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Exodus 18

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1 Da Jetro, Præsten i Midjan, Moses's Svigerfader, hørte om alt, hvad Gud havde gjort for Moses og hans Folk Israel, hvorledes HE EN havde ført Israel ud af Ægypten,

2 tog Jetro, Moses's Svigerfader, Zippora, Moses's Hustru, som han havde sendt hjem,

3 tillige med hendes to Sønner. Af dem hed den ene Gersom; "thi", havde han sagt, "jeg er blevet Gæst i et fremmed Land";

4 og den anden hed Eliezer; "thi", havde han sagt, "min Faders Gud har været min Hjælp og frelst mig fra Faraos Sværd!"

5 Og Jetro, Moses's Svigerfader, kom med hans Sønner og Hustru til Moses i Ørkenen, hvor han havde slået Lejr ved Guds Bjerg,

6 og han lod Moses melde: "Jetro, din Svigerfader, kommer til dig med din Hustru og hendes to Sønner!"

7 Da gik Moses sin Svigerfader i Møde, bøjede sig for ham og kyssede ham; og da de havde hilst på hinanden, gik de ind i Teltet.

8 Moses fortalte sin Svigerfader om alt, hvad HE EN havde gjort ved Farao og Ægypten for Israels Skyld, og om alle de Besværligheder, der havde mødt dem undervejs, og hvorledes HE EN havde frelst dem.

9 Da glædede Jetro sig over alt det gode, HE EN havde gjort mod Israel, idet han havde frelst dem af Ægypternes Hånd.

10 Og Jetro sagde: "Lovet være HE EN, som har frelst eder af Ægypternes og Faraos. Hånd!"

11 Nu ved jeg, at HE EN er større end alle Guder, thi netop ved det, de i deres Overmod foretog sig imod dem, frelste han Folket af Ægypternes Hånd.

12 Derpå udtog Jetro, Moses's Svigerfader, Brændofre og Slagtofre til Gud; og Aron og alle Israels Ældste kom for at holde Måltid for Guds Åsyn med Moses's Svigerfader.

13 Næste Morgen tog Moses Sæde for at holde et for Folket, og Folket stod omkring Moses fra Morgen til Aften.

14 Men da Moses's Svigerfader så alt det Arbejde, han havde med Folket, sagde han: "Hvad er dog det for et Arbejde, du har med Folket? Hvorfor sidder du alene til Doms, medens alt Folket står omkring dig fra Morgen til Aften?"

15 Moses svarede sin Svigerfader: "Jo, Folket kommer til mig for at rådspørge Gud;

16 når de har en etssag, kommer de til mig, og jeg dømmer Parterne imellem og kundgør dem Guds Anordninger og Love."

17 Da sagde Moses's Svigerfader til ham: "Det er ikke klogt, som du bærer dig ad med det.

18 På den Måde bliver jo både du selv og Folket der omkring dig ganske udmattet, thi det Arbejde er dig for anstrengende, du kan ikke overkomme det alene.

19 Læg dig nu på Sinde, hvad jeg siger; jeg vil give dig et åd, og Gud skal være med dig: Du skal. selv træde frem for Gud på Folkets Vegne og forelægge Gud de forefaldende Sager;

20 og du skal indskærpe dem Anordningerne og Lovene og lære dem den Vej, de skal vandre, og hvad de har at gøre.

21 Men du skal af hele Folket udvælge dig dygtige Mænd, som frygter Gud, Mænd, som er til at lide på og hader uretfærdig Vinding, og dem skal du sætte over dem som Forstandere, nogle over tusinde, andre over hundrede, andre over halvtredsindstyve, andre over ti;

22 lad dem til Stadighed holde et for Folket. Alle vigtigere Sager skal de forebringe dig, men alle mindre Sager skal de selv afgøre. Let dig således Arbejdet og lad dem komme til at bære Byrden med dig.

23 Dersom du handler således og Gud vil det så, kan du holde ud, og alt Folket der kan gå tilfreds hjem."

24 Moses fulgte sin Svigerfaders åd og gjorde alt, hvad han foreslog.

25 Og Mose's udvalgte dygtige Mænd af hele Israel og gjorde dem til Øverster over Folket, til Forstandere, nogle over tusinde, andre over hundrede, andre over halvtredsindstyve, andre over ti.

26 De holdt derpå til Stadighed et for Folket; de vanskelige Sager forebragte de Moses, men alle mindre Sager afgjorde de selv.

27 Derpå tog Moses Afsked med sin Svigerfader, og denne begav sig til sit Land.

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Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2165, 2180, 2643

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 218

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Titus 1:5

Významy biblických slov

Midjan
'Midian' signifies people who are in falsity.

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

moses'
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Gud
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Zippora
Zipporah, Moses's first wife, signifies different things in the three places that she appears. The relationships of Zipporah, her father Jethro (also known as Reuel)...

to
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

sønner
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

gersom
Gershom, as in Exodus 18:3, denotes the quality of the good of truth among those who are without the church.

fremmed
The word "stranger" is used many times in the Bible, and it is sometimes paired with the word "sojourner". They are different concepts in the...

Land
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

Eliezer
Eliezer (Exod. 18:4) signifies the quality of the good of truths among those who are within the church.

Faraos
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

sværd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

slået lejr
'Pitch,' as in Genesis 14:10, denotes lusts. 'Burning pitch,' as in Isaiah 34:9, signifies direful fantasies.

Guds
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

bjerg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

kommer
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

møde
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

bøjede
To bow, as in Genesis 18:2 signifies to humble.

farao
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

hånd
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

sagde
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

større
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

guder
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

ældste
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...

morgen
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

stod
'To stand,' and 'come forth' as in Daniel 7:10, refers to truth. In Genesis 24:13, it signifies a state of conjunction of divine truth with...

aften
Since the light and warmth of the sun represent the Lord’s wisdom and love, it makes sense that evening, a time when the light and...

sidder
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

dømmer
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

love
All laws, even civil and judicial laws, which are in the Word, correspond to the laws of good and truth, which are in heaven.

vej
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

ti
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

hader
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

hundrede
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

komme
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

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Komentář

 

Israel      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

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'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church.

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 23:8; The Apocalypse Explained 768)


The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities.

(Odkazy: Apocalypse Revealed 47)


'The children of Israel,' in Isaiah 14:2, signify the Gentiles.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 14:2; The Apocalypse Explained 811)


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