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Joel 3

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1 Thi se, i de Dage og på den Tid, når jeg vender Judas og Jerusalems Skæbne,

2 samler jeg alle Hedningefolk og fører dem ned i Josafats Dal. Der vil jeg holde ettergang med dem om mit Folk og min Arvelod Israel, som de spredte blandt Folkene; og de delte mit Land,

3 kastede Lod om mit Folk, gav en Dreng for en Skøge og solgte en Pige for Vin, som de drak.

4 Og desuden, hvad vil I mig, Tyrus og Zidon og alle Filisterlands Kredse? Er der noget, I vil gengælde mig, eller vil I gøre mig noget? Hastigt og brat lader jeg Gengældelse komme over eders Hoved,

5 I, som tog mit Sølv og Guld, bortførte mine kostbareste Ting til eders Borge

6 og solgte Judæerne og Jerusalems Borgere til Grækerne, for at de skulde føres langt bort fra deres Hjem.

7 Se, jeg vækker dem op fra det Sted, I solgte dem til, og lader Gengældelse komme over eders Hoved.

8 Jeg sælger eders Sønner og Døtre til Judæerne, og de skal sælge dem til Sabæerne, Folket i det fjerne Land, så sandt HE EN har talet.

9 åb det ud blandt Folkene, helliger en Krig, væk Heltene op! Lad alle våbenføre Mænd komme og drage op!

10 Smed eders Plovjern om til Sværd, eders Vingårdsknive til Spyd! Svæklingen skal sige: "Jeg er en Helt!"

11 Skynd eder og kom, alle Hedningefolk viden om, og saml eder! Før dine Helte derned, HE E!

12 Hedningefolkene skal vækkes op og drage til Josafats Dal; thi der vil jeg sidde til Doms over alle Hedningefolk viden om.

13 Sving Seglen, thi Høsten er moden; kom og stamp, thi Persekummen er fuld! Persekarrene løber over, thi stor er Folkenes Ondskab.

14 Skarer på Skarer i Opgørets Dal! Thi nær er HE ENs Dag i Opgørets Dal.

15 Sol og Måne sortner, og Stjernerne mister deres Glans.

16 HE EN brøler fra Zion, fra Jerusalem løfter han sin øst; Himmelen og Jorden skælver. Men HE EN er Ly for sit Folk og Værn for Israels Børn.

17 Og I skal kende, at jeg er HE EN eders Gud, som bor på Zion, mit hellige Bjerg. Jerusalem skal blive en Helligdom, og fremmede skal ikke mere drage derigennem.

18 På hin Dag skal Bjergene dryppe af Most og Højene flyde med Mælk; alle Judas Bække skal strømme med Vand, og en kilde skal vælde frem fra HE ENs Hus og vande Akaciedalen.

19 Ægypten skal blive øde, Edom en øde Ørk for deres Vold mod Judæerne, i hvis Land de udgød uskyldigt Blod.

20 Og Juda skal være beboet evindelig, Jerusalem fra Slægt til Slægt.

21 Jeg hævner deres Blod, som jeg endnu ikke har hævnet; og HE EN bor på Zion.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 7051

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 200


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1151, 1197, 1201, 1551, 1808, 2184, 2495, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 37, 51, 53, 312, 316, 336, 350, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 78, 100

The Lord 4, 64

Sacred Scripture 14, 51

Heaven and Hell 119

True Christian Religion 82, 198, 620, 689, 782, 789


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 72, 119, 242, 261, 372, 376, 401, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 58

Marriage 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 55

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Mark 13:24

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Acts of the Apostles 2:17, 21, 39

Romans 10:13

Revelation 8:7, 12

Word/Phrase Explanations

dage
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

tid
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

Judas
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

dal
Mountains in the Bible represent people's highest points, where we are closest to the Lord - our love of the Lord and the state of...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

dreng
A boy (Gen. 18:7) signifies the natural man, and consequently, him who ministers and administers. Boy (Gen. 22:3) signifies the Lord's former rational principle merely...

skøge
'A harlot' signifies the affection of falsities, thus the church corrupted.

vin
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

drak
To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

Tyrus
'Tyre,' as in Ezekiel 27:13-14, represents people with knowledge of celestial and spiritual things.

hoved
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

sølv
'Silver,' in the internal sense of the Word, signifies truth, but also falsity. 'Silver' means the truth of faith, or the truth acquired from selfhood,...

guld
'Money' relates to truth.

grækerne
Greeks, as in Joel 3:6, signify the falsities of evil. Also the gentiles who are in falsities.

se
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

sælge
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

sønner
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

døtre
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

krig
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

sværd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

vingårdsknive
'Ploughshares,; as in Isaiah 2:4 and Micah 4:3, signify the goods of the church which are perfected, or set forth by truths.

spyd
'A lancet' signifies truth.

sige
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

sidde
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

Fuld
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

ondskab
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

sol
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

måne
'The moon' signifies the Lord in reference to faith, and thus faith in the Lord. 'The moon' signifies spiritual good or truth. 'The moon' signifies...

jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

jorden
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

børn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

kende
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

Gud
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

hellige
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

bjerg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

fremmede
In Ezekiel 28:7, 'strangers' signify falsities which destroy truths, and 'the terrible of the nations,' evils which destroy good.

mælk
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

vand
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Edom
'Edom' or 'Idumea,' as in Isaiah 34:5, signifies those who are in evil and in falsities thence derived.

vold
'Violence' signifies the outrage done to charity and the destruction of charity and faith. 'Violence,' as in Jeremiah 15:21, signifies falsities which assault the good...

blod
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

beboet
'Inhabit' refers to good.

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 The Minor Prophets
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
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Arcana Coelestia # 3654

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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3654. In the internal sense of the Word 'Judea' does not mean Judea, any more than 'Jerusalem' means Jerusalem. This becomes clear from many places in the Word. In the Word Judea is mentioned less frequently than the land of Judah, which, like the land of Canaan, means the Lord's kingdom, and therefore the Church also since the Church is the Lord's kingdom on earth. And Judea has this meaning because Judah or the Jewish nation represented the Lord's celestial kingdom, and Israel or the Israelitish people His spiritual kingdom. And because His kingdom was represented by them, therefore when that nation or people is mentioned in the Word, nothing else is meant in its internal sense.

[2] The truth of this will be evident from those things which in the Lord's Divine mercy will be stated later on regarding Judah and the land of Judah. For the present it will be evident from the following few examples in the Prophets: In Isaiah,

My beloved had a vineyard on a very fertile hill. 1 He surrounded it [with an enclosure] and gathered out the stones, and planted it with the choicest vine and built a tower in the midst of it, and also hewed out a winepress in it. And he looked for it to yield grapes, but it yielded wild grapes. And now, O inhabitant of Jerusalem and man of Judah, judge, I pray you, between Me and My vineyard. I will make it a desolation, for the vineyard of Jehovah Zebaoth is the house of Israel, and the man of Judah His pleasant plant. 2 And He looked for judgement, but behold, festering; for righteousness, but behold, a cry. Isaiah 5:1-3, 6-7.

Here the subject in the sense of the letter is the perverted state of the

Israelites and Jews, but in the internal sense it is the perverted state of the Church represented by Israel and Judah. 'Inhabitant of Jerusalem' is the Church's good - 'inhabitant' meaning good, or what amounts to the same, those with whom good is present, see 2268, 2451, 2712, 3613, and 'Jerusalem' the Church, 402, 2117. 'The house of Israel' has a similar meaning - 'house' meaning good, 710, 1708, 2233, 2331, 3142, 3538, and 'Israel' the Church, 3305. 'The man of Judah' also is very similar, for 'a man' means truth, 265, 749, 1007, 3134, 3310, 3459, and Judah good. The difference however is that 'the man of Judah' means truth grounded in the good of love to the Lord, which is called celestial truth, that is, those governed by that kind of truth are meant.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 2233-2234)


[3] In the same prophet,

He will raise an ensign for the nations, and will gather the outcasts of Israel, and will assemble the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth. Then the rivalry of Ephraim will depart, and the enemies of Judah be cut off. Ephraim will not vie with Judah, and Judah will not harass Ephraim. Jehovah will utterly destroy the tongue of the sea of Egypt, and will shake His hand over the River with the might of His spirit. Then there will be a highway for the remnant of His people which will remain from Asshur. Isaiah 11:12-13, 15-16.

Here the subject in the sense of the letter is the bringing back of the Israelites and Jews from captivity, but in the internal sense it is a new Church in general and with each person in particular who is being regenerated or becoming the Church. 'The outcasts of Israel' stands for their truths, 'the dispersed of Judah' for their goods. 'Ephraim' stands for the understanding part of their minds, which will no longer offer any resistance. 'Egypt' stands for facts, and 'Asshur' for reasoning based on these, which they have perverted. 'The outcasts', 'the dispersed', 'the remnant', and 'those who remain' stand for truths and goods which survive. For 'Ephraim' means the understanding part of the mind, as will be shown elsewhere, while 'Egypt' means factual knowledge, see 1164, 1165, 1186, 1462, 2588, 3325, 'Asshur' reasoning, 119, 1186, and 'remnant' the goods and truths that the Lord has stored away in the interior man, 468, 530, 560, 561, 660, 661, 798, 1050, 1738, 1906, 2284.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 560-561, 660-661, Arcana Coelestia 1164-1165)


[4] In the same prophet,

Hear this, O house of Jacob, who are called by the name of Israel and who came out of the waters of Judah. For they are called after the city of holiness, and upon the God of Israel they place their reliance. Isaiah 48:1-2.

'The waters of Judah' stands for truths which spring from the good of love to the Lord. The truths from that source are actually the goods of charity, which are called spiritual goods and constitute the spiritual Church, the internal of this Church being meant by 'Israel' and the external by 'the house of Jacob'. This shows what is meant by 'the house of Jacob, who are called by the name of Israel and who came out of the waters of Judah'.

[5] In the same prophet,

I will bring forth seed from Jacob, and from Judah the heir of My mountains, and My chosen ones will possess it, and My servants will dwell there. Isaiah 65:9.

'From Judah the heir of mountains' stands in the highest sense for the Lord, and in the representative sense for those in whom love to Him is present and so the good of love to Him and the good of love towards the neighbour. As regards 'mountains' meaning these forms of good, this has been shown above in 3652.

[6] In Moses,

A lion's whelp is Judah; from the prey you have gone up, my son. He crouched, he lay down like a lion, and like an old lion; who will rouse him up? Genesis 49:9.

Here it is quite evident that in the highest sense 'Judah' is used to mean the Lord, and in the representative sense those with whom the good of love to Him is present. In David,

When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a foreign people, Judah became His sanctuary, Israel His dominions. Psalms 114:1-2.

Here also 'Judah' stands for celestial good, which is the good of love to the Lord, while 'Israel' stands for celestial truth, which is spiritual good.

[7] In Jeremiah,

Behold, the days are coming, says Jehovah, and I will raise up for David a righteous branch, who will reign as king, and will prosper, and execute judgement and righteousness in the land. In His days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely. And this is His name which they will call Him, Jehovah our Righteousness. Jeremiah 23:5-6; 33:15-16.

This refers to the Coming of the Lord. 'Judah' stands for those with whom the good of love to the Lord is present, 'Israel' for those with whom the truth that goes with that good is present. For 'Judah' is not used to mean Judah, nor 'Israel' to mean Israel, as may be seen from the fact that neither Judah nor Israel was actually preserved any longer. Similarly in the same prophet,

I will bring back the captivity of Judah, and the captivity of Israel, and build them as they were previously. Jeremiah 33:7.

The like may be seen here also. In the same prophet,

In those days and at that time, says Jehovah, the children of Israel will come, they and the children of Judah together, weeping as they come; and they will seek Jehovah their God; and they will seek Zion on the way, their faces towards it. Jeremiah 50:4-5.

In the same prophet,

At that time they will call Jerusalem the throne of Jehovah, and all the nations will be gathered to it, to Jerusalem, because of the name of Jehovah; and they will go no more after the stubbornness of their own evil heart. In those days the house of Judah will go to the house of Israel, and together they will come over the land out of the land of the north. Jeremiah 3:17-18.

[8] In the same prophet,

Behold, the days are coming, said Jehovah, in which I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man and the seed of beast; and I will make with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah a new covenant. This is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days: I will put My law in the midst of them, and will write it on their heart. Jeremiah 31:27, 31, 33.

This shows plainly that Israel or the house of Israel was not meant, for once dispersed among the gentiles they were never brought back from captivity. Nor consequently was Judah or the house of Judah meant. Instead Israel and Judah meant in the internal sense members of the Lord's spiritual and celestial kingdoms. It is with these people that the new covenant is made, and in whose hearts the law is written. 'The new covenant' stands for being joined to the Lord by means of good, 665, 666, 1023, 1038, 1864, 1996, 2003, 2021, 2037. 'The law written in their heart' stands for a perception of good and of truth springing from that good, and also for conscience.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 665-666)


[9] In Joel,

It will happen on that day that the mountains will drip new wine, and the hills will flow with milk, and all the streams of Judah will flow with water; and a spring will come forth from the house of Jehovah and will water the river of Shittim. Egypt will become a waste, and Edom a desolate wilderness, 3 on account of the violence done to the children of Judah whose innocent blood they have shed in their land. And Judah will abide for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation. Joel 3:18-20.

From every detail here also it is evident that 'Judah' is not used to mean Judah, nor 'Jerusalem' to mean Jerusalem, but those in whom the holiness of love and charity dwells, for they are 'to abide for ever' and 'from generation to generation'.

(Odkazy: Joel 3:18, 3:20)


[10] In Malachi,

Behold, I am sending My angel, who will prepare the way before Me; and suddenly there will come to His temple the Lord whom you are seeking, and the angel of the covenant in whom you delight. Then the minchah 4 of Judah and Jerusalem will be acceptable to Jehovah, as in the days of eternity, and as in former years. Malachi 3:1, 4.

This refers to the Coming of the Lord, at which time, it is clear, the minchah of Judah and Jerusalem was not acceptable to Jehovah. From this it is evident that Judah and Jerusalem mean such things as constitute the Lord's Church. The same applies wherever else Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem are mentioned in the Word. From this one may now see what is meant in Matthew by 'Judea', namely the Lord's Church, in that case when vastated.

-----
Footnotes:

1. literally, on a horn of a son of oil

2. literally, the young plant of His delights

3. literally, the wilderness of a waste

4. Generally rendered 'offering' in English versions of the Scriptures. It is a Hebrew word. The 'ch' in it has a hard or guttural pronunciation, as in German buch or Scottish loch.

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 3880, 3969, 4229, 4255, 4422, 4434, 4750, 4815, 4925, 5044, 5113, 5321, 5443, 5480, 5583, 5595, 5599, 5678, 5782, 5801, 5819, 5825, 6047, 6499, 6528, 6637, 9164, 9166, 9229, 9274, 9293, 9296, 9396, 9468, 9780, 9954, 10248, 10283, ...

The Last Judgment 35

True Christian Religion 757

The White Horse 12

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 1, 121, 186, 246, 248


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 5, 195, 205, 208, 222, 223, 242, 253, 278, 310, 400, 433

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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