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Ezekiel 37

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1 Herrens hånd kom over mig, og han førte mig i ånden ud og satte mig midt i dalen. Den var fuld af Ben;

2 og han førte mig rundt omkring dem, og se, de lå i store Mængder ud over Dalen, og se, de var aldeles tørre.

3 Derpå sagde han til mig: "Menneskesøn! kan disse Ben blive levende?" Jeg svarede: "Herre, HE E, du ved det!"

4 sagde han til mig: Profeter over disse Ben og sig til dem: I tørre Ben, hør HE ENs Ord!

5 siger den Herre HE EN til disse Ben: Se, jeg bringer Ånd i eder, så I bliver levende.

6 Jeg lægger Sener om eder, lader Kød vokse frem på eder, overtrækker eder med Hud og indgiver eder Ånd, så I bliver levende; og I skal kende, at jeg er HE EN.

7 Så profeterede jeg, som mig var pålagt, og der hørtes en Lyd, da jeg profeterede, og se, der hørtes aslen, og Benene nærmede sig hverandre.

8 Og jeg skuede, og se, der kom Sener på dem, Kød voksede frem, og de blev overtrukket med Hud, men der var ingen Ånd i dem.

9 sagde han til mig: Profeter og tal til Ånden, profeter, du Menneskesøn, og sig til dem: Så siger den Herre HE EN: Ånd, kom fra de fre Verdenshjørner og blæs på disse dræbte, at de må blive levende!

10 Da profeterede jeg, som han bød mig, og Ånden kom i dem, og de blev levende og rejste sig på deres Fødder, en såre, såre stor Hær.

11 Derpå sagde han til mig: Menneskesøn! Disse Ben er alt Israels Hus. Se, de siger: "Vore Ben er tørre, vort Håb er svundet, det er ude med os!"

12 Profeter derfor og sig til dem: Så siger den Herre HE EN: Se, jeg åbner eders Grave og fører eder ud af dem, mit Folk, og bringer eder til Israels Land;

13 og I skal kende, at jeg er HE EN, når jeg åbner eders Grave og fører eder ud af dem, mit Folk.

14 Jeg indgiver eder min Ånd, så I bliver levende, og jeg bosætter eder i eders Land; og I skal kende, at jeg er HE EN; jeg har talet, og jeg fuldbyrder det, lyder det fra HE EN.

15 HE ENs Ord kom til mig således:

16 Du, Menneskesøn, tag dig et Stykke Træ og skriv derpå: Juda og hans Medbrødre blandt Israeliterne! Tag så et andet Stykke Træ og skriv derpå: Josef Efraims Træ og hans Medbrødre, alt Israels Hus!

17 Føj dem så sammen til eet Stykke, så de bliver eet i din Hånd.

18 Og når så dine Landsmænd siger til dig: "Vil du ikke sige os, hvad du mener dermed?"

19 sig så til dem: Så siger den Herre HE EN: Se, jeg tager Josefs Træ", som var i Efraims Hånd, og Israels Stammer, hans Medbrødre, og føjer dem til Judas Træ og gør dem til eet Stykke og de skal blive eet i Judas Hånd.

20 Og Træstykkerne, du skrev på, skal være i din Hånd, så de kan se dem.

21 Tal så til dem: Så siger den Herre HE EN: Se, jeg henter Israeliterne fra Folkene, til hvilke de vandrede hen, og samler dem alle Vegne fra og bringer dem til deres Land.

22 Jeg gør dem til eet Folk i Landet på Israels Bjerge; og de skal alle have en og samme Konge og ikke mere være to Folk eller delt i to iger.

23 De skal ikke mere gøre sig urene ved deres Afgudsbilleder og væmmelige Guder eller alle deres Overtrædelser, og jeg vil frelse dem fra alt deres Frafald, hvormed de forsyndede sig, og rense dem, og de skal være mit Folk, og jeg vil være deres Gud.

24 Min Tjener David skal være Konge over dem, og alle skal de have en og samme Hyrde. De skal følge mine Lovbud og holde mine Vedtægter og gøre efter dem.

25 De skal bo i det Land, jeg gav min Tjener Jakob, der hvor deres Fædre boede; de skal bo der til evig Tid, de, deres Børn og Børnebørn; og min Tjener David skal være deres Fyrste evindelig.

26 Jeg slutter en Fredspagt med dem, en evig Pagt skal det være; og jeg gør dem mangfoldige og sætter min Helligdom i deres Midte evindelig;

27 min Bolig skal være over dem; jeg vil være deres Gud, og de skal være mit Folk.

28 Og Folkene skal kende, at jeg er HE EN, som helliger Israel, når min Helligdom bliver i deres Midte evindelig

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 160


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 149, 666, 1038, 1292, 1888, 2547, 2916, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 3, 306, 343, 350, 510, 664, 774, ...

Divine Love and Wisdom 383

Doctrine of the Lord 28, 43, 47

Sacred Scripture 79

True Christian Religion 310, 534, 594, 844


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 19, 183, 205, 222, 365, 409, 418, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 14, 22, 53, 89

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hånd
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sener
'A sinew' signifies truth, because truths are in good like sinews in flesh. This is what is being described in Ezekiel 37:6, 8.

kød
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kende
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se
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hus
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grave
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Revelation 11:11

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11 Og efter de tre og en halv Dags Førløb kom der Livs Ånde fra Gud i dem; og de støde deres Fødder, og stor Frygt faldt dem, som så dem.

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Revealed 510


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

Arcana Coelestia 4197, 9198, 9818

Apocalypse Revealed 485, 562

Doctrine of the Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 183, 629, 636, 663, 664, 665, 666, ...

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Apocalypse Explained # 222

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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222. And I will write upon him the name of My God, signifies their quality in respect to Divine truth implanted in the life. This is evident from the signification of "writing upon one," when spoken of the Lord, as being to implant in the life (of which presently); also from the signification of "name," as being quality of state (see above, n. 148; and also from the signification of "God," as being Divine truth proceeding from the Lord in heaven, thus the Lord in heaven (concerning which see above, n. 220; for the Lord is above the heavens, appearing to those who are in heaven as a sun (see the work on Heaven and Hell 116-125). The Divine proceeding therefrom, which is called Divine truth, and which makes heaven in general and in particular, is what is meant in the Word by "God;" from this it is that angels are called "gods," and that "God," in the Hebrew is Elohim, in the plural. This makes clear why the Lord here says, "the name of My God;" and above, "I will make him a pillar in the temple of My God" n. 219; and below, "I will write upon him the name of the city of My God, of the New Jerusalem, which is coming down out of heaven from My God" n. 223.

(Odkazy: Revelation 3:12; The Apocalypse Explained 148, The Apocalypse Explained 219, 220, 223)


[2] "To write upon one" means to implant in the life, because to write is to commit to paper anything from the memory, thought, or mind, that is to be preserved; in the spiritual sense, therefore, it signifies that which is to endure in man's life, inscribed on it and implanted in it. Thus the natural sense of this expression is turned into a spiritual sense; for it is natural to write upon paper and in a book, but it is spiritual to inscribe on the life, which is done when anything is implanted in the faith and love, since love and faith make man's spiritual life. Because "to write" signifies to implant in the life, it is said of Jehovah or the Lord that "He writes," and that "He has written in a book," meaning that which is inscribed by the Lord on man's spirit, that is, on his heart and soul, or what is the same, on his love and faith. Thus, in David:

My bone was not hidden from Thee when I was made in secret; upon Thy book were written all the days when they were fashioned, and not one of them is wanting (Psalms 139:15-16).

In the same :

Let them be blotted out of the book of lives, and not be written with the righteous (Psalms 69:28).

In Daniel:

The people shall be delivered, everyone that shall be found written in the book (Daniel 12:1).

In Moses:

Blot me, I pray Thee, out of the book which Thou hast written. And Jehovah said, Whosoever hath sinned against Me will I blot out of My book (Exodus 32:32-33).

In Revelation:

A book written within and on the back, sealed with seven seals, which no one could open but the Lamb only (Revelation 5:1).

Again:

All shall worship the beast whose names have not been written in the Lamb's book of life (Revelation 13:8; 17:8).

Again:

I saw that the books were opened: and another book was opened which is that of life; and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the book, 1 according to their works. And if anyone was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire (Revelation 20:12-13, 20:15).

Again :

And there shall enter into the New Jerusalem only they that are written in the Lamb's book of life (Revelation 21:27).

In these passages it is not meant that they are written in a book, but that all things of faith and love are inscribed on man's spirit (as may be seen from the things shown in the work on Heaven and Hell 461-469).

[3] That "to write," in the Word, signifies to inscribe on and implant in the life, is clear from other passages where "writing" is mentioned. Thus in Jeremiah:

I will give My law in the midst of them, and will write it on their heart (Jeremiah 31:33).

"To give the law in the midst of them" means Divine truths in them; "in the midst" signifies inwardly with man (see Arcana Coelestia 1074, 2940, 2973); and "to write it on the heart" is to impress upon the love, for "heart" signifies love (see Arcana Coelestia 7542, 9050, 10336). In Ezekiel:

The prophet saw a roll of a book written front and back, and there were written thereon plaints, moaning, and woe (Ezekiel 2:9, 10; 3:1-3).

"The roll of a book written front and back" signifies the state of the church at that time, thus what the life was of those of the church; therefore "the roll of the book" means the same as "the book of life" mentioned above; and as their life was destitute of the goods of love and the truths of faith, it is said that "there were written thereon plaints, moaning, and woe":

That the law was inscribed on tables of stone, and written with the finger of God (Exodus 31:18; Deuteronomy 4:13; 9:10); signified that it must be impressed on the life (Arcana Coelestia 9416); for "the law," in a strict sense, means the ten commandments of the Decalogue, but in a broad sense, the whole Word (see Arcana Coelestia 6752, 7463); and "stone" signifies truth, here Divine truth (Arcana Coelestia 643, 1298, 3720, 6426, 8609, 10376). The like is signified by :

Their writing the words of the law upon the twelve stones taken out of the Jordan (Deuteronomy 27:2-4, 8; Joshua 4:3, seq .)

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 2:8-10, 2:9-10; Joshua 4:3-9)


[4] In Ezekiel:

Son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it, For Judah and for the sons of Israel, his fellows; and take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and of all the house of Israel, his fellows; and then join them for thee one to another into one stick, that they both may be one in My 2 hand (Ezekiel 37:16, 17).

What these things signify no one can know unless he knows what was represented by "Judah," and what by "Joseph." "Judah" represented the Lord's celestial kingdom, and "Joseph" His spiritual kingdom; and "writing them upon two sticks" signifies each one's state of love and of life therefrom. Their conjunction into one heaven is signified by "joining them one to another into one stick, that they both may be one in My hand." The signification of these words is like that of the Lord's words:

Other sheep also I have, which are not of this fold; them also I must bring; and there shall be one flock and one shepherd (John 10:16).

The writing was to be upon a stick, because a "stick (wood)" signifies good, and it is good that conjoins. (But these things will be more evident from what is shown in the Arcana Coelestia, namely, that the spiritual kingdom before the Lord's coming was not as it was after His coming, n. 6372, 8054; that it was the spiritual especially that were saved by the Lord's coming into the world, and that they were then conjoined with those who were of His celestial kingdom into one heaven, n. 2661, 2716, 2833, 2834, 3969, 6854, 6914, 7035, 7091, 7828, 7932, 8018, 8159, 8321, 9684. That there are two kingdoms, the celestial and spiritual, and that there are three heavens, and that these are conjoined into one heaven, see the work on Heaven 20-28, 29-40. That "Judah" in the representative sense signifies the Lord's celestial kingdom, Arcana Coelestia 3654, 3881, 5583, 5603, 5782, 6363; that " Joseph" signifies the Lord's spiritual kingdom, n. 3969, 3971, 4669, 6417; that " Ephraim" signifies the intellectual of the spiritual church, n. 3969, 5354, 6222, 6234, 6238, 6267, 6296; that "wood" signifies the good of love, n. 643, 3720, 8354.)

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 2833-2834; Ezekiel 37:16-17, Ezekiel 37:19; Heaven and Hell 20-28, 29-40)


[5] In Isaiah:

This one shall say, I am Jehovah's; and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe with his hand unto Jehovah, and surname himself by the name of Israel (Isaiah 44:5).

These things are said of the Lord and of His Divine Human. "Jacob" and "Israel," where the Lord is treated of, signifies His Human, and that the Human is Jehovah is meant by "This one shall say, I am Jehovah's," and "he shall subscribe with his hand unto Jehovah." (That "Israel" and "Jacob" are, in the highest sense, the Lord, see Arcana Coelestia 4286, 4570, 6424)

[6] In Jeremiah :

O Jehovah, the hope of Israel, all that forsake Me shall be ashamed, and they that depart from Me shall be written on the earth, because they have forsaken Jehovah, the fountain of living waters. Heal me, O Jehovah, that I may be healed (Jeremiah 17:13, 14). "To be written in the earth" is to be condemned on account of the state of life, since "earth" signifies what is condemned (see Arcana Coelestia (Arcana Coelestia 2327), n. 2327, 7418, 8306).

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 17:13-14)


[7] This makes clear what is signified by the Lord's writing with His finger in the earth in John:

The Scribes and Pharisees brought to Jesus in the temple a woman taken in adultery; and they said, This woman was taken in the very act. They asked whether she should be stoned according to the law of Moses. Jesus stooped down, and with His finger wrote in the earth; and rising He said, He that is without sin among you let him first cast a stone at her; and again stooping down, He wrote in the earth. And when they heard these things, they went out one after another; and Jesus was left alone, and the woman; and He said to her, Woman, where are thine accusers; hath no man condemned thee? And He said, Go and sin no more (John 8:2-11).

The Lord's "writing in the earth" signifies the same as above in Jeremiah, "they that depart from Me shall be written in the earth," namely, that they also were condemned on account of adulteries; therefore He said, "He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her." The Lord's "writing twice in the earth" in the temple, signified their condemnation for adulteries in the spiritual sense; for the Scribes and Pharisees were those who adulterated the goods and falsified the truths of the Word, thus of the church; and "adulteries" in the spiritual sense are adulterations of good and falsifications of truth (see above, n. 141, 161); therefore that nation was also called by the Lord:

An adulterous and sinful generation (Mark 8:38).

-----
Footnotes:

1.  The Greek has "books," as found in Apocalypse Explained 98, 250, 785.

2.  The Hebrew has "my."

-----

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 2:8-10, Ezekiel 37:19; Revelation 3:12; The Apocalypse Explained 141, The Apocalypse Explained 161)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 202, 223, 224, 299, 313, 352, 483, 806, 898, 1057, 1224

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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