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Genesis 16

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1 Doch Sarai, Abrams huisvrouw, baarde hem niet; en zij had een Egyptische dienstmaagd, welker naam was Hagar.

2 Zo zeide Sarai tot Abram: Zie toch, de HEERE heeft mij toegesloten, dat ik niet bare; ga toch in tot mijn dienstmaagd, misschien zal ik uit haar gebouwd worden. En Abram hoorde naar de stem van Sarai.

3 Zo nam Sarai, Abrams huisvrouw, de Egyptische Hagar, haar dienstmaagd, ten einde van tien jaren, welke Abram in het land Kanaan gewoond had, en zij gaf haar aan Abram, haar man, hem tot een vrouw.

4 En hij ging in tot Hagar, en zij ontving. Als zij nu zag, dat zij ontvangen had, zo werd haar vrouw veracht in haar ogen.

5 Toen zeide Sarai tot Abram: Mijn ongelijk is op u; ik heb mijn dienstmaagd in uw schoot gegeven; nu zij ziet, dat zij ontvangen heeft, zo ben ik veracht in haar ogen; de HEERE rechte tussen mij en tussen u!

6 En Abram zeide tot Sarai: Zie uw dienstmaagd is in uw hand; doe haar, wat goed is in uw ogen. En Sarai vernederde haar, en zij vluchtte van haar aangezicht.

7 En de Engel des HEEREN vond haar aan een waterfontein in de woestijn, aan de fontein op den weg van Sur.

8 En hij zeide: Hagar, gij, dienstmaagd van Sarai! van waar komt gij, en waar zult gij heengaan? En zij zeide: Ik ben vluchtende van het aangezicht mijner vrouw Sarai!

9 Toen zeide de Engel des HEEREN tot haar: Keer weder tot uw vrouw, en verneder u onder haar handen.

10 Voorts zeide de Engel des HEEREN tot haar: Ik zal uw zaad grotelijks vermenigvuldigen, zodat het vanwege de menigte niet zal geteld worden.

11 Ook zeide des HEEREN Engel tot haar: Zie, gij zijt zwanger, en zult een zoon baren, en gij zult zijn naam Ismael noemen, omdat de HEERE uw verdrukking aangehoord heeft.

12 En hij zal een woudezel van een mens zijn; zijn hand zal tegen allen zijn, en de hand van allen tegen hem; en hij zal wonen voor het aangezicht van al zijn broederen.

13 En zij noemde den Naam des HEEREN, Die tot haar sprak: Gij, God des aanziens! want zij zeide: Heb ik ook hier gezien naar Dien, Die mij aanziet?

14 Daarom noemde men dien put, den put Lachai-Roi; ziet, hij is tussen Kades en tussen Bered.

15 En Hagar baarde Abram een zoon; en Abram noemde den naam zijns zoons, die Hagar gebaard had, Ismael.

16 En Abram was zes en tachtig jaren oud, toen Hagar Ismael aan Abram baarde.

  

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Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 16

     

Napsal(a) Emanuel Swedenborg

Here are some excerpts from Swedenborg's "Arcana Coelestia" that help explain the inner meaning of this chapter:

AC 1890. The subject treated of in this chapter is the Lord’s first rational, which was conceived by the influx of the internal man into the affection of memory-knowledges (scientiae) of the external. The internal man is "Abram;" the affection of memory-knowledges in the external is "Hagar the Egyptian handmaid;" the rational thence derived is "Ishmael." The nature of this rational is here described; and it is afterwards said (chapter 21); that it was expelled from the house, after the Lord‘s Divine rational, represented by Isaac, had been born.

AC 1891. The Lord’s first rational was conceived according to order by the influx or conjunction of the internal man with the life of the affection of memory-knowledges belonging to the external (verses 1 to 3). But as this affection was of the external man, its nature was such that it held intellectual truth in low esteem (verse 4). On which account the Lord thought concerning the subjugation of it (verses 5 to 9), and that when subjugated, it would become spiritual and celestial (verses 10, 11). What it would be if not subjugated, is described (verse 12); the Lord‘s insight into the cause from His interior man (verses 13, 14). The rational is thus described in respect to its quality; also the Lord’s state when it originated (verses 15, 16).

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Arcana Coelestia # 1890

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1890. Genesis 16

1. And Sarai, Abram's wife, bore him no child. And she had an Egyptian servant-girl, and her name was Hagar.

2. And Sarai said to Abram, Behold, now, Jehovah has prevented me from bearing; go in now to my servant-girl; perhaps I shall be built up from her; and Abram hearkened to Sarai's voice.

3. And Sarai, Abram's wife (uxor), took Hagar her Egyptian servant-girl, after Abram had been dwelling ten years in the land of Canaan, and she gave her to Abram her husband (vir) as his wife (mulier).

4. And he went in to Hagar, and she conceived. And she saw that she had conceived, and her mistress was despised in her eyes.

5. And Sarai said to Abram, May the wrong done to me be on you! I gave my servant-girl into your bosom, and she saw that she had conceived, and I am despised in her eyes. May Jehovah judge between me and you!

6. And Abram said to Sarai, Behold, your servant-girl is in your hand; do to her what is good in your eyes. And Sarai humiliated her, and she fled from her face.

7. And the angel of Jehovah found her near a spring of water in the desert, near the spring on the road to Shur.

8. And he said, Hagar, Sarai's servant-girl, where are you coming from, and where are you going? And she said, From the face of Sarai my mistress I am fleeing.

9. And the angel of Jehovah said to her, Return to your mistress and humble yourself beneath her hands.

10. And the angel of Jehovah said to her, I will multiply your seed greatly and it will not be numbered for multitude.

11. And the angel of Jehovah said to her, Behold, you are with child, and you will bear a son, and you will call his name Ishmael because Jehovah has hearkened to your affliction.

12. And he will be a wild-ass man; his hand will be against all, and the hand of all against him; and he will dwell in opposition to 1 all his brothers.

13. And she called the name of Jehovah who spoke to her, You are a God who sees me; for she said, Have I not also here seen after Him who sees me?

14. Therefore she called the spring, The spring of the Living One who sees me; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bared.

15. And Hagar bore Abram a son, and Abram called the name of his son whom Hagar bore, Ishmael.

16. And Abram was a son of eighty-six years when Hagar bore Ishmael for Abram.

CONTENTS

The subject in this chapter is the first rational with the Lord which was conceived from the influx of the Internal Man into the External Man's affection for knowledge. The Internal Man is Abram, while the External Man's affection for knowledge is Hagar the Egyptian servant-girl; and the rational born from these two is Ishmael. The nature of this rational is described, and further on, in Chapter 21, it is said that it was 'driven out of the house' after the Lord's Divine Rational represented by Isaac had been born.

Footnotes:

1. literally, against the faces of

  
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Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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