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耶利米哀歌 1

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1 先前满有人民的城,现在何竟独!先前在列国中为大的,现在竟如寡妇;先前在诸省中为王后的,现在成为进贡的。

2 她夜间痛哭,泪流满腮;在一切所亲的中间没有一个安慰她的。她的朋友都以诡诈待她,成为她的仇敌。

3 犹大因遭遇苦难,又因多服劳苦就迁到外邦。她在列国中,寻不着安息;追逼她的都在狭窄之地将她追上。

4 锡安的径因无人守圣节就悲伤;她的城凄凉;她的祭司叹息;她的处女受艰难,自己也愁苦。

5 她的敌人为首;她的仇敌亨通;因耶和华为她许多的罪过使她受苦;她的孩童被敌人掳去。

6 锡安城(原文是女子;下同)的威荣全都失去。她的首领像不着场的鹿;在追赶的人前无力行走。

7 耶路撒冷在困苦窘迫之时,就追想古时一切的乐境。她百姓落在敌人中,无人救济;敌人见,就因她的荒凉嗤笑。

8 耶路撒冷大大犯罪,所以成为不洁之物;素来尊敬她的,见她赤露就都藐视她;她自己也叹息退後。

9 她的污秽是在衣襟上;她不思想自己的结局,所以非常地败落,无人安慰她。她说:耶和华啊,求你我的苦难,因为仇敌夸大。

10 敌人伸,夺取她的美物;她眼见外邦人进入她的圣所─论这外邦人,你曾吩咐不可入你的会中。

11 她的民都叹息,寻求食物;他们用美物换粮食,要救性命。他们说:耶和华啊,求你观,因为我甚是卑贱。

12 你们一切过的人哪,这事你们不介意麽?你们要观:有像这临到我的痛苦没有─就是耶和华在他发烈怒的日子使我所受的苦?

13 他从使进入我的骨头,克制了我;他铺下罗,绊我的,使我回;他使我终日凄凉发昏。

14 我罪过的轭是他所绑的,犹如轭绳缚在我颈项上;他使我的力量衰败。主将我交在我所不能敌挡的人中。

15 主轻弃我中间的一切勇士,招聚多人(原文是大会)攻击我,要压碎我的少年人。主将犹大居民踹下,像在酒?中一样。

16 我因这些事哭泣;我眼泪汪汪;因为那当安慰我、救我性命的,离我甚远。我的儿女孤苦,因为仇敌得了胜。

17 锡安举,无人安慰耶和华雅各已经出令,使四围的人作他仇敌;耶路撒冷在他们中间像不洁之物。

18 耶和华是公的!他这样待我,是因我违背他的命令。众民哪,请我的话,我的痛苦;我的处女和少年人都被掳去。

19 我招呼我所亲的,他们却愚弄我。我的祭司长老正寻求食物、救性命的时候,就在城中绝气。

20 耶和华啊,求你观,因为我在急难中。我肠扰乱;我在我里面翻,因我大大悖逆。在外,刀使人丧子;在家,犹如死亡。

21 见我叹息的有人;安慰我的却无人!我的仇敌都见我所遭的患难;因你做这事,他们都喜乐。你必使你报告的日子到,他们就像我一样。

22 愿他们的恶行都呈在你面前;你怎样因我的一切罪过待我,求你照样待他们;因我叹息甚多,中发昏。

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The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 119


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

天堂的奥秘 248, 680, 2362, 2606, 2851, 2930, 3081, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 213, 350, 543, 591, 612, 620, 652, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 100

Doctrine of the Lord 64

真實的基督徒信仰 782


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 240, 270, 357, 484, 622, 724, 750, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 58

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 59, 78

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The Lord # 64

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64. The reason Jerusalem in the Word means the church in regard to its teachings is that that was the only place in the land of Canaan where the Temple was, where the altar was, where sacrifices were performed, and therefore where there was actual worship of God. That was also why the three annual feasts were celebrated there and why every male in the whole land was commanded to go there. This is why Jerusalem means the church in regard to worship and therefore also the church in regard to its teachings, since worship is defined by teachings and carried out in accord with them. It is also because the Lord was in Jerusalem and taught in its Temple and afterward glorified his human nature there.

Moreover, in the Word as spiritually understood a city means a body of teaching, so a holy city means a body of teaching based on divine truth that comes from the Lord. 1

[2] We can also see that Jerusalem means a church in regard to its teachings from other passages in the Word, such as this in Isaiah:

For Zion’s sake I will not be silent and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not rest until her justice goes forth like radiance and her salvation burns like a lamp. Then the nations will see your justice and all monarchs will see your glory, and a new name will be given you that the mouth of Jehovah will utter. And you will be a crown of beauty in the hand of Jehovah and a diadem of the kingdom in the hand of your God. Jehovah will be well pleased with you and your land will be married. Behold, your salvation will come. See, his reward is with him. And they will call them a holy people, the redeemed of Jehovah; and you will be called a city sought out, not deserted. (Isaiah 62:1-4, 11-12)

This whole chapter is about the Lord’s Coming and about the new church that he is about to establish. This is the new church meant by the Jerusalem that will be given a new name that the mouth of Jehovah will utter and that will be a crown of beauty in the hand of Jehovah and a diadem of the kingdom in the hand of God, with which Jehovah will be well pleased, and which will be called a city sought out, not deserted. This cannot mean the Jerusalem where Jews were living when the Lord came, because this was the opposite in all respects, more properly called “Sodom, ” as it is in Revelation 11:8, Isaiah 3:9, Jeremiah 23:14, Ezekiel 16:46, 48.

[3] Another passage from Isaiah:

Behold, I am creating a new heaven and a new earth; the former ones will not be remembered. Be glad and rejoice forever in what I am creating. Behold, I am going to create Jerusalem as a rejoicing and her people as a gladness, so that I may rejoice over Jerusalem and be glad about my people. Then the wolf and the lamb will feed together; they will do no evil in all my holy mountain. (Isaiah 65:17-19, 25)

This chapter too is about the Lord’s Coming and the church that he is going to establish-a church that was not established among people in Jerusalem but among people who were outside it. This church, then, is meant by the Jerusalem that would be a rejoicing for the Lord and whose people will be a gladness for him, and where the wolf and the lamb will feed together, and where they will do no evil.

Here it is also saying, as it does in the Book of Revelation, that the Lord is going to create a new heaven and a new earth, meaning much the same thing; and it also says that he is going to create Jerusalem.

[4] Another passage from Isaiah:

Wake up! Wake up! Put on your strength, O Zion. Put on your beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, holy city. No more will the uncircumcised or the unclean come into you. Shake yourself from the dust, rise up, and sit [in a higher place], Jerusalem. The people will acknowledge my name on that day, because I am the one saying “Here I am!” Jehovah has comforted his people; he has redeemed Jerusalem. (Isaiah 52:1-2, 6, 9)

This chapter too is about the Lord’s Coming and the church that he is going to establish. So the Jerusalem into which the uncircumcised or the unclean will no longer come, and which the Lord will redeem, means the church; and Jerusalem the holy city means the church’s teachings that come from the Lord.

[5] In Zephaniah:

Rejoice, O daughter of Zion! Be glad with all your heart, O daughter of Jerusalem! The King of Israel is in your midst. Do not fear evil anymore. He will be glad over you with joy; he will rest in your love; he will rejoice over you with singing. I will give you a name and praise among all the peoples of the earth. (Zephaniah 3:14-17, 20)

Again, this is about the Lord and the church from him, the church over which the King of Israel (who is the Lord) will rejoice with singing and be glad with joy, in whose love he will be at rest, and to whom he will give a name and praise among all the peoples of the earth.

(Odkazy: Zephaniah 3:14-15, 3:17)


[6] In Isaiah:

Thus says Jehovah your Redeemer and your Maker, who says to Jerusalem, “You will be inhabited,” and to the cities of Judah, “You will be built.” (Isaiah 44:24, 26)

And in Daniel:

Know and understand: from [the time] the word goes forth that Jerusalem must be restored and built until [the time of] Messiah the Leader will be seven weeks. (Daniel 9:25)

We can see that here too Jerusalem means the church because this latter was restored and built up by the Lord, but Jerusalem, the capital city of the Jews, was not.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 44:24-26)


[7] Jerusalem means the church that comes from the Lord also in the following passages. In Zechariah:

Thus says Jehovah: “I will return to Zion and dwell in the midst of Jerusalem. Jerusalem will be called the city of truth, and the mountain of Jehovah Sabaoth will be called the holy mountain.” (Zechariah 8:3; see also 8:20-23)

In Joel:

Then you will know that I am Jehovah your God, dwelling on Zion, my holy mountain. Jerusalem will be holy. And on that day it will happen that the mountains will drip with new wine and the hills will flow with milk; and Jerusalem will abide from generation to generation. (Joel 3:17-21)

In Isaiah:

On that day the branch of Jehovah will be beautiful and glorious. And it will happen that those remaining in Zion and those left in Jerusalem will be called holy-all who are written as alive in Jerusalem. (Isaiah 4:2-3)

In Micah:

At the very last of days the mountain of the house of Jehovah will be established on the top of the mountains. Teaching will go forth from Zion and the word of Jehovah from Jerusalem. To you the former kingdom will come, the kingdom of the daughter of Jerusalem. (Micah 4:1-2, 8)

In Jeremiah:

At that time they will call Jerusalem the throne of Jehovah, and all nations will gather at Jerusalem because of the name of Jehovah. They will no longer follow the stubbornness of their own evil heart. (Jeremiah 3:17)

In Isaiah:

Look upon Zion, the city of our appointed feasts! Your eyes will see Jerusalem as a peaceful abode and as a tabernacle that will not be taken down; its tent pegs will never be removed and not one of its cords will be torn away. (Isaiah 33:20)

There are other passages elsewhere, such as Isaiah 24:23; 37:32; 66:10-14; Zechariah 12:3, 6, 9-10; 14:8, 11-12, 21; Malachi 3:2, 4; Psalms 122:1-7; 137:4-6.

(Odkazy: Joel 3:17-18, 3:17-20, 3:20; Malachi 3:1; Psalms 137:5-6; Zechariah 12:6-10, 12:8-9, 12:8-10, 12:10, 14:12)


[8] As for Jerusalem in these passages meaning the church that the Lord was going to establish and that has in fact been established, and not the Jerusalem in the land of Canaan that was inhabited by Jews, this too we can tell from the places in the Word where this latter city is described as totally lost and as destined for destruction, passages such as Jeremiah 5:1; 6:6-7; 7:17-18, and following; 8:6-8, and following; 9:10-11, 13, and following; 13:9-10, 14; 14:16; Lamentations 1:8-9, 17; Ezekiel 4:1; 5:9; 12:18-19; 15:6-8; 16:1-63; 23:1-49; Matthew 23:37, 39; Luke 19:41-44; 21:20-22; 23:28-30; and in many other places.

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Footnotes:

1. [Swedenborg’s Footnote] A city in the Word means the teachings of a church and of a religion: see Arcana Coelestia 402, 2712, 2943, 3216, 4492-4493. The gate of a city means the teachings through which we come into the church: 2943, 4477. That is why the elders sat in the gate of the city and gave judgment: 2943. Going out of the gate means departing from the teachings: 4492-4493. Representations of cities and palaces appear in heaven when angels are discussing specific teachings: 3216.

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(Odkazy: Ezekiel 4, 5:9-17, 16:1-23, 16, 23; Isaiah 44:24-26; Jeremiah 7:17, 7:20, 8:5-6, 8:5-7, 9:11-12, 9:14; Lamentations 1:15; Matthew 23:33, 23:37-39)

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Divine Providence 264

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The Last Judgment (Continuation) 12


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