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耶利米哀歌 2

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1 神懲罰耶路撒冷主在烈怒中,怎麼竟然使黑雲遮蓋錫安的居民(“居民”原文作“女子”)!他把以色列的榮美,從上拋到地上;他在發怒的日子,竟不記念自己的腳凳

2 滅了雅各所有住處,毫不顧惜;他在忿怒中,把猶大居民的堅固城拆毀;他使國家和國中眾領袖都倒在地上,受盡羞辱。

3 他在烈怒中砍斷以色列所有的角;他從仇敵面前,收回自己的右手。他像吞滅四周物件的燄,在雅各中間焚燒。

4 他像仇敵拉,他的右手已經預備好。他像敵人把一切悅人眼目的都滅了;他如的忿怒倒在錫安居民(“居民”原文作“女子”)的帳棚上。

5 主好像成了仇敵;他滅了以色列和她所有的宮殿,毀壞了她的堅固城。他在猶大居民的中間,增添了悲哀和哭號。

6 他把自己的住所破壞,好像園子一樣;他毀壞了屬他的聚會之處。耶和華使節期和安息日都在錫安被忘記;他在他的盛怒中棄絕了君祭司

7 丟棄了自己的祭壇,厭棄了自己的聖所。他把宮殿的圍牆,交付在仇敵的裡;他們在耶和華的殿中喧嚷,好像慶祝節日一樣。

8 耶和華定意要拆毀錫安居民(“居民”原文作“女子”)的城牆;他拉了準繩,決不停,務要把它滅。他使堡壘和城牆都悲哀,一同受痛苦。

9 錫安的眾城已經陷入地裡;耶和華把錫安的閂都毀壞折斷了。錫安的君和領袖都身在列國中;錫安再沒有律法了;它的眾先知也得不到從耶和華而來的異象

10 錫安居民(“居民”原文作“女子”)的長老在地上,默默無聲;他們把塵灰撒在上,腰束麻布耶路撒冷處女都垂至地。

11 我的眼睛因流淚而失明,我的心腸激動,我的膽傾倒在地,都因我的子民(“我的子民”原文作“我子民的女子”)遭毀滅,孩童和嬰兒在城裡的街上昏倒。

12 他們像被刺傷的人昏倒在城裡街上的時候,他們在母親的裡快要喪命的時候,他們就問母親:“五穀和酒在哪裡呢?”

13 耶路撒冷的居民哪,我怎樣向你說明呢?用甚麼與你比較呢?錫安的居民哪,我們用甚麼跟你相比,好安慰你呢?你的裂口像那樣,誰能醫治你呢?

14 你的假先知為了你所見的異象,盡是虛謊和愚昧;他們沒有顯露你的罪孽,使你的命運得以挽回;他們為你所得的默示,全是虛謊,是引人走錯路的。

15 所有過的人,都拍掌嘲笑你;他們嗤笑耶路撒冷的居民,並搖:“被人稱為最完美,為全地所喜悅的,就是這城嗎?”

16 你所有的仇敵都張開攻擊你,他們嗤笑你,又咬:“我們滅它了!這真是我們期待的日子!我們等到了!親眼見了!”

17 耶和華作成了他定意去作的,成就了他的話,就是他昔日所宣告的,他把你拆毀,並不憐惜,他使仇敵因勝過你而高興,他高舉你敵人的角。

18 錫安居民(“居民”原文作“女子”)的城牆啊,你要一向主哀求;願你的眼淚像江般湧,晝夜不息;願你得不著歇息,願你眼中的瞳人不能休息。

19 夜裡每到交更的時分,你要起來呼喊;在主面前你要傾!你的孩童在各街上因飢餓而昏倒,你要為他們的性命向主舉手禱告。

20 耶和華啊,求你觀!求你鑒察!你曾這樣對待過誰呢?難道婦人應該掉自己所生的,就是自己所撫養的嬰孩嗎?難道祭司先知應該在主的聖所裡被殺害嗎?”

21 少年人和老年人都在街上倒臥在地死了;我的年輕男女都倒斃於刀下;在你忿怒的日子,你了他們,你屠了他們,毫不憐惜。

22 耶路撒冷的哀禱你從四圍招聚驚嚇我的,好像招聚人過節的日子一樣。在耶和華忿怒的日子,沒有人可以逃脫,可以生存。我所撫育、所養大的,我的仇敵都滅盡了。

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 120


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

天堂的奥秘 402, 414, 921, 1071, 1460, 2015, 2162, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 20, 49, 158, 166, 270, 285, 299, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 69, 187, 195, 204, 304, 315, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 78

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但以理書 9:12, 16

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Word/Phrase Explanations

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

腳凳
A footstool, as in Psalm 132:7, signifies the Lord's church in the earths. A footstool, as in Psalm 110:1, signifies the lowest region under the...


To 'swallow' signifies natural truth.

雅各
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

猶大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

國家
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...


Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)


'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...


'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

安息日
In Exodus 31:13, 'verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep,' signifies continuous holy thought about the union of the Lord’s divine with His human.

忘記
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

祭司
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.


The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

城牆
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...


"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

先知
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

異象
Vision is the innermost revelation, which is of perception. Visions are according to the state of humankind. The visions of people whose interiors are closed,...

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

長老
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...


If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...


The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

麻布
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

耶路撒冷
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

處女
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

眼睛
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...


'The liver,' as in Exodus 29:13, signifies interior purification, and 'the caul above the liver,' the inferior good of the external or natural self.

嬰兒
The infants in the street,' in Jeremiah 9:21, signify truth beginning to grow.

母親
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...


"Bosom" in general terms means the chest, but more as the seat of the emotions than simply as part of the body. You'd think of...

安慰
When the Bible talks about someone being comforted or consoled, it generally means that they are being offered ideas that will help bring them to...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...


'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

高興
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

敵人
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.

敵人的
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...


The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

眼淚
'A tear' signifies grief because of a lack of understanding of truth.


A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

年輕
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

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天堂的奥秘 # 921

天堂的奥秘      

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921. “挪亚筑了一座祭坛给耶和华”表主的一个代表. 这一点从刚才所述清楚可知. 古教会的所有宗教仪式都是主的代表,如犹太教会那样. 但后世的主要代表是祭坛和燔祭. 献燔祭要用洁净的畜类和洁净的鸟类,它们照各自的意义而具有代表性,洁净的畜类表仁之善,洁净的鸟类表信之真. 当古教会成员献上这些东西时,就表示他们正在向主献上这些善与真的礼物. 只有将这些东西献给主才会讨祂喜悦. 而他们的后代,如外邦人,还有犹太人,却败坏了这些祭物,甚至不知道它们具有这样的意义. 他们的敬拜仅仅局限于外在事物.

这个祭坛是主的主要代表. 这一点可从以下事实清楚看出来,即在设立其它仪式, 制作约柜, 建造圣殿之前,连外邦人当中也有祭坛. 这可从亚伯兰明显看出来,如他来到伯特利东边的山上,在那里筑了一座坛,求告耶和华的名(创世记 12:8); 后来他被吩咐把以撒作为燔祭献在坛上(创世记 22:2,9),雅各(Jacob)在路斯或伯特利筑了一座坛(创世记 35:6,7); 摩西在西奈山下筑了一座坛,并献燔祭(出埃及记 24:4-6). 所有这一切都发生在设立犹太人的祭祀和制作约柜之前,后来在旷野有约柜的地方举行敬拜. 外邦人中也有祭坛的事实同样从巴兰明显看出来,巴兰对巴勒说,他当筑七座坛,预备七只牛和七只羊(民数记 23:1-7, 15-18, 29, 30); 还可从摧毁列国祭坛的命令明显看出来(申命记 7:5; 士师记 2:2). 所以,用祭坛和燔祭进行神圣敬拜并非犹太人所创的新鲜事. 事实上,就在人们想宰杀小公牛和其它动物作祭品以示纪念之前,他们就在筑坛了.

“祭坛”表主的一个代表,因此“献燔祭”表敬拜祂. 这一点明显可见于先知书,如在摩西书中,当论及拥有祭司职位的利未时:

他们要将你的典章教训雅各,将你的律法教训以色列. 他们要把香焚在你鼻孔前,把全牲的燔祭献在你的坛上. (申命记 33:10)

这段经文表敬拜的全部. “将你的典章教训雅各(Jacob),将你的律法教训以色列”表内在敬拜,而“要把香焚在你鼻孔前,把全牲的燔祭献在你的坛上”则表相应的外在敬拜,因而表敬拜的全部. 以赛亚书:

当那日,人必仰望造他们的主,眼目重看以色列的圣者. 他必不仰望祭坛,就是自己手所筑的. (以赛亚书 17:7,8)

此处“仰望祭坛”明显表示要被废除的一般代表性敬拜. 又:

当那日,在埃及陆地中间必有为耶和华筑的一座坛,在埃及的边界上必有为耶和华立的一根柱. (以赛亚书 19:19)

此处“祭坛”同样表外在敬拜.

耶利米哀歌:

主丢弃自己的祭坛,憎恶自己的圣所. (耶利米哀歌 1:7)

“祭坛”表变成偶像崇拜的代表性敬拜. 何西阿书:

以法莲为赎罪增添祭坛,因此,它们成了使他犯罪的祭坛. (何西阿书 8:11)

此处“祭坛”表脱离内在敬拜的所有代表性敬拜,因而表偶像崇拜之物. 又:

亚文的高丘,就是以色列取罪的地方,必被毁灭. 荆棘和蒺藜必长在他们的祭坛上. (何西阿书 10:8)

此处“祭坛”也表偶像崇拜. 阿摩司书:

我讨罚以色列罪孽的日子, 也要讨罚伯特利的祭坛,祭坛的角必被砍下. (阿摩司书 3:14)

此处“祭坛”同样表已变成偶像崇拜的代表性敬拜.

诗篇:

求你带我到你的圣山,到你的居所! 我就走到神的祭坛,到我最喜乐的神那里. (诗篇 43:3,4)

此处“祭坛”明显表示主. 在古时和犹太教会,制作一个祭坛表示主的一个代表. 由于对主的敬拜主要通过燔祭和祭物来进行,因而这些事物表示主要的代表性敬拜,故显而易见,祭坛本身表示这种代表性敬拜本身.

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

天堂的奥秘 1448, 1454, 1559, 1618, 2777, 2811, 2832, 3442, 3727, 4197, 4401, 4489, 4541, 8935, 8940, 8945, 9014, 9388, 9395, 10051, 10642

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 221


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 329

Other New Christian Commentary

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