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耶利米哀歌 2

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1 神懲罰耶路撒冷主在烈怒中,怎麼竟然使黑雲遮蓋錫安的居民(“居民”原文作“女子”)!他把以色列的榮美,從上拋到地上;他在發怒的日子,竟不記念自己的腳凳

2 滅了雅各所有住處,毫不顧惜;他在忿怒中,把猶大居民的堅固城拆毀;他使國家和國中眾領袖都倒在地上,受盡羞辱。

3 他在烈怒中砍斷以色列所有的角;他從仇敵面前,收回自己的右手。他像吞滅四周物件的燄,在雅各中間焚燒。

4 他像仇敵拉,他的右手已經預備好。他像敵人把一切悅人眼目的都滅了;他如的忿怒倒在錫安居民(“居民”原文作“女子”)的帳棚上。

5 主好像成了仇敵;他滅了以色列和她所有的宮殿,毀壞了她的堅固城。他在猶大居民的中間,增添了悲哀和哭號。

6 他把自己的住所破壞,好像園子一樣;他毀壞了屬他的聚會之處。耶和華使節期和安息日都在錫安被忘記;他在他的盛怒中棄絕了君祭司

7 丟棄了自己的祭壇,厭棄了自己的聖所。他把宮殿的圍牆,交付在仇敵的裡;他們在耶和華的殿中喧嚷,好像慶祝節日一樣。

8 耶和華定意要拆毀錫安居民(“居民”原文作“女子”)的城牆;他拉了準繩,決不停,務要把它滅。他使堡壘和城牆都悲哀,一同受痛苦。

9 錫安的眾城已經陷入地裡;耶和華把錫安的閂都毀壞折斷了。錫安的君和領袖都身在列國中;錫安再沒有律法了;它的眾先知也得不到從耶和華而來的異象

10 錫安居民(“居民”原文作“女子”)的長老在地上,默默無聲;他們把塵灰撒在上,腰束麻布耶路撒冷處女都垂至地。

11 我的眼睛因流淚而失明,我的心腸激動,我的膽傾倒在地,都因我的子民(“我的子民”原文作“我子民的女子”)遭毀滅,孩童和嬰兒在城裡的街上昏倒。

12 他們像被刺傷的人昏倒在城裡街上的時候,他們在母親的裡快要喪命的時候,他們就問母親:“五穀和酒在哪裡呢?”

13 耶路撒冷的居民哪,我怎樣向你說明呢?用甚麼與你比較呢?錫安的居民哪,我們用甚麼跟你相比,好安慰你呢?你的裂口像那樣,誰能醫治你呢?

14 你的假先知為了你所見的異象,盡是虛謊和愚昧;他們沒有顯露你的罪孽,使你的命運得以挽回;他們為你所得的默示,全是虛謊,是引人走錯路的。

15 所有過的人,都拍掌嘲笑你;他們嗤笑耶路撒冷的居民,並搖:“被人稱為最完美,為全地所喜悅的,就是這城嗎?”

16 你所有的仇敵都張開攻擊你,他們嗤笑你,又咬:“我們滅它了!這真是我們期待的日子!我們等到了!親眼見了!”

17 耶和華作成了他定意去作的,成就了他的話,就是他昔日所宣告的,他把你拆毀,並不憐惜,他使仇敵因勝過你而高興,他高舉你敵人的角。

18 錫安居民(“居民”原文作“女子”)的城牆啊,你要一向主哀求;願你的眼淚像江般湧,晝夜不息;願你得不著歇息,願你眼中的瞳人不能休息。

19 夜裡每到交更的時分,你要起來呼喊;在主面前你要傾!你的孩童在各街上因飢餓而昏倒,你要為他們的性命向主舉手禱告。

20 耶和華啊,求你觀!求你鑒察!你曾這樣對待過誰呢?難道婦人應該掉自己所生的,就是自己所撫養的嬰孩嗎?難道祭司先知應該在主的聖所裡被殺害嗎?”

21 少年人和老年人都在街上倒臥在地死了;我的年輕男女都倒斃於刀下;在你忿怒的日子,你了他們,你屠了他們,毫不憐惜。

22 耶路撒冷的哀禱你從四圍招聚驚嚇我的,好像招聚人過節的日子一樣。在耶和華忿怒的日子,沒有人可以逃脫,可以生存。我所撫育、所養大的,我的仇敵都滅盡了。

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 120


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

天堂的奥秘 402, 414, 921, 1071, 1460, 2015, 2162, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 20, 49, 158, 166, 270, 285, 299, ...


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 69, 187, 195, 204, 304, 315, ...

Scriptural Confirmations 9, 78

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Word/Phrase Explanations

以色列
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...


The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...


The foot, as in Deuteronomy 33:3, signifies an inferior principle. To set the right foot on the sea and the left on the earth, as...

腳凳
A footstool, as in Psalm 132:7, signifies the Lord's church in the earths. A footstool, as in Psalm 110:1, signifies the lowest region under the...


To 'swallow' signifies natural truth.

雅各
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

猶大
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

國家
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...


Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...


A bow signifies falsity of doctrine destroying truth, and spear, the falsity of evil de­stroying good. (Jer. 6:23.)


'To slay a man to his wounding,' means extinguishing faith, and 'to slay a young man to his hurt,' signifies extinguishing charity, as in Genesis...


'A palace,' as in Psalm 144:12, represents the understanding in which truths have a beautiful form. They have a beautiful form when they are from...

安息日
In Exodus 31:13, 'verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep,' signifies continuous holy thought about the union of the Lord’s divine with His human.

忘記
To forget, in the internal sense, signifies nothing else but removal and apparent privation.


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

祭司
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.


The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...


Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

耶和華的
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

城牆
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...


"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

先知
The idea of a "prophet" is very closely tied to the idea of the Bible itself, since the Bible was largely written by prophets. At...

異象
Vision is the innermost revelation, which is of perception. Visions are according to the state of humankind. The visions of people whose interiors are closed,...

居民
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

長老
Elders are mentioned in the Bible mainly in two ways: First the elders of Israel: and second the 24 elders seated about the throne of...


If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...


The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

麻布
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

耶路撒冷
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

處女
'Virgins,' as in Revelation 14:4, signify people who love truths because they are truths, so from a spiritual affection. 'Virgin' signifies the church as a...

眼睛
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...


'The liver,' as in Exodus 29:13, signifies interior purification, and 'the caul above the liver,' the inferior good of the external or natural self.

嬰兒
The infants in the street,' in Jeremiah 9:21, signify truth beginning to grow.

母親
In general, mothers in the Bible represent the Lord's church on earth, or the church among those who know and follow the Lord. In some...


"Bosom" in general terms means the chest, but more as the seat of the emotions than simply as part of the body. You'd think of...

安慰
When the Bible talks about someone being comforted or consoled, it generally means that they are being offered ideas that will help bring them to...


Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...


The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...


These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....


As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...


In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...


'Tooth,' as in Exodus 21:24, denotes the exterior understanding, and natural truth.


To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

高興
To make glad signifies influx and reception from joy of heart.

敵人
Foes, or adversaries, denote the falsities of evil. Foes, or adversaries, when predicate of the Lord, signifies to avert falsities derived from evil.

敵人的
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...


The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

眼淚
'A tear' signifies grief because of a lack of understanding of truth.


A 'stream' signifies aspects of intelligence.


'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...


When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

年輕
"Youths" or "Young men" generally represent intelligence or the understanding of truth. This is fitting, since adolescent boys tend to be more advanced intellectually than...

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历代志下 36:17

Chinese: NCV (Traditional)         

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17 聖城淪陷,人民被擄(下25:1~21;耶52:4~27;拉1:1~4)耶和華使迦勒底人上來攻打他們,在他們的聖殿裡用刀了他們的壯丁,少男和少女以及年老衰弱的,他們都不憐惜;耶和華把所有這些人都交在迦勒底裡。

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Word/Phrase Explanations


The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

迦勒底
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...


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Apocalypse Explained # 413

Apocalypse Explained (Whitehead translation)      

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413. Verse 17. For the great day of His anger is come, signifies the Last Judgment upon the evil. This is evident from the following passages from the Word. The Last Judgment, which is signified by "the great day," is upon the evil and also upon the good; the judgment upon the evil is called "a day of indignation," "of wrath," "of anger," and "of vengeance," while the judgment upon the good is called "the time of the Lord's coming," "the year of His good pleasure," "the year of the redeemed," "the year of salvation. " Everyone, whether evil or good, is judged immediately after death, when he enters the spiritual world, where he is to live to eternity, for man is then immediately marked out either for heaven or for hell; he that is marked out for heaven is connected with some heavenly society into which he will afterwards come, and he that is marked out for hell is connected with the infernal society into which he will afterwards come. There is, however, an interval of time before they go thither, chiefly for the purpose of preparation; for the good, that the evils that adhere to them from the body in the world may be wiped away; and for the evil, that the goods that adhere to them outwardly from teachers and from religion may be taken away; according to the Lord's words in Matthew:

Whosoever hath, to him shall be given, that he may have more abundantly; whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath (Matthew 13:32; 25:29).

This delay occurs for this reason also, that the affections, which are of many kinds, may be so arranged and reduced to the ruling love that the man-spirit may become wholly his own love. Yet many of them, both evil and good, were reserved for the Last Judgment; but only such of the evil as from habit acquired in the world had been able to lead a moral life in externals, and such of the good as from ignorance and from their religion had been imbued with falsities; but the rest, when their time had been fulfilled, were separated from these, the good were elevated into heaven, and the evil were cast into hell, and this before the Last Judgment.

(Odkazy: Matthew 13:12; Revelation 6:17)


[2] The Last Judgment is called "the great day of the anger of God" because to the evil who are cast down into hell it appears as if it were God who did this from anger and wrath, for the destruction that then comes upon them comes from above, and also from the east where the Lord is as a sun, and they are then in terrors, griefs, and also in torments. But the Lord has no anger whatever, for He is love and mercy itself and good itself; and pure love and good itself cannot be angry; for this is contrary to its essence. But it so appears for this reason: when the last state is reached, which is when evils on the earth and at the same time then in the spiritual world have so increased that the supremacy inclines to their side, and thereby the equilibrium between heaven and hell is perishing, and this perishing, the heavens where the angels dwell begin to labor, then the Lord from the sun directs His energy, that is His love, to protecting the angels and restoring the state which labors and begins to totter; and by this energy and power Divine truth united to Divine good, which in its essence is Divine love, penetrates through the heavens to the places below, where the evil have associated themselves together; and because they cannot endure such influx and presence of the Divine love they begin to tremble, and to be in anguish and torment; for thereby the goods and truths which they have learned to feign by speech and action merely in externals, are dispersed, and their internals, which are nothing but evils and falsities, are opened; and as these are in direct opposition to the goods and truths that flow in from within, although they have made evils and falsities their life, they experience such tremor, anguish and torment, that they can no longer maintain themselves, therefore they flee away and cast themselves into the hells which are under the mountains and rocks, where they can be in evils and in the falsities of their evils. This in particular is signified by the words explained above, "They said to the mountains and to the rocks, Fall on us and hide us from the face of Him that sitteth on the throne, and from the anger of the Lamb."

[3] From this it can be seen why the words "the anger of the Lamb" are used, and why the Last Judgment is called "the great day of His anger," although it is the Divine love that is meant, the operation of which viewed in itself is to save all, for it is a will to save, thus not anger at all, but love. The like is true when an evil spirit who can feign himself an angel of light ascends into heaven. When he comes thither, as he cannot endure the Divine good and the Divine truth that are there, he begins to feel anguish and torment to the extent even that he casts himself down with all his might, nor does he rest until he is in the hell corresponding to his evil.

It is from this appearance, and because when they do evils they are punished, that indignation, anger, wrath, and even fury and vengeance, are so often in the Word attributed to Jehovah, that is, the Lord; but a presentation of all the passages where these are attributed to Jehovah, that is, to the Lord, is here omitted because there are so many of them, and a few only will be cited, in which the Last Judgment is called "the day of the indignation," "of the anger," "of the wrath," and "of the vengeance" of Jehovah and God, as in the following.

[4] In Isaiah:

Behold the day of Jehovah cometh, cruel and of indignation and of the glowing of anger, to lay the land waste, and He shall destroy its sinners out of it. I will make heaven to tremble, the land shall quake out of its place, in the indignation of Jehovah of Hosts, and in the day of the glowing of His anger (Isaiah 13:9, 13).

"A day cruel and of the glowing of Jehovah's anger" means the Last Judgment; and because it is evil that glows, and falsity that is angry, it is called "a day of the glowing of anger." "The land that shall be laid waste, and that shall quake out of its place," means the land that is in the spiritual world, for there are lands there the same as on our globe; and those lands, while the Last Judgment is going on, are "laid waste" and "quake out of their place," for the mountains and hills are then overturned, and the valleys sink down into marshes, and the face of all things there is changed. Nevertheless, "land" in the spiritual sense means the church everywhere, for in the spiritual world the face of the land is similar to the state of the church with those who dwell upon the land there, consequently when the church perishes the land also perishes, for they make one; and then in place of the former land a new one comes into existence; but these changes are unknown to us on our earth. Nevertheless they must be made known, in order that it may be understood what is meant by "the land shall be laid waste, and shall quake out of its place."

[5] In Zephaniah:

When the glowing of the anger of Jehovah hath not yet come upon you; when the day of the anger of Jehovah hath not yet come upon you, it may be ye shall be hid in the day of Jehovah's anger (Zephaniah 2:2-3).

Here, too, "the glowing of anger" and "the day of Jehovah's anger" mean the Last Judgment. In Lamentations:

He doth not remember the footstool of His feet in the day of His anger (Lamentations 2:1).

"The footstool of Jehovah's feet" means the worship of the Lord in the natural world, for the reason that the whole heaven, together with the church in the world, is before the Lord a semblance of one man (as may be seen in Heaven and Hell 78-86), the inmost heaven constituting the head, the other heavens the breast and legs, and the church on earth the feet; consequently the feet signify also the natural; moreover, the heavens rest upon the church which is with mankind as a man does upon his feet (as can be seen from what is shown in the same work, n. 87-102, also 291-302). Since the Last Judgment comes when there is no longer any faith because there is no charity, thus when the church is at an end, it is evident what is meant by "He doth not remember the footstool of His feet in the day of His anger." And elsewhere:

There was none that escaped nor any residue in the day of Jehovah's anger; those whom I brought up and nourished hath mine enemy consumed (Lamentations 2:22).

"The day of Jehovah's anger" is the Last Judgment; that there is then no longer any good of love nor any truth of faith in the church, but evil and falsity is signified by "there was none that escaped nor any residue; those whom I brought up and nourished hath mine enemy consumed;" "there was none that escaped nor any residue" signifying that there was no good nor truth; "whom I brought up and nourished" meaning those who are of the church, who have all spiritual food or the knowledge of good and truth from the Word; "the enemy that consumed them" meaning evil and falsity.

[6] In Revelation:

Thine anger came, the time of judging the dead, and of giving the reward to Thy servants, and to those that fear Thy name, and of destroying them that destroy the earth (Revelation 11:18).

This makes clear that "anger" or "the day of anger" means the Last Judgment, for it is said "Thine anger came, the time of judging the dead." In Isaiah:

The day of vengeance is in My heart, and the year of My redeemed hath come. I have trodden down the peoples in Mine anger, and made them drunk in My wrath (Isaiah 63:4, 6).

This treats of the combats of the Lord, by which He subjugated the hells, thus of a Last Judgment which was accomplished by Him when He was in the world; for by combats, which were temptations admitted into Himself, He subjugated the hells and wrought a Last Judgment. It is this judgment that is meant by "the day of Jehovah's anger and wrath" in the Word of the Old Testament; but the Last Judgment, which has at the present time been accomplished is meant by "the day of His anger" in Revelation. (That a Last Judgment was performed by the Lord when He was in the world, see Last Judgment 46.) The subjugation of the hells is here signified by "I have trodden them down in Mine anger, and have made them drunk in My wrath;" "the year of the redeemed" signifies the judgment upon the good who are saved.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 61:1-2)


[7] In the same:

The spirit of the Lord Jehovih is upon me, to proclaim the year of Jehovah's good pleasure, and the day of vengeance for our God; to comfort all that mourn (Isaiah 61:1, 2).

The day of vengeance of Jehovah, the year of retributions for the controversy of Zion (Isaiah 34:8).

"The day of vengeance of Jehovah," like "the day of His anger and wrath," signifies the Last Judgment. This is because vengeance is attributed to Jehovah or the Lord for the same reason anger and wrath are-namely, from the appearance that those who have denied the Divine and have been hostile in heart and mind to the goods and truths of the church, consequently hostile to the Lord who is the source of these, are cast down into hell (as are all who live wickedly). And because these are treated as enemies, vengeance, like anger, is attributed to the Lord (see above). "The year of retributions" signifies the like as "the day of vengeance," but it is predicated of falsities, while "the day of vengeance" is predicated of evils; "the controversy of Zion" signifies the rejection of the truth and good of the church; "Zion" meaning the church. In other places also, the time of the Last Judgment is called "the day of Jehovah," "the day of visitation," "the day of slaughter," and "the day of the coming":

The day of the Lord's coming (Malachi 3:2; Matthew 24:3, 27, 37, 39).

(Odkazy: Isaiah 61:1-2; Matthew 13:12)

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From Swedenborg's Works

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 407, 420, 425, 426, 489, 493, 497, 518, 608, 625, 657, 681, 687, 694, 697, 754, 821, 849, 850, 871, 929, 1004, 1047

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Foundation for their permission to use this translation.


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