Hosea 7

Arabic: Smith & Van Dyke         

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1 حينما كنت اشفي اسرائيل أعلن اثم افرايم وشرور السامرة فانهم قد صنعوا غشا. السارق دخل والغزاة نهبوا في الخارج.

2 ولا يفتكرون في قلوبهم اني قد تذكرت كل شرهم. الآن قد احاطت بهم افعالهم. صارت امام وجهي

3 بشرّهم يفرّحون الملك وبكذبهم الرؤساء.

4 كلهم فاسقون كتنور محمى من الخباز. يبطّل الايقاد من وقتما يعجن العجين الى ان يختمر.

5 يوم ملكنا يمرض الرؤساء من سورة الخمر. يبسط يده مع المستهزئين.

6 لانهم يقربون قلوبهم في مكيدتهم كالتنور. كل الليل ينام خبازهم وفي الصباح يكون محمى كنار ملتهبة.

7 كلهم حامون كالتنور واكلوا قضاتهم. جميع ملوكهم سقطوا. ليس بينهم من يدعو اليّ

8 افرايم يختلط بالشعوب. افرايم صار خبز ملّة لم يقلب.

9 اكل الغرباء ثروته وهو لا يعرف وقد رشّ عليه الشيب وهو لا يعرف.

10 وقد أذلّت عظمة اسرائيل في وجهه وهم لا يرجعون الى الرب الههم ولا يطلبونه مع كل هذا.

11 وصار افرايم كحمامة رعناء بلا قلب. يدعون مصر. يمضون الى اشور.

12 عندما يمضون ابسط عليهم شبكتي. القيهم كطيور السماء. أودّبهم بحسب خبر جماعتهم

13 ويل لهم لانهم هربوا عني. تبّا لهم لانهم اذنبوا اليّ. انا افديهم وهم تكلموا عليّ بكذب.

14 ولا يصرخون اليّ بقلوبهم حينما يولولون على مضاجعهم. يتجمعون لاجل القمح والخمر ويرتدّون عني.

15 وانا انذرتهم وشددت اذرعهم وهم يفكرون عليّ بالشر.

16 يرجعون ليس الى العلي. قد صاروا كقوس مخطئة. يسقط رؤساؤهم بالسيف من اجل سخط ألسنتهم. هذا هزؤهم في ارض مصر

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Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 190

Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 870, 1165, 1186, 2588, 2799, 5354, 6377, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 164, 316, 382, 503, 624, 924

Divine Providence 284

Sacred Scripture 79

True Christian Religion 318, 322

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 193, 376, 481, 540, 654, 866, 1005, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 19, 54, 99

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by Caleb Kerr

The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love of self or the world, riches and things. When the psalmist asks the Lord to search his heart, he wants the Lord to see what it is that he loves. And we are what we love. What we eat may form our earthly body, but it's only temporary, what we love forms our spiritual body, beautiful or ugly as we have chosen.

It's interesting to note that the first multi-cellular motion of our embryo is the pulsating that starts in a twist of blood vessel that is to become our heart, and the last motion of our natural body is our heartbeat. It is there for all of our natural life. And of course there is a beating heart in our spiritual bodies when we come to put them on.

It is hard to think of the uses of the heart in the body without also thinking of the lungs. The heart circulates the blood to give life to the whole body but unless that blood is sent first to the lungs to be oxygenated and purged of injurious gases it would be useless. These two organs work together, and they are nested together with the heart lying between the two lungs, and each feels the others motion. These two represent our love and our wisdom, and just as our loves need to be purified of injurious things by our understanding of truth, and charged wit the knowledge of how to actually do the activities it longs for, so the love and wisdom, or will and understanding, work exactly like our heart and lungs. In truth it goes deeper than that. Our will and understanding are created in "the image and likeness" of God's Divine will and Divine understanding, and our hearts and our lungs function the way they do to mirror that on the lowest level of creation.

There is always more to be said, more connections to be made. See "Church" and "Grand man".

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 637, 9050, 9276 [6]; Divine Love and Wisdom 399)

Ze Swedenborgových děl


Arcana Coelestia # 6377

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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6377. 'He washes his clothing in wine' means that His Natural consists in Divine Truth from His Divine Good. This is clear from the meaning of 'washing' as purifying, dealt with in 3147; from the meaning of 'wine' as the good of love towards the neighbour and the good of faith, and in the highest sense as Divine Truth from the Lord's Divine Good, dealt with below; and from the meaning of 'clothing' as the exterior which covers the interior, dealt with in 5248, thus the natural since this is exterior and covers the rational, which is interior. Therefore 'clothing' also means truth since this is exterior and covers good, which is interior, 2576, 4545, 4763, 5319, 5954.

[2] The fact that 'wine' means love towards the neighbour and the good of faith may be recognized from what has been shown regarding the bread and wine in the Holy Supper, in 2165, 2177, 3464, 4581, 5915. These paragraphs show that 'bread' is the good of celestial love, and that 'wine' is the good of spiritual love. The same may also be recognized from the minchah and the drink-offering in sacrifices. The minchah in them meant the good of love, and the drink-offering the good of faith. The minchah consisted of the kinds of things that meant the good of love, while the drink-offering consisted of wine that meant the good of faith. The sacrifices themselves were also called 'bread', 2165. For the use in sacrifices of a drink-offering consisting of wine, see Exodus 29:40; Leviticus 23:12-13, 18-19; Numbers 15:2-15; 28:6-7, 18-end; 29:1-7 and following verses.

(Odkazy: Numbers 28:18-31)

[3] The meaning that 'wine' has of love towards the neighbour and the good of faith is also evident in Isaiah,

Everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! And come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Isaiah 55:1.

No one can fail to see that they did not have to buy wine and milk, but that they were to acquire what is meant by 'wine and milk', which is love towards the neighbour and faith. These gifts come from the Lord 'without money and without price'.

[4] In Hosea,

Threshing-floor and winepress will not feed them, and new wine will be deceptive to her. 1 Ephraim will return to Egypt, and in Assyria they will eat what is unclean. They will not pour libations of wine to Jehovah, their sacrifices will not be pleasing to Him. Hosea 9:1-4.

Here also in the internal sense reference is made to the good of love and the good of faith, to the demise of them. The good of love is meant by 'threshing-floor' by virtue of the grain there and the bread made from it, while the good of faith is meant by 'winepress', 'new wine', and 'libation of wine'. 'Ephraim will return to Egypt' stands for the fact that the understanding would resort to factual knowledge for advice concerning the arcana of faith; 'in Assyria they will eat what is unclean' stands for that which is the outcome of consequent false reasoning - 'Ephraim' being the area of understanding in the Church, see 5754, 6112, 6238, 6267; 'Egypt' the area of factual knowledge, 1164, 1165, 1186, 1462, 5702; and 'Assyria' that of reasoning, 1186. The line of thought in this passage also shows that the words used here contain something more than what one sees in the letter. For everything hangs together in the internal sense, but not so in the external sense, for example when it says that 'threshing-floor and winepress will not feed them, and new wine will be deceptive to her', immediately followed by 'Ephraim will return to Egypt, and in Assyria they will eat what is unclean'. Moreover, without the internal sense what meaning would Ephraim's return to Egypt and their eating in Assyria what is unclean have?

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1164-1165, Arcana Coelestia 5354, 6222; Hosea 9:2-4)

[5] 'Winepress' and 'wine' are also used in Jeremiah to describe the demise of mutual love and the good of faith,

He who lays waste has fallen on your vintage, therefore joy and gladness have been plucked from Carmel, and from the land of Moab, for I have made the wine cease from the winepresses; none will tread the headed. 2 Jeremiah 48:32-33.

[6] The fact that 'wine' means the good of mutual love and of faith is also evident in John,

I heard a voice from the midst of the four living creatures, saying, Do no harm to oil and wine. Revelation 6:6.

[7] 'Oil' stands for the good of celestial love, and 'wine' for the good of spiritual love.

'Oil' and 'wine' have a similar meaning in the Lord's parable of the Good Samaritan in Luke,

A certain Samaritan was journeying, and seeing him who had been wounded by the robbers was moved with compassion for him; going therefore to him, he bandaged his wounds, and poured on oil and wine. Luke 10:33-34.

'He poured on oil and wine' means that he performed the works of love and charity, 'oil' being the good of love, see 886, 3728. A like meaning was involved in the practice of the ancients, who poured oil and wine onto a pillar when they consecrated it, Genesis 35:14-4581, Genesis 35:4582.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4581-4582, Genesis 35:14)

[8] The fact that 'wine' means the good of love and faith is evident from the words the Lord used when He instituted the Holy Supper. He said then regarding the wine,

I tell you that I shall not drink from now on of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father's kingdom. Matthew 26:29; Luke 22:17-18.

Anyone can see that He was not about to drink wine in that kingdom, but that the good of love and faith is meant, which He was about to impart to those who belonged to His kingdom. Much the same is meant by 'wine' in Isaiah 24:9, 11; Lamentations 2:11-12; Hosea 14:7; Amos 9:13-14; Zechariah 9:15-16; Luke 5:37-39.

(Odkazy: Zechariah 9:15, 9:17)

[9] Since 'wine' means the good of love and faith, Divine Truth from the Lord's Divine Good is therefore meant in the highest sense, for that Truth, when it flows into a person and is accepted by him, brings him the good of love and faith.

[10] Since most things in the Word also have a contrary meaning, so too does 'wine', the contrary meaning of which is falsity from evil, as in Isaiah,

Woe to those who rise in the morning around dawn, and then follow strong drink, who continue into dusk, so that wine may inflame them! Woe to heroes at drinking wine, and to valiant men in mixing strong drink! Isaiah 5:11, 22

In the same prophet,

Also these err through wine, and go astray through strong drink. The priest and the prophet err through strong drink. They are swallowed up by wine, they go astray through strong drink. They err among the seers, they are tottery in judgement. Isaiah 28:7.

In the same prophet,

The shepherds know no understanding, they all look to their own way. Come, I will get wine, and we will be drunken from strong drink; and let there be tomorrow, as there is this day, great abundance. Isaiah 56:11-12.

In addition to these places 'wine' is used with the contrary meaning in Jeremiah 13:12; Hosea 4:11; 7:5; Amos 2:8; Micah 2:11; Psalms 75:8; Deuteronomy 32:33.

Falsity from evil is also meant by the cup of the wine of wrath in Jeremiah 25:15-16; Revelation 14:8, 10; 16:19; the winepress of the wrath of God's anger, Revelation 19:15; and the wine of whoredom, Revelation 17:2; 18:3.


1. The Latin means them but the Hebrew means her, which Swedenborg has in other places where he quotes this verse, as well as possibly here in his rough draft.


(Odkazy: Genesis 49:8-12)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 6378, 8481, 8568, 8904, 9003, 9057, 9139, 9223, 9296, 9320, 9331, 9544, 9780, 9960, 10040, 10079, 10137

The White Horse 9

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 219, 258

References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 252, 376, 433, 447, 475, 918

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.