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Daniel 8

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1 في السنة الثالثة من ملك بيلشاصر الملك ظهرت لي انا دانيال رؤيا بعد التي ظهرت لي في الابتداء

2 فرأيت في الرؤيا وكان في رؤياي وانا في شوشن القصر الذي في ولاية عيلام. ورأيت في الرؤيا وانا عند نهر أولاي

3 فرفعت عينيّ ورأيت واذا بكبش واقف عند النهر وله قرنان والقرنان عاليان والواحد اعلى من الآخر والاعلى طالع اخيرا.

4 رأيت الكبش ينطح غربا وشمالا وجنوبا فلم يقف حيوان قدامه ولا منقذ من يده وفعل كمرضاته وعظم.

5 وبينما كنت متأملا اذا بتيس من المعز جاء من المغرب على وجه كل الارض ولم يمسّ الارض وللتيس قرن معتبر بين عينيه.

6 وجاء الى الكبش صاحب القرنين الذي رايته واقفا عند النهر وركض اليه بشدة قوته.

7 ورأيته قد وصل الى جانب الكبش فاستشاط عليه وضرب الكبش وكسر قرنيه فلم تكن للكبش قوة على الوقوف امامه وطرحه على الارض وداسه ولم يكن للكبش منقذ من يده.

8 فتعظم تيس المعز جدا ولما اعتزّ انكسر القرن العظيم وطلع عوضا عنه اربعة قرون معتبرة نحو رياح السماء الاربع.

9 ومن واحد منها خرج قرن صغير وعظم جدا نحو الجنوب ونحو الشرق ونحو فخر الاراضي.

10 وتعظم حتى الى جند السموات وطرح بعضا من الجند والنجوم الى الارض وداسهم.

11 وحتى الى رئيس الجند تعظم وبه ابطلت المحرقة الدائمة وهدم مسكن مقدسه.

12 وجعل جند على المحرقة الدائمة بالمعصية فطرح الحق على الارض وفعل ونجح.

13 فسمعت قدوسا واحدا يتكلم فقال قدوس واحدا لفلان المتكلم الى متى الرؤيا من جهة المحرقة الدائمة ومعصية الخراب لبذل القدس والجند مدوسين.

14 فقال لي الى الفين وثلاث مئة صباح ومساء فيتبرأ القدس

15 وكان لما رأيت انا دانيال الرؤيا وطلبت المعنى اذا بشبه انسان واقف قبالتي.

16 وسمعت صوت انسان بين أولاي فنادى وقال يا جبرائيل فهّم هذا الرجل الرؤيا.

17 فجاء الى حيث وقفت ولما جاء خفت وخررت على وجهي. فقال لي افهم يا ابن آدم ان الرؤيا لوقت المنتهى.

18 واذ كان يتكلم معي كنت مسبخا على وجهي الى الارض فلمسني واوقفني على مقامي.

19 وقال هانذا اعرّفك ما يكون في آخر السخط. لان لميعاد الانتهاء.

20 اما الكبش الذي رأيته ذا القرنين فهو ملوك مادي وفارس.

21 والتيس العافي ملك اليونان والقرن العظيم الذي بين عينيه هو الملك الاول.

22 واذا انكسر وقام اربعة عوضا عنه فستقوم اربع ممالك من الامة ولكن ليس في قوته.

23 وفي آخر مملكتهم عند تمام المعاصي يقوم ملك جافي الوجه وفاهم الحيل.

24 وتعظم قوته ولكن ليس بقوته. يهلك عجبا وينجح ويفعل ويبيد العظماء وشعب القديسين.

25 وبحذاقته ينجح ايضا المكر في يده ويتعظم بقلبه وفي الاطمئنان يهلك كثيرين ويقوم على رئيس الرؤساء وبلا يد ينكسر.

26 فرؤيا المساء والصباح التي قيلت هي حق. اما انت فاكتم الرؤيا لانها الى ايام كثيرة.

27 وانا دانيال ضعفت ونحلت اياما ثم قمت وباشرت اعمال الملك وكنت متحيّرا من الرؤيا ولا فاهم

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 411, 1664, 2832, 10042, 10455

De Verbo (The Word) 5

Faith 63

Heaven and Hell 171

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 179

True Christianity 851

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 38


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 22, 1458, 1808, 2333, 2405, 2495, 2547, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 34, 36, 51, 151, 270, 447, 541, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 83, 85

Conjugial Love 26

Divine Providence 134

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 28, 52

Faith 61, 65, 66, 67

The Last Judgment (Continuation) 13

True Christianity 157, 537, 764


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 50, 63, 72, 179, 316, 412, 418, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5

De Verbo (The Word) 15

Last Judgment (Posthumous) 220

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Word/Phrase Explanations

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وجه
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قرون
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واحد
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رئيس
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الحق
There's a great deal of talk in Swedenborg about "truth" as a concept – it's how we learn the Lord's will, what we must seek...

صباح
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

صوت
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

خفت
For something to “fail” in the Bible means there is not enough understanding of truth and desire for good for someone to attain a higher...

ابن
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اليونان
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ينجح
'To be made to prosper' signifies being provided for. Which is why 'Jehovah made it prosper in his hand' means Divine Providence. 

يد
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المساء
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Arcana Coelestia # 8211

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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8211. 'And so it was in the morning watch' means a state of thick darkness and perdition for those steeped in falsity arising from evil, and a state of enlightenment and salvation for those guided by truth springing from good. This is clear from the meaning of 'the morning watch' as a state of enlightenment and salvation, and in the contrary sense as a state of thick darkness and perdition. The reason why 'the morning watch' has this meaning is that states of faith and love in the next life are like the times of day in the world. That is to say, they are like morning, midday, evening, and night; and these therefore also correspond to those states, 2788, 5672, 5862, 6110. The states also change in almost the same ways. Whenever change takes place morning, and in particular twilight, is an end and a beginning; for night comes to an end and day begins. In that state to which morning corresponds the good begin to be enlightened in matters of faith and to grow warmer in aspects of charity. The opposite also takes place, for then the evil begin to be overshadowed by falsities and to be chilled by evils. Consequently morning for the latter is a state of thick darkness and perdition, but for the former a state of enlightenment and salvation.

[2] These states in heaven are what give rise to the states of light and heat on earth, and also the states of thick darkness and cold, which come round in turn each year and each day. Whatever arises in the natural world has its origin and cause in those things that arise in the spiritual world; for to be sure the whole natural order is nothing other than a theatre representative of the Lord's kingdom, 3483, 4939, 5173, 5962. And this is the reason for correspondences. Variations of light and shade on earth, also of heat and cold, are indeed attributable to the sun, that is to say, to its different heights in the sky each year and each day, and in different parts of the earth. Yet these causes, which are proximate ones and exist in the natural world, were created in accordance with those things that exist in the spiritual world. The latter are the prior efficient causes from which the former, their posterior causes, arise in the natural world. For nothing in a state of order can ever exist on a natural level if its cause and origin do not lead back to a spiritual level, that is, to the Divine operating through that level.

[3] Since 'the morning' means the beginning of enlightenment and salvation in respect of the good, and the beginning of thick darkness and perdition in respect of the evil, it therefore says here that in the morning watch Jehovah looked out onto the camp of the Egyptians and troubled it, and then that He took off the wheels of the chariots, and overturned them into the middle of the sea, while on the other hand He saved the children of Israel. All this now makes plain what is meant in the spiritual sense by the following texts in the Word: In Isaiah,

In the day you will cause your plant to grow, and in the morning your seed to flourish. Isaiah 17:11.

In the same prophet,

Around evening time, behold, terror! Before the morning, he is no more. Isaiah 17:14.

In the same prophet,

O Jehovah, be their arm every morning, also our salvation in the time of distress. Isaiah 33:2.

In Ezekiel,

Thus said the Lord Jehovih, An evil, a single evil; behold, it has come. An end has come, the end has come; the morning has come on you, O inhabitant of the land, a day of tumult is near. Ezekiel 7:5-7.

In Hosea,

Thus He did to you, O Bethel, 1 on account of your great wickedness; 2 in the morning the king of Israel will surely be cut off. Hosea 10:15

In David,

Cause me to hear Your mercy in the morning; deliver me from my enemies, O Jehovah. Psalms 143:8-9.

Also in Genesis 19:15 and following verses, stating that when dawn ascended the Lord saved Lot and rained brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah.

(Odkazy: Genesis 19:15-17, Genesis 19:24)


[4] Since 'morning' means a state of enlightenment and salvation of the good, and a state of thick darkness and perdition of the evil, 'morning' also means the time of the last judgement, when those governed by good are to be saved and those ruled by evil will perish. It consequently means the end of a former Church and the beginning of a new Church, which are meant by a last judgement in the Word, 900, 931, 1733, 1850, 2117-2133, 3353, 4057, 4535. This is the meaning of 'morning' in Daniel,

He said to me, Up to the evening [when it is becoming] morning two thousand three hundred times, and then the sanctuary will be made correct. Daniel 8:14.

And in Zephaniah,

Jehovah ... in the morning, in the morning He will bring His judgement to light; He will not fail. I will cut off nations, and their towers 3 will be devastated. Zephaniah 3:5-6.

Also in Isaiah,

One was calling to me from Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night? The watchman said, Morning comes, and also the night. If you are inquiring, inquire, return, come. Isaiah 21:11-12.

In these places 'morning' stands for the Lord's Coming, and for enlightenment and salvation then, and so has reference to a new Church. 'Night' stands for the state of mankind and the Church then, that they are steeped in utter falsities arising from evil.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4027)


[5] The term 'the morning watch' is used because the night was divided into watches, the last of the night and the first of the day being the morning watch. The watchmen were on top of the walls, looking to see whether an enemy was coming and declaring what they saw by shouting it out. In the internal representative sense they are used to mean the Lord, and His keeping watch to mean constant presence and protection, 7989, as in David,

Your watchman will not slumber; behold, the watchman of Israel will neither slumber nor sleep. Jehovah is your watchman; Jehovah is your shade on your right hand. By day the sun will not strike you, nor the moon in the night. Jehovah will guard you from all evil; He will guard your soul. Psalms 121:3-7.

'Watchmen' is used in addition to mean prophets and priests, consequently the Word, in Isaiah,

Upon your walls, O Jerusalem, I have placed watchmen; all day and all night they will not be silent, calling Jehovah to mind. Isaiah 62:6.

And in Jeremiah,

It is a day [when] the watchmen will cry on Mount Ephraim, Arise in order that we may go up to Zion, to Jehovah our God. Jeremiah 31:6.

-----
Footnotes:

1. The Latin here possibly means Thus he [Shalmanezer] did to you, O Bethel or even Thus Bethel did to you.

2. literally, on account of the wickedness of your wickedness

3. literally, angles or corners

-----

(Odkazy: Exodus 14:24; Genesis 19:15-17)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 8226, 8812, 9272, 9280, 10114

Divine Love and Wisdom 377

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 48


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 654

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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