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Leviticus 3

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1 And if his offering is given for a peace-offering; if he gives of the herd, male or female, let him give it without any mark on it, before the Lord.

2 And he is to put his hand on the head of his offering and put it to death at the door of the Tent of meeting; and Aaron's sons, the priests, are to put some of the blood on and round the altar.

3 And he is to give of the peace-offering, as an offering made by fire to the Lord; the fat covering the inside parts and all the fat on the inside parts,

4 And the two kidneys, and the fat on them, which is by the top part of the legs, and the fat joining the liver and the kidneys, he is to take away;

5 That it may be burned by Aaron's sons on the altar, on the burned offering which is on the wood on the fire: it is an offering made by fire of a sweet smell to the Lord.

6 And if what he gives for a peace-offering to the Lord is of the flock, let him give a male or female, without any mark on it.

7 If his offering is a lamb, then let it be placed before the Lord:

8 And he is to put his hand on the head of his offering and put it to death before the Tent of meeting; and Aaron's sons are to put some of its blood on and round the altar.

9 And of the peace-offering, let him give an offering made by fire to the Lord; the fat of it, all the fat tail, he is to take away near the backbone; and the fat covering the inside parts and all the fat on the inside parts,

10 And the two kidneys, with the fat on them, which is by the top part of the legs, and the fat joining the liver and the kidneys, he is to take away;

11 That it may be burned by the priest on the altar; it is the food of the offering made by fire to the Lord.

12 And if his offering is a goat, then let it be placed before the Lord,

13 And let him put his hand on the head of it and put it to death before the Tent of meeting; and the sons of Aaron are to put some of its blood on and round the altar.

14 And of it let him make his offering, an offering made by fire to the Lord; the fat covering the inside parts and all the fat on the inside parts,

15 And the two kidneys, with the fat on them, which is by the top part of the legs, and the fat joining the liver and the kidneys, let him take away;

16 That it may be burned by the priest on the altar; it is the food of the offering made by fire for a sweet smell: all the fat is the Lord's.

17 Let it be an order for ever, through all your generations, in all your houses, that you are not to take fat or blood for food.

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Explanation of Leviticus 3      

Napsal(a) Henry MacLagan

Verses 1-5. The subject of the entire chapter is the worship of the Lord from a state of freedom when regeneration is completed, and also occasionally during regeneration; and such worship from natural good is described

Verses 6-11. Then such worship from the good of innocence involved in charity, or love to the neighbour

Verses 12-16. And lastly, such worship from the good of faith, which is charity manifested through the understanding.

Verse 17. But in every state of the worship of the Lord, no one can appropriate either truth or good as his own independently of the Lord.

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Arcana Coelestia 2180


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Arcana Coelestia 353, 925, 1001, 2165, 3994, 4735, 5943, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 278, 379, 438, 468, 782

Conjugial Love 365

Divine Providence 231

True Christian Religion 706, 707

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 221


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Apocalypse Explained 167, 324, 329, 365, 504, 559, 725, ...

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Genesis 4:4, 9:4

Exodus 27:21, 28:43, 29:10, 13, 15, 19

Leviticus 1:3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 13, 17, 3:3, 16, 4:8, 10, 31, 6:15, 7:5, 11, 23, 26, 30, 36, 9:4, 10, 10:9, 16:25, 34, 17:3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14, 19:5, 26, 22:21, 23:14, 19, 24:9

Numbers 6:14, 7:17, 18:17, 28:2

Deuteronomy 12:16, 24

1 Samuel 2:15

2 Chronicles 29:35

Ezekiel 44:15

Acts of the Apostles 15:20

Významy biblických slov

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

herd
'A herd,' as mentioned in Genesis 32:7, denotes exterior or natural good, and also not good things.

male
Because of their understanding of spiritual marriage, the people of the Most Ancient church perceived 'male and female' as two faculties in the spiritual self:...

female
Because of their understanding of spiritual marriage, the people of the Most Ancient church perceived 'male and female' as two faculties in the spiritual self:...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

door
In a general sense, doors in the Bible represent the initial desires for good and concepts of truth that introduce people to new levels of...

tent
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

aaron
Aaron was the brother of Moses. He symbolizes two things, one during the first part of the exodus, when he was Moses' spokesperson, and another...

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

blood
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

fat
'Fat things full of marrow,' signify goods.

covering
The "high mountains being covered " (Gen. 7:19) signifies that all the good things of charity were extin­guished.

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

kidneys
'Kidneys,' as in Exodus 29:13, signify interior truths, or truths exploring, purifying, and correcting.

liver
'The liver,' as in Exodus 29:13, signifies interior purification, and 'the caul above the liver,' the inferior good of the external or natural self.

wood
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

fire
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

sweet
Sweet' signifies delightful things from the good of truth and the truth of good. Everything sweet in the natural world corresponds to delightful and pleasant...

smell
Fragrance means the affection of truth derived from good.

flock
It’s pretty easy for most people to read the Bible and get a sense for what “sheep” means without any help. They are simple, peaceful,...

near
'Near,' in the Word, signifies presence and conjunction. 'To be near' signifies being on internal levels. Near,' as in Genesis 19:20, signifies truth bordering upon...

food
To give food, as in Genesis 41:48, signifies to store up.

goat
From correspondences, a goat signifies the natural man. The goat which was sacrificed, as in Leviticus 16:5-10, signifies the natural man regarding a part purified,...

lord's
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

ever
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

generations
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

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Apocalypse Revealed # 782

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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782. 18:14 "The fruits that your soul longed for have gone from you, and all things rich and splendid have gone from you, and you shall find them no more at all." This symbolically means that all the blessings and felicities of heaven, including the external ones they wish for, will altogether fly away and be seen no longer, because these Roman Catholics do not have in them any celestial or spiritual affections for goodness and truth.

Fruits that the soul longs for symbolize nothing else than the blessings and felicities of heaven, because those are the fruits of everything having to do with the doctrine and worship that are the subject here, and because they are what people desire when they are dying, and also what they continue to desire when they first come into the spiritual world.

Things rich and splendid symbolize celestial and spiritual affections for goodness and truth - rich things affections for goodness, as we will show below, and splendid things affections for truth, which are called splendid because they develop in response to the light of heaven and its splendor in human minds, giving rise to an understanding of goodness and truth and so to wisdom.

To go and not be found anymore means symbolically that the blessings and felicities of heaven will fly away and be seen no longer, because the people here do not have any celestial or spiritual goodness and truth. Moreover, the blessings and felicities that they long for are called external, because the only blessings and felicities and affections that they long for are carnal and worldly ones, and consequently they are incapable of knowing the nature and character of the blessings and felicities that are called celestial and spiritual.

[2] But we will illustrate this by disclosing the lot of those people after death. When people impelled by a love of dominion from a love of self and so by a love of the world come from that religion into the spiritual world, as they do immediately after death, they all yearn for nothing else than dominion and the pleasures of the heart resulting from that dominion, and the pleasures of the body resulting from wealth. For a person's reigning love with its affections or lusts and desires awaits everyone after death. However, because a love of exercising dominion, springing from a love of self, over the sanctities of the church and heaven, all of which are Divine and the Lord's, is diabolical, therefore after a period of time these people are separated from their companions and cast down into various hells.

But even so, because in consequence of their religion they have participated in an external worship of God, they are first taught the nature and character of heaven, and the nature and character of the happiness of eternal life, that its blessings are pure blessings flowing in from the Lord into everyone in heaven in accordance with the character of the heavenly affection for goodness and truth in them. Yet because they have not turned to the Lord and so have not been conjoined with Him, and also lack any such affection for goodness and truth, they reject that instruction and turn away, and long for the pleasures of the love of self and the world then, which are merely natural and carnal. But because it is inherent in those pleasures to do evil, especially to people who worship the Lord, thus to angels in heaven, therefore they are deprived of those pleasures also and are thrust among their comrades in infernal workhouses in a contemptible and wretched state.

Still, these events befall them to the degree of their love of dominion over things that are Divine and the Lord's, which is the degree to which they rejected the Lord.

[3] It can now be seen from this that "the fruits that your soul longed for have gone from you, and all things rich and splendid have gone from you, and you shall find them no more at all," symbolically means that all the blessings and felicities of heaven, including the external ones they wish for, will altogether fly away and be seen no longer, because these Roman Catholics do not have in them any affections for goodness and truth.

That rich things 1 symbolize heavenly goods, and also affections for those goods and the delights of those affections, can be seen from the following passages:

Listen... to Me, eat what is good, that your soul may delight itself in richness. (Isaiah 55:2)

I will fill the soul of the priests with richness, and My people shall be satisfied with... goodness... (Jeremiah 31:14)

My soul shall be satisfied... with fatness and richness, and my mouth shall praise with singing lips. (Psalms 63:5)

They are filled with the richness of Your house, and You give them drink from the river of Your delights. (Psalms 36:8)

On this mountain Jehovah... will make for all people a feast of rich food..., of rich food full of marrow... (Isaiah 25:6)

They shall still have produce in old age; they shall be rich and green, to declare that Jehovah is upright. (Psalms 92:14-15)

(In the feast that Jehovah will make) you shall eat rich food till you are full, and drink blood till you are drunk... (Ezekiel 39:19)

(Jehovah) will regard your burnt offering as rich. (Psalms 20:3)

Because richness of fat symbolizes heavenly goodness, it was therefore a statute in Israel that all the fat of sacrificial animals should be burnt on the altar (Exodus 29:13, 22; Leviticus 1:8; 3:3-16; 4:8-35; 7:3-4, 30-31; 17:6).

In an opposite sense, the richness of fat symbolizes people who are nauseated at goodness, and who, because it is just too much, scorn it and reject it (Deuteronomy 32:15; Jeremiah 5:28; 50:11; Psalms 17:10; 20:3; 78:31; 119:70; and elsewhere).

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Footnotes:

1. Literally, "fat things." The original words in Hebrew and Greek, translated here as "rich" or "richness," mean literally "fat" or "fatness," but metaphorically "rich" or "richness."

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(Odkazy: Numbers 18:17-18)

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Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.


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