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以西结书 23

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1 耶和华的又临到我说:

2 人子啊,有两个女子,是母所生,

3 他们在埃及行邪淫,在幼年时行邪淫。他们在那里作处女的时候,有人拥抱他们的怀,抚摸他们的乳。

4 他们的名字,姊姊名叫阿荷拉,妹妹名叫阿荷利巴。他们都归於我,生了儿女。论到他们的名字,阿荷拉就是撒玛利亚,阿荷利巴就是耶路撒冷

5 阿荷拉归我之後行邪淫,贪恋所的人,就是他的邻邦亚述人。

6 这些人都穿蓝衣,作省长、副省长,都,是可爱的少年人。

7 阿荷拉就与亚述人中最美的男子放纵淫行,他因所恋爱之人的一切偶像,玷污自己。

8 自从在埃及的时候,他就没有离开淫乱,因为他年幼作处女的时候,埃及人与他行淫,抚摸他的乳,纵欲与他行淫。

9 因此,我将他交在他所的人中,就是他所恋的亚述人中。

10 他们就露了他的下体,掳掠他的儿女,用刀了他,使他在妇女中留下臭名,因他们向他施行审判。

11 妹妹阿荷利巴虽然见了,却还贪恋,比他姊姊更丑;行淫乱比他姊姊更多。

12 他贪恋邻邦的亚述人,就是穿极华美的衣服,的省长、副省长,都是可爱的少年人。

13 见他被玷污了,他姊妹人同行

14 阿荷利巴又加增淫行,因他见人像画在上,就是用丹色所画迦勒底人的像,

15 腰间系着子,上有下垂的裹头巾,都是军长的形状,仿照巴比伦人的形像;他们的故土就是迦勒底

16 阿荷利巴一看见就贪恋他们,打发使者往迦勒底去见他们。

17 巴比伦人就登他爱情的,与他行淫玷污他。他被玷污,随後心里与他们生疏。

18 这样,他显露淫行,又显露下体;我心就与他生疏,像先前与他姊姊生疏一样。

19 他还加增他的淫行,追念他幼年在埃及地行邪淫的日子,

20 贪恋情人身壮精足,如

21 这样,你就想起你幼年的淫行。那时,埃及人拥抱你的怀,抚摸你的乳。

22 阿荷利巴啊,耶和华如此:我必激动你先而後生疏的人攻击你。我必使他们,在你四围攻击你。

23 所来的就是巴比伦人、迦勒底的众人、比割人、书亚人、哥亚人,同着他们的还有亚述众人,乃是作省长、副省长、作军长有名声的,都,是可爱的少年人。

24 他们必兵器、战车、辎重车,率领大众攻击你。他们要拿大小盾牌,顶盔摆阵,在你四围攻击你。我要将审判的事交他们,他们必按着自己的条例审判你。

25 我必以忌恨攻击你;他们必以忿怒办你。他们必割去你的鼻子和耳朵;你遗留(或译:馀剩;下同)的人必倒在刀下。他们必掳去你的儿女;你所遗留的必被焚烧。

26 他们必剥去你的衣服,夺取你华美的宝器。

27 这样,我必使你的淫行和你从埃及地染来的淫乱止息了,使你不再仰望亚述,也不再追念埃及

28 耶和华如此:我必将你交在你所恨恶的人中,就是你心与他生疏的人中。

29 他们必以恨恶办你,夺取你一切劳碌得来的,留下你赤身露体。你淫乱的下体,连你的淫行,带你的淫乱,都被显露。

30 人必向你行这些事;因为你随从外邦人行邪淫,被他们的偶像玷污了。

31 走了你姊姊所走的,所以我必将他的杯交在你中。

32 耶和华如此:你必你姊姊所的杯;那杯又深又广,盛得甚多,使你被人嗤笑讥刺。

33 你必酩酊大醉,满有愁苦,喝乾你姊姊撒玛利亚的杯,就是令人惊骇凄凉的杯。

34 你必这杯,以致尽。杯破又龈杯片,撕裂自己的乳;因为这事我曾说过。这是耶和华的。

35 耶和华如此:因你忘记我,将我丢在背後,所以你要担当你淫行和淫乱的报应。

36 耶和华又对我:人子啊,你要审问阿荷拉与阿荷利巴麽?当指出他们所行可憎的事。

37 他们行淫,中有杀人的血,又与偶像行淫,并使他们为我所生的儿女经火烧给偶像

38 此外,他们还有向我所行的,就是同日玷污我的圣所,干犯我的安息日

39 他们杀了儿女献与偶像,当又入我的圣所,将圣所亵渎了。他们在我殿中所行的乃是如此。

40 况且你们二妇打发使者去请远方人。使者到他们那里,他们就来了。你们为他们沐浴己身,粉饰眼目,佩戴妆饰,

41 在华美的床上,前面摆设桌案,将我的香料膏摆在其上。

42 在那里有群众安逸欢乐的声音,并有粗俗的人酒徒从旷野同,把镯子戴在二妇的上,把华冠戴在他们的上。

43 我论这行淫衰老的妇人:现在人还要与他行淫,他也要与人行淫。

44 人与阿荷拉,并阿荷利巴二淫妇?合,好像与妓女苟合。

45 必有人,照审判淫妇和流人血的妇人之例,审判他们;因为他们是淫妇,中有杀人的血。

46 耶和华如此:我必使多人来攻击他们,使他们抛来抛去,被人抢夺。

47 这些人必用石头打死他们,用刀害他们,又戮他们的儿女,用焚烧他们的房屋

48 这样,我必使淫行从境内止息,好叫一切妇人都受警戒,不效法你们的淫行。

49 人必照着你们的淫行报应你们;你们要担当拜偶像的罪,就知道我是耶和华

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

天堂的奥秘 8904

Apocalypse Explained 433, 1029

Apocalypse Revealed 350, 880

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 100

The Lord 64

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 146


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

天堂的奥秘 213, 1165, 1186, 1368, 2466, 2588, 3105, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 134, 137, 166, 216, 298, 434, 436, ...

The Lord 28

Life 79

真實的基督徒信仰 314, 782


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 126, 141, 195, 240, 315, 355, 555, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

The White Horse - Appendix 1

Skočit na podobné biblické verše

利未记 20:2

民数记 14:33, 34

申命记 13:12

列王記下 9:30, 15:29, 17:19, 21:4, 6, 13, 16, 23:10, 24:13

历代志下 21:11

诗篇 75:9

箴言 30:9

以赛亚书 39:6, 57:7, 9

耶利米书 2:7, 18, 19, 34, 3:6, 7, 8, 11, 6:8, 22, 23, 13:25, 17:3, 22:14, 32:29, 52:9, 11

耶利米哀歌 1:8, 2:15, 16, 4:14

以西结书 5:11, 13, 6:13, 16:1, 15, 16, 40, 20:4, 7, 8, 26, 31, 21:24, 22:4, 8, 12, 14, 15, 26, 23:3, 8, 19, 24:7, 21, 27:22

何西阿书 2:7, 5:13, 13:6

弥迦书 3:8

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耶和华
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偶像
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头巾
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Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.


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Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)


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Komentář

 

Jerusalem      

Napsal(a) Joe David and Joe David

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Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In the next chapter he brings the Ark of the Covenant there, and later it is where Solomon builds the temple, and his own palace. From then on Jerusalem is the center of worship of the Israelitish church. It is the place where the Lord was presented in the temple as a baby, where He tarried to talk to the priests at age twelve, where He cleansed the temple, had the last supper, was crucified and then rose. It is a central place in both the old and new Testaments.

The city of Jerusalem was built on Mount Zion, the highest point of the mountains of Judea. A city in the Word represents doctrine, the organized knowledge of the truths of the church. Mountains represent love of the Lord and the consequent worship. Jersualem on Mount Zion signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life.

This is why David was led to make Jerusalem the most important city of the land, and why all worship was conducted there. And this is also why Jeroboam was condemned for introducing idol worship in Samaria.

In the Book of Revelation, John’s vision of the city New Jerusalem descending from God is a prophecy of a new dispensation of doctrine coming from the Lord, some of which you may read in the references list below.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4539, 8938; The Apocalypse Explained 365 [35-38])

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Apocalypse Explained # 960

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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960. Go pour out the vials of the anger of God into the earth, signifies the state of the devastated church. This is evident from the signification of "the vials of the anger of God," as being the evils and falsities that have devastated the church; for "the vials of the anger of God" have the like signification as "the plagues" in the preceding chapter (Revelation 15:6), where it is said that "seven angels went out from the temple having seven plagues," "plagues" there signifying the evils and falsities therefrom and the falsities and evils therefrom that have devastated the church (see above, n. 949. "The anger of God" has a similar signification, for "the anger of God" is predicated of the evils and falsities that devastate the goods and truths of the church. It is evident also from the signification of "the earth," as being the church (see above, n. 29, 304, 417, 697, 741, 741, 752, 876). "To pour out these vials into the earth" signifies the state of the church so produced, because the vastations of the church are attributed in the Word to God, consequently they are represented as flowing forth from heaven; and yet nothing of them comes from God, but they are solely from man. Nevertheless, it is so said in the sense of the letter of the Word because it so appears to men, and that sense being the ultimate sense consists of appearances.

(Odkazy: Revelation 16:1; The Apocalypse Explained 29, 304, The Apocalypse Explained 417, The Apocalypse Explained 697, The Apocalypse Explained 741, The Apocalypse Explained 752, 876, The Apocalypse Explained 949)


[2] These are called "vials" because vials are vessels, and vessels have a similar signification as their contents, as goblets, beakers, cups, with wine or other liquor in them; and as the incense vessels and censers for the incense, and many other vessels. The reason of this is that the sense of the letter of the Word is the ultimate sense of the Divine truth, and therefore consists of the ultimate things that are in nature; for upon ultimates interior or higher things are built and founded. That vials, goblets, cups, beakers, and platters are mentioned in place of their contents, and therefore have a similar signification, is evident from the Word, where they signify falsities from hell, and drunkenness or insanity therefrom. They also signify temptations; also truths from the Lord and wisdom therefrom. That they signify falsities from hell and insanity therefrom is evident from the following passages. In Jeremiah:

Jehovah said, Take this cup of the wine of the anger of Jehovah out of My hand, and make all nations to whom I send thee to drink of it, that they may drink and stagger, and be mad because of the sword. When they refuse to take the cup out of thine hand to drink, thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith Jehovah of Hosts, Drinking ye shall drink (Jeremiah 25:15, 16, 28).

"Cup of wine" here signifies the falsity that is from hell; "to drink" signifies to appropriate to oneself; "to be mad" signifies to be spiritually insane, which takes place when falsity is called truth and truth falsity. The "nations" that shall drink signify the evil, and in an abstract sense evils; for many nations that were to drink are there enumerated, and yet nations are not meant, but the evils signified by them, and evils are what drink, that is, appropriate to themselves, falsities. That "cup of wine" signifies falsity is evident also from the words, "that they may be mad because of the sword," for "sword" signifies falsity destroying truth.

(Odkazy: Jeremiah 25:15-16)


[3] In the same:

Babylon is a cup of gold in the hand of Jehovah, making the whole earth drunken; the nations have drunk of her wine, therefore the nations are mad (Jeremiah 51:7).

"Cup of gold" signifies falsity destroying good; "Babylon" signifies dominion over heaven and over the souls of men by means of the holy things of the church, from which dominion profane falsities flow forth; "to make the earth drunk" signifies to so infatuate the church that truth is not seen any more. "Wine" signifies that falsity.

[4] In Ezekiel:

Thou hast walked in the way of thy sister, therefore will I give her cup into thine hand. Thus saith the Lord Jehovih, Thou shalt drink of thy sister's cup, which is deep and broad; thou shalt be for a laughing and derision; ample to contain, thou shalt be filled with drunkenness and sadness, with the cup of devastation and desolation, with the cup of thy sister Samaria, which thou shalt drink and press out; and thou shalt break in pieces the shards thereof (Ezekiel 23:31-34).

This is said of Jerusalem, which signifies the celestial church as to doctrine; and Samaria, which is the "sister," signifies here the spiritual church, also as to doctrine. For the Jewish nation represented the Lord's celestial kingdom, and the Israelitish nation His spiritual kingdom. But here "Jerusalem and Samaria" signify the church devastated as to all good and truth. The full devastation of the church with the Jewish nation is described by "the sister's cup, which is deep and broad," and "they shall be filled with drunkenness and sadness," and "they shall drink the cup and press it out, and break in pieces the shards thereof. "It is called "a cup of devastation and desolation," because "devastation" is predicated of good, and "desolation" of truth.

[5] In Zechariah:

Behold I make Jerusalem a cup of trembling unto all the peoples round about (Zechariah 12:2).

In Habakkuk:

Thou shalt be satiated with shame more than with glory; drink thou also, and let thy foreskin be uncovered. The cup of Jehovah shall go about unto thee, and shameful vomiting shall be upon thy glory (Habakkuk 2:16).

"Cup" stands for falsified truth, which in itself is falsity, and of this "shameful vomiting" is predicated; therefore it is said "upon thy glory," "glory" signifying the Divine truth in the Word. In Lamentations:

Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom; the cup shall pass through unto thee also; thou shalt be made drunken and shalt be uncovered (Lamentations 4:21).

Here "cup" has the same signification.

[6] In David:

Jehovah shall rain upon the wicked snares, fire, and brimstone, and a wind of tempests shall be the portion of their cup (Psalms 11:6).

In the same:

There is a cup in the hand of Jehovah, and He hath mixed it with wine. He hath filled it with mixture, and hath poured it out thence; but the dregs of it all the wicked of the earth shall suck out and drink (Psalms 75:8).

"Snares, fire, and brimstone," signify falsities and evils leading astray, and "a wind of tempests" signifies vigorous assault upon truth. These are called "the portion of a cup," because a "cup," as a containant signifies these. "To mix" and "to fill with mixture" signify to falsify truth and to profane it.

[7] In all these passages the devastation of truth and good by falsities and evils is attributed to Jehovah, for it is said that "they were to take the cup of the anger of Jehovah out of His hand," that "Jehovah hath mixed it with wine and filled it with mixture," also it is called "a cup in the hand of Jehovah;" and yet it must be understood that nothing of devastation is from Jehovah, but everything of it is from man. It is so said because the natural man sees no otherwise than that God is angry with, punishes, condemns, and casts into hell, those who despise and blaspheme Him, in a word, who do not give glory to Him; and because to so think is natural, it is so said in the sense of the letter of the Word, which is natural.

[8] So in other passages in Revelation:

He that adored the beast shall drink of the wine of the anger of God, mixed with unmixed wine in the cup of His wrath (Revelation 14:9, 10).

Great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fury of His wrath (Revelation 16:19).

A woman having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and of the uncleanness of her whoredom (Revelation 17:4).

Double unto her double according to her works; in the cup that she mingled mingle to her double (Revelation 18:6).

This makes clear the signification of the seven "vials" of the angels, which they poured out into the earth, the sea, the rivers, the fountains of waters, upon the sun, the throne of the beast, the river Euphrates, and into the air, namely, that they mean states of devastation, which are described by these.

(Odkazy: Revelation 14:9-10)


[9] That a "goblet" or "cup" signifies temptations can be seen from the following passages. In the Gospels:

Jesus said to the sons of Zebedee, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink the cup that I am about to drink, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? They said, We are able. Then He said unto them, My cup indeed shall ye drink, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with (Matthew 20:22, 23; Mark 10:38, 39).

But these passages may be seen explained above n. 893. In the same:

Jesus said to Peter, The cup which the Father hath given Me, shall I not drink it? (John 18:11).

Jesus said in Gethsemane, If it be possible let this cup pass away from Me (Matthew 26:39, 42, 44; Mark 14:36; Luke 22:42).

In these passages a "cup" or "goblet" plainly signifies temptations. So in Isaiah (Isaiah 51:17, 22), where it is also called "the cup of the anger of God" and "the cup of trembling."

(Odkazy: Mark 10:38-39; Matthew 20:22-23; The Apocalypse Explained 893)


[10] As "cup" has a similar signification as "wine," and "wine" in the good sense signifies the Divine truth, therefore also this is what "cup" signifies in the following passages. In the Gospels:

Jesus taking the cup and giving thanks, gave to the disciples, saying, All drink from it; for this is My blood, that of the new Testament (Matt. 26:27, 28; Mark 14:23, 24; Luke 22:17, 18).

As the Lord's "blood," and likewise "wine," signify the Divine truth that proceeds from Him, consequently the "cup" also, it is said therefore "this is My blood;" and as it is by means of the Divine truth that the Lord is conjoined with the church, it is called "that of the new Testament or the new Covenant." (That the Lord's "blood" signifies the Divine truth may be seen in 328, 329, 476, 748; and that "covenant" signifies conjunction, n. 701)

(Odkazy: Luke 22:17-18; Mark 14:23-24; Matthew 26:27-28; The Apocalypse Explained 328, 329, The Apocalypse Explained 476, The Apocalypse Explained 701, The Apocalypse Explained 748)


[11] In David:

Jehovah is the portion of your 1 part and of my cup; Thou sustainest my lot (Psalms 16:5).

In the same:

Thou wilt set a table before me in the presence of mine enemies; Thou wilt make fat my head with oil; my cup shall run over (Psalms 23:5). 2

In these passages "cup" stands for the Divine truth; and as this is the signification of "cup" it is also called:

The cup of salvation (Psalms 116:13);

And the cup of consolations (Jeremiah 16:7).

[12] In Mark:

Whosoever shall give you a cup of water to drink in My name, because ye are Christ's, he shall not lose his reward (Mark 9:41).

"To give a cup of water to drink in My name, because ye are Christ's," signifies to teach truth from the love of truth, thus from the Lord, likewise to do it. The love of truth for the sake of truth is meant by "giving a cup of water in the name of the Lord;" and "Christ" means the Lord as to the Divine truth.

[13] In the Gospels:

Woe unto you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites; for ye cleanse the outside of the cup and the platter, but within they are full from rapine and intemperance. Cleanse first the inside of the cup and of the platter, that the outside may become clean also (Matthew 23:25, 26; Luke 11:39).

The Lord used the terms "cup" and "platter," because the containant has the same signification as the contents; thus the "cup" the same as "wine," and the "platter" the same as "food." "Wine" signifies the truth of the Word and of doctrine, and "food" the good of the Word and of doctrine. The natural man or the natural mind is inwardly purified when falsities and evils are removed, but it is not purified when they are not removed. For such as the interior is such does the exterior become, but the interior does not become such as the exterior is. For the interior flows into the exterior and disposes it to agreement with itself, but not the reverse.

(Continuation respecting the Second Commandment)

(Odkazy: Matthew 23:25-26)


[14] Since "the name of God" means that which is from God and which is God, and this is called the Divine truth, and with us the Word, this must not be profaned, because it is in itself Divine and most holy; and it is profaned when its holiness is denied, which is done when it is despised, rejected, and treated contemptuously. When this is done heaven is closed and man is left to hell. For the Word is the only medium of conjunction of heaven with the church; therefore when the Word is cast out of the heart that conjunction is dissolved; and because man is then left to hell he no longer acknowledges any truth of the church.

(Odkazy: Exodus 20:7)


[15] There are two things by which heaven is closed to the men of the church. One is the denial of the Lord's Divine, and the other is the denial of the holiness of the Word; and for this reason that the Lord's Divine is the all of heaven, and the Divine truth, which is the Word in the spiritual sense, is what makes heaven; which makes clear that he who denies the one or the other denies that which is the all of heaven, and from which heaven is and exists, and thus deprives himself of communication and thence of conjunction with heaven. To profane the Word is the same as "blaspheming the Holy Spirit," which is not forgiven to anyone, consequently it is said in this commandment that he who profanes the name of God shall not be left unpunished.

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Footnotes:

1. The Latin has "vestrae" "your." The Hebrew has "my."

2. [Marginal Note:] Skins of wine.

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(Odkazy: Revelation 16:1)

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Apocalypse Explained 958, 961, 965, 969, 1022, 1045

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