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 45:14)


[21] In David:

"Those that are fat shall come out of Egypt, Cush shall hasten her hands unto God; sing to God, ye kingdoms of the earth, sing praises to the Lord" (Psalm lxviii. 31, 32).

Those that are fat out of Egypt signify the nations who are in the affection of knowing truths, and Cush signifies those who imbibe them from the delight of the natural man. This signification of Cush is evident from other passages in the Word where it is mentioned, as in Gen. ii. 13; Zeph. iii. 5, 9, 10; Dan. xi. 43. That the nations will receive the goods and truths of heaven and of the church from the Lord is signified by the words, "Sing to God, ye kingdoms of the earth, sing praises to the Lord."

(Odkazy: Daniel 11:43; Genesis 2:13; Psalms 68:31-32; Zephaniah 3:5, 3:9-10)


[22] In Hosea:

"With honour shall they come as a bird out of Egypt, and as a dove from the land of Assyria, and I will cause them to dwell upon their houses" (xi. 11).

These things are also said of the Lord as about to establish a church with the nations. It is said, as a bird out of Egypt, because a bird signifies thoughts from scientific truths; and as a dove from the land of Assyria, because a dove signifies rational good from spiritual, and Assyria the Rational itself. By causing them to dwell upon their houses are signified the interiors of the mind formed by means of truths from good, and thus safe from infestation by falsities of evil.

(Odkazy: Hosea 11:11)


[23] In Isaiah:

"It shall come to pass in that day Jehovah shall beat out from the spike of the river unto the river of Egypt; and ye shall be gathered one to another, O sons of Israel; moreover it shall come to pass in that day that the great trumpet shall sound, and the perishing in the land of Assyria shall come, and the outcasts from the land of Egypt, and they shall bow themselves down to Jehovah in the mountain of holiness, in Jerusalem" (xxvii. 12, 13).

In that day signifies the coming of the Lord; from the spike of the river unto the river of Egypt which Jehovah shall beat out signifies all rational and scientific truth subservient to spiritual; it is said, from the spike, because it contains the corn, which signifies the truth and good that serve the spiritual man for nourishment. In that day the great trumpet shall sound, signifies a calling together unto the church by the Lord; that those shall be added to the church who otherwise would have perished by reasonings from scientifics applied to confirm falsities, is signified by the perishing in the land of Assyria shall come, and the outcasts from the land of Egypt. They shall bow themselves down to Jehovah in the mountain of holiness in Jerusalem, signifies that they will worship the Lord, and that a church will be formed from them, the mountain of holiness signifying the church as to the good of life, and Jerusalem the church as to truth of doctrine. These things are said of the sons of Israel who were held captive in Assyria and Egypt; but by the sons of Israel there and also elsewhere are meant the nations who were to form the church, and by their captivity in Assyria and Egypt is signified the spiritual captivity which a man is in from falsities of religion.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 27:12-13)


[24] In Zechariah:

"I will bring them back out of the land of Egypt, and I will gather them together out of Assyria, and I will lead them to the land of Gilead and Lebanon. He shall pass through the sea of affliction, but he shall smite the waves in the sea, and the pride of Asshur shall be cast down, and the staff of Egypt shall depart" (x. 10, 11).

These things also treat of the restoration of the church by the Lord. By bringing back out of the land of Egypt, and gathering them together out of Assyria, are signified things similar to those in the above passage in Isaiah, which have been explained. The land of Gilead and Lebanon signify the goods and truths of the church in the natural man. He shall pass through the sea of affliction, but shall smite the waves in the sea, and the pride of Asshur shall be cast down, and the staff of Egypt shall depart, signifies that the evils and falsities of the natural man shall be dispersed, and the reasonings from scientifics which confirm them. To pass through the sea of affliction signifies temptations; waves signify falsities and evils; the pride of Asshur signifies reasonings from the pride of [one's] own intelligence; and the staff of Egypt signifies the confirmatory scientific.

(Odkazy: Zechariah 10:10-11)


[25] In Ezekiel:

"At the end of forty years I will gather together Egypt from the peoples, whither they were scattered, and I will bring them back into the land of Pathros, upon the land of their trading, that they may be there a humble kingdom, that thou mayest not exalt thyself any more over the nations; and I will diminish them so that they shall not rule over the nations" (xxix. 13-16).

Egypt here signifies the church with those who are in a moral life from natural light (naturali lumine). The temptations which such must endure in order that the natural man may not rule over the spiritual, is signified by forty years; the scientifics by which they confirmed falsities are signified by Egypt which Jehovah will gather from the peoples among whom they were scattered; their enlightenment by the knowledges of truth is signified by, I will bring them back into the land of Pathros, which is called the land of their trading, from the knowledges which such will procure for themselves, for to trade signifies to procure and communicate knowledges. They shall be a humble kingdom, that thou mayest not exalt thyself any more over the nations; and I will diminish them so that they shall not rule over the nations, signifies that the scientifics of the natural man shall not be puffed up, and in their elation do evil to the truths and goods of the church, and rule over them. The nations first mentioned signify the truths of the church, and the nations last mentioned signify its goods.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 29:13-16)


[26] In Zechariah:

"Every one that is left of all the nations that come against Jerusalem shall go up from year to year to adore the king, Jehovah Zebaoth, and to keep the feast of tabernacles; whoso shall not go up, upon them there shall be no rain; and if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, nor be with them, there shall be a plague with which Jehovah will smite the nations" (xiv. 16-18).

These words also are said of the coming of the Lord, and the establishment of the church by Him. The king, Jehovah Zebaoth, whom they shall adore, means the Lord; the feast of tabernacles signifies the implantation of good by means of truths. Whoso shall not go up, upon them there shall be no rain, signifies that there is no influx of truth and good from the Lord with those who do not come to His church. That those who are in natural light from scientifics only, and with whom good cannot be implanted by means of truths, will be in evils and falsities of every kind, is signified by, "if the family of Egypt go not up, there shall be a plague with which Jehovah will smite the nations."

(Odkazy: Zechariah 14:16-18)


[27] In Isaiah:

"I am Jehovah thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour; I have given Egypt a ransom for thee, Cush and Sheba, in place of thee; I will give a man in place of thee, and a people for thy soul" (xliii. 3, 4).

These things also are said of the Lord and the redemption of those who acknowledge Him and from affection receive truths from Him; redemption is signified by "ransom," "in place of thee," and "for thy soul." The natural affection for knowing truths from spiritual affection is signified by Egypt, Cush, and Sheba; their intelligence thence is signified by a man; and the church from them, by a people.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 43:3-4)


[28] Since Egypt signifies the natural man, and all the intelligence of the spiritual man has its end and foundation in the natural man, and in its knowledges and scientifics, therefore a man without them is not intelligent or wise, nor indeed rational, for the spiritual man must act as one with the natural man, as cause with effect, and he acts as one by correspondences. This is the reason why in ancient times, when there was a representative church also in Egypt, that the king of Egypt, or Pharaoh, was called "the son of the wise," and "the son of the kings of olden time" (Is. xix. 11); and Egypt "the corner-stone of the tribes" (ver. 13), for the tribes signify all the truths and goods of the church collectively, and the corner-stone signifies their foundation.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 19:11, 19:13)


[29] So also it is said of Solomon, who represented the Lord as to His celestial kingdom and His spiritual kingdom, that "his wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the sons of the East, and all the wisdom of the Egyptians" (1 Kings v. 10). The sons of the East mean all those who at that time were in the knowledges of truth and good, and became wise through these. The Egyptians mean all those who were learned in knowledges (scientiis), especially in the knowledge (scientia) of correspondences, and were consequently in intelligence. The knowledges of the Egyptians are therefore called "the hidden things of gold and silver," and "desirable things," in Daniel:

The king of the north "shall put forth his hands over the lands, and the land of Egypt shall not escape, for he shall have power over the treasures of gold and silver, and over all the desirable things of Egypt" (xi. 42, 43).

(Odkazy: 1 Kings 4:30; Daniel 11:42-43)


[30] On this account also the sons of Israel, when they went out of Egypt, were commanded to borrow of the Egyptians vessels of gold and vessels of silver and raiment, which they took away out of Egypt" (Exod. xii. 35, 36). Vessels of gold and silver, and raiment, signified the knowledges and cognitions of truth and good, which were taken away from Egypt, because the Egyptians applied them to confirm evils and falsities, and perverted them to idolatrous and magical purposes. When, therefore, the Egyptians were deprived of them, and thus became merely natural, they were shortly afterwards drowned in the sea Suph (Red Sea), which represented the lot of those who make an improper use of knowledges (scientiae) to confirm evils and falsities; for after death they are deprived of all cognition of truth and good, and, when this is accomplished, they are cast down into hell, and this was also represented by the drowning of the Egyptians in the sea Suph (Red Sea).

(Odkazy: Exodus 12:35-36)


[31] Because Egypt signifies knowledge (scientia), from which man has intelligence, therefore where Tyre is treated of it is said that fine linen with broidered work from Egypt was her sail, and that it was to her for a sign (Ezek. xxvii. 7). Tyre signifies the cognitions of truth, and fine linen with broidered work from Egypt signifies knowledge from spiritual truth, broidered work denoting knowledge, and fine linen, spiritual truth. A sail and a sign signify manifestation, spiritual truths being made manifest by means of knowledges (scientias), for by means of these they appear to the sight and perception of the natural man.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 27:7)


[32] Since all scientifics that serve the spiritual man for the confirmation of truths are from the Lord, that is, all the application of them to confirm the truths and goods of heaven and the church, therefore Joseph was carried down into Egypt, and was there made ruler of the whole land (Gen. xli.). For Joseph, in the highest sense, means the Lord as to the spiritual Divine, and thus also the truth of doctrine, which is based upon the scientifics of the natural man, as was said above (448). And because the natural man, or the Natural of man, must be subordinate to the spiritual, that it may be serviceable for confirming and executing the decisions of the spiritual man, therefore Joseph, on account of the representation of that dominion, was made ruler over Egypt, and, under his direction, Egypt had provision or corn in abundance so that the neighbouring countries were supplied therefrom, and the land of Canaan itself.

(Odkazy: Genesis 41; The Apocalypse Explained 448)


[33] Since Solomon represented the Lord as to both the celestial kingdom and the spiritual kingdom, and as all in both kingdoms are in intelligence and wisdom by means of the cognitions of truth and good and by means of the scientifics which confirm them, therefore Solomon took the daughter of Pharaoh to wife, and brought her into the city of David (1 Kings iii. 1); and also afterwards built for the daughter of Pharaoh a house like unto the porch (1 Kings vii. 8); this also represented, that knowledge (scientia) all intelligence and wisdom is founded, is signified by Egypt in a good sense. And because every man of the church has a Spiritual, a Rational and a Natural, therefore Solomon built three houses, the house of God, or the temple, representing the Spiritual, the house of the forest of Lebanon the Rational - for the cedar, and thence Lebanon, signifies the Rational - and the house of the daughter of Pharaoh the Natural. These interior truths (arcana) do not appear in the historical sense of the Word, but still they lie concealed in its spiritual sense.

(Odkazy: 1 Kings 3:1, 1 Kings 7:8)


[34] So far we have treated of the signification of Egypt in a good sense, now also the signification of Egypt in a bad or opposite sense must be treated of. In this sense Egypt signifies the natural man separated from the spiritual, or truth scientific separated from spiritual good, which in itself is falsity; or, what is the same thing, faith separated from charity, which in itself is not faith. For man is born natural, and at first acquires scientifics from his teachers and parents, also from the reading of books, and at the same time from his life in the world; and unless he becomes spiritual, that is, is born anew, he applies the scientifics which he has acquired to justify the appetites and pleasures of the natural man - in a word, his loves, which are all contrary to Divine order. It is this natural man that is signified by Egypt, in the opposite sense, as is evident from the following passages:

[35] In Ezekiel:

"Because" Pharaoh "is lifted up in stature, and hath set his top among the interwoven boughs, and his heart is lifted up in his height, I will give him into the hand of the strong one of the nations; according to his impiety I have rejected him, wherefore strangers shall cut him off, the violent of the nations, and shall cast him down; upon the mountains and the valleys have his branches fallen; whence all the peoples of the earth are gone down from his shadow and have forsaken him; upon his ruin shall dwell every bird of the heavens, and every wild beast of the field shall be upon his branches; all shall be delivered up to death, unto the lower earth, in the midst of the sons of man, unto them that go down into the pit. In the day that he shall go down into hell (infernum = Hebrew, sheol) I will cover over him the abyss, and I will restrain the streams thereof, that the great waters may be shut up, and I will darken Lebanon over him, and all the trees of the field shall languish over him. To whom art thou thus become like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? when thou shalt be brought down with the trees of Eden into the lower earth, when thou shalt be in the midst of the uncircumcised, with them that are slain with the sword. This is Pharaoh, and all his multitude" (xxxi. 10-18).

Pharaoh here signifies the same as Egypt, namely, the natural man as to knowledge (scientia) and intelligence therefrom. The pride of (man's) own intelligence from knowledge is meant by his being lifted up in stature, and setting his top amongst the interwoven boughs, and by his heart being lifted up in his height; the interwoven boughs signify the scientifics of the natural man. I will give him into the hand of the strong one of the nations signifies that scientifics were applied to justify desires for evil and falsity, the strong one of the nations denoting the falsity of evil. That the falsities of evil will destroy him is signified by the strangers shall cut him off, the violent of the nations shall cast him down.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 31:10-18)


[36] Upon the mountains and the valleys have his branches fallen signifies that all scientific and rational truths were dispersed by evils and falsities. That all the truths of the church were driven away is signified by, all the peoples of the earth are gone down from his shadow, and have forsaken him; that the thoughts of and affections for falsity succeed in the place of these is signified by, upon his ruin shall dwell every bird of the heavens, and every wild beast of the field shall be upon his branches. That all things are damned and infernal is signified by, all shall be delivered up to death, unto the lower earth, in the midst of the sons of man, unto them that go down into the pit; the sons of man denote those who are in [their] own intelligence, and the pit means where those are who are in falsities of doctrine; the prevention of any scientific and rational truths from entering is signified by, I will cover over him the abyss, and I will restrain the streams thereof; the same is meant of spiritual truths by, the great waters shall be shut up; that he shall have no Rational is signified by, I will darken over him Lebanon.

[37] That he shall have no knowledges of truth pertaining to the church is signified by, all the trees of the field shall languish over him. To whom art thou thus become like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden, signifies that he shall no longer have any understanding of truth, nor any perception of the knowledges of good, on account of the pride of [his] own intelligence. When thou shalt be brought down with the trees of Eden into the lower earth, signifies because the knowledges of good were utterly perverted by application to evil, the trees of Eden denoting knowledges of good from the Word, which the natural man has perverted and falsified. That they shall be among those in hell who by a faith separated from the life of charity have extinguished in themselves all truth, is signified by the words, when thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that are slain with the sword, the slain with the sword denoting in the Word those who have extinguished truths in themselves by falsities; that all these things are said of the natural man deprived of light from the spiritual man is signified by, this is Pharaoh and all his multitude, Pharaoh denoting the natural man, and his multitude every scientific therein.

[38] In the same prophet:

"Son of man, prophesy and say, Howl ye, Alas, the day, a day of cloud, it shall be the time of the nations, in which a sword shall come into Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and shall overturn her foundations; and they that uphold Egypt shall fall, and the pride of her strength shall come down, from the tower of Seveneh they shall fall in it by the sword; then shall they be devastated in the midst of the lands that are devastated, and the cities thereof shall be in the midst of the cities that are wasted; that they may know that I am Jehovah, when I have set a fire in Egypt that all her helpers may be broken; and I will cause the multitude of Egypt to cease by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babel, he and his people with him, the violent of the nations, who shall be brought to destroy the land; and they shall draw their sword against Egypt, and shall fill the land with the slain; then will I make the rivers dry land, and I will sell the land into the hand of the wicked, and I will lay waste the land and the fulness thereof by the hand of strangers, there shall no more be a prince out of the land of Egypt; I will set a fire in Egypt, and I will scatter Egypt among the nations, and I will disperse them through the lands" (xxx. 1 to end).

This is an abstract of that chapter. It is a lamentation over the vastation of the church by falsities which favour the evils of the natural man; for from the natural man separated from the spiritual flow all evils, and falsities therefrom, which pervert and destroy the truths and goods of the church. Lamentation over that vastation is signified by, howl ye, Alas, the day, a day of cloud, it shall be the time of the nations, a day of cloud denoting the state of the church from truths not understood, consequently from falsities, and the time of the nations denotes the state of the church from evils. That falsity will destroy the whole natural man, and all things that are therein by application to evils, is signified by, a sword shall come into Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and shall overturn her foundations.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 30)


[39] That there will be no confirmations and corroborations of truth by the scientifics of the natural man is signified by, they that uphold Egypt shall fall, and the pride of her strength shall come down. That falsities will destroy the understanding of truth is signified by the words, from the tower of Seveneh, they shall fall in it by the sword. That all things of the church and of the doctrine of the church will perish is signified by, then shall they be devastated in the midst of the lands that are devastated, and the cities thereof [shall be] in the midst of the cities that are wasted. The evil desires from the natural man are signified by the fire which Jehovah will set in Egypt. That there will be no longer any confirmations of truth from the natural man is signified by, all her helpers shall be broken. That the desires of the love of self and falsities therefrom will devastate is signified by, the hand of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babel, of him and his people.

[40] That thus the church will be devastated by the falsities of evil doing violence to the goods of charity and the truths of faith, is signified by the violent of the nations being brought to destroy the land, and drawing their sword against Egypt, and filling the land with the slain. That thus truth is not understood is signified by, I will make the rivers dry land; because, instead of good in the church there is evil, and instead of truth falsity, is signified by, I will sell the land into the hand of the wicked, and I will lay waste the land and the fulness thereof by the hand of strangers. That there will be no truth as chief, and consequently no truth of life from the Lord, is signified by, there shall be no more, a prince out of the land of Egypt. That nothing but evils from the love of self will occupy the natural man is signified by, I will set fire in Egypt, and I will scatter Egypt among the nations; that hence all things of the church will be dissipated is signified by, I will disperse them through the lands.

[41] In Isaiah:

"The prophecy of the beasts of the south; in a land of distress and anguish, the young lion and the old lion are before them, the viper and the fiery flying serpent; they carry their wealth upon the shoulder of asses, and their treasures upon the back of camels, unto a people that shall not profit, and Egypt, vanity and emptiness, will be their help" (xxx. 6, 7).

The beasts of the south signify the desires, which are from the natural man, extinguishing the light which the man of the church ought to possess from the Word. The land of distress and anguish signifies the church where there will be no good of charity nor truth of faith. The young lion and the old lion that were before them signify the power of falsity destroying the truth and good of the church; the viper and fiery flying serpent signify the Sensual reasoning subtly and craftily. They carry their wealth upon the shoulder of asses, and their treasures upon the back of camels, signifies the scientifics of the sensual and natural man, from which they draw all their conclusions, wealth and treasures denoting the knowledge of truth and good from the Word, but in this case false scientifics, because from [man's] own intelligence, asses denoting the things of the sensual man, and camels those of the natural. Egypt, which is vanity and emptiness, signifies both the Sensual and the Natural, which regarded in themselves are without good and without truths.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 30:6-7)


[42] In the same prophet:

"Woe to them that go down into Egypt for help, and stay on horses, and trust in chariots because they are many, and in horsemen because they are very mighty; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, and seek not Jehovah; for Egypt is man and not a god, and his horses are flesh and not spirit" (xxxi. 1, 3).

These words describe the state of those who desire to be wise from themselves, consequently from [their] own intelligence, and not from the Lord, in those things which pertain to heaven and the church, and because such are merely natural, and therefore take up every thing from the fallacies of the senses, and from scientifics wrongly applied, and pervert and falsify the truths and goods of the church, therefore it is said of them, Woe to them that go down into Egypt for help, and look not unto the Holy One of Israel, and seek not Jehovah. Things of the imagination from the fallacies of the senses are signified by the horses of Egypt on which they stay; falsities of doctrine confirmed from scientifics in great abundance are signified by their trusting in chariots, because they are many; and the reasonings therefrom with which they fight against truths are signified by the horsemen in whom they trust because they are very mighty. That the natural man has no understanding of Divine things from himself is signified by, Egypt is man and not a god; that his intelligence is from the proprium, in which there is no life, is signified by, his horses are flesh and not spirit, the horses of Egypt denoting things of the imagination, which in themselves are dead, because they are fallacies, flesh denoting the proprium of man, and spirit life from the Lord.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 31:1, 31:3)


[43] In Jeremiah:

"Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates, which Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babel, smote. Who is this that cometh up like a stream, whose waters are tossed like the streams? Egypt cometh up like a stream, and like streams his waters are tossed; for he saith, I will go up, I will cover the earth, I will destroy the city and the inhabitants therein; go up ye horses, and rage, ye chariots, and come forth, ye mighty men; the sword shall devour and be satisfied, and shall be made drunk with their blood. Go up to Gilead, and take balm, O virgin daughter of Egypt, in vain hast thou multiplied medicines, there is no healing for thee" (xlvi. 2, 7-11, and also 14-26).

It is clear from all these details when seen in the spiritual sense that Egypt here also signifies the natural man with its scientifics, when separated from the spiritual, which results from the pride of [man's] own intelligence, which destroys the truths and goods of the church by reasonings from scientifics. For the army of the king of Egypt which was by the river Euphrates signifies scientifics falsely applied and reasonings from them; which Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babel, smote signifies the destruction of these by the pride of [man's] own intelligence. Who is this that cometh up like a stream, whose waters are tossed like the streams? signifies [man's] own intelligence and its falsities endeavouring to destroy the truths of the church. Egypt cometh up like a stream, and like streams his waters are tossed, signifies the natural man reasoning from himself, or from the proprium, against the truths of the church. For he said, I will go up, I will cover the earth, I will destroy the city and the inhabitants therein, signifies the effort and desire to destroy the church, and the truths and goods of its doctrine. Go up, ye horses, and rage, ye chariots, and go forth, ye mighty men, signifies by means of imaginary things from fallacies, and by means of falsities of doctrine confirmed from scientifics, from which they appear to themselves to be strong.

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 46:2, 46:7-11, 46:14-26)


[44] The sword shall devour and be satisfied, and shall be made drunk with their blood, signifies the total destruction of the natural man by falsities and by falsifications of truth. Go up to Gilead, and take balm, O daughter of Egypt, signifies the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word, also reasoning and protection therefrom, Gilead signifying reasoning from the sense of the letter of the Word by which falsities are confirmed; for Gilead was not far from the Euphrates, and wax, balm, and myrrh came from there, and it was made the inheritance of the sons of Manasseh and the half tribe of Gad (Gen. xxxi. 21; xxxvii. 25; Numb. xxxii. 29; Joshua xiii. 25). Gilead therefore, in addition to other things, signifies reasonings from the sense of the letter of the Word; by balm is signified the application and thence confirmation of falsity, and by the daughter of Egypt the affection for falsity pertaining to such a church. In vain hast thou multiplied medicines, there is no feeling for thee, signifies that such things afford no help, however great their abundance, since truths themselves are thus falsified.

(Odkazy: Genesis 31:21, 37:25; Joshua 13:25; Numbers 32:29)


[45] In Moses:

"The Egyptians pursued the sons of Israel, and came behind them, all the horses of Pharaoh, his chariots and his horsemen, into the midst of the sea; but Jehovah looking unto the camp of the Egyptians, disturbed them, and took off the wheel of their chariots, and the waters returned, and covered the chariots and horsemen, with the whole army of Pharaoh" (Exod. xiv. 23-25, 28; xv. 19, 21).

The horses of Pharaoh signify imaginary things since they are fallacies, which are scientifics from the perverted Intellectual, applied to confirm falsities; by his chariots are signified doctrinals of falsity, and by horsemen reasonings therefrom; by the wheel of the chariots is signified the faculty of reasoning. But these things are explained in the Arcana Coelestia (n. 8208-8219, 8332-8335, 8343).

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 8208-8219, 8332, 8343; Exodus 14:23-28, 14:23-25, Exodus 14:28, 15:19, 15:21)


[46] Because of such signification of the horses of Egypt, it was directed through Moses, that if the people desire a king, a king shall be set over them, whom Jehovah God shall choose out of the midst of the sons of Israel, a man, a stranger who is not thy brother, shall not be set over them,

"only he shall not multiply to himself horses, nor bring back the people into Egypt, that he may multiply horses; for Jehovah hath said to you, Ye shall not return this way any more: neither shall he multiply to himself wives that his heart may not turn back, neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold" (Deut. xvii. 15-17).

What these directions to a king signify cannot possibly be seen, unless it be known what is signified in the spiritual sense by a king, by the sons of Israel, by Egypt and its horses, also by wives, and by silver and gold. A king signifies truth from good, Egypt the natural man; his horses signify scientifics, wives the affections for truth and good, and silver and gold the truths and goods of the church, and in the opposite sense, its falsities and evils. And because a king signifies truth from good, and the sons of Israel signify the church from those who are in truths from good, therefore it is said that if the people desire it, a king shall be set over them, whom Jehovah God shall choose out of the midst of the sons of Israel, and that a man, a stranger who is not a brother, shall not be set over them, a man, a stranger who is not a brother, denoting a non-concordant religion; also falsity in which there is no good.

(Odkazy: Deuteronomy 17:15-17)


[47] And as Egypt signifies the natural man, and horses signify false scientifics which are imaginary things, it is therefore said, "only he shall not multiply to himself horses, nor bring back the people into Egypt that he may multiply horses." As wives signify affections for truth and good, which become affections for evil and falsity when one man has several wives, it is therefore said, "Neither shall he multiply to himself wives that his heart may not turn back;" and because silver and gold signify the truths and goods of the church, but here falsities and evils since they are regarded only by the natural man, it is therefore said, "Neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold." But to come nearer to the point, these words prescribe that truth shall not have rule over good, as is the case when the natural man rules over the spiritual; that this must not be done is signified by he shall not bring back the people into Egypt and thence multiply horses, nor take several wives, for wife and husband signify the affection for good corresponding to the affection for truth, which correspondence exists in the marriage of a man with one wife, but not with several. Other things of a similar nature are prescribed in the law of a king (1 Sam, viii. 10-18). Because Solomon not only procured horses for himself from Egypt, but also multiplied wives, and heaped up silver and gold, therefore he became idolatrous, and after his death the kingdom was divided.

(Odkazy: 1 Samuel 8:10-18)


[48] In Isaiah:

"The prophecy concerning Egypt: Jehovah rideth upon a light cloud, and cometh into Egypt, whence the idols of Egypt shall be moved before him, and the heart of the Egyptian shall melt in the midst of him. I will shut up Egypt in the hand of a hard lord, and a fierce king shall rule over them. Then the waters shall fail in the sea, and the river shall dry up and become quite dry, and the streams shall recede, and the rivers of Egypt shall be dried up, the reed and the flag shall wither. Therefore the fishers shall mourn, and all that cast the hook into the stream shall be sad, and they that spread the net upon the faces of the waters shall languish; they also that make the thread of silks, and the weavers of curtains, shall be ashamed. How say ye unto Pharaoh, I am the son of the wise, the son of the kings of olden time? Where now are thy wise men that they may declare? Come now; and let them know what Jehovah hath purposed upon Egypt. The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are carried away, and they have seduced Egypt the corner-stone of his tribes; there shall be no work for Egypt, that may make head and tail, branch and rush" (xix. 1-15).

That Egypt signifies the Natural of man separated from his Spiritual is evident also from these words considered in their spiritual sense. And man becomes merely natural when in his life he does not look to the Lord, but only to himself and to the world, consequently he is in the pride of [his] own intelligence - a common thing among the learned; and this perverts their Rational, and closes up the spiritual mind. In order that it may be known that the natural man is signified by Egypt, [man's] own intelligence by its river, and that falsities are signified by the waters of the river of Egypt, I will explain in their connection the things summarily cited from that chapter. Jehovah rideth upon a light cloud, and cometh into Egypt, signifies the visitation of the natural man from spiritual-natural Divine Truth, for visitation is an examination into the quality of a man, and examination is made by means of Divine Truth; a light cloud denotes spiritual-natural Divine Truth, from which the quality of man as to his Natural becomes evident. Whence the idols of Egypt shall be moved before Him, and the heart of the Egyptian shall melt in the midst of Him, signifies a mass and crowd of falsities in the natural man from which worship exists, and its terror on account of visitation.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 19:1-15, Isaiah 19:1-17)


[49] I will shut up Egypt in the hand of a hard lord, and a fierce king shall rule over them, signifies that the evil of falsity and the falsity of evil will reign therein, a hard lord denoting the evil of falsity, and a fierce king the falsity of evil. Then, the waters shall fail in the sea, and the river shall dry up and become quite dry, signifies that there will be no truths in the natural man, nor any intelligence therefrom. And the streams shall recede and the rivers of Egypt shall be dried up, signifies that it will turn from truths to falsities, and that consequently intelligence, being without truths from the light of the spiritual man, will become dead. The reed and the flag shall wither, signifies that all perception of truth and good from the sense of the letter of the Word which the sensual man would otherwise possess will vanish. Therefore the fishers shall mourn, and all that cast the hook into the stream shall be sad, and they that spread the net upon the faces of the waters shall languish, signifies that those who teach and instruct will labour in vain to reform the natural man by means of truths from the Word, fishermen and those who spread the net upon the faces of the waters signifying those that teach and instruct natural men from the Word, specifically from the sense of its letter; fish signify knowledges therefrom, and to be sad and to languish signifies to labour.

[50] They that make the thread of silks, and the weavers of curtains, shall be ashamed, signifies those who teach spiritual truths in a natural manner, thread of silks denoting spiritual truth, curtains denoting natural truths from a spiritual origin, and to make and weave these denoting to teach. How say ye unto Pharaoh, I am the son of the wise, the son of the kings of olden time, where now are thy wise men? signifies that the wisdom and intelligence of the natural from the spiritual man have perished; for the natural man is formed to receive intelligence and wisdom from the spiritual man, and this takes place when both act as one, like cause and effect. The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are carried away, signifies that the truths of wisdom and intelligence from spiritual light in the natural man are turned into the falsities of insanity. Zoan and Noph were in the land of Egypt, and signified the enlightenment of the natural man from spiritual light. And they have seduced Egypt the corner-stone of the tribes, signifies that the natural man has been perverted; and in the natural man, nevertheless, all the truths and goods of the church have their foundation. There shall be no work for Egypt, that may make head and tail, branch and rush, signifies that they no longer have any intelligence, or knowledge (scientia) of truth, consequently no truth either spiritual or natural.

[51] In Ezekiel:

"Son of man, set thy faces against Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and prophesy against him, and against all Egypt; speak and say, Thus saith the Lord Jehovih, Behold I am against thee, Pharaoh, king of Egypt, the great whale, that lieth in the midst of his rivers, who hath said, The river is mine, and I have made it for myself; wherefore I will put hooks into thy jaws, and I will cause the fish of thy rivers to stick unto thy scales, and I will leave thee in the wilderness, thee and all the fish of thy rivers; upon the faces of the field thou shalt fall, thou shalt not be brought together, nor gathered; to the wild beast of the earth and to the bird of heaven have I given thee for food, that all the inhabitants of Egypt may know that I am Jehovah, because they have been a staff of a reed to the house of Israel; when they took hold of thee by the hand, thou wast broken, and thou piercedst through all their shoulder, and when they leaned upon thee, thou wast broken, and didst make all their loins to be at a stand. Behold I bring against thee the sword, and I will cut off from thee man and beast, that the land of Egypt may become a desert and a waste, because he hath said, The river is mine, and I have made it; therefore I am against thee, and against thy rivers, and I will give the land of Egypt unto desolations from the tower of Seveneh unto the border of Cush, and her cities shall be a desert forty years" (xxix. 2-12).

These words also describe the natural man deprived of all truth and good through pride of knowledge and of [its] own intelligence therefrom. And because Pharaoh, king of Egypt, signifies the knowledge of the natural man, and [its] own intelligence therefrom, it is therefore said, "Behold I am against thee, Pharaoh, king of Egypt, the great whale, that lieth in the midst of his rivers;" by the great whale is signified the scientific of the natural man in general, in this case the false scientific, and by the river is signified [man's] own intelligence. Who hath said, the river is mine, and I have made it for myself, signifies that intelligence is from one's self (ex me) and not from the Lord, thus these words involve the pride of [man's] own intelligence. Wherefore I will put a hook into thy jaws, signifies false speaking and chastisement in consequence of it. And I will cause the fish of thy rivers to stick unto thy scales, signifies false scientifics of the lowest kind which are from the fallacies of the senses, fishes denoting scientifics, and scales the fallacies of the senses, which are scientifics of the lowest kind.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 29:1-12, 29:2-12)


[52] And I will leave thee in the wilderness, thee and all the fish of thy rivers, signifies to be deprived of truths together with all scientifics from which intelligence comes. Upon the faces of the field shalt thou fall, thou shalt not be brought together, nor gathered, signifies a religion without any coherence and which cannot be re-established. To the wild beast of the earth and to the bird of heaven have I given thee for food, signifies to be consumed by the affections for and thoughts of falsity. That all the inhabitants of Egypt may know that I am Jehovah, signifies that they may know and believe that all truth and good, even in the natural man, are from the Lord. Because they have been a staff of a reed to the house of Israel, signifies confidence in the scientifics of the sensual man, which are fallacies in the men of the church; that staff of a reed signifies such confidence may be seen above (n. 627). When they took hold of thee by the hand thou wast broken and thou piercedst through all their shoulder, signifies that by such faith all the power of truth perishes; and when they leaned upon thee thou wast broken, and didst make all their loins to be at a stand, signifies that by confidence in them the faculty of receiving the good of love perishes.

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 627)


[53] Behold I will bring against thee the sword, and I will cut off from thee man and beast, signifies that falsity will destroy all intelligence of truth and affection for good in the natural man. That the land of Egypt may become a desert and a waste, signifies that the natural man will thence be destitute of all truth and of all good. Because he said, The river is mine, and I have made it, signifies on account of the pride of [its] own intelligence. And I will give the land of Egypt unto desolation from the tower of Seveneh unto the border of Cush, signifies the destruction of the church from primaries to ultimates in the natural man. Her cities shall be a desert forty years, signifies doctrinals from pure falsities until no truth remains, forty years signifying the entire period of the vastation of the church, and also the entire duration of temptations.

[54] In the Second Book of Kings:

"Thou hast trusted thyself upon the staff of a bruised reed, upon Egypt, upon which if a man lean it entereth into his hand, and pierceth it; so is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all that trust in him" (xviii. 21).

By the staff of a reed and by leaning upon it similar things to those above are signified. Therefore also Egypt is called in David, "The wild beast of the reed, the company of the strong, which scattereth the peoples" (Psalm lxviii. 30). The wild beast of the reed signifies the affection or desire for falsity from the scientifics of the sensual man, which are fallacies; these are called the company of the strong, because they strongly persuade; and because they disperse the truths of the church, it is said, "which scattereth the people."

(Odkazy: 2 Kings 18:21; Psalms 68:30)


[55] In Hosea:

"Ephraim shall be as a silly dove, without heart; they have called Egypt, they have gone to Assyria; woe unto them, because they have wandered from me, devastation to them, because they have transgressed against me; their princes shall fall by the sword, for the rage of their tongue; this is their derision in the land of Egypt" (vii. 11, 13, 16).

The subject there treated of is the pride of Israel, by which the pride of [man's] own intelligence in such things as pertain to the church is signified. That Egypt signifies the natural man, and its knowledge, is evident from the mention made of Ephraim, of which this prophet speaks much, and which signifies the Intellectual of the church and the truth of its doctrine in the Natural. That Ephraim has this meaning may be seen above (n. 440). Therefore by, Ephraim shall be as a silly dove, without heart, is signified that now there will be no Intellectual, because no truth, and no affection for truth and good. They have called Egypt and gone to Assyria, signifies their confiding in the scientifics of the natural man and in reasonings therefrom, which deceive. Woe unto them, because they have wandered from me, signifies aversion from truths from the Word. Devastation to them, because they have transgressed against me, signifies deprivation of all truth because of their falling away. Their princes shall fall by the sword, signifies that primary truths will be destroyed by falsities. For the rage of their tongue, this is their derision in the land of Egypt, signifies the condemnation of doctrine by the natural man, and contempt for it.

(Odkazy: Hosea 7:11, 7:13, 7:16; The Apocalypse Explained 440)


[56] In the same:

"Israel, thou hast gone a whoring under thy God; they shall not dwell in the land of Jehovah, and Ephraim shall return into Egypt, and they shall eat the unclean thing in Assyria; lo, they are gone away because of devastation; Egypt shall gather them, Moph shall bury them; the desirable [things] for their silver the thistle shall possess them; the thorn shall be in their tents" (ix. 1, 3, 6).

The subject treated of in the whole of that chapter is the understanding of the Word destroyed, which is here signified by Ephraim. Israel gone a whoring under thy God signifies the falsified truth of the Word. They shall not dwell in the land of Jehovah, signifies that they shall not possess the life of good, such as it is in heaven; and Ephraim shall return into Egypt, signifies the understanding of truth destroyed, in consequence of which they become natural. And they shall eat the unclean thing in Assyria, signifies the Rational swarming with falsities of evil. Lo, they are gone away because of devastation, signifies a turning away from the Lord through the falsification of truth. Egypt shall gather them, signifies that they have become merely natural; Moph shall bury them, signifies spiritual death through the application of the truths of the sense of the letter of the Word to falsities of evil. The desirable [things] for their silver, signify the knowledges of truth; the thistle shall possess them, signifies that evil shall pervert them; the thorn shall be in their tents, signifies the falsity of evil in worship.

(Odkazy: Hosea 9:1, 9:3, 9:6)


[57] In the same:

"Israel shall not return into Egypt, the Assyrian, he is their king " (xi. 5).

Israel shall not return to Egypt, signifies that, the man of the church having become spiritual shall not become natural; the Assyrian, he is their king, signifies that reasonings from falsities will then rule. The man of the church from spiritual becomes natural when he separates faith from charity, that is, believes the Word, and does not live according to its precepts; also when he claims to himself intelligence, and does not ascribe it to the Lord, thence springs the pride, from which man becomes natural. For man is first natural, afterwards he becomes rational, and lastly spiritual. When a man is natural, he is then in Egypt, when he becomes rational, he is then in Assyria, and when he becomes spiritual, he is then in the land of Canaan, thus in the church.

(Odkazy: Hosea 11:5)


[58] In the same:

"Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind; every day he multiplieth falsehood and desolation, and they make a covenant with Assyria, and oil is carried down into Egypt" (xii. 1).

Ephraim signifies the church, in which the understanding of truth is destroyed; feeding on wind signifies to imbibe falsity; the east wind which he followeth after signifies the drying up and dispersion of truth; oil is carried down into Egypt signifies that the good of love is perverted by the scientifics of the natural man. But these words are more fully explained above (419:18).

(Odkazy: Hosea 12:1; The Apocalypse Explained 419)


[59] In Isaiah:

"Woe to the refractory sons, that take counsel but not of me, and that make a molten image but not by my spirit, that they may add sin to sin; who depart to go down into Egypt, but have not asked at my mouth, and to confide in the shadow of Egypt; therefore the strength of Pharaoh shall become a shame, and trust in the shadow of Egypt a disgrace" (xxx. 1-3).

Woe to the refractory [sons], signifies lamentation concerning the damnation of those who turn themselves away; taking counsel but not of me signifies thoughts and conclusions concerning the things of heaven from self and not from the Lord; and that make a molten image but not by my spirit, signifies worship from infernal falsity, and not from Divine Truth. Who depart to go down into Egypt, but have not asked at my mouth, signifies from the proprium of the natural man, and not from the Word; and to confide in the shadow of Egypt signifies lest they have faith and confidence in such things as are suggested by the natural man, which is not in the light of heaven. Therefore the strength of Pharaoh shall become a shame, and confidence in the shadow of Egypt a disgrace, signifies that there will be no ability to resist evils from [man's] own intelligence, nor from the knowledge (scientia) of the natural man, shame and disgrace signifying the state of such, when on account of evils they are reputed vile.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 30:1-3)


[60] In Jeremiah:

"Thou didst forsake Jehovah thy God, in the time when he led thee into the way; what hast thou to do in the way of Egypt, to drink the waters of Sihor? and what hast thou to do in the way of Assyria, to drink the waters of the river? why goest thou actively about to change thy way? thou shalt also be ashamed of Egypt, as thou wast ashamed of Assyria" (ii. 17, 18, 36).

These words also treat of the man of the church who by falsities of doctrine and evils of life therefrom becomes external and merely natural. Thou didst forsake Jehovah at the time when he led thee into the way, signifies a turning away from being reformed by the Lord by means of truths that lead; what hast thou to do in the way of Egypt, to drink the waters of Sihor? signifies instruction solely from the natural man, whence come mere falsities. What hast thou to do in the way of Assyria, to drink the waters of the river? signifies reasonings therefrom, whence come falsities of faith. Why goest thou actively about to change the way, signifies strong resistance to being so reformed as to become spiritual; thou shalt also be ashamed of Egypt as thou wast ashamed of Assyria, signifies that it is a perverse and vile state to be led by the natural man, and by reasonings therefrom, because this is to be led by falsities and evils from the proprium.

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 2:17-18, 2:36)


[61] In Lamentations:

"Our inheritance is turned unto strangers, our houses unto aliens; we drink our waters for silver; our wood cometh for a price; we have given the hand to Egypt, to Assyria, that we may be satisfied with bread; servants rule over us, no one delivereth us out of their hands" (v. 2, 4, 6, 8).

Our inheritance is turned unto strangers, signifies the truths of the church changed into falsities; our houses unto aliens, signifies the goods of the church turned into evils; we drink our waters for silver, signifies instruction from ourselves, whence come mere falsities; our wood cometh for a price, signifies instruction also from ourselves, whence come mere evils, since man is freely instructed and reformed, that is, without silver and price, by the Lord (Isaiah lv. 1), therefore to drink for silver and to procure wood for a price, and thence to grow warm, signifies from ourselves; and as to be instructed from ourselves is to be instructed from the natural man and its scientifics and conclusions therefrom, therefore it is said, We have given the hand to Egypt, to Assyria, that we may be satisfied with bread; by Egypt is signified the natural man, from which falsities come, and by Assyria, the natural man reasoning from falsities, from which evils come. And because the things pertaining to the natural man are respectively things of service - for the natural man was formed to serve the spiritual - therefore when it rules over the spiritual, then the servants have dominion, and this is what is meant by, servants rule over us, no one delivereth us out of their hands.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 55:1; Lamentations 5:2, 5:4, 5:6, 5:8)


[62] In Jeremiah:

"If ye say, We will not dwell in this land, saying, No, but we will go into the land of Egypt, where we shall not see war, and shall not hear the sound of the trumpet, and shall not hunger for bread, and there will we dwell. But if ye set your faces to go to Egypt, and go to sojourn there, it shall come to pass that the sword of which ye were afraid, shall there overtake you in the land of Egypt [and the famine of which ye were afraid shall cleave to you there in Egypt] and there shall ye die; and all the men who set their faces to go into Egypt to sojourn there shall die by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence, none of them shall remain or escape, and ye shall be for a curse, an astonishment, an execration, and a reproach, neither shall ye see this place any more" (xlii. 13-18, and following verses).

We frequently read, in both the historical and prophetical parts of the Word, that the people of Israel were inflamed with a desire to return into Egypt, and that this was forbidden them, and that they were threatened with plagues and punishment if they did so; but no one has heretofore known the reason for this. The reason was, that the sons of Israel were to represent the church from its first beginning to its end; and the church with man is first formed by means of knowledges (scientiae) and cognitions in the natural man, which is first cultivated by means of these. For every man is born natural, therefore the natural man must first be cultivated in order that it may also ultimately serve as a basis for man's intelligence and wisdom. Afterwards, by means of the knowledges (scientiae) and cognitions which are implanted in the natural man, the Intellectual is formed in order that man may become rational. But in order that from rational he may become spiritual, be must of necessity undergo temptations, for by means of these the Rational is so subdued that it cannot call forth from the Natural such things as favour lusts (concupiscentiae) and destroy the Rational. Finally, when man has in this way been made rational, he then becomes spiritual, for the Rational is the medium between the Spiritual and the Natural, therefore the Spiritual flows into the Rational, and by means of this into the Natural.

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 42:13-18)


[63] In a word, man must first enrich the memory with knowledges (scientiae), afterwards his understanding, and finally the will, must be cultivated by means of these. Memory belongs to the natural, the understanding to the rational, and the will to the spiritual man; this is the way of man's reformation and regeneration. It was for this reason that the sons of Israel were first led into Egypt, afterwards into the wilderness to undergo temptations, and, finally, into the land of Canaan; for, as stated, they were to represent the church from its first rise to its final end. Their abiding and sojourning in Egypt represented the instruction of the natural man; their wanderings for forty years in the wilderness represented temptations, by which the rational man is formed; and the land of Canaan, into which they were finally brought, represented the church, which, considered in itself, is spiritual.

[64] But those who are not willing to be reformed and regenerated stop at the first stage, and remain natural. Therefore the sons of Israel, because they were not willing, desired so often to return into Egypt, of which desire so much is said in the Book of Exodus; for they were natural, and were hardly capable of becoming spiritual, but still they could represent those things which belong to the spiritual church, and for this reason they were led into Egypt, and afterwards into the wilderness, and finally into the land of Canaan, and this represented the rise, progress, and final establishment of the church in man.

From these things it is evident why the sons of Israel were so severely forbidden to return into Egypt; for had they done so they would have represented that from spiritual they had become natural; and when a spiritual man becomes natural, then he no longer sees any truths or perceives goods, but falls into falsities and evils of every kind.

[65] But let us proceed to the explanation of the words themselves. If ye say, We will not dwell in this land, saying No, but we will go into the land of Egypt, signifies a turning away from the spiritual state, in which those are who are of the church, and a longing for a natural state, and for those things that pertain to the natural man. Where we shall not see war, and shall not hear the sound of the trumpet, and shall not hunger for bread, signifies that there will then be no infestation from falsities and evils and no temptations; war signifies infestation and combat from falsities and evils, and not to hunger for bread signifies not to desire good, which is the case with those who are in falsities and evils, consequently with those who are merely natural; evils and falsities do not infest these, because they are in them, and do not know anything concerning truths and goods.

[66] And there will we dwell signifies natural life. But if ye set your faces to go to Egypt, and go to sojourn there, signifies if from love they desire natural life; it shall come to pass that the sword of which ye were afraid shall there overtake you in the land of Egypt, signifies falsities destroying truths; and the famine of which ye were afraid, shall cleave to you there in Egypt, signifies the deficiency of the knowledges of truth and good; and there shall ye die, signifies the consequent desolation of the church and damnation. And all the men who set their faces to go into Egypt to sojourn there shall die by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence, signifies similar things as before, pestilence denoting the vastation of all good and truth; none of them shall remain or escape, signifies that nothing at all of truth and good shall remain; and ye shall be for a curse, an astonishment, an execration, and a reproach, signifies all things pertaining to damnation; neither shall ye see this place any more, signifies that there shall be nothing of the church with them any more.

[67] In Ezekiel:

"There were two women, the daughters of one mother, who committed whoredom in Egypt; their names were Ohola, the elder, which is Samaria, and Oholibah, which is Jerusalem; Ohola committed whoredom while under me, and loved the Assyrians her neighbours, and bestowed her whoredoms upon the choice of all the sons of Asshur; nevertheless she forsook not her whoredoms from Egypt, for they lay with her in her youth; therefore I delivered her into the hand of her lovers, the sons of Asshur, they uncovered her nakedness, they took her sons and her daughters, and at length slew her with the sword. Her sister Oholibah saw and corrupted her love more than she, and her whoredoms above the whoredoms of her sister; she doted upon the sons of Asshur. For she added to her whoredoms when she saw men painted upon the wall, the images of the Chaldeans painted with vermilion, all having the semblance of princes, the likeness of the sons of Babel, of the Chaldeans. And the sons of Babel came to her to the couch of loves, and they polluted her by their whoredom. She multiplied her whoredoms while she remembered the days of her youth, in which she committed whoredom in the land of Egypt; she doted upon their concubines, because their flesh was the flesh of asses, and their issue the issue of horses. Thus didst thou favour the wickedness of thy youth, when thou adornedst thy paps from Egypt; therefore Oholibah, I will stir up thy lovers against thee, the sons of Babel, and all the Chaldeans and all the Assyrians with them; they shall take thy sons and thy daughters, and thy posterity shall be consumed by fire. They shall strip thee of thy garments, and shall take the vessels of thine adorning; thus will I cause thy wickedness to cease from thee, and thy whoredom from the land of Egypt, that thou mayest not lift up thine eyes unto them, nor remember Egypt any more; thou shalt be filled with drunkenness and sadness, with the cup of wasting and desolation" (xxiii. 2-33, and further on to the end).

In order that it may be known that Egypt signifies the natural man, in this case separated from the spiritual, and Asshur the rational, here reasoning from those things which pertain to the natural man, I will give a summary explanation of the above words. There were two women, the daughters of one mother, who committed whoredom in Egypt, signifies the falsifications of truth and good; and because the sons of Jacob were merely natural men, they imbibed the idolatries of the Egyptians, which signified that they falsified all the truths of the church. Their names were Ohola, the elder, which is Samaria, and Oholibah, which is Jerusalem, signifies the spiritual church and the celestial church, which the descendants of Jacob represented; the Israelites who were in Samaria representing the spiritual church, and the Jews who were in Jerusalem the celestial church, both from the same mother, which is Divine Truth.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 23:2-33)


[68] Ohola committed whoredom while under me signifies the falsification of Divine Truth which is in the Word; and she loved the Assyrians her neighbours, and bestowed her whoredoms upon the choice of all the sons of Asshur, signifies confirmations by many reasonings; nevertheless she forsook not her whoredoms from Egypt, for they lay with her in her youth, signifies that they still pursued their idolatries. Therefore I delivered her into the hand of her lovers the sons of Asshur, signifies reasonings confirming idolatries; they uncovered her nakedness, they took her sons and her daughters, and at length slew her with the sword, signifies deprivation of all truth and good and consequent extinction of the church with them, nakedness denoting deprivation, sons and daughters truths and goods, and Ohola, the church. Her sister Oholibah saw, and corrupted her love more than she, and her whoredoms above the whoredoms of her sister, signifies the devastation of the celestial church represented by the Jewish nation in Jerusalem, which is said to have corrupted her love more than her sister, when she perverted and adulterated the goods of the Word and of doctrine thence, for he who corrupts or perverts and adulterates the goods of the church commits a greater sin than he who does the same to its truths.

[69] She doted upon the sons of Asshur, signifies by reasonings against truths and goods; she added to her whoredoms, when she saw men painted upon the wall, the images of the Chaldeans painted with vermilion, signifies fancies from the fallacies of the senses, which are of the sensual man, and argumentations therefrom whence come falsifications; all having the semblance of princes, the likeness of the sons of Babel, of the Chaldeans, signifies the appearance of being as it were pre-eminent truths to be preferred to all others. And the sons of Babel came to her, and polluted her by their whoredom, signifies conjunction with the falsities of evil from the love of self. She multiplied her whoredoms, while she remembered the days of her youth, in which she committed whoredom in the land of Egypt, signifies confirmation of their idolatries, and of the falsities of evil imbibed from the natural man, and thus increase of their falsifications. She doted upon their concubines, because their flesh was the flesh of asses, and their issue the issue of horses, signifies the desires of love for those things, because from their voluntary proprium, and thus from their intellectual proprium, the flesh of asses denoting the voluntary proprium, and the issue of horses the intellectual proprium therefrom, which pervert all things.

[70] Thus didst thou favour the wickedness of thy youth, when thou adornedst thy paps from Egypt, signifies the love of falsity implanted from the earliest age, and enjoyment therefrom. Therefore Oholibah, I will stir up thy lovers against thee, the sons of Babel, and all the Chaldeans, and the Assyrians with them, signifies the destruction of the church by evils from the love of self, and by falsities from the pride of [their] own intelligence, wherein there is a deadly hatred against the goods and truths of doctrine. They shall take thy sons and thy daughters, signifies the truths and goods of the church, which they will destroy; and thy posterity shall be consumed by fire signifies that the remaining things therefrom shall perish through earthly loves. They shall strip thee of thy garments, and take the vessels of thine adorning, signifies the deprivation of all intelligence and knowledge (scientia), which are the adornment of the church. Thus will I cause thy wickedness to cease from thee, and thy whoredom from the land of Egypt, signifies that so truths can no longer be falsified. That thou mayest not lift up thine eyes unto them, nor remember Egypt any more, signifies when there is no longer any understanding of truth, or knowledge of truth. Thou shalt be filled with drunkenness and sadness, signifies insanity in, and a turning away from, spiritual things; with the cup of wasting and desolation, signifies the falsities of evil which entirely devastate and desolate all the goods and truths of the church.

[71] In the same:

"Thou hast committed whoredom with the sons of Egypt thy neighbours, great of flesh, and hast multiplied thy whoredom, and thou hast committed whoredom with the sons of Asshur, and there was no satiety in thee; and thou hast multiplied thy whoredom even to Chaldea, the land of thy trading, but neither then wast thou satiated" (xvi. 26, 28, 29).

This is said of the abominations of Jerusalem, which signifies the church as to doctrine; and whoredoms signify the falsifications of the truth of doctrine and of the Word. Therefore thou committedst whoredom with the sons of Egypt thy neighbours, great of flesh, signifies falsifications by the natural man, in which are all evils and falsities, flesh denoting the proprium of man, which resides in the natural man, and in itself is nothing but evil and falsity therefrom. And thou hast committed whoredom with the sons of Asshur, signifies falsifications by means of reasonings. And there was no satiety in thee, signifies the desire of falsifying truths without end. And thou hast multiplied thy whoredom even unto Chaldea, the land of thy trading, signifies falsifications from the sensual man, where are mere fallacies, from which man altogether rejects and denies, and also blasphemes truths, the land of trading signifying whence all falsities are procured; and the Sensual is the source of all evils and of falsities therefrom. Man also is born at first sensual, afterwards he becomes natural, then rational, and at length spiritual, and he who falsifies the truths of the church becomes again natural, and at length sensual. But neither wast thou satiated with this signifies a measureless desire of destroying the truths of the church.

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 16:26, 16:28-29)


[72] In Joel:

"Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom a wilderness of desolation, because of violence to the sons of Judah, whose innocent blood they shed in their land" (iii. 19).

Egypt shall be a desolation, signifies that the natural man will be without truths, and thence in mere falsities; and Edom a wilderness of desolation, signifies that the natural man will be without goods, and thence in mere evils; because of violence to the sons of Judah, whose innocent blood they shed, signifies because they offered violence to the truths and goods of the Word, which they perverted.

Similar things are involved in the wars between the sons of Israel and the Egyptians; also in those between the sons of Israel and the Assyrians, and in those between the Assyrians and Egyptians, (2 Kings xxiii. 29 to end; xxiv.; Is. x. 3-5).

(Odkazy: Isaiah 10:3-5; Joel 3:19)


[73] In the First Book of Kings it is said, that under king Rehoboam, the king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took the treasures of the house of Jehovah and the treasures of the house of the king; and that he took the shields which Solomon had made, and many other things (xiv. 25, 26). In all the historical as well as in the prophetical parts of the Word, there is a spiritual sense, for all the historical details of the Word are representative of spiritual and celestial things pertaining to heaven and the church, and the words here are significative. Thus by the king of Egypt taking the treasures of the house of Jehovah, and of the house of the king, and many other things, was represented the devastation of the church as to the cognitions of good and truth by scientifics in the natural man falsely applied.

(Odkazy: 1 Kings 14:25-26; 2 Kings 23:29-37, 24:1; Isaiah 10:3-5)


[74] The quality of the natural man, when subject to the spiritual, and when separated from it, is fully described in the internal sense of Exodus. The quality of the natural man when subject to, and thus conjoined to the spiritual, is described where it treats of Joseph and of the sons of Israel called thither by Joseph, and dwelling in the land of Goshen, which was the best of the lands of Egypt. Where Joseph is treated of, the dominion of the Lord over the natural man is described, for by Joseph, in the spiritual sense, is meant the Lord, by Egypt the natural man, and by the sons of Israel the spiritual man. But afterwards the quality of the natural man, when separated from the spiritual, is described by Pharaoh's making the sons of Israel to serve grievously; and its vastation afterwards as to all the truths and goods of the church is described by the miracles performed there, which were so many plagues; and, lastly, its destruction, by the drowning of Pharaoh and all his host in the Sea Suph (Red Sea). The miracles by which the vastation of the natural man separated from the spiritual is described in the spiritual sense, were these:

[75] The staff of Aaron was turned into a serpent; the waters in the river were turned into blood, so that the fish died, and the river stank (Exod. vii.). From the rivers and pools were brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt; the dust of the earth as turned into lice; swarms of noxious flying things were sent into the houses of Pharaoh and of his servants, and into all the land of Egypt (Exod. viii.). There was a boil breaking forth with blains upon man and upon beast; a rain of grievous hail mingled with fire rained upon the land of Egypt (Exod. ix.). Locusts were sent upon the land, which devoured the herb, and all the fruit of the trees; a thick darkness came over all the land of Egypt (Exod. x.). All the first-born in the land of Egypt died (Exod. xi.). Finally, after the sons of Israel had borrowed of them, and thus spoiled them of their vessels of gold and silver, and their raiment, (which signify the knowledges of good and truth) the Egyptians were drowned in the Sea Suph (Exod. xiv. 28), which signifies hell. By all those things is described how the natural man is vastated, which takes place when he casts away from himself all the truths and goods of the church, and imbibes falsities and evils, until there is no longer any truth and good of the church remaining. But all these things may be seen explained at large as to their spiritual sense in the Arcana Coelestia, where the Book of Exodus is unfolded. It is then clear what is signified by the plagues and diseases of Egypt (Deut. vii. 15; xxviii. 60); also by being drowned in the river of Egypt (Amos viii. 8; ix. 5) and why it is that Egypt is also called "a land of bondage" (Micah vi. 4); "the land of Ham" (Psalm cv. 23); and a "furnace of iron," (Deut. iv. 20; 1 Kings viii. 51). These things are said of Egypt. From these things it is clear that Egypt signifies the natural man in both senses.

(Odkazy: 1 Kings 8:51; 2 Kings 24, 24:7-8, 24:9-10; Amos 8:8, 9:5; Deuteronomy 4:20, 7:15, Deuteronomy 28:60; Exodus 1:1, 7:1, 8:1, 9:1, 10, 11:1, Exodus 12:35, 12:36, Exodus 14:23-28, 14:28; Ezekiel 29:1-16, Ezekiel 31; Isaiah 19:1-15; Micah 6:4; Psalms 68:30-32, Psalms 105:23, 105:27, 106:22; Revelation 11:8)

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