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創世記 12

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1 亞伯蘭蒙神呼召耶和華亞伯蘭:“你要離開本地、本族、父家,到我指示你的地方去。

2 我必使你成為國,賜福給你,使你的名為,你也必使別人得福,

3 給你祝福的,我必賜福給他;咒詛你的,我必咒詛他;地上的萬族,都必因你得福。”

4 亞伯蘭就照著耶和華吩咐他的去了;羅得也和他同去。

5 亞伯蘭離開哈蘭的時候,已經七十五歲。亞伯蘭著他的妻子撒萊和姪兒羅得以及他們在哈蘭所積蓄的一切財物,和所獲得的人口,一同出,要到迦南地去。後他們到了迦南地。

6 亞伯蘭穿過那地,到了示劍的地方,摩利的橡樹那裡。當時,迦南人住在那地。

7 耶和華亞伯蘭顯現,:“我要把這地賜你的後裔。”亞伯蘭就在那裡為向他顯現的耶和華築了一座祭壇

8 後來他從那裡遷到伯特利東邊的地,搭起帳棚。西邊是伯特利,東邊是艾城;他在那裡也為耶和華築了一座祭壇,呼求耶和華的名。

9 亞伯蘭又起程,漸漸移到地去。

10 亞伯蘭埃及當時,那地發生饑荒,亞伯蘭埃及去,要在那裡寄居;因為那地的饑荒十分嚴重。

11 快要到達埃及的時候,亞伯蘭對他的妻子撒萊:“看哪,我知道你是個美貌的女人

12 埃及人見你的時候,必會:‘這是他的妻子’,他們就會我,卻叫你活著。

13 請你你是我的妹妹,使我因你的緣故可以平安無事,我的性命也可以因你的緣故得以保全。”

14 果然,亞伯蘭進入埃及的時候,埃及人就注視那女人,因為她十分美麗。

15 法老的一些大臣見了撒萊,就在法老面前稱讚她;於是那女人被帶進法老的宮裡去。

16 亞伯蘭因這女人的緣故就被優待,得了許多牛、公、母、僕婢和駱駝

17 耶和華因為亞伯蘭的妻子撒萊的緣故,就用嚴重的災病打擊法老和他的全家。

18 於是,法老亞伯蘭召了來,對他:“你向我作的是甚麼?你為甚麼不告訴我她是你的妻子呢?

19 你為甚麼她是你的妹妹,以致我娶了她作妻子呢?現在,你的妻子在這裡,帶她走吧!”

20 法老吩咐臣僕,他們就把亞伯蘭和他的妻子,以及他所有的一切都送走了。

  

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Exploring the Meaning of Genesis 12

     

Napsal(a) Joe David

The Inner Meaning of Genesis 12

In the previous chapter, Genesis 11, we met Abram for the first time, as his genealogy was traced down through the generations from Noah. Abram represents the beginning of a new spiritual state of humankind - a new church that would record preserve important external truths. Those external truths contained internal ones - true ideas about God the way people should live.

These external truths were encoded in stories, first preserved in oral traditions then in written scriptures in the time of Moses. In the current , Abram, goes, as commanded by God, the land of Canaan. In doing this, he effectively starts the Hebrew church (from Eber, Abraham's forebear).

All the geographic places in the land of Canaan its environs had been given spiritual significations by the people of the Most Ancient Church. In the new Word that would be written there, these places would be mentioned by name would signify spiritual ideas.

When Abraham is driven by famine in the land seek refuge in Egypt, it symbolizes a state of initial instruction for this new church. That early instruction is of an external type. Egypt, in the Word, represents scientific knowledge - the natural sciences - which teach the natural level in people.

There are two levels of "story" nested in the symbolism of the literal text. One is the spiritual story of humankind. Another, higher one, is the story of the inner spiritual process that would take place in the life of Jesus Christ. Both stories are traced out in Swedenborg's exegesis of the Word.

Here's an excerpt from his capstone work, True Christian Religion:

The Word has two senses hidden in its literal sense; these are called the spiritual the celestial senses. In the spiritual sense the contents of the Word refer chiefly the church in the celestial sense chiefly the Lord. Again in the spiritual sense its contents refer Divine truth in the celestial sense Divine good. (True Christian Religion 248)

A detailed description of the inner meaning of this chapter begins in Arcana Coelestia 1401. Here are some key excerpts:

AC 1401. True historical things begin here, all of which are representative, and each word significative. The things related in this chapter concerning Abram represent the Lord‘s state from earliest childhood up to youth. As the Lord was born in the same way as other men, He also advanced from an obscure state to one more lucid. "Haran" is the first state, which was obscure; " Shechem" is the second; "the oakgrove Moreh" is the third; "the mountain which had Bethel toward the sea and Ai on the east," is the fourth; and the "journey thence toward the south into Egypt," is the fifth.

AC 1402. The things told of Abram’s sojourn in Egypt represent and signify the Lord‘s first instruction. "Abram" is the Lord; " Sarai," as a wife, is truth to be adjoined to the celestial " Sarai," as a sister, is intellectual truth; "Egypt" is memory-knowledge (scientia). The progress from memory-knowledges (a scientificis) even to celestial truths is described; this was according to Divine order, that the Lord’s Human Essence might be conjoined with His Divine Essence, and at the same time become Jehovah.

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Genesis 12

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1 Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will shew thee:

2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:

3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.

4 So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran.

5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came.

6 And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land.

7 And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him.

8 And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar unto the LORD, and called upon the name of the LORD.

9 And Abram journeyed, going on still toward the south.

10 And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land.

11 And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon:

12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save thee alive.

13 Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee.

14 And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.

15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh: and the woman was taken into Pharaoh's house.

16 And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses, and camels.

17 And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram's wife.

18 And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife?

19 Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy wife, take her, and go thy way.

20 And Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all that he had.

  

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