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Ezekiel 37

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1 Herrens hånd kom over mig, og han førte mig i ånden ud og satte mig midt i dalen. Den var fuld af Ben;

2 og han førte mig rundt omkring dem, og se, de lå i store Mængder ud over Dalen, og se, de var aldeles tørre.

3 Derpå sagde han til mig: "Menneskesøn! kan disse Ben blive levende?" Jeg svarede: "Herre, HE E, du ved det!"

4 sagde han til mig: Profeter over disse Ben og sig til dem: I tørre Ben, hør HE ENs Ord!

5 siger den Herre HE EN til disse Ben: Se, jeg bringer Ånd i eder, så I bliver levende.

6 Jeg lægger Sener om eder, lader Kød vokse frem på eder, overtrækker eder med Hud og indgiver eder Ånd, så I bliver levende; og I skal kende, at jeg er HE EN.

7 Så profeterede jeg, som mig var pålagt, og der hørtes en Lyd, da jeg profeterede, og se, der hørtes aslen, og Benene nærmede sig hverandre.

8 Og jeg skuede, og se, der kom Sener på dem, Kød voksede frem, og de blev overtrukket med Hud, men der var ingen Ånd i dem.

9 sagde han til mig: Profeter og tal til Ånden, profeter, du Menneskesøn, og sig til dem: Så siger den Herre HE EN: Ånd, kom fra de fre Verdenshjørner og blæs på disse dræbte, at de må blive levende!

10 Da profeterede jeg, som han bød mig, og Ånden kom i dem, og de blev levende og rejste sig på deres Fødder, en såre, såre stor Hær.

11 Derpå sagde han til mig: Menneskesøn! Disse Ben er alt Israels Hus. Se, de siger: "Vore Ben er tørre, vort Håb er svundet, det er ude med os!"

12 Profeter derfor og sig til dem: Så siger den Herre HE EN: Se, jeg åbner eders Grave og fører eder ud af dem, mit Folk, og bringer eder til Israels Land;

13 og I skal kende, at jeg er HE EN, når jeg åbner eders Grave og fører eder ud af dem, mit Folk.

14 Jeg indgiver eder min Ånd, så I bliver levende, og jeg bosætter eder i eders Land; og I skal kende, at jeg er HE EN; jeg har talet, og jeg fuldbyrder det, lyder det fra HE EN.

15 HE ENs Ord kom til mig således:

16 Du, Menneskesøn, tag dig et Stykke Træ og skriv derpå: Juda og hans Medbrødre blandt Israeliterne! Tag så et andet Stykke Træ og skriv derpå: Josef Efraims Træ og hans Medbrødre, alt Israels Hus!

17 Føj dem så sammen til eet Stykke, så de bliver eet i din Hånd.

18 Og når så dine Landsmænd siger til dig: "Vil du ikke sige os, hvad du mener dermed?"

19 sig så til dem: Så siger den Herre HE EN: Se, jeg tager Josefs Træ", som var i Efraims Hånd, og Israels Stammer, hans Medbrødre, og føjer dem til Judas Træ og gør dem til eet Stykke og de skal blive eet i Judas Hånd.

20 Og Træstykkerne, du skrev på, skal være i din Hånd, så de kan se dem.

21 Tal så til dem: Så siger den Herre HE EN: Se, jeg henter Israeliterne fra Folkene, til hvilke de vandrede hen, og samler dem alle Vegne fra og bringer dem til deres Land.

22 Jeg gør dem til eet Folk i Landet på Israels Bjerge; og de skal alle have en og samme Konge og ikke mere være to Folk eller delt i to iger.

23 De skal ikke mere gøre sig urene ved deres Afgudsbilleder og væmmelige Guder eller alle deres Overtrædelser, og jeg vil frelse dem fra alt deres Frafald, hvormed de forsyndede sig, og rense dem, og de skal være mit Folk, og jeg vil være deres Gud.

24 Min Tjener David skal være Konge over dem, og alle skal de have en og samme Hyrde. De skal følge mine Lovbud og holde mine Vedtægter og gøre efter dem.

25 De skal bo i det Land, jeg gav min Tjener Jakob, der hvor deres Fædre boede; de skal bo der til evig Tid, de, deres Børn og Børnebørn; og min Tjener David skal være deres Fyrste evindelig.

26 Jeg slutter en Fredspagt med dem, en evig Pagt skal det være; og jeg gør dem mangfoldige og sætter min Helligdom i deres Midte evindelig;

27 min Bolig skal være over dem; jeg vil være deres Gud, og de skal være mit Folk.

28 Og Folkene skal kende, at jeg er HE EN, som helliger Israel, når min Helligdom bliver i deres Midte evindelig

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 160


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 149, 666, 1038, 1292, 1888, 2547, 2916, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 3, 306, 343, 350, 510, 664, 774, ...

Divine Love and Wisdom 383

The Lord 28, 43, 47

Sacred Scripture 79

True Christianity 310, 534, 594, 844


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 19, 183, 205, 222, 365, 409, 418, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 14, 22, 53, 89

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Word/Phrase Explanations

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

midt
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

Fuld
'To satiate' relates to the extent of a person's will, for good or evil.

herre
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Hør
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

ord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

bringer
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

sener
'A sinew' signifies truth, because truths are in good like sinews in flesh. This is what is being described in Ezekiel 37:6, 8.

kød
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

hud
'Skin' corresponds to truth or to falsity in the extremes. 'The skin,' as relates to the grand human, means the natural self. There are spirits...

kende
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

se
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

dræbte
'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...

fødder
The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

hær
Forces denote the power of truth.

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

grave
A grave, as in Psalm 88:5, signifies hell. ‘To come forth out of the grave,’ as in John 5:29, signifies to come forth out of...

træ
'Wood' signifies good, as well the good of love to the Lord as the good of charity towards our neighbor.

Efraims
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

sige
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

os
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

en
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

stammer
In general, 'the twelve tribes' signify every aspect of the doctrine of truth and good, or of faith and love. Truth and good, or faith...

Judas
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

skrev
In John 8:2-11, the Lord wrote twice on the ground, when the woman taken in adultery was brought to him, which signifies the condemnation of...

bjerge
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

konge
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

urene
'Pollution' denotes the truth of faith defiled.

Gud
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

guder
Idols of stone signify worship from falsities of doctrine. Idols of wood signify worship from evils of doctrine. Idols of silver signify worship from what...

overtrædelser
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

frelse
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

tjener
“Servant” literally means “a person who serves another,"" and its meaning is similar in reference to the spiritual meaninngs of the Bible. Our lives in...

david
David is one of the most significant figures in the Bible. He was a musician, one of history’s greatest poets, the boy warrior who killed...

holde
"Keeping" in the Bible generally has to do with controlling the actual actions of life, though in some cases it can mean holding something away...

vedtægter
'Ordinances' in the prophets, signify changes relative to spiritual and celestial things, both in general and particular, which are also compared to the changes of...

Land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

fædre
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

evig
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

børn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

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Apocalypse Revealed # 3

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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3. Which God gave Him to show His servants. This symbolically means, for people who have faith arising from charity, or truths of wisdom arising from the goodness of love.

To show means, symbolically, to make evident, and servants here symbolize people who have faith arising from charity. The following things are made evident to them because they understand and accept.

Servants mean, in the spiritual sense, people who are governed by truths; and because truths spring from goodness, servants mean people who are governed by truths arising from goodness, thus also people governed by wisdom arising from love, because wisdom has to do with truth, and love with goodness. They also are people who have faith arising from charity, because faith, too, has to do with truth, and charity with goodness. And because the spiritual sense in reality is abstracted from person, therefore servants in that sense symbolize truths.

Now because truths, by teaching goodness, serve it, therefore in general, and properly speaking, by a servant in the Word is meant something serving, or someone or something that serves. In this sense not only were prophets called servants of God, but so, too, was the Lord in respect to His humanity.

That prophets were called servants of God is evident from the following passages:

Jehovah has sent to you all His servants the prophets... (Jeremiah 25:4)

...He has revealed His secret to His servants the prophets. (Amos 3:7)

...He has set before us by the hand of His servants the prophets. (Daniel 9:10)

Moses, too, is called a servant of Jehovah (Malachi 4:4). That is because a prophet, in the spiritual sense, means doctrinal truth, as discussed below.

(Odkazy: Revelation 1:1)


[2] Moreover, because the Lord was the very embodiment of Divine truth, which also is the Word, and for that reason was called the prophet, and because He served in the world and serves all people to eternity by teaching, therefore He, too, is here and there called the servant of Jehovah, as in the following passages:

Of the labor of His soul He shall see; He shall be satisfied. By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many... (Isaiah 53:11)

Behold, My Servant shall deal prudently; He shall be exalted and extolled and be very high. (Isaiah 52:13)

Behold! My Servant on whom I rest, My Elect. My soul has good pleasure! I have put My Spirit upon Him... (Isaiah 42:1, 19)

These things are said of the Lord. David is spoken of similarly, where by him is meant the Lord, as in the following:

I, Jehovah, will be their God, and My servant David a prince among them... (Ezekiel 34:24)

David My servant shall be king over them, so that they all have one shepherd... (Ezekiel 37:24)

I will protect this city to save it, for My sake and for My servant David's sake. (Isaiah 37:35)

So, too, Psalms 78:70-72; 89:3-4, 20. (That by David in these places is meant the Lord, may be seen in The Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Lord, nos. 43, 44.)

The Lord Himself speaks similarly of Himself:

...whoever desires to become great among you must be your attendant, and whoever desires to be first among you must be your servant, even as the Son of Man did not come to be ministered to, but to minister... (Matthew 20:25-28. Cf. Mark 10:42-45, Luke 22:27. So, too, Luke 12:37)

The Lord says this, because by a servant and attendant are meant one who serves and ministers by teaching, and abstractly from person, Divine truth, which He embodied.

(Odkazy: Luke 22:24-27; Mark 10:42-44; Teachings about the Lord 43-44)


[3] Since a servant therefore means someone who teaches Divine truth, it is apparent that servants in this place in the book of Revelation mean people who possess truths arising from goodness, or faith arising from charity, because they are able to teach from the Lord, that is to say, because the Lord is able to teach and minister through them.

It is in this sense that they are called servants in Matthew:

(At the end of the age,) who... is the faithful and prudent servant, whom his lord set over his household, to give them food in due season? Blessed is that servant whom his lord, when he comes, will find so doing. (Matthew 24:45-46)

And in Luke:

Blessed are those servants whom the lord, when he comes, will find watching. Truly I say to you that he will gird himself and have them sit down to eat, and will (himself) come and attend to them. (Luke 12:37)

In heaven, all people in the Lord's spiritual kingdom are called His servants, while those in His celestial kingdom are called His ministers. That is because people in His spiritual kingdom are governed by wisdom derived from Divine truth, and those in the celestial kingdom by love derived from Divine good. And good ministers, while truth serves.

In an opposite sense, however, by servants are meant people who serve the devil. These are in a real state of servitude, whereas people who serve the Lord are in a state of freedom - as the Lord also teaches in John 8:31-36. 1

-----
Footnotes:

1. Then Jesus said to those Jews who believed Him, "If you abide in My word, you are My disciples indeed. And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free." They answered Him, "We are Abraham's descendants, and have never been in bondage to anyone. How can you say, 'You will be made free'?" Jesus answered them, "Most assuredly, I say to you, whoever commits sin is a slave of sin. And a slave does not abide in the house forever, but a son abides forever. Therefore if the Son makes you free, you shall be free indeed. (John 8:31-36)

-----

(Odkazy: John 8:32-36; Matthew 20:26-28; Revelation 1:1)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Apocalypse Revealed 1, 128, 134, 347, 809, 937, 943

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.


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