Lamentations 5

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1 Gedenk, HEERE, wat ons geschied is, aanschouw het, en zie onzen smaad aan.

2 Ons erfdeel is tot de vreemdelingen gewend, onze huizen tot de uitlanders.

3 Wij zijn wezen zonder vader, onze moeders zijn als de weduwen.

4 Ons water moeten wij voor geld drinken; ons hout komt ons op prijs te staan.

5 Wij lijden vervolging op onze halzen; zijn wij woede, men laat ons geen rust.

6 Wij hebben den Egyptenaar de hand gegeven, en den Assyrier, om met brood verzadigd te worden.

7 Onze vaders hebben gezondigd, en zijn niet meer, en wij dragen hun ongerechtigheden.

8 Knechten heersen over ons; er is niemand, die ons uit hun hand rukke.

9 Wij moeten ons brood met gevaar onzes levens halen, vanwege het zwaard der woestijn.

10 Onze huid is zwart geworden gelijk een oven, vanwege den geweldigen storm des hongers.

11 Zij hebben de vrouwen te Sion verkracht, en de jonge dochters in de steden van Juda.

12 De vorsten zijn door hunlieder hand opgehangen; de aangezichten der ouden zijn niet geeerd geweest.

13 Zij hebben de jongelingen weggenomen, om te malen, en de jongens struikelen onder het hout.

14 De ouden houden op van de poort, de jongelingen van hun snarenspel.

15 De vreugde onzes harten houdt op, onze rei is in treurigheid veranderd.

16 De kroon onzes hoofds is afgevallen; o wee nu onzer, dat wij zo gezondigd hebben!

17 Daarom is ons hart mat, om deze dingen zijn onze ogen duister geworden.

18 Om des bergs Sions wil, die verwoest is, waar de vossen op lopen.

19 Gij, o HEERE, zit in eeuwigheid, Uw troon is van geslacht tot geslacht.

20 Waarom zoudt Gij ons steeds vergeten? Waarom zoudt Gij ons zo langen tijd verlaten?

21 HEERE, bekeer ons tot U, zo zullen wij bekeerd zijn; vernieuw onze dagen als van ouds.

22 Want zoudt Gij ons ganselijk verwerpen? Zoudt Gij zozeer tegen ons verbolgen zijn?

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 123

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

De hemelse Verborgenheden die in de Heilige Schrift of het Woord van de Heer 23, 488, 643, 2165, 2799, 2851, 3069, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 52, 189, 323, 503, 546, 620, 764, ...

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 126, 131, 152, 270, 272, 326, 386, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 58

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Apocalypse Revealed # 899

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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899. And twelve gates. This symbolizes all the concepts of truth and goodness by which a person is introduced into the church.

Gates symbolize concepts of truth and goodness from the Word, because a person is introduced into the church by them. For the wall that had the gates symbolizes the Word, as explained just above in no. 898. Moreover we are later told that "the twelve gates were twelve pearls: each gate was of one pearl" (verse 21), and pearls symbolize concepts of truth and goodness (no. 727). Clearly it is by these concepts that people are introduced into the church, as through gates into a city.

That the number twelve symbolizes all people may be seen in no. 348 above.

Gates symbolize concepts of truth and goodness also in the following places:

I will... lay your foundations in sapphires; I will make your pinnacles of garnets, and your gates carbuncle-stones. 1 (Isaiah 54:11-12)

Jehovah loves the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob. Glorious things are spoken of you, O city of God! (Psalms 87:2-3)

Enter through His gates with confession... Confess Him, bless His name. (Psalms 100:4)

Our feet have been standing within your gates, O Jerusalem! Jerusalem is built as a city that holds fast together. (Psalms 122:2-3)

Praise Jehovah, O Jerusalem! ...For He has strengthened the bars of your gates; He has blessed your children in your midst. (Psalms 147:12-13)

...that I may recount all Your praises in the gates of the daughter of Zion. (Psalms 9:14)

Open the gates, that a righteous nation which keeps its fealties may enter in. (Isaiah 26:2)

...raise your voice... that they may enter the gate of the princes. (Isaiah 13:2)

Blessed are those who do His commandments... and enter through the gates into the city. (Revelation 22:14)

Lift up your heads, O you gates... that the King of glory may come in. (Psalms 24:7, 9)

The roads to Zion mourn... All her gates are desolate; her priests groan... (Lamentations 1:4)

Judah mourned, and her gates have been made to languish. (Jeremiah 14:2)

Jehovah has purposed to destroy the wall of the daughter of Zion... Her gates have sunk into the ground. (Lamentations 2:8-9)

...who make a man to sin against the Word, and lay a snare for him who reproves in the gate... (Isaiah 29:21)

They chose new gods; then he began to attack the gates. (Judges 5:8)

And so on elsewhere, as in Isaiah 3:25-26; 14:31; 22:7; 24:12; 28:6; 62:10; Jeremiah 1:15; 15:7; 31:38, 40; Micah 2:13; Nahum 3:13; Judges 5:11.

Since gates symbolize introductory truths, which are concepts from the Word, therefore the elders of the city used to sit as judges at the gates, as is apparent from Deuteronomy 21:18-21; 22:15; Lamentations 5:14; Amos 5:12, 15; Zechariah 8:16.


1. A name variously applied in former times to precious stones of a red or fiery color.


(Odkazy: Deuteronomy 21:18-22; Isaiah 24:21; Revelation 21:12, 21:21)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Apocalypse Revealed 876, 901, 904, 916, 951

True Christianity 197

Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.