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Exodus 19

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1 في الشهر الثالث بعد خروج بني اسرائيل من ارض مصر في ذلك اليوم جاءوا الى برية سيناء.

2 ارتحلوا من رفيديم وجاءوا الى برية سيناء فنزلوا في البرية. هناك نزل اسرائيل مقابل الجبل

3 واما موسى فصعد الى الله. فناداه الرب من الجبل قائلا هكذا تقول لبيت يعقوب وتخبر بني اسرائيل.

4 انتم رأيتم ما صنعت بالمصريين. وانا حملتكم على اجنحة النسور وجئت بكم اليّ.

5 فالآن ان سمعتم لصوتي وحفظتم عهدي تكونون لي خاصة من بين جميع الشعوب. فان لي كل الارض.

6 وانتم تكونون لي مملكة كهنة وامة مقدسة. هذه هي الكلمات التي تكلّم بها بني اسرائيل

7 فجاء موسى ودعا شيوخ الشعب ووضع قدامهم كل هذه الكلمات التي اوصاه بها الرب.

8 فاجاب جميع الشعب معا وقالوا كل ما تكلم به الرب نفعل. فرد موسى كلام الشعب الى الرب.

9 فقال الرب لموسى ها انا آت اليك في ظلام السحاب لكي يسمع الشعب حينما اتكلم معك فيؤمنوا بك ايضا الى الابد. واخبر موسى الرب بكلام الشعب.

10 فقال الرب لموسى اذهب الى الشعب وقدسهم اليوم وغدا. وليغسلوا ثيابهم.

11 ويكونوا مستعدين لليوم الثالث. لانه في اليوم الثالث ينزل الرب امام عيون جميع الشعب على جبل سيناء.

12 وتقيم للشعب حدودا من كل ناحية قائلا احترزوا من ان تصعدوا الى الجبل او تمسوا طرفه. كل من يمسّ الجبل يقتل قتلا.

13 لا تمسه يد بل يرجم رجما او يرمى رميا. بهيمة كان ام انسانا لا يعيش. اما عند صوت البوق فهم يصعدون الى الجبل

14 فانحدر موسى من الجبل الى الشعب وقدّس الشعب وغسلوا ثيابهم.

15 وقال للشعب كونوا مستعدين لليوم الثالث. لا تقربوا امرأة.

16 وحدث في اليوم الثالث لما كان الصباح انه صارت رعود وبروق وسحاب ثقيل على الجبل وصوت بوق شديد جدا. فارتعد كل الشعب الذي في المحلّة.

17 واخرج موسى الشعب من المحلّة لملاقاة الله. فوقفوا في اسفل الجبل.

18 وكان جبل سيناء كله يدخن من اجل ان الرب نزل عليه بالنار. وصعد دخانه كدخان الأتون وارتجف كل الجبل جدا.

19 فكان صوت البوق يزداد اشتدادا جدا وموسى يتكلم والله يجيبه بصوت

20 ونزل الرب على جبل سيناء الى راس الجبل. ودعا الله موسى الى راس الجبل. فصعد موسى.

21 فقال الرب لموسى انحدر حذّر الشعب لئلا يقتحموا الى الرب لينظروا فيسقط منهم كثيرون.

22 وليتقدس ايضا الكهنة الذين يقتربون الى الرب لئلا يبطش بهم الرب.

23 فقال موسى للرب لا يقدر الشعب ان يصعد الى جبل سيناء. لانك انت حذرتنا قائلا أقم حدودا للجبل وقدسه.

24 فقال له الرب اذهب انحدر ثم اصعد انت وهرون معك. واما الكهنة والشعب فلا يقتحموا ليصعدوا الى الرب لئلا يبطش بهم.

25 فانحدر موسى الى الشعب وقال لهم

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Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 901, 1416, 1861, 2332, 2788, 2842, 3901, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 24, 166, 236, 336, 378, 397, 505, ...

Doctrine of Life 59

True Christian Religion 284


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 55, 78, 179, 195, 273, 281, 405, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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Apocalypse Revealed # 336

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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336. And every mountain and island was moved out of its place. This symbolically means that all goodness of love and truth of faith vanished.

No one can see that this is the symbolic meaning except by recourse to the spiritual sense. It is the symbolic meaning because mountains mean people who possess the goodness of love, inasmuch as angels dwell upon mountains - those motivated by love toward the Lord on loftier mountains, and those motivated by love for the neighbor on less lofty ones. Consequently "every mountain" symbolizes all goodness of love. Islands mean people relatively removed from the worship of God, as may be seen in no. 34 above - here people who are impelled by faith, and not so much by the goodness of love. Therefore in an abstract sense "every island" means, symbolically, all truth of faith. To be moved out of their places means, symbolically, to go away.

It derives from the abodes of angels on mountains and hills, therefore, that mountains and hills in the Word symbolize heaven and the church where love toward the Lord and love for the neighbor are found, and in an opposite sense, hell where self-love and love of the world are found.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 40:3-4; Jeremiah 35:19; Psalms 121:2; Revelation 6:14)


[2] It is apparent from the following passages that mountains and hills symbolize heaven and the church where love toward the Lord and love for the neighbor are found, thus where the Lord is present:

Lift up your eyes to the mountains, whence comes your help. (Psalms 121:1)

Behold, on the mountains the feet of him who proclaims... peace! (Nahum 1:15, cf. Isaiah 52:7)

Praise Jehovah..., you mountains and... hills...! (Psalms 148:7, 9)

A mountain of God is the mountain of Bashan; a mountain of hills is the mountain of Bashan. Why do you leap, you mountains, you hills of the mountain? Jehovah has desired to inhabit them; (Jehovah) also will inhabit them forever. (Psalms 68:15-16)

The mountains skipped like rams, the hills like the young of the flock... You travail, O earth, at the presence of the Lord... (Psalms 114:4-7)

I will bring forth a seed from Jacob, and from Judah an heir of My mountains, that My elect may inherit them, and My servants dwell there. (Isaiah 65:9)

(In the consummation of the age:) then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. (Matthew 24:16)

(O Jehovah,) Your righteousness is as the mountains of God. (Psalms 36:6)

Jehovah will go forth and fight... In that day His feet will stand on the Mount of Olives, opposite Jerusalem on the east. (Zechariah 14:3-4)

(Odkazy: Matthew 26:30)


[3] Since the Mount of Olives symbolized Divine love, therefore during the days the Lord preached in the Temple, but during the nights He went out and spent the night on the Mount of Olives (Luke 21:37; 22:39, John 8:1). And therefore the Lord spoke upon that mountain with His disciples regarding His coming and the end of the age (Matthew 24:3, Mark 13:3-4).

Since a mountain symbolized heaven and love, therefore Jehovah came down upon the top of Mount Sinai and proclaimed the Law (Exodus 19:20; 24:17). And therefore the Lord was transfigured before Peter, James and John on a high mountain (Matthew 17:1). Therefore Zion also was located on a mountain, and so, too, Jerusalem, and the two were called the mountain of Jehovah and the mountain of holiness in many places in the Word.

Mountains and hills have similar symbolic meanings elsewhere, as in Isaiah 7:25; 30:25; 40:9; 44:23; 49:11, 13; 55:12; Jeremiah 16:15-16; Psalms 65:6; 80:10; 104:5-10, 13.

(Odkazy: Amos 4:1, 4:13, 9:13-14; Ezekiel 36:8; Joel 3:17-18; Luke 19:29, 19:37; Mark 11:1, 13:3, 14:26; Matthew 21:1, Matthew 26:30; Psalms 80:8)


[4] That mountains and hills symbolize these loves can be seen still more clearly from their opposite meaning, in which they symbolize hellish loves, namely, self-love and a love of the world, as is apparent from the following passages:

...the day of Jehovah... shall come... upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills that are lifted up... (Isaiah 2:12, 14)

Every valley shall be exalted and every mountain and hill brought low. (Isaiah 40:4)

The mountains shall be overthrown, and its ascents shall fall... (Ezekiel 38:20-21)

Behold, I am against you, O... mountain, that destroys all the earth... ...I will make you a burnt mountain. (Jeremiah 51:25)

I beheld the mountains, and, lo, they are shaken, and all the hills are overthrown. (Jeremiah 4:23-25)

...a fire is kindled in my anger..., and it will set on fire the foundations of the mountains. (Deuteronomy 32:22)

I will lay waste the mountains and hills... (Isaiah 42:15)

Behold, (O Jacob,) I will make you like a threshing sledge... that you may thresh the mountains and crush them, and make the hills like chaff..., that the wind may carry them away. (Isaiah 41:15-16)

Give glory to Jehovah... before your feet stumble on the dark mountains... (Jeremiah 13:16)

Nor is anything else meant by the seven mountains on which the woman - namely Babylon - sat (Revelation 17:9). And so also elsewhere, as in Isaiah 14:13; Jeremiah 50:6; 9:10; Ezekiel 6:2-3; 34:6.

It can now be seen from this what is meant by the statement that "every mountain and island was moved out of its place," and later by the statement that "every island fled away, and the mountains were not found" (Revelation 16:20, no. 714).

(Odkazy: Ezekiel 6:3, 6:13; Isaiah 40:3-4; Jeremiah 35:19; Micah 6:1-2; Nahum 1:5-6; Psalms 46:2-3, Psalms 121:2; Revelation 6:14)

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Inbound References:

Apocalypse Revealed 295, 339, 403, 612, 737


Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.


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