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阿摩司书 4

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1 你们住撒玛利亚如巴珊母的啊,当我的─你们欺负贫寒的,压碎穷乏的,对家:拿酒我们罢!

2 耶和华指着自己的圣洁起誓说:日子快到,人必用钩子将你们钩去,用鱼钩将你们馀剩的钩去。

3 你们各人必从破口直往前行,投入哈门。这是耶和华的。

4 以色列人哪,任你们往伯特利去犯罪,到吉甲加增罪过;每日早晨献上你们的祭物,每日奉上你们的十分之一

5 任你们献有的感谢祭,把甘心祭宣传报告给众人,因为是你们所喜的。这是耶和华的。

6 我使你们在一切城中牙齿乾净,在你们各处粮食缺乏,你们仍不归向我。这是耶和华的。

7 在收割的前,我使停止,不降在你们那里;我降在这城,不降在那城;这块地有,那块地无;无的就枯乾了。

8 这样,两城的人凑到城去找,却不足;你们仍不归向我。这是耶和华的。

9 我以旱风、霉烂攻击你们,你们园中许多菜蔬、葡萄树、无花果树橄榄树都被剪虫所;你们仍不归向我。这是耶和华的。

10 我降瘟疫在你们中间,像在埃及一样;用刀戮你们的少年人,使你们的马匹被掳掠,中尸首的臭气扑鼻;你们仍不归向我。这是耶和华的。

11 倾覆你们中间的城邑,如同我从前倾覆所多玛、蛾摩拉一样,使你们好像从火中抽出来的一根柴;你们仍不归向我。这是耶和华的。

12 以色列啊,我必向你如此行;以色列啊,我既这样行,你当预备迎见你的

13 那创、造、将心意指示人、使晨光变为幽暗、脚踏在地之处的,他的名是耶和华─万军之

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Exploring the Meaning of Amos 4      

By Helen Kennedy

In chapter 4 of the Book of Amos, verses 1-3 talk about people who pervert the truths of the church. They will fall into falsities in outermost things. Fish are lower things, so it follows that fishhooks (verse 2) would mean being caught and held fast in natural or lower things.

Verses 4-6 talk about things of worship such as tithes and sacrifices. These look similar to genuine worship, but are only in outermost things. We can tell because ‘teeth’ (verse 6) represent ultimates or outermost things (Secrets of Heaven 6380), so it follows that “cleanness of teeth” would mean outermost things that look good but only imitate genuine worship. The Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verses 7-8. Some things true will remain, when the rest are false, in consequence of which truths will have no power. This can be seen where the Lord says, “I made it rain on one city; I withheld rain from another city... where it did not rain the part withered.” Again the Lord exhorts, “Yet you have not returned to me.”

Verse 9. Afterward all things of the church are falsified, shown in how blight attacked the gardens, vineyards, fig tree and olive trees. The last three represent spiritual, natural and celestial things, or all the things of spiritual life. “Yet you have not returned to me,” says the Lord.

Verses 10-11. The Lord explains the devastating things he allowed to happen: plague in Egypt, death of young men by swords, stench in the camps, Sodom and Gomorrah. This is because they are profaned by sensual knowledges - profanation meaning the mixing of good and evil together (Secrets of Heaven 1001:2).

This extends to all things of the church, the church being the Lord’s kingdom on earth (Secrets of Heaven 768:3).

With profanation “as soon as any idea of what is holy arises, the idea of what is profane joins immediately to it” (Secrets of Heaven 301).

Now there is hardly anything left. “Yet you have not returned to Me,” says the Lord again.

Verses 12-13. Because people adamantly remain in their profane ways, they are warned, “Prepare to meet your God!”. This is the God powerful and mighty, “who forms mountains, and creates the wind,” and even more close to home, “Who declares to man what his thought is.” As intimately a knowing as that is, the Lord’s love for all humanity is contained in His exhortations for them to turn themselves to Him.

See, for example, Luke 6:44-45, and True Christian Religion 373.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 204


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

天堂的奥秘 382, 1069, 1453, 2165, 2220, 2799, 2842, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 336, 439, 474, 496, 502, 862

The Lord 49


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 403, 405, 513, 532, 556, 560, 608, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

撒玛利亚
'Samaria,' as in Amos 4:1. 6:1, signifies the spiritual church perverted.


'Hills' signify the good of charity.


'The heifer whereby labor has not been done,' as mentioned in Deuteronomy 21:3, signifies the innocence of the external self, which is in ignorance. 'The...


'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...


'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

我们
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...


To be drunken without wine (Isa. 29:9), are they who are unconcerned about the Word, and the truths of faith, and thus have no inclination...

耶和华
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...


'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

圣洁
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

伯特利
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

吉甲
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

早晨
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...


The Writings talk about many aspects of life using the philosophical terms "end," "cause" and "effect." The "end" is someone’s goal or purpose, the ultimate...

十分之一
'Tithes,' as in tenths, signifies goods and truths stored up from the Lord in a person’s interior self. These goods are called remains. When these...


Leaven' signifies evil and falsity, which should not be mixed with good and true things. In Leviticus 2:11, it says, 'no meat offering which ye...


To some degree, there really is no spiritual meaning to the word “love” in the Bible. Why? Because if you truly love another, that is...

牙齿
'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.

缺乏
'Want of spiritual nourishment,' denotes a lack of knowledge, intelligence, and wisdom.


'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...


'Rain,' in a positive sense, denotes blessing, but in the opposite sense, damnation Rain,' as in Genesis 2:5-6, Exodus 34:25-27, and Hosea 6:3, signifies the...


A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

无花果树
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

橄榄
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

瘟疫
'Pestilence' denotes the vastation of good and truth.

埃及
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.


'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...


'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...


Camps in the Bible represent spiritual order – a person’s (or a church community’s) whole collection of desires for good and true ideas on how...

倾覆
'Overturned' signifies punishing.

所多玛
"Sodom" in the Bible represents the love of self and the love of ruling or dominating others springing from the love of self. This is...

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...


Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...


'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

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Us      

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Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role, the words of this verse appear in the plural — "Let us make a human in our image." But since only the Lord rules and manages us, the next verse uses the singular — "God created the human in his image." (Secrets of Heaven 50)

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 50, Genesis 1:26)


'Let us go down,' as in Genesis 11:7, signifies the execution of judgment, which is done by spirits, specifically evil spirits.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1320, Genesis 11:7)


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