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Jeremiah 39

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1 And it came about, that when Jerusalem was taken, (in the ninth year of Zedekiah, king of Judah, in the tenth month, Nebuchadrezzar, king of Babylon, with all his army, came against Jerusalem, shutting it in on every side;

2 In the eleventh year of Zedekiah, in the fourth month, on the ninth day of the month, the town was broken into:)

3 All the captains of the king of Babylon came in and took their places in the middle doorway of the town, Nergal-shar-ezer, ruler of Sin-magir, the Rabmag, and Nebushazban, the Rab-saris, and all the captains of the king of Babylon.

4 And when Zedekiah, king of Judah, and all the men of war saw it, they went in flight from the town by night, by the way of the king's garden, through the doorway between the two walls: and they went out by the Arabah.

5 But the Chaldaean army went after them and overtook Zedekiah in the lowlands of Jericho: and they made him a prisoner and took him up to Nebuchadrezzar, king of Babylon, to Riblah in the land of Hamath, to be judged by him.

6 Then the king of Babylon put the sons of Zedekiah to death before his eyes in Riblah: and the king of Babylon put to death all the great men of Judah.

7 And more than this, he put out Zedekiah's eyes, and had him put in chains to take him away to Babylon.

8 And the Chaldaeans put the king's house on fire, as well as the houses of the people, and had the walls of Jerusalem broken down.

9 Then Nebuzaradan, the captain of the armed men, took away to Babylon as prisoners, all the rest of the workmen who were still in the town, as well as those who had given themselves up to him, and all the rest of the people.

10 But Nebuzaradan, the captain of the armed men, let the poorest of the people, who had nothing whatever, go on living in the land of Judah, and gave them vine-gardens and fields at the same time.

11 Now Nebuchadrezzar, king of Babylon, gave orders about Jeremiah to Nebuzaradan, the captain of the armed men, saying,

12 Take him and keep an eye on him and see that no evil comes to him; but do with him whatever he says to you.

13 So Nebuzaradan, the captain of the armed men, sent Nebushazban, the Rab-saris, and Nergal-shar-ezer, the Rabmag, and all the chief captains of the king of Babylon,

14 And they sent and took Jeremiah out of the place of the watchmen, and gave him into the care of Gedaliah, the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, to take him to his house: so he was living among the people.

15 Now the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah while he was shut up in the place of the armed watchmen, saying,

16 Go and say to Ebed-melech the Ethiopian, This is what the Lord of armies, the God of Israel, has said: See, my words will come true for this town, for evil and not for good: they will come about before your eyes on that day.

17 But I will keep you safe on that day, says the Lord: you will not be given into the hands of the men you are fearing.

18 For I will certainly let you go free, and you will not be put to the sword, but your life will be given to you out of the hands of your attackers: because you have put your faith in me, says the Lord.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 105


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 3448, 6442

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 39, 53

True Christian Religion 93, 158


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 409, 919, 1029

Marriage 93

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Word/Phrase Explanations

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

Judah
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

Month
'A month' has respect to the state of truth in a person. 'A month' signifies a full state. Month,' as in Genesis 29, signifies the...

babylon
Babylon was an ancient city built on the Euphrates river in what is now southern Iraq. It once was the capital of a great empire...

army
Forces denote the power of truth.

side
'Side' signifies good or spiritual love.

fourth
'The fourth watch' signifies the first state of the church at break of day, when good begins to act by truth.

town
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

captains
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

middle
'Middle' denotes what is primary, principal, or inmost.

doorway
"Gates" in ancient times had a significance that does not hold in the modern world. Cities then were enclosed by walls for protection; gates in...

Ruler
'A ruler' or 'governor' signifies goods of the church, and in the opposite sense, falsities.

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

saw
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

flight
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

night
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

way
In John 14:6, 'the way is doctrine,' 'the truth' is every thing pertaining to doctrine, and 'the life' is the essential good which is the...

Garden
A garden and paradise signify intellect and wisdom.

after
Behind, or after, (Gen. 16:13), signifies within or above, or an interior or superior principle.

lowlands
'A plain' signifies good and truth in the natural self, because 'the people who dwell in plains,' or 'beneath mountains and hills' are in the...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

jericho
Jericho' signifies instruction and also the good of life because no one can be instructed in the truths of doctrine but he who is in...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

sons
'Sons of the stranger' signify counterfeit truths, or falsities. 'Our sons' signify the doctrines of truth, and 'our daughters,' the doctrines of good, as in...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

chaldaeans
Chaldea was a land lying along the Euphrates river near its mouth, south of Babylon, part of what is now southern Iraq. It was a...

fire
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

houses
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

walls
'A wall' signifies truth in outer extremes. 'A wall,' as in Revelation 21, signifies the divine truth proceeding from the Lord, and so, the truth...

Vine
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

gardens
'Olive yards,' as in Amos 4:9, signify the celestial aspects of the church.

orders
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

Jeremiah
Jeremiah, in the Book of Jeremiah 1:1 and what follows, represents the Lord. (Arcana Coelestia 2838 [2]). In Jeremiah 13:7, he signifies the state of...

eye
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

see
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

evil
'Wickedness' signifies evil, and 'iniquity' signifies falsities.

sent
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

chief
'Officer' denotes doctrines or principles of interpretation.

Gedaliah
Gedaliah, king of Babel, as in Jeremiah 41:1, 8, signifies the profanation of good and truth.

son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

armies
Armies of the heavens and the sands of the sea ('Jeremiah 33:15-22') signify the knowledges of truth and good in the spiritual and natural ma{ign21}

god
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

good
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Komentář

 

The Word      

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A detail from the Winchester Bible, this shows God putting words in the mouth of Jeremiah.

In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents telling us not to hit each other and to use good manners, small truths that pretty much force us to behave decently. That continues in adulthood: You don't really want to get up and go to work, but you know you have to, so you do.

So we tend to think of truth as something thrust upon us by external forces, something we have to obey. If you think about it, though, that's really not the case. The love we have for our families, and our desire to care for them, leads to the idea that we have to get up and go to work. Our desire to make people happy around us leads to the idea that we should use good manners. They feel like external ideas, but we only follow them because of internal ideas we have, which come from our desires for good things.

Swedenborg takes that idea to its logical conclusion, regarding every expression of love, even the most elemental, as truth. This is a concept that stretches beyond our normal range of thought. It's easy us to see the statement "I love you" as a "truth," but in this deeper concept the look in our eyes, the warmth of our hugs, the tenderness of a touch is "truth" as well. Put simply, truth is love given form, and the more pure the form, the higher the truth.

With that idea, consider the love that the Lord has (or to say it better, the love that the Lord IS). It's the love that led to the creation of the universe and of reality itself, the love that inevitably led to the creation of humankind, the love that flows to each of us constantly, trying constantly to lead us to acceptance and to heaven. What is the truth flowing from that love; what is its expression? It blows the imagination to think about it, a truth that lies in every particle in the universe, that is intimately tied to every thought had every moment by everyone who has ever lived and will ever live, plans for each of us that extend to eternity and account for every choice we could ever make. To think of it another way, try to imagine the look in the Lord's eyes when He gazes on us, the sound of His voice when he speaks to us, an expression that would convey love greater than we can imagine.

Swedenborg calls this "Divine Truth." And when the Bible uses the term "the Word," that's what it means.

With that in mind, consider the beautiful but cryptic statements of John 1:1: "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God." God's love has always been and will always be, infinite and perfect. That means the expression of God's love – His truth – has also always been and will always be, infinite and perfect. It is His form; it is Him.

Swedenborg tells us that the Lord has shared this truth with us in various ways since the beginning of humanity. The earliest people, those of the Most Ancient Church, got it automatically, flowing into the inner parts of their minds through heaven. Later, in the Ancient Church, people understood it through nature, seeing the Lord's love expressed in mountains, trees, rivers and movements of the the sun, moon and stars. By using natural language as a container for spiritual language, the Lord expressed that truth within the Bible, inside its stories, laws and prophecies. Then, with humanity at its lowest point, He gave the world His truth in human form as Jesus, so that by accepting and loving Him as Jesus we can open ourselves to His love. Finally, Swedenborg says that his written works - which he says came from the Lord - are themselves a container for Divine Truth, both in speaking plainly about heaven and by unlocking the truth as it is contained in the Bible.

Despite those varied containers and modes of expression, however, the Word itself – the Divine Truth; the Lord's love expressed – has never changed and will never change, as perfect and infinite as the love it holds.

(Odkazy: John 1:1)



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