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出埃及記 10

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1 耶和華摩西:你進去見法老。我使他和他臣僕的剛硬,為要在他們中間顯我這些神蹟,

2 並要叫你將我向埃及人所做的事,和在他們中間所行的神蹟,傳於你兒子和你孫子的耳中,好叫你們知道我是耶和華

3 摩西亞倫就進去見法老,對他耶和華希伯來人這樣:你在我面前不肯自卑要到幾時呢?容我的百姓去,好事奉我。

4 你若不肯容我的百姓去,明天我要使蝗蟲進入你的境內,

5 遮滿地面,甚不見地,並且冰雹所剩的和田間所長的一切樹木

6 你的宮殿和你眾臣僕的房屋,並一切埃及人房屋,都要被蝗蟲佔滿了;自從你祖宗和你祖宗的祖宗在世以來,直到今日,沒有見過這樣的災。摩西就轉身離開法老出去。

7 法老的臣僕對法老:這人為我們的網羅要到幾時呢?容這些人去事奉耶和華─他們的罷!埃及已經敗壞了,你還不知道麼?

8 於是摩西亞倫被召回來法老法老對他們:你們去事奉耶和華─你們的;但那要去的是誰呢?

9 摩西:我們要和我們老的少的、兒子女兒同去,且把羊群牛群一同帶去,因為我們務要向耶和華守節。

10 法老對他們:我容你們和你們婦人孩子去的時候,耶和華與你們同在罷!你們要謹慎;因為有禍在你們眼前(或作:你們存著惡意),

11 不可都去!你們這壯年人去事奉耶和華罷,因為這是你們所求的。於是把他們從法老面前攆出去。

12 耶和華摩西:你向埃及地伸杖,使蝗蟲埃及地上來,地上一切的菜蔬,就是冰雹所剩的。

13 摩西就向埃及地伸杖,那一晝一夜,耶和華使東颳在埃及地上;到了早晨,東蝗蟲颳了來。

14 蝗蟲上來,落在埃及的四境,甚是厲害;以前沒有這樣的,以也必沒有。

15 因為這蝗蟲遮滿地面,甚至地都黑暗了,又地上一切的菜蔬和冰雹上的果子。埃及遍地,無論是樹木,是田間的菜蔬,連一點青的也沒有留下。

16 於是法老急忙召了摩西亞倫來,:我得罪耶和華─你們的,又得罪了你們。

17 現在求你,只這一次,饒恕我的,求耶和華─你們的使我脫離這一次的死亡。

18 摩西就離開法老去求耶和華

19 耶和華了極大的西,把蝗蟲颳起,吹入紅;在埃及的四境連個也沒有留下。

20 耶和華使法老的剛硬,不容以色列人去。

21 耶和華摩西:你向伸杖,使埃及黑暗;這黑暗似乎摸得著。

22 摩西伸杖,埃及遍地就烏黑了

23 之久,不能相見,誰也不敢起來離開本處;惟有以色列人家中都有亮

24 法老就召摩西來,:你們去事奉耶和華;只是你們的羊群牛群要留下;你們的婦人孩子可以和你們同去。

25 摩西:你總要把祭物和燔祭牲交我們,使我們可以祭祀耶和華我們

26 我們的牲畜也要去,連一也不留下;因為我們要從其中取出,事奉耶和華我們我們未到那裡,還不知道用甚麼事奉耶和華

27 耶和華使法老的剛硬,不肯容他們去。

28 法老對摩西:你離開我去罷,你要小心,不要再見我的面!因為你見我面的那日你就必

29 摩西:你得好!我必不再見你的面了。

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

属天的奥秘 7628, 7629, 7630, 7631, 7632, 7633, 7634, ...

Apocalypse Explained 654

揭秘启示录 503


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

属天的奥秘 878, 1343, 1703, 2180, 2788, 4876, 4936, ...

揭秘启示录 424, 485, 505

圣爱与圣智 345

真实的基督教 635


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 419, 526, 532, 543, 706, 727, 746

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

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Významy biblických slov

耶和華
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

摩西
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

法老
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...


The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

埃及
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

埃及人
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

兒子
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

知道
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

亞倫
亚伦是摩西的兄弟。他象征着两件事,一是在出埃及记的前半部分,他是摩西的代言人,二是在大帐幕建成后,他被任命为大祭司之后。 在故事的第一部分中,摩西代表了道的真实面目,就像在天上所理解的那样,而亚伦则代表了道的外在意义,就像人在世上所理解的那样。这就是为什么他为摩西说话,耶和华对他说:"他要为你们作口,你们也要对他作神。"(出埃及记 4:16). 后来,当亚伦穿上他的礼服时(见利未记各章 8, 9他被任命为以色列的大祭司。在这个角色中,亚伦代表耶和华,代表神的善,而摩西代表耶和华,代表神的真理。

希伯來人
The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.


主是爱本身,以智慧本身的形式表达。爱是他的本质,也是他的全部。智慧-对如何将爱付诸行动的热爱理解-稍微有点外在,为爱提供了一种表达自我的方式。 当圣经说“耶和华”时,它代表的是至高无上的爱,这是主的本质。那爱本身就是一个完整的整体,而爱也是一个,只适用于主的名字。然而,智慧表达在各种各样的思想和观念中,这些著作统称为神的真理。也有许多虚构的神,有时天使和人也可以被称为神(耶和华说摩西将成为亚伦的神)。因此,当圣经称上帝为“上帝”时,多数情况下是指神圣的真理。 在其他情况下,“上帝”指的是所谓的神圣人类。情况是这样的: 作为人类,我们不能直接将主作为上帝的爱来参与。它太强大了,太纯净了。相反,我们必须通过神圣的真理了解他来接近他。因此,神圣的真理是人类形式的主,这是我们可以接近和理解的形式。因此,“上帝”也被用来指代人类这一方面,因为它是真理的表达。

明天
'Tomorrow' signifies eternity.

蝗蟲
Grasshoppers signify the same as locusts: the false which vastates the extremes of the natural part of the mind.

進入
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

地面
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...


‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

冰雹
Hail signifies false ideas that destroy good and truth. Hail signifies the false ideas that come from evil in our exterior natural selves. 'Hail of...


'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

樹木
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...


In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

房屋
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...


A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...


Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

轉身
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

法老的
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

我們
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

回來
在《圣经》中,有很多描述人回头看、回头看或回去的例子。在大多数情况下,这是一种消极的,有时是毁灭性的(就像罗得的妻子,当她回望所多玛的毁灭时,变成了一根盐柱子)。一般情况下,这代表着我们的状态,当我们进入到一个新的精神境界,发现自己希望得到旧的安逸和轻松时,回去代表着回到更早的低级阶段。 当 "回 "与物联系在一起的时候,"回 "的意义更多的是字面意义。当有人拿东西回来或给东西时,其精神意义大多是以物与行为人为中心。

女兒
Marriages among people – both in the Bible and in life – represent spiritual marriage. Women represent the desire to be good and to do...


A flock, as in Genesis 26, denotes interior or rational good. A flock signifies those who are in spiritual good. A flock signifies natural interior...

羊群
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...


It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

牛群
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.


Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...


Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

早晨
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...


按照瑞典博格的说法,时间和空间不存在于精神现实中,它们是纯粹的自然事物,只存在于物质层面。这就意味着,一个精神性的东西不可能在时间上的另一个精神性的东西 "之后 "发生,因为没有时间。而一个精神性的东西也不可能在空间上 "追随 "另一个精神性的东西,因为没有空间。 相反,灵性的现实是建立在灵性状态的基础上,或天使的爱和思想。这些爱和思想以因果链的方式连接在一起,天使们的体验就像我们体验时间一样;一个思想在精神层面上流向另一个思想,而天使们感觉到这种进步,就像我们感觉到一个时刻流向另一个时刻的进步一样。当天使有类似的思想和感觉时,他们体验到的亲近感和我们对肉体亲近感的体验是非常相同的;他们对 "空间 "的概念是整个精神世界中的灵魂所拥有的思想和情感的变化。 当《圣经》将某件事情描述为 "后边 "的东西时,那么,属灵的意义就与属灵状态的递进有关;它是在前边的东西基础上产生的新的属灵状态。由于较高的状态会流入较低的状态,所以 "之后 "的东西往往是较低的、较外在的状态。例如,内心深处对他人的善的渴望,会自动地流向具体的想法,即我们可以做的具体的善事。那么,这些具体的想法,就会 "在 "善的欲望之后。


In Leviticus 6:16, 'Aaron and his sons eating the remainder' signifies a person’s reciprocation and making something one's own. This represents conjunction by means of...


In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

以色列人
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


天堂是天上的和精神的东西。因此,它们是至高无上的东西,无论是天国还是地下世界的主国。这也指的是教会以及作为上帝王国或“教会”的每个人。因此,天堂表示与爱与慈善有关的所有事物,以及根植于其中的信仰,以及与内部崇拜有关的所有事物。它们以类似的方式表示与道的内在意义有关的所有事物。所有这些东西都是天堂,被称为“耶和华的宝座”。 如启示录21:1所述,“逝去的前天”象征着精神世界中那些仅在外在或表面上有好处的人们的社会。

黑暗
“黑暗”是没有光的状态。 “光”是来自主的真理,因此“黑暗”代表了缺乏真理的状态。 这是来自Arcana Coelestia的令人信服的文章: “尚未再生的人被称为'虚无而空的地球',也被称为'地面',其中根本没有播种任何善良或真理-'void'在没有善良的情况下,'empty' “那里没有真理。因此,存在着“深沉的黑暗”,愚蠢和缺乏对与对主的信仰以及与灵性和天体生活有关的任何事物的知识。 (天国的秘密17)...


“黑暗”是没有光的状态。 “光”是来自主的真理,因此“黑暗”代表了缺乏真理的状态。 这是来自Arcana Coelestia的令人信服的文章: “尚未再生的人被称为'虚无而空的地球',也被称为'地面',其中根本没有播种任何善良或真理-'void'在没有善良的情况下,'empty' “那里没有真理。因此,存在着“深沉的黑暗”,愚蠢和缺乏对与对主的信仰以及与灵性和天体生活有关的任何事物的知识。 (天国的秘密17)...


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...


The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

起來
It is common in the Bible for people to "rise up," and it would be easy to pass over the phrase as simply describing a...


1879年11月4日托马斯-爱迪生申请了一项长烧灯泡的专利。 1879年11月5日灯泡作为一种思想的象征被普遍接受。 好吧,这句话是我们编的,但漫画家至少从20世纪20年代就开始用灯泡作为符号了,通俗的语言中就有光与思想的联系:当人们理解了某件事情时,就会 "看到了光";当我们试图通过给一个疑难的问题带来新的思考,来 "点亮 "它;当人们得到新的信息或对某件事情有了更完整的理解时,就会 "开悟"。 因此,《圣经》中的 "光 "在最高的意义上代表着神圣的真理:知识、思想、观念、理解,这些都是从主而来的。在较小的程度上--灯的光、月亮的光等等--它代表了更低级的真理、思想和理解,这些真理、思想和理解来自于更多的世俗的来源。 这一点的基础在于,太阳代表着主,它的热代表着主的爱,它的光代表着主的智慧。这种智慧以真理的形式进入我们的生活,进入我们的生活,这些东西我们可以知道和思考,引导我们,帮助我们成为好人。


Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...


As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...


'A hoof' signifies truth in the ultimate degree, or sensory truth. 'The hooves of horses' signify the lowest intellectual principles. 'The hooves of the horses,'...


Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

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Apocalypse Explained # 706

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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706. Verse 1. And a great sign was seen in heaven, signifies Divine attestation respecting the coming church and the reception of its doctrine, and by whom it will be assaulted. This is evident from the signification of "a great sign in heaven," as being Divine manifestation and attestation; that it has reference to the church and the reception of its doctrine, and also to assault upon it, is evident from what follows, for the "woman" means the church, her "son a male" doctrine, and "the dragon and his angels" and afterwards "the beasts," mean those who will assault the church and its doctrine. This vision is called "a great sign" because a "sign" means Divine manifestation respecting things to come, and attestation, here respecting the coming church and its doctrine, and also the assault upon it by those who are meant by "the dragon" and "the beasts." This is called a "sign," because it manifests and attests. "Sign" and "wonder" are mentioned in many passages in the Word, "sign" meaning that which indicates, witnesses, and persuades respecting the subject of inquiry, and "wonder" meaning that which stirs up, strikes dumb, and fills with amazement; thus a sign moves the understanding and faith, but a wonder the will and its affection, for the will and its affection are what are stirred up, stricken dumb, and filled with amazement, while the understanding and its faith are what are persuaded and moved by indications and proofs.

(Odkazy: Revelation 12:1)


[2] That there is a difference between a sign and a wonder is evident from the fact that the Jews, although they had seen so many wonders performed by the Lord, still sought signs from Him; and also from the fact that the prodigies wrought in Egypt and in the wilderness are sometimes called "signs" and sometimes "wonders," and sometimes both. It is further evident from this, that in every particular of the Word there is a marriage of truth and good, and thus also of the understanding and will, for truth is of the understanding and good of the will, consequently "signs" there have reference to things pertaining to truth, and to faith and the understanding, and "wonders" to the things pertaining to good, and to affection and the will. Thence is clear the meaning of "signs" and of "wonders," where they are both mentioned in the Word, as in the following passages. In Moses:

I will harden Pharaoh's heart, that I may multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt (Exodus 7:3).

In the same:

Jehovah gave signs and wonders great and evil upon Egypt, upon Pharaoh, and upon all his men 1 (Deuteronomy 6:22).

In the same:

Hath Jehovah tried to come to take to Him a nation out of the midst of a nation, by wonders, by signs, and by prodigies? (Deuteronomy 4:34)

In David:

They remembered not the day in which Jehovah set His signs in Egypt, and His prodigies in the field of Zoan (Psalms 78:42, 43).

In the same:

They set among them the words of their 2 signs and wonders in the land of Ham (Psalms 105:27).

In the same:

He sent signs and wonders into the midst of thee, O Egypt, upon Pharaoh and all his servants (Psalms 135:9).

In Jeremiah:

Who hast set signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, and even to this day, both in Israel and in men, and hast led forth Thy people Israel out of the land of Egypt by signs and by wonders (Jeremiah 32:20, 21).

This shows that the prodigies wrought in Egypt, and afterwards among the sons of Israel, are called "signs and wonders," "signs" because they attested and persuaded, and "wonders" because they stirred up and filled with amazement; yet they agree in this, that the things that stir up and fill with amazement also attest and persuade, as those things that stir up the will also persuade the understanding, or as those things that move the affection also move the thought by persuading. Likewise in the Gospels:

In the consummation of the age there shall arise false Christs and false prophets, they shall show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect (Matthew 24:24; Mark 13:22).

Here "great signs and wonders" have a like signification, namely, that they will attest and persuade, and that they will strike dumb and fill with amazement, which will cause a strong persuasion. Who are meant by "false Christs and false prophets," and who by "the elect," may be seen above (n. 624, 684).

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 32:20-21; Psalms 78:42-43; The Apocalypse Explained 624, The Apocalypse Explained 684)


[3] In Moses:

If there shall arise in the midst of thee a prophet or a dreamer of dreams who shall give thee a sign or a wonder, and if the sign or the wonder come to pass whereof he spake unto thee, saying, Let us go after other gods, thou shalt not obey (Deuteronomy 13:1-3).

Here a "prophet" and a "dreamer of dreams," also "sign" and "wonder" are mentioned, because a "sign" has reference to a prophet, and a "wonder" to a dreamer of dreams, because a "prophet" means one who teaches truths, and in the abstract sense the doctrine of truth, and a "dreamer" means one who stirs up to doing, and in the abstract sense the stirring up from which a thing is done; this, too, pertains to a "wonder," and the former to a "sign;" for prophets were instructed by a living voice from the Lord, and "dreamers" by representatives exciting to doing, which flowed into the affection of the dreamer, and from that into the sight of the thought, for when a man dreams his natural understanding is laid asleep and his spiritual sight is opened, which draws its all from the affection. But in this passage the sight that draws its all from an evil affection is meant, for it treats of prophets who teach falsities and who dream vain things, for "other gods" mean the falsities and vain things that such heard and saw.

[4] That "signs" signify attestations which indicate and persuade to the belief that a thing is so, is evident from the following passages. In Moses:

If they will not believe thee nor hear the voice of the first sign, yet they will believe the voice of the latter sign. And if they will not believe these two signs nor hear thy voice, thou shalt take of the waters of the river and they shall become blood (Exodus 4:8, 9).

This is said of the wonders wrought by Moses, when the Lord appeared to him in the bush, which are called "signs" because they were to attest and persuade that Moses was sent to lead them out of Egypt; this is why it is three times said "that they may believe," and also "that they may hear his voice."

(Odkazy: Exodus 4:8-9)


[5] In the same:

Jehovah said unto Moses, How long will the people not believe in Me for all the signs which I have done in the midst of them? All the men that have seen My glory and the signs which I wrought in Egypt and in the wilderness, they shall not see the land (Numbers 14:11, 22, 23).

These miracles, too, are called "signs," because mention is made of believing; for as has been said, miracles are called "signs" because they persuade and induce faith; and as signs did not induce faith with those who were unwilling on account of fear to enter into the land of Canaan, therefore it is said of them that "they should not see the land." "Signs" have a like signification in Exodus 4:17; and Jeremiah 10:1, 2.

(Odkazy: Exodus 10:1-2; Numbers 14:22-23)


[6] In the Gospels:

The Scribes and Pharisees said, Master, we would see a sign from Thee. But He answering, said, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign, but no sign shall be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet; for as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the whale, so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the belly 3 of the earth (Matthew 12:38-40; Luke 11:16, 29, 30).

A "sign" plainly means attestation that they may be persuaded and believe that the Lord was the Messiah and the Son of God who was to come, for the miracles that the Lord wrought in abundance, and that they saw, were no signs to them, because miracles, as has been said above, are signs only with the good. "Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the whale," and this was taken for a "sign," because it signified the burial and resurrection of the Lord, thus the complete glorification of His Human, "three days and three nights" also signifying completeness.

(Odkazy: Exodus 10:1-2, Exodus 14:17; Luke 11:29-30)


[7] In Matthew:

The Pharisees and the Sadducees, tempting, asked Jesus to show them a sign from heaven. He answering, said to them, When it is evening ye say, It will be fair weather, for the heaven is red. And in the morning, There will be storm today, for the heaven is red and gloomy. Ye hypocrites, ye know how to discern the face of heaven, but not the signs of the times. A wicked and adulterous nation requireth a sign, but no sign shall be given unto it but the sign of the prophet Jonah (Matthew 16:1-4).

Here, too, the "sign" asked from heaven means attestation that they might be persuaded and might believe that the Lord was the Son of God, although miracles were wrought that they did not call signs. The Lord then spoke of evening and of morning because "evening and morning" signifies the Lord's coming; here it means when the church with the Jews was laid waste, who then had "fair weather," because they had no knowledge of the Lord, and lived securely in falsities from evil; this is the "evening;" but when they knew Him, and because of falsities from evils in which they were denied and assaulted Him, this is signified by "the morning when there is a storm." This is why the Lord said, "Ye hypocrites, ye know how to discern the face of heaven, but not the signs of the times," that is, the Lord's coming; and because they were "a wicked and adulterous nation," that is, one that adulterated the Word, He said that "no sign should be given unto them."

[8] So again in Mark:

The Pharisees began to dispute with Jesus, seeking of Him a sign from heaven; and He, sighing in His spirit, said, Why doth this generation seek a sign? Verily I say unto you, There shall no sign be given unto this generation (Mark 8:11, 12).

That a "sign" here signifies attestation by which they might plainly know, acknowledge, and believe, that the Lord was the Messiah and Son of God whom they expected from the predictions in the prophets, is evident from this, that "sighing in spirit, He said, Why doth this generation seek a sign? Verily I say unto you, There shall no sign be given unto this generation;" and this was because if this had been plainly revealed or told them from heaven, and if thus persuaded they had acknowledged and believed it, they would nevertheless have rejected it afterwards, and to reject after acknowledgment and faith is to profane, and the lot of profaners in hell is the worst of all.

(Odkazy: Mark 8:11-12)


[9] That for this reason plain attestation was not given them from heaven is evident from these words in John:

He hath blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts lest they should see with their eyes and understand with their heart, and should turn themselves, and I should heal them (John 12:40).

"To turn themselves and be healed" means here to profane, which is done when truths and goods are acknowledged, especially when the Lord is acknowledged and afterwards denied; so would it have been if the Jews had turned themselves and been healed by a sign. "To see with the eyes and understand with the heart" signifies to receive in the understanding and will, or in faith and love. From this it is clear that a "sign" signifies a plain testification. (On the lot of profaners see the New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine, n. 172.)

[10] In John:

The disciples 4 said unto Jesus, What doest Thou for a sign, that we may see and believe Thee, what workest Thou? Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, as it is written, He gave them bread out of heaven to eat. Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not the bread out of heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread out of heaven; for the bread of God is He who cometh down out of heaven and giveth life unto the world (John 6:30-33).

Here also the disciples 4 desired a sign; that this signifies attestation that they might believe is clear from their saying, "That we may see and believe, what workest Thou?" They then spoke of "manna," and the Lord answered respecting "bread from heaven," because "bread" signifies all good and truth that nourishes the soul, and in the highest sense the Lord Himself, from whom is everything of doctrine and everything of spiritual nourishment, whereby he gave attestation that they might see and believe. Nevertheless attestation, that is, a sign from heaven, was given to the three disciples, Peter, James, and John, as can be seen from the Lord's transfiguration, for they then saw His glory, and heard a voice out of heaven saying, "This is My beloved Son, hear ye Him" (Mark 9:7; Luke 9:35; Matthew 17:5).

[11] In John:

When Jesus cast out of the temple them that sold therein, the Jews said, What sign showest Thou, that Thou doest these things? Jesus answered and said to them, Destroy this temple, yet in three days I will raise it up (John 2:16, 18, 19).

Here evidently "to show a sign" signifies to give attestation by something wonderful, or by a voice out of heaven. But because such an attestation would have damned rather than saved them, as has been said just above, He answered them concerning "the temple," by which He meant His body, that this should be destroyed, that is, should die, and should rise again glorified on the third day. This too is what the Lord meant by "the sign of Jonah in the belly of the whale three days and three nights." (That "temple" in the highest sense signifies the Lord's body, see John 2:21.)

(Odkazy: John 2:18-19)


[12] In Luke:

The angels said to the shepherds, There is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord; and this is a sign unto you, ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes lying in a manger (Luke 2:11, 12, 16).

Since a "sign" means attestation that they might believe that the Savior of the world was born, it is said that "they should find Him lying in a manger wrapped in swaddling clothes;" but that this was an attestation no one can know until it is known what is meant by a "manger" and by "swaddling clothes." "A manger" means the doctrine of truth from the Word, because "horses" signify the understanding of the Word (as can be seen from what has been shown above, n. 355, 364, and in the small work on The White Horse 2-4); and thus a manger, as a feeding place for horses, signifies the doctrine of truth from the Word. It is said in the seventh verse of the same chapter that this was done "because there was no place in the inn," an "inn" signifying a place of instruction. (This is the signification of "inn" also in Luke 10:34; 22:11; Mark 14:14; and elsewhere.)

Because this was the state with the Jews, who were then in mere falsities, through the adulteration of the Word, this was signified by "there was no place in the inn;" for if it had pleased the Lord He might have been born in a most splendid palace, and have been laid in a bed adorned with precious stones; but He would thus have been with such as were in no doctrine of truth, and there would have been no heavenly representation. He is also said to have been "wrapped in swaddling clothes," because "swaddling clothes" signify first truths, which are truths of innocence, and which are also truths of the Divine love; for "nakedness," in reference to a babe, signifies deprivation of truth. From this it is clear why it was said by the angels, "This is a sign unto you, ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes lying in a manger."

(Odkazy: Luke 2:11-12; The Apocalypse Explained 355, 364)


[13] In the Gospels:

The disciples said to Jesus, What shall be the sign of Thy coming and of the consummation of the age? (Matthew 24:3; Mark 13:4; Luke 21:7)

"The coming of the Lord and the consummation of the age" signifies the beginning of the New Church and the end of the former church, "the coming of the Lord" the beginning of the New Church, and "the consummation of the age" the end of the old church, therefore in these chapters the Lord instructs His disciples respecting the successive vastation of the former church, and at its end the establishment of the New Church; but He instructs and teaches them by mere correspondences, which cannot be unfolded and made known except by means of the spiritual sense; and because the Lord spoke by correspondences, all of these were signs and thus attestations. Moreover, the Lord calls them "signs."

As in Luke:

And there shall be fearful things, great signs from heaven. There shall be signs in the sun, moon, and stars, and upon the earth distress of nations in desperation, the sea and the waves roaring (Luke 21:11, 21:26).

In Matthew:

And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man; and then shall all the tribes of the earth lament, and they shall see the Son of man coming In the clouds of heaven with power and glory (Matthew 24:30).

The signification in the spiritual sense of these and the other things contained in the twenty-fourth chapter of Matthew have been explained in the Arcana Coelestia, and of "the appearing of the sign of the Son of man in the clouds of heaven" in the work on Heaven and Hell 1), therefore further explanation is unnecessary.

(Odkazy: Luke 21:25)


[14] In Mark:

Jesus said unto the disciples, These signs shall follow them that believe, In My name shall they cast out demons; they shall speak with new tongues; they shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the infirm and they shall be well. And they went forth and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them by signs following (Mark 16:17, 18, 20).

These were miracles, yet still they are called "signs" because they were attestations of the Divine power of the Lord who wrought them; therefore it is said, "The Lord working with them by those signs." If these had been applied to the evil they would have been called "wonders," for with the evil such things only fill with amazement and strike the mind, and still do not persuade to belief; but with the good it is otherwise, for with them the same things are attestations that persuade to belief, and therefore they are called "signs," and it is said "these signs shall follow them that believe." But how these signs can persuade to belief shall be briefly told. These miraculous signs, as that "they should cast out demons," "should speak with new tongues," "should take up serpents," "if they drank any deadly thing it should not hurt them," and "they should become well by the laying on of hands," were in their essence and in their origin spiritual, from which these flowed forth and came forth as effects; for they were correspondences that derived their all from the spiritual world by influx from the Lord. For instance, that "they should cast out demons in the name of the Lord" derived its effect from this, that the name of the Lord understood spiritually means everything of doctrine out of the Word from the Lord, and that "demons" mean falsities of every kind, and these are thus cast out, that is, taken away, by the doctrine out of the Word from the Lord; that "they should speak with new tongues" derives its effect from this, that "new tongues" mean doctrinals for the New Church; "they should take up serpents" was because "serpents" signify the hells in respect to malice, and thus they would be safe from infestation by it; "they would not be hurt if they drank any deadly thing" meant that they would not be contaminated by the malice of the hells; and "the infirm would become well by the laying on of hands" meant to be healed of spiritual diseases, which are called iniquities and sins, by communication and conjunction with heaven, thus with the Lord; the laying on of the hands of the disciples corresponding to communication and conjunction with the Lord, and thus to the removal of iniquities by His Divine power.

(Odkazy: Mark 16:17-18)


[15] In Isaiah:

Jehovah said unto Ahaz, Ask thee a sign of Jehovah, direct it into the deep, or lift it up on high. The Lord giveth you a sign, Behold, a virgin shall conceive and shall bear a son, and shall call His name God-with-us (Isaiah 7:11, 14).

This was said to Ahaz king of Judah, because the king of Syria and the king of Israel made war against him, even to Jerusalem, and they also had on their side the tribe of Ephraim, and yet they did not prevail, for the reason that "the king of Syria" here represented the external or natural of the church, "the king of Israel" its internal or spiritual, and "Ephraim" its intellectual; but here these three, the natural, the spiritual, and the intellectual, perverted, and these wished to attack the doctrine of truth, signified by "the king of Judah" and by "Jerusalem," wherefore they did not succeed. Nevertheless, in order that Ahaz might be assured of the frustration of their attempt he was told "to ask a sign," that is, an attestation that he might be assured, and the choice was granted him whether it should be from heaven or from hell; this was signified by "direct it into the deep, or lift it up on high," for the king was evil. But because "Jerusalem," which signifies the doctrine of truth from the Word, was not to be destroyed by such before the Lord's coming, there was given him, as an attestation of this, a miraculous sign, namely, that "a virgin shall conceive and shall bear a son, whose name shall be God-with-us." That this church would subsequently be destroyed is indicated further on in the same chapter.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 7:10-11)


[16] In the same:

This shall be a sign to thee from with Jehovah, behold, I will bring back the shadow of the steps which is gone down on the steps of Ahaz before the sun, ten steps backward, that the sun may return ten steps on the steps which it has gone down (Isaiah 38:7-8).

This sign was given to King Hezekiah as an attestation that the Lord would defend him and Jerusalem from the king of Assyria (as is said in the sixth verse of that chapter), Isaiah 38:6 that king signifying the perverted rational destroying all things of the church; therefore this sign represented also a New Church that was to be established by the Lord, but here that the time would be protracted beyond that indicated to Ahaz just above; "bringing back the shadow that had gone down on the steps of Ahaz before the sun" signifies a drawing back of the time before this should be done, "steps of Ahaz" signifying a time, here even until the coming of the Lord, and the "shadow" signifying the progress of time from the rising to the setting; that the shadow "should be drawn backwards ten degrees" signifies the prolongation of the time for many years still, "ten" signifying many, and the "sun" which should go back signifying the Lord's coming.

But this shall be further illustrated. The Lord's coming took place when the Jewish Church was at an end, that is, when there was no good or truth left in it; this is meant by "when iniquity was consummated," also by "the fullness of times," in which the Lord was to come. The entire period of the duration of the Jewish Church was represented by "the steps of Ahaz," its beginning by the first step there, which is when the sun is in its rising, and its end by the last when it is at its setting. This makes evident that by "the drawing back of the shadow" from the setting towards the rising means the prolongation of the time. This should take place "in the steps of Ahaz," because Ahaz was a wicked king, and profaned the holy things of the church, consequently if his successors had done the same, the end of that church would have quickly come; but as Hezekiah was an upright king the time was prolonged, for on that account the iniquity of that nation was not so soon to reach its consummation, that is, its end.

[17] In the same:

Say to King Hezekiah, This shall be the sign unto thee, Ye shall eat this year that which springeth up of itself, and in the second year that which groweth of its own accord; but in the third year sow ye, reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruit thereof (Isaiah 37:30).

This was said to King Hezekiah when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, made war against him, and spoke proudly of himself and insolently of God and of Israel; in consequence of which also one hundred and eighty 5 thousand were smitten in his camp, and he was himself killed by his sons. This was done because "Assyria" signifies the rational, and "the king of Assyria" the like, and "Judea" the celestial of the church, and "its king" the spiritual of the church; but here "the king of Assyria" signifies the perverted rational, which destroys by false reasonings all the celestial and spiritual things of the church, which are its goods and truths. And as "Judea and its king" signify the celestial and spiritual of the church which will be from the Lord when He comes into the world, therefore these things are said by which is described the regeneration of those who will be of that church. So the sign that the first year "they shall eat that which springeth up of itself" signifies celestial good that the Lord will implant in them; "in the second year that which groweth of its own accord," signifies the truth of that good which shall come from it; "to sow, to reap, to plant vineyards, and to eat the fruit thereof," signifies all the goods and truths that flow forth therefrom, "to sow and reap" signifying the implantation of good and its reception; "to plant vineyards" the implantation of truth and its reception; and "to eat the fruits thereof" the enjoyment of good and joyous things therefrom which the regenerate man has. These things are called "a sign" because they are attestations of a celestial church with those who are meant in the spiritual sense by "Judah," whose regeneration is effected by the Lord by the implantation of celestial good, afterwards by the implantation of spiritual good, which in its essence is the truth of celestial good, and finally by multiplication and fructification in the natural man.

[18] In the same:

Thus said Jehovah, the Holy One of Israel and his Former, They have asked Me signs respecting My sons, and respecting the work of My hands they command Me. I have raised him up in righteousness, and I will make straight all his ways. He shall build My city, and he shall send forth My captivity, not for price nor reward (Isaiah 45:11, 13).

This also treats of the Lord's coming and of the establishment of a church by Him. The Lord is meant by "Jehovah, the Holy One of Israel, and his Former," who is called "the Holy One of Israel" from Divine truth, and his "Former" from the establishment of the church by means of truth; and "Israel" means the church; therefore "His sons, respecting whom they asked signs," mean those who are in truths from the Lord, and "the work of His hands" means their formation, and the establishment of a church among them. "I have raised him up in righteousness, and I will make straight all His ways" signifies that Divine good and Divine truth are the Lord's, for "righteousness" is predicated in the Word of good, and "ways" signify truths that lead, here Divine truths, because they are predicated of the Lord; "he shall build My city, and he shall send forth My captivity" signifies that He will restore the doctrine of truth, and that He will deliver those who are in falsities from ignorance, "city" signifying the doctrine of truth, and "captivity" the falsities of ignorance in which the Gentiles were, and through which they were in spiritual captivity; "not for price nor reward" signifies freely given from Divine love.

[19] In the same:

Let them declare to you 6 the things that shall happen, declare ye the former things, that we may set our heart and may know the latter end of them; or make us to hear things to come, declare to us a sign for the future, that we may know that ye are gods (Isaiah 41:22, 23).

That to tell things past and to come belongs to the Lord alone, and not to any man or any spirit, is expressed by "declare a sign for the future, that we may know that ye are gods;" this concludes what precedes, therefore "to declare a sign" means to testify by persuading to believe.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 41:22-23)


[20] In Ezekiel:

Take to thee a pan of iron, and set it for a wall of iron between thee and the city; and thou shalt set thy faces against it, that it may be for a siege, and thou shalt lay siege to it; this shall be a sign to the house of Israel (Ezekiel 4:3).

These and the rest of the things in this chapter are representatives of the state of the church with the Jewish nation, signifying that they had no truth that was not falsified and adulterated, which in itself is falsity. Such truth is signified by "the pan of iron" that he should set for a wall between him and the city; and because this, like iron, is hard, shutting out and not admitting any genuine truth, it is said, "that it may be for a siege, and thou shalt lay siege to it;" that this sign should be a witness that the church is such is signified by "this shall be a sign to the house of Israel," "sign" meaning an attestation, and "house of Israel" the church.

[21] In David:

The adversary hath destroyed all things in the sanctuary; the adversaries have roared in the midst of Thy feast; they have set up their own signs for signs. We see not our signs; there is no more a prophet (Psalms 74:3, 4, 9).

"The adversary hath destroyed all things in the sanctuary" signifies that evil has destroyed the holy things of the church; "the adversaries have roared in the midst of Thy feast" signifies that falsities have destroyed all things of worship; "they have set up their own signs for signs" signifies that they have given attestation and persuaded by every means; "we see not our signs" signifies that no attestations of truth were accepted in the church; "there is no more a prophet" signifies no doctrine of truth.

(Odkazy: Psalms 74:3-4)


[22] In the same:

Jehovah make a sign with me for good, that they that hate me may see and be ashamed, because Thou, O Jehovah, hast helped me and comforted me (Psalms 86:17).

"To make a sign for good" signifies attestation that Jehovah will help and comfort him, as follows, for this is the good for which Jehovah makes a sign; and because a sign is an attestation of this it is said "that they that hate me may see and be ashamed."

[23] In the same:

God who setteth fast the mountains by His power is girded with might; He maketh the tumult of the seas to cease, the tumult of its waves and the noise of the peoples, that the dwellers in the uttermost parts may fear because of Thy signs (Psalms 65:6-8).

This describes the Lord's Divine power through attestations that cause belief; but attestations that are signs are not that "He setteth fast the mountains, maketh the tumult of the seas and of its waves, and the noise of the people to cease," for these are not such signs as convince those who ascribe all things to nature; but the things meant in the spiritual sense, in which sense heaven and the church are treated of, are the signs that give attestation of the Lord's Divine power, for in that sense, the "mountains" that God setteth fast by His power mean the higher heavens, because the angels of those heavens dwell upon mountains; and in the abstract sense love to the Lord and charity towards the neighbor are meant; these are what the Lord "girded with might, setteth fast by His power," that is, makes them to stand fast forever; that "mountains" have such a signification may be seen above n. 405; "the tumult of the seas" and "the tumult of the waves" mean the disputations and reasonings of those who are beneath the heavens, and who are natural and sensual; that "seas" signify the things of the natural man, thus those who are natural, therefore their tumults and waves signify disputations and reasonings, may be seen also above n. 342. "The noise of the peoples" mean contradictions from falsities, for "peoples" signify those who are in truths, and in the contrary sense those who are in falsities (see above, n. 175, 331, 625). "That the dwellers in the uttermost parts may fear because of Thy signs" signifies holy worship from faith in regard to Divine power with those who are in the ultimates of heaven and the church; that "to fear" means to worship the Lord from charity and faith may be seen above n. 696; and that "dwellers in the uttermost parts" mean those who are in the ultimates of heaven and the church, and are in the faith of charity there, is evident, since "the uttermost parts" mean the ultimates of heaven and the church. From this it is clear that "signs" here signify attestations respecting the Lord's Divine power.

(Odkazy: The Apocalypse Explained 175, 331, 342, The Apocalypse Explained 405, The Apocalypse Explained 625, The Apocalypse Explained 696)


[24] In Jeremiah:

This shall be the sign unto you that I will visit upon you in this place, that ye may know that My words shall stand against you for evil. Behold, I give the king of Egypt into the hand of his adversaries and into the hand of them that seek his soul (Jeremiah 44:29, 30).

This treats of those of the church who have become natural, who are meant by those who sojourned in Egypt and returned therefrom. That such would be destroyed by evils and falsities is meant by "He will give the king of Egypt into the hand of his adversaries and into the hand of them that seek his soul," "adversaries" here meaning those who are in evils, and "them that seek the soul" those who are in falsities, thus in an abstract sense evils and falsities (that "Egypt" means the natural man see above, n. 654.

This is called a "sign," because it is an attestation that this will be done; therefore it is added, "that ye may know that my words shall stand against you for evil."

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 44:29-30; The Apocalypse Explained 654)


[25] That a "sign" means attestation of certainty is evident from the following passages. In Isaiah:

Hezekiah said, What is the sign that I am to go up into the house of Jehovah? (Isaiah 38:22)

In the book of Judges:

Gideon said to the angel of Jehovah, Show me a sign that it is thou that speakest to me; and the sign was, that when he touched with the staff the flesh and unleavened bread which Gideon had offered, a fire went up out of the rock and consumed them (Judges 6:17, 21).

In the first book of Samuel:

This shall be the sign unto thee that shall come upon thy two sons, in one day they shall die, both of them (1 Samuel 2:34).

If the Philistines say, Come up unto us, then will we go up, for Jehovah hath given them into our hand; this shall be the sign unto us (1 Samuel 14:10).

Nearly the same is signified by:

The signs of the covenant (Genesis 9:13; 17:11; Ezekiel 20:12, 20; and elsewhere);

namely, attestations respecting conjunction.

[26] Attestations are signified also by "signs" wrought by the evil that appeared like miracles, as in the following passages. In Isaiah:

Jehovah maketh void the signs of the liars, He rendereth the diviners mad, He turneth wise men backward, and maketh their knowledge stupid (Isaiah 44:25).

In Jeremiah:

Jehovah hath said, Learn not the way of the nations, and be not dismayed at the signs of the heavens; for the nations are dismayed at them. The statutes of the nations 7 are vanity (Jeremiah 10:2, 3).

In Revelation:

The beast coming up out of the earth did great signs, so that he even maketh fire to come down from heaven unto the earth before men, and seduceth them that worship 8 upon the earth, because of the signs that were given him to do (Revelation 13:13, 14).

They are the spirits of demons doing signs to go forth unto the kings of the earth, to gather them together unto the war of that great day (Revelation 16:14).

And again:

The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that did signs before him, by which he seduced them that had received the mark of the beast (Revelation 19:20).

But what is meant by "signs upon the hand and in the forehead" may be seen above n. 427. Again, the "signs" that were set upon mountains to gather the people together to war, to battle, and so on, signified indications to do the things commanded. As in Isaiah:

It shall be in that day that the root of Jesse, which standeth for an ensign of the peoples, the nations shall seek, and his rest shall be glory. When he shall lift up an ensign to the nations, and shall gather together the outcasts of Israel and the dispersed of Judah from the four winds of the earth (Isaiah 11:10-12).

In Jeremiah:

Set thee up signs, place for thee columns, set thine heart to the highway, the way thou mayest go (Jeremiah 31:21).

In the same:

Declare ye among the nations, and make to be heard, and lift up an ensign; Babylon is taken (Jeremiah 50:2).

Lift up an ensign against the walls of Babylon, keep the watch, set the watchmen. Lift up an ensign in the land, sound the trumpet among the nations (Jeremiah 51:12, 27);

and elsewhere, especially in the historical parts of the Word. From all these passages quoted from the Word it is clear that "a great sign seen in heaven" signifies Divine manifestation and attestation (as also in the third verse of this chapter, an (Revelation 12:3) d afterwards in chap. Revelation 15:1).

-----
Footnotes:

1. The Hebrew has "house."

2. The Hebrew has "His," as found in Apocalypse Revealed 598.

3. The Greek has "heart," as also found in Arcana Coelestia 2798.

4. The context would seem to show that we should read "The people."

5. The Hebrew has "185, 000," as found in Arcana Coelestia 4236.

6. The Hebrew has "to us."

7. The Hebrew has "peoples."

8. The Greek has "dwell," as found in Arcana Coelestia 826; Apocalypse Revealed 600.

-----

(Odkazy: Isaiah 7:10-11, 38:6-8; Jeremiah 10:2-3; Luke 21:25; Revelation 12:13-14, 13:13-14; The Apocalypse Explained 427)

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22 仰觀上天,俯察下地,不料,盡是艱難、黑暗,和幽暗的痛苦。他們必被趕入烏黑的黑暗中去。

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Explanation of Isaiah 8      

Napsal(a) Rev. John H. Smithson

THE EXPLANATION of Isaiah Chapter 8

(Note: Rev. Smithson's translation of the Isaiah text is appended below the explanation.)

1. AND Jehovah said unto me, Take unto you a large roll, and write on it with a man's pen, MAHER-SHALAL-HASH-BAZ; [that is, Hasten to the spoil, take quickly the prey.]

VERSE 1. Maher-shalal-hash-baz. - That by "names", in Scripture, are signified things, and that they involve an infinity of meaning, see above, Chapter 4:1, the Exposition.

2. And I called unto me for a testimony faithful witnesses, Uriah, the priest, and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah.

Verse 2. Uriah, the priest. - That "priests", and the priestly office, signify the Lord as to Good, and His work of salvation; and that "kings" represented the Lord as to Truth, and His divine royalty, see above, Chapter 1:1, the Exposition.

3. And I approached unto the prophetess: and she conceived, and bare a son. And Jehovah said unto me, Call his name Maher-shalal-hash-baz: -

4. For before the child shall know to pronounce: My father; and my mother, the riches of Damascus shall be borne away, and the spoil of Samaria, before the king of Assyria.

5. And Jehovah spake also unto me again, saying,

Verse 3. And she conceived, and bare a son. - "Conceptions" and "births", when mentioned in the Word, signify regeneration, or the new birth, without which no man can enter into the kiugdom of God." (John 3:3, 5)

An idea of the necessity of regeneration, and of the process by which it is effected, is involved in the following general propositions:

I. That unless a man be born again, and as it were created anew, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God, True Christian Religion 573-576.

II. That new generation or creation is effected of the Lord alone by charity and faith, as two mediums, while man cooperates, 576-579.

III. That inasmuch as all are redeemed, all may be regenerated, everyone according to his state, 579-583.

IV. That the work of regeneration resembles that of man's conception, of his being carried in the womb, being born, and educated, 583-587.

V. That the first act of new generation is called reformation, which act is of the understanding; and that the second act is called regeneration, which act is of the will, and thence of the understanding, 587-591.

VI. That the internal man is first to be reformed, and by this the external, and that man is thus regenerated, 591-596.

VII. That whilst this is effecting, combat arises between the internal and external man, and in this case he who conquers rules over the other, 596-601.

VIII. That the regenerate man has a new will and a new understanding, 601-607.

IX. That the regenerate man is in communion with the angels of heaven, and the unregenerate man is in communion with the spirits of hell. 607-611.

X. That so far as man is regenerated, so far sins are removed, and that this removal is what is meant, by the remission of sins, 611-615.

XI. That there can be no regeneration without free-will in spiritual things, 615-618.

XII. That there can be no regeneration without truths, by which faith is formed, and with which charity conjoins itself. 518-621. See also The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 173-187.

[To "bear a son" signifies, when predicated of the prophet's wife, to bring forth the genuine doctrine of the church. Thus the "male child" born of the woman, in the Apocalypse (Chapter 12), signifies the doctrine of the New Jerusalem which was given from the Lord out of heaven, by means of His Word. Apocalypse Explained 711. See this demonstrated in n. 710 of the same work.]

6. Because this people refuse the waters of Shiloah which flow softly, and rejoice in Retzin and the son of Remaliah;

Verse 6. By the "waters" of the lake or fish-pool of Siloam, or Shiloah, are signified the truths of the Word, for all things were significative, even to the waters in Jerusalem.

By "washing" in these waters, (John 9:11) is signified to purify the mind from fallacies which in themselves are falsities. Hence it may be manifest what is meant by the Lord commanding the blind man whom He healed to "go and wash in the pool of Siloam." For all the miracles and actions of the Lord, when He was in the world, signified divine, celestial, and spiritual things, that is, such things as are of heaven and the church, and this by reason that they are divine, and the Divine or the Lord always operates in ultimates by first principles, and thus in fulness. Ultimates are such things in the world as appear before the eyes; hence it is that the Lord spake; and that the Word is written by such things in nature as correspond Apocalypse Explained 475.

[Thus to "refuse or reject the waters of Shiloah" is to reject the truths of the Word; hence It was that the calamities described in the following verses came upon the people of Judah.]

"Waters flowing softly" signify things spiritual; and the "waters strong and many, which came up even to the neck", denote falsities destroying the church. Arcana Coelestia 790.

7. Therefore, behold, the Lord [Adonai] bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, the strong and the many; even the king of Assyria and all his glory: and it shall rise over all its channels, and it shall go over all its banks:

8. And shall pass through Judah, and shall overflow and go over, even to the neck shall it reach: and the spreadings of his wings shall be over the full breadth of Your land, O Immanuel !

Verse 7. By "Ashur, and the king thereof", in the Word is signified the rational principle, in the .present case, perverted; hence by his river, which was Euphrates, is understood ratiocination, and by the "waters of the river" are understood falsities confirmed by ratiocinations. These, therefore, are signified by the "waters of the river, strong and many", which are called "strong" from cupidity, and "many" from falsity; the abundance of falsities from evil destroying the truths of good in the church is signified by the "waters of the river coming up over all his channels and over all his banks", also by "going through Judah and overflowing"; by "Judah" is signified the church where the Word is. Apocalypse Explained 518. See also 569.

Verse 8. And shall pass through Judah, and shall overflow, etc. -Here also the "king of Ashur" signifies ratiocination from falsities against truths; "he shall go through Judah, he shall overflow and go over", signifies that he will destroy the good of the church; to "overflow" is predicated of falsities, because they are signified by "waters"; "even to the neck" signifies that so there shall no more be any communication of good and truth; and "the spreadings out or movements of his wings shall be over the full breadth of Your land, O Immanuel", signifies that falsities shall be against all the truths of the church of the Lord. That the "breadth of the land" signifies the truths of the church, may be seen in the work concerning Heaven and Hell 197; and hence in an opposite sense it signifies falsities, wherefore "the spreadings or movements of his wings" signifies ratiocinations from falsities against truths. "Fulness" signifies all; thus the "fulness of the breadth of the land" signifies all the truths of the church. Apocalypse Explained 304.

"Wings" denote reasonings, whence come falsities; the "fulness of breadth" denotes that it was full of falsities or things contrary to truth. Arcana Coelestia 1613.

9. Associate yourselves, O you peoples, and you shall be broken to pieces; and, give ear, all you of distant lands: gird yourselves, and you shall be broken to pieces; gird yourselves, and we shall be broken to pieces.

10. Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us [Immanuel].

Verses 9, 10. That those represented by "Assyria" would unite and take counsel together how they might extinguish the doctrine of a true faith, but still their counsel would be vain, and they themselves would be in the greatest terror, as formerly, so at the present time, for their acts [and counsels] will be vain, because God is with us, that is, Immanuel [or the Lord in His Humanity]. Concerning Whom, see above, Chapter 7:14, the Exposition. (Swedenborg's Notes on Isaiah, p. 17.)

11. For thus said Jehovah unto me, with a strong hand, and instructed me, not to walk in the way of this people, saying,

12. Say you not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy: and fear you not [the object of] their fear; neither shall you dread.

Verses 11, 12. These words signify that the doctrine of Truth is confirmed, because it is the Truth, first, that they (the Lord's people whom the prophet addresses) "should not walk in the way of this people", nor say, "A confederacy" [with Assyria], nor should they consociate themselves with any others than with the Lord Himself, and thus should not conspire with others, as with idolators, against Him, as "this people" have done; who conspired, as Ahaz and others did, because they feared them [the AssyriansJ, believing that their idols, or the gods of the nations, could do all things; but that the God of Israel alone, (verse 13) that is, the Lord, who is Jehovah, "should be their fear", or the Object of their fear. (Swedenborg's Notes on Isaiah, p. 17)

13. Jehovah of Hosts Himself shall you sanctify; and He shall be [the Object of] your fear, and He your dread.

Verse 13. Jehovah of Hosts Himself shall you sanctify, and He shall be [the Object of] your fear, and He your dread. - Where "fear" is mentioned for the spiritual man, and "dread" for the natural man. That the spiritual man may not be in such fear as is that of the natural man, it is sometimes said, "fear not", as in Isaiah, "Fear not, O Jacob and Israel, for I have redeemed you, calling you by name; you art Mine." (Isaiah 43:1)

And in Luke, "Fear not, little flock; for it has pleased your Father to give you the kingdom." (Luke 12:32) Apocalypse Explained 696.

14. And He shall be [unto you] for a Sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to the two houses of Israel; for a snare and for a trap to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

Verse 14. He shall be a stone of stumblinq and a rock of offence, etc. Where the subject treated of is concerning the Lord. A "stone of stumbling and rock of offence" denotes being offended; a "trap and a snare" mean destruction, that is, of those who oppose and attempt to destroy the truths and goods of faith in the Lord, by falsities which favour the loves of self and of the world: for all the proud are not only scandalized or offended, but are also ensnared by this, that the Divine [Being] has appeared in a human form, and on this occasion not in royal majesty, but in a despised appearance. From these considerations it is now evident, that by the expression, "shall be for a snare", is signified the enticement and deception of evils, and the destruction thence derived. Arcana Coelestia 9348.

The Lord's divine or essential Human is what excites enmity; that this would be an "offence" and a "scandal", is declared throughout the Word. Arcana Coelestia 3488. [Hence the Lord says "Blessed is he who is not offended in Me." Luke 7:23.]

A snare and a trap. "Snares "derive their signification from the enticement and deceit of evils; which enticement and deceit proceed from this ground, that all evils originate in self-love and the love of the world, and these loves are connate with man, the consequence of which is, that man derives from them the delight of his life at its earliest birth, yea, derives from them his life; wherefore those loves, like the latent currents of a river, continually draw the thoughts and will of man from the Lord to himself, and from heaven to the world, thus from the truths and goods of faith to falsities and evils. Reasonings grounded in the fallacies of the senses, in this case, have a powerful, influence; and this also is the reason why the literal sense of the Word is perversely explained and applied. Those are the things which, ill the spiritual sense of the Word, are meant by snares, pitfalls, nets, and gins; also, by frauds and deceits. Arcana Coelestia 9348.

15. And many among them shall stumble, and shall fall, and be broken; and shall be ensnared, and taken.

Verse 15. To "stumble'' denotes to be scandalized or offended, and hence from truths to slide into falsities; to "fall and to be broken" denotes to be dissipated. Arcana Coelestia 9163.

16. Bind up the Testimony, seal the Law, for My disciples.

Verse 16. The precepts of the Decalogue were called a "Testimony", because they had relation to a covenant, thus to conjunction between the Lord and man, "which conjunction cannot exist unless man keeps those precepts, not only in the external form, but also in the internal; wherefore it is good confirmed by truth, and truth derived from good, which is signified by "testimony." This being the case, the tables were also called "tables of the covenant", and the ark, the "ark of the covenant." Hence, then, it is evident "what is signified in the Word by "testimony" in a genuine sense, as in Isaiah 8:16. Arcana Coelestia 4197.

Seal the Law, etc. - In the Word there is frequent mention made of the "Law", and it may be expedient to show what is meant by it in its confined sense, what in a more extensive sense, and what in a sense most extensive. In a confined sense, the Decalogue is meant by the "Law"; in a more extensive sense, it is used to mean the statutes given by Moses to the children of Israel; and in a sense most extensive, it means the whole Word. That by the "Law", in a confined sense, the Decalogue is meant, is well known; but that in a more extensive sense, the statutes 'given by Moses to the children of Israel are meant by the "Law"; is evident from the particular statutes in Leviticus being so called; as, for instance "This is the law of the sacrifice of peace-offerings." (Leviticus 7:11) "This is the law of the trespass-offering." (Leviticus 7:1)

Yea, the whole book of Moses is called the "Law"; (Deuteronomy 31:9, 11, 12, 26) as also in the New Testament. (Luke 2:22; 24:44; John 1:45; 7:23; 8:5; and in other places.)

That these statutes were meant by "the works of the Law", mentioned by Paul, where he says; that "man is justified without the works of the law, (Romans 3:28) is very evident from what follows those words, and also from his words to Peter, whom he blames for Judaizing, "where he says three times in one verse, that "no man is justified by the works of the law"; (Galatians 2:16)

That by the "Law", in its most extensive sense, is meant the whole Word, is plain from these passages:

Jesus said, (John 10:34) "Is it not written in your law, You are gods? This is written in Psalm 82:6.

"The people answered Him, We have heard out of the law; that Christ abideth for ever." (John 12:34)

This is written, Psalm 89:29; 110:4; Daniel 7:14.

"That the "Word might be fulfilled which is written in their law, They hated Me without a Muse." (John 15:25)

This is written, Psalm 35:19.

In these passages the whole Sacred Scripture is meant by the "Law", as may be seen in many places in the Psalms of David. True Christian Religion 288.

17. And I will wait for Jehovah, who hideth His faces from the house of Jacob; and I will look for Him,

Verse 17. The "faces of Jehovah", or the Lord, signify the Divine Love, and all the Good in heaven and the church thence derived; "hiding the faces", where it is predicated of Jehovah or the Lord, signifies to leave man in his proprium or selfhood, and thence in the evils and falsities which flow from his proprium; for man viewed in himself is nothing but evil, and the false thence derived, and is withheld from those principles by the Lord that he may be in good, which is effected by an elevation from his proprium. It is said that Jehovah, that is, the Lord, "hideth His faces" on account of iniquity and sin, and that He is entreated "not to hide His faces", when, nevertheless, He never hides or withdraws His Divine Good and Divine Truth, which are signified by His "faces", for He is Love itself, and Mercy itself, and desires the salvation of all, wherefore He is present with all and with everyone, even with those who are in iniquities and sins, and by his presence upholds them in the liberty of receiving Him, that is, of receiving Truth and Good from Him, whence they also do receive, if from liberty they desire it. Apocalypse Explained 412.

18. Behold, I, and the children whom Jehovah has given me, are for signs and for wonders in Israel from Jehovah of Hosts, who dwells in Mount Zion.

Verse 18. For signs and for wonders in Israel. - By a "sign" is understood that which declares, testifies, and persuades concerning a thing inquired after; but by a "miracle", or wonder, is understood that which excites, strikes, and induces astonishment. Thus a "sign" moves the understanding and faith, and a "miracle" the will and its affection; for the will and its affection is what is excited, is stricken, and amazed, and the understanding and its faith is what is persuaded, what a declaration is made to, and what admits of testification. Apocalypse Explained 706.

Jehovah of Hosts, who dwelleth in Mount Zion. - "Jehovah of Hosts", see Chapter 1:9, . Exposition. "Mount Zion", see Chapter 2:2, the Exposition.

19. And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits and unto wizards, to them that chirp and that mutter: [then say you] Should not a people seek unto their God? should they seek, instead

Verses 19, 20. And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them: that have familiar spirits and unto wizards, etc. - It is believed by many that man may be taught of the Lord by spirits speaking with him; but they who believe this, and are willing to believe it, do not know that it is connected with danger to their souls. Man, so long as he lives in the world, is, as to his spirit, in the midst of spirits, and yet spirits do not know that they are with. man, nor does man know that he is with spirits. The reason is, because they are conjoined as to affections of the will immediately, and as to thoughts of the understanding mediately; for man thinks naturally, but spirits think spiritually; and natural and spiritual thought do not otherwise make one than by correspondences; a union by correspondences causes that one does not know anything concerning the other. But as soon as spirits begin to speak with man, they come out of their spiritual state into the natural state of man, and in this case they know that they are with man, and conjoin themselves with the thoughts of his affection, and from those thoughts speak with him. They cannot enter into anything else, for similar affection and consequent thoughts conjoin all, and dissimilar separate. It is owing to this circumstance that the speaking spirit is in the same principles with the man to whom he speaks, whether they be true or false, and likewise that he excites them, and by his affection conjoined to the man's affection strongly confirms them. Hence it is evident that, none other than similar spirits speak with man, or manifestly operate upon him, for manifest operation coincides with speech; hence it is that no other than enthusiastic spirits speak with enthusiasts; also, that no other than Quaker spirits operate upon Quakers, and Moravian spirits upon Moravians; the case would be the same with Arians, and with Socinians. All spirits speaking with man, are no other than such as have been men in the world, and were then of such a quality: that this is the case, as been given me to know by repeated experience. And what is ridiculous, when man believes that the Holy Spirit speaks with him, or operates upon him, the spirit also believes that he is the Holy Spirit;. this is common with enthusiastic spirits. From these considerations it is evident to what danger man is exposed, who speaks with spirits, or who manifestly feels their operation. Man is ignorant of the quality of his own affection, whether it be good or evil, and with what other beings it is conjoined, and if he is in the conceit of his own intelligence, his attendant spirits favour every thought which is thence derived. In like manner if any one is disposed to favour particular principles, enkindled by a certain fire, which has place with those who are not in truths from genuine affection; when a spirit from similar affection favours man's thoughts or principles, then one leads the other, as the blind lead the blind, until both fall into the pit. The Pythonics, or those had "familiar spirits", formerly were those of this description, and lIkewise the magicians in Egypt and in Babel, who by reason of discourse with spirits, and of the operation of spirits felt manifestly in themselves, were called wise. But by this the worship of God was converted into the worship of demons, and the church perished: wherefore such communications were forbidden the sons of Israel under penalty of death. (See Deuteronomy 18:9-14; Isaiah 8:19, 20)

It is otherwise with those whom the Lord leads, and He leads those who love truths, and will them from HImself; all such are enlightened when they read the Word, for the Lord is in the Word, and speaks with every one according to his comprehension. If these hear speech from spirits, which also they do occasionally, they are not taught, but are led, and this so providently, that the man is still left to himself, since, as was before said, every man is led of the Lord by affections, and thinks from them as from himself In freedom; if this was not the case, man would not be capable of reformation, neither could he be enlightened. But men are enlightened variously, every one according to the quality of his affection and consequent IntellIgence. They who are in the spiritual affection of truth, are elevated into the light of heaven, so as to perceIve the Illustration. Apocalypse Explained 1182, 1183.

Verses 19-22. Should not a people seek unto their God? etc. If they seek not the Lord, "no dawning light will be to any of them", that is, they will not have any light of Truth, which shines forth as the morning light, thus they will not have heaven, for the aurora or morning light is the time in which the kingdom of God Messiah [the Lord) will come. They who do not seek the Lord, and the things which belong to Him, will be destitute of all things spiritual and celestial, because they will have no faith. This destitution and dearth is descrIbed by being "famished" and "thirsty" which will come upon them at the time of death, and in the last time [of the church], The consequence is, that they will be "angry", like those who are deprived of heaven, and they, from their false principle, will "curse their king", that is, the Lord Himself, and at the same time they will "curse their gods", whoever they are. Thus they will "look up towards heaven"; and as they will receive no help from thence, they will "look to the earth", or to inferior things, that they may be consoled thereby, and that they may thereby be taught; but they will only find "distress and darkness." For unless inferior things be regarded from superior things; there is nothing but anxiety, or "affliction and darkness" [in them]; for, affliction and darkness will be together, thus so conjoined as though they were one; wherefore it is said, "darkened by anxiety, and driven or impelled by thick darkness." (Swedenborg's Notes on Isaiah, p.19.)

20. To the Law and to the Testimony [let them seek]; if they will not speak according to this Word, there shall be no dawning light to them.

21. But he shall pass through the land, distressed and famished: and it shall be, when he is famished; and angry with himself, he shall curse his king and his gods, and shall look upward.

Verse 20. No dawning light to them. - The "dawning light", or the aurora, signifies the conjunction of natural Good with celestial-spiritual Good, or with the Divine Good of Truth. This state of conjunction is effected by temptations, hence Jacob "wrestled with the man until the morning dawn" or the aurora, appeared, when the wrestling ceased. (Genesis 32:26)

For when the conjunction between the internal and the external man takes place, then is the "morning dawn" or aurora to man, for he then enters into a spiritual or heavenly state; then also the "light", as of the aurora; appears to him, if he is ill such a state as to be able to perceive it; otherwise his intellectual principle is enlightened as when he awakes out of sleep early in the morning, when the dawn first enlightens and begins the day. Arcana Coelestia 4284.

Verses 21, 22. And it shall be, when he is famished, and angry with himself, he shall curse the king and his gods, and shall look upward; and to the earth shall he look, etc. The subject here treated of is concerning those who are in falsities from a defect of the knowledges of Truth and Good, and concerning their indignation in consequence thereof. That defect or want is described by "their looking upwards, and to the earth, and lo! affliction and thick darkness"; to "look upwards, and to the earth", is to look everywhere for Goods and Truths, "and lo! affliction and thick darkness", , denoting that they are not anywhere to be found, but mere falsities - dense falsity being understood by "thick darkness." Their indignation in consequence thereof is understood by "when he shall be famished and angry, and shall curse his king and his gods"; to be "hungry or famished" denotes a desire to know:

"king" signifies their false principle [Charity 7D]; "gods" the falsities of worship thence derived; and to "curse" means to detest. Apocalypse Explained 386.

22. And to the earth shall he look, and to affliction and darkness; he shall be darkened with distress, and driven by thick darkness.

Verse 22. And lo! affliction and darkness; he shall be darkened with distress, and driven by thick darkness. - In the Word throughout mention is made of "darkness", and also at the same time of "thick darkness; and in such passages "darkness" is predicated of the false, and "thick darkness" of evil together with the false. "Darkness" also signifies ignorance of Truth, such as prevails amongst the nations or Gentiles; and "thick darkness"; the ignorance of Good. Arcana Coelestia 7711.

---
Isaiah Chapter 8

1. AND Jehovah said unto me, Take unto you a large roll, and write on it with a man's pen, MAHER-SHALAL-HASH-BAZ; [that is, Hasten to the spoil, take quickly the prey.]

2. And I called unto me for a testimony faithful witnesses, Uriah, the priest, and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah.

3. And I approached unto the prophetess: and she conceived, and bare a son. And Jehovah said unto me, Call his name Maher-shalal-hash-baz: -

4. For before the child shall know to pronounce: My father; and my mother, the riches of Damascus shall be borne away, and the spoil of Samaria, before the king of Assyria.

5. And Jehovah spake also unto me again, saying,

6. Because this people refuse the waters of Shiloah which flow softly, and rejoice in Retzin and the son of Remaliah;

7. Therefore, behold, the Lord [Adonai] brings up upon them the waters of the river, the strong and the many; even the king of Assyria and all his glory: and it shall rise over all its channels, and it shall go over all its banks:

8. And shall pass through Judah, and shall overflow and go over, even to the neck shall it reach: and the spreadings of his wings shall be over the full breadth of Your land, O Immanuel !

9. Associate yourselves, 0 you peoples, and you shall be broken to pieces; and, give ear, all you of distant lands: gird yourselves, and you shall be broken to pieces; gird yourselves, and we shall be broken to pieces.

10. Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us [Immanuel].

11. For thus said Jehovah unto me, with a strong hand, and instructed me, not to walk in the way of this people, saying,

12. Say you not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy: and fear you not [the object of] their fear; neither shall you dread.

13. Jehovah of Hosts Himself shall you sanctify; and He shall be [the Object of] your fear, and He your dread.

14. And He shall be [unto you] for a Sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to the two houses of Israel; for a snare and for a trap to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

15. And many among them shall stumble, and shall fall, and be broken; and shall be ensnared, and taken.

16. Bind up the Testimony, seal the Law, for My disciples.

17. And I will wait for Jehovah, who hideth His faces from the house of Jacob; and I will look for Him,

18. Behold, I, and the children whom Jehovah has given me, are for signs and for wonders in Israel from Jehovah of Hosts, who dwells in Mount Zion.

19. And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits and unto wizards, to them that chirp and that mutter: [then say you] Should not a people seek unto their God? should they seek, instead

20. To the Law and to the Testimony [let them seek]; if they will· not speak according to this Word, there shall be no dawning light to them.

21. .But he shall pass through the land, distressed and famished: and it shall be, when he is famished; and angry with himself, he shall curse his king and his gods, and shall look upward.

22. And to the earth shall he look, and to affliction and darkness; he shall be darkened with distress, and driven by thick darkness.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 8


Další odkazy Swedenborga k tomuto verši:

属天的奥秘 7711, 7712

揭秘启示录 323, 413

真实的基督教 761


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 386, 439, 526

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