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Lamentations 5

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1 Gedenk, HEERE, wat ons geschied is, aanschouw het, en zie onzen smaad aan.

2 Ons erfdeel is tot de vreemdelingen gewend, onze huizen tot de uitlanders.

3 Wij zijn wezen zonder vader, onze moeders zijn als de weduwen.

4 Ons water moeten wij voor geld drinken; ons hout komt ons op prijs te staan.

5 Wij lijden vervolging op onze halzen; zijn wij woede, men laat ons geen rust.

6 Wij hebben den Egyptenaar de hand gegeven, en den Assyrier, om met brood verzadigd te worden.

7 Onze vaders hebben gezondigd, en zijn niet meer, en wij dragen hun ongerechtigheden.

8 Knechten heersen over ons; er is niemand, die ons uit hun hand rukke.

9 Wij moeten ons brood met gevaar onzes levens halen, vanwege het zwaard der woestijn.

10 Onze huid is zwart geworden gelijk een oven, vanwege den geweldigen storm des hongers.

11 Zij hebben de vrouwen te Sion verkracht, en de jonge dochters in de steden van Juda.

12 De vorsten zijn door hunlieder hand opgehangen; de aangezichten der ouden zijn niet geeerd geweest.

13 Zij hebben de jongelingen weggenomen, om te malen, en de jongens struikelen onder het hout.

14 De ouden houden op van de poort, de jongelingen van hun snarenspel.

15 De vreugde onzes harten houdt op, onze rei is in treurigheid veranderd.

16 De kroon onzes hoofds is afgevallen; o wee nu onzer, dat wij zo gezondigd hebben!

17 Daarom is ons hart mat, om deze dingen zijn onze ogen duister geworden.

18 Om des bergs Sions wil, die verwoest is, waar de vossen op lopen.

19 Gij, o HEERE, zit in eeuwigheid, Uw troon is van geslacht tot geslacht.

20 Waarom zoudt Gij ons steeds vergeten? Waarom zoudt Gij ons zo langen tijd verlaten?

21 HEERE, bekeer ons tot U, zo zullen wij bekeerd zijn; vernieuw onze dagen als van ouds.

22 Want zoudt Gij ons ganselijk verwerpen? Zoudt Gij zozeer tegen ons verbolgen zijn?

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 123


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

De hemelse Verborgenheden die in de Heilige Schrift of het Woord van de Heer 23, 488, 643, 2165, 2799, 2851, 3069, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 52, 189, 323, 503, 546, 620, 764, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 126, 131, 152, 270, 272, 326, 386, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 58

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Word/Phrase Explanations

heere
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

huizen
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

moeders
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...

water
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

geld
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

drinken
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

hout
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

komt
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Prijs
'Not for price or reward' signifies something freely given from divine love.

halzen
'The neck' signifies influx and the communication of interior and exterior levels and the following conjunction. The inmost or third heaven has reference to the...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

gegeven
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

brood
Just as natural food feeds the natural body, so spiritual food feeds the spiritual body. And since our spiritual body is the expression of what...

vaders
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

ongerechtigheden
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

zwaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

woestijn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

huid
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

Oven
'An oven,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies hell, where the people live who confirm themselves in false doctrines and evils of life from earthly and...

vrouwen
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

steden
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

opgehangen
'To hang,' as mentioned in Genesis 41:13, signifies rejecting. 'Hanging' represents the damnation of profanation.

Ouden
Ancients of the people, and the princes thereof ('Isaiah 3:14'), have a similar signification with the twelve disciples.

Malen
‘To grind’ is to collect and learn the things that are serviceable to faith.

jongens
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

struikelen
To 'stumble' denotes being scandalized or offended, and falling, as a result, from truths into falsities.

onder
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

poort
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

harten
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

afgevallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

ogen
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

vossen
If man closes up the middle natural degree, which corresponds to the middle spiritual, he becomes, with respect to love, like a fox, and with...

lopen
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

eeuwigheid
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

troon
'The Lord's throne' signifies, in general, the whole heaven, and specifically, the spiritual heaven, and by extension, divine truth proceeding, and so, everything of heaven...

geslacht
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

Vergeten
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.

dagen
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

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Apocalypse Explained # 270

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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270. Verse 4. And around the throne were four and twenty thrones, and upon the thrones I saw four and twenty elders sitting, signifies all truths from good in the higher heavens, arranged by the Lord before judgment. This is evident from the signification of "throne" on which was "One sitting," as being the Lord in respect to the Last Judgment (on which see just above, n. 267; and that "throne" signifies judgment, see n. 253. Also from the signification of "the four and twenty thrones around it, and four and twenty elders on them," as being all the truths of heaven in the complex, arranged before judgment. "Four and twenty" signifies all, "thrones" judgment, and "elders" those who are in truths from good, and abstractly truths from good. The higher heavens are here meant, because all who are in them are in truths from the good of love, and because the lower heavens are treated of in what immediately follows. ("Twenty-four" signifies all, because that number signifies the like with the number "twelve," and "twelve" signifies all, and is predicated of truths, see Arcana Coelestia 577, 2089, 2 129, 2130, 3272, 3858, 3913. The number "twenty-four" signifies the like with the number "twelve," because it is the double thereof, and the double of a number signifies something similar as the number from which it arises by multiplication, as may be seen, n. 5291, 5335, 5708, 7973.)

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 2129-2130; Revelation 4:4; The Apocalypse Explained 253, 267)


[2] The like is signified by "the thrones upon which the twelve apostles were to sit," of which in Matthew:

Ye who have followed Me in the regeneration, when the Son of man shall sit on the throne of His glory, ye also shall sit upon thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel (Matthew 19:28; Luke 22:30);

the "twelve apostles" signifying all truths in the complex. Likewise in the following words in Revelation:

I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them (Revelation 20:4).

"Judgment was given to those who sat upon thrones" signifies that judgment belongs to the Lord alone, for "elders" in the Word signify all who are in truths from good, and abstractly, truths from good by which is judgment. He who supposes that "elders" and "apostles" in the Word mean elders and apostles is much mistaken; in the spiritual sense of the Word no persons are perceived, but things abstractly from persons, for what is spiritual has nothing in common with persons. It is otherwise in the sense of the letter of the Word, which is natural; in that sense not only are persons mentioned, but the idea of person is implied in many expressions, in order that the Word in its ultimates may be natural, and thus be a basis for the spiritual sense. It is the same with the signification of "elders" as with that of "infants," "children," "young men," "old men," "virgins," "women," and many words of that kind; in the natural sense these are all thought of simply as persons; but in the spiritual sense "infants" mean innocence, "children" charity, "young men" intelligence, "old men" wisdom, "virgins" the affection of truth and good, and "women" the goods of the church; and so in other cases.

The same is true of the natural and spiritual senses of "neighbor;" in the natural sense "neighbor" means any man whatever; but in the spiritual sense the good, truth, sincerity, and justice itself that are in the person. Everyone who reflects can see that this is the neighbor in the spiritual sense; for who loves a person for any other reason? For good and truth make the man, and cause him to be loved, and not the countenance and body.

[3] But to return to the signification of "elders." That "elders" signify truths from good can be seen from the passages in the Word where they are mentioned. In Isaiah:

Then the moon shall blush, and the sun be ashamed, and Jehovah of Hosts shall reign in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem; and before His elders shall be glory (Isaiah 24:23).

The "moon" and "sun" mean their idolatrous worship and the falsity of faith and the evil of love; "Mount Zion" and "Jerusalem" mean heaven and the church; "the elders" mean truths from good; it is therefore said, "before them shall be glory," for "glory" signifies Divine truth in heaven (see above n. 33).

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 33)


[4] In Lamentations:

My virgins and my young men have gone into captivity. I have cried to my lovers, they have deceived me; and mine elders expired in the city (Lamentations 1:18-19).

Here the vastation of the church is treated of, over which there is lamentation; there is such vastation when there is no longer any spiritual affection of truth, and thence no intelligence in such things as pertain to the church, and when there is then no truth. The "virgins," that are gone into captivity, mean the spiritual affection of truth, "the young men" intelligence; "captivity" is removal from this affection and intelligence; the "elders," who expired, mean the truths of the church.

[5] In Ezekiel:

Slay to destruction the old man, the young man, and the virgin, and the infant and the women; begin from My sanctuary; therefore they began from the elders who were before the house (Ezekiel 9:6).

Here too, the vastation of the church is treated of; an "old man" and "young man" mean wisdom and intelligence; "virgin" means the affection of truth and good; "infant" innocence; "women" the goods of the church; "to slay to destruction" signifies devastation; the "sanctuary," from which they should begin, is the church in respect to the good of love and the truth of faith, which are "the elders who are before the house."

[6] In Lamentations:

The faces of the old men were not honored. The elders have ceased from the gate, the young men from their music (Lamentations 5:12, 14).

"Old men" signify the wisdom that is of good; "elders," the truths that are from good; "young men," intelligence. That the God of Israel was seen:

Under His feet as a work of sapphire, by Moses, Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy elders, and not by the rest (Exodus 24:1, 9-12);

signified that the Lord is seen solely by those who are in good and in truths from good (see t (Arcana Coelestia 9403-9411) he explanation of the passage in The Arcana Coelestia 9403-9411). This is what the seventy elders of Israel represented, and what the "four and twenty elders" sitting upon as many thrones signified; this also is what the "twelve apostles" signify, of whom it is said that "they are to sit

upon thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel." (That the "twelve apostles" signify all truths from good, Arcana Coelestia 2129, 3354, 3488, 3858, 6397; that the "twelve tribes of Israel" have a like signification, n. 3858 (Arcana Coelestia 3858), 3926, 4060, 6335; likewise the "elders of Israel," n. 6524, 6525, 6890, 7912, 8578, 8585, 9376, 9404)

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 6524-6525)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 265, 272, 290, 297, 307, 313, 325, 349, 430, 472, 511, 629, 851


Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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