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Jeremiah 48

Afrikaans 1953     

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1 Oor Moab. So die HERE van die leërskare, die God van Israel: Wee oor Nebo, want dit is verwoes; Kirjatáim staan beskaamd, dit is ingeneem; die rotsvesting is beskaamd en verskrik.

2 Uit is dit met die roem van Moab; in Hesbon het hulle onheil teen hom bedink en gesê: Kom laat ons hom uitroei, dat hy geen nasie meer is nie. Ook jy, Madmen, sal verwoes word, die swaard sal jou agtervolg.

3 Hoor! Geskreeu uit Horonáim: verwoesting en 'n groot vernieling.

4 Moab is verbreek; sy kleintjies laat 'n geskreeu hoor.

5 Want die hoogte van Luhit gaan hulle op met geween by geween; want aan die hange van Horonáim het hulle angsgeskreeu van verbreking gehoor.

6 Vlug, red julle lewe, en word soos 'n kaal bos in die woestyn!

7 Want omdat jy vertrou het op jou handelinge en op jou voorrade, sal jy ook ingeneem word; en Kamos sal uittrek in ballingskap, sy priesters en sy vorste almal saam.

8 En die verwoester sal kom oor elke stad, sodat geen stad sal vryraak nie; en die dal sal te gronde gaan, en die gelyk veld sal verwoes word, soos die HERE gesê het.

9 Gee vlerke aan Moab, want hy sal moet wegvlieg; en sy stede sal 'n woesteny word, sonder dat daar iemand in woon.

10 Vervloek is hy wat nalatig is om die werk van die HERE te doen; ja, vervloek is hy wat sy swaard van bloed terughou!

11 Moab was gerus van sy jeug af en het stil gelê op sy afsaksel, sonder dat hy leeggemaak is van vat in vat: hy het nie in ballingskap gegaan nie; daarom het sy smaak in hom gebly en sy geur nie verander nie.

12 Daarom, kyk, daar kom dae, spreek die HERE, dat Ek aftappers na hom sal stuur wat hom sal aftap en sy vate sal leegmaak en sy kruike stukkend slaan.

13 En Moab sal beskaamd staan deur Kamos, soos die huis van Israel beskaamd gestaan het deur Bet-el waar hulle op vertrou het.

14 Hoe kan julle : Ons is helde en manne bekwaam om te veg?

15 Moab is verwoes, en hulle het opgegaan in sy stede, en sy beste jongmanne het afgegaan om geslag te word, spreek die Koning wie se Naam is HERE van die leërskare.

16 Die ondergang van Moab is naby om te kom, en sy onheil is baie haastig.

17 Beklaag hom, almal wat rondom hom is en almal wat sy naam ken! : Hoe is die sterk staf, die sierlike stok gebreek!

18 Kom af uit jou heerlikheid, en sit in die dorsland, o inwoner, dogter van Dibon! Want die verwoester van Moab het teen jou opgetrek, hy het jou forte verwoes.

19 Gaan staan op die pad, en kyk uit, o inwoner van Aroër! Vra vir hom wat vlug en vir haar wat ontkom; : Wat het gebeur?

20 Moab staan beskaamd, want hy is verslae. Huil en skreeu, verkondig dit by die Arnon dat Moab verwoes is!

21 Ja, 'n oordeel het gekom oor die land van die gelykte, oor Holon en oor Jahas en oor Mefáät,

22 en oor Dibon en oor Nebo en oor Bet-Diblatáim,

23 en oor Kirjatáim en oor Bet-Gamul en oor Bet-Meon,

24 en oor Kérijot en oor Bosra, ja, oor al die stede van die land Moab, die wat ver en die wat naby is.

25 Die horing van Moab is afgekap en sy arm is verbreek, spreek die HERE.

26 Maak hom dronk, omdat hy hom groot gehou het teen die HERE, sodat Moab neerslaan in sy uitbraaksel en hy self ook 'n belagging word.

27 Want was Israel vir jou nie 'n bespotting nie? Of is hy onder die diewe betrap, dat jy die hoof geskud het so dikwels as jy van hom gespreek het?

28 Verlaat die stede en gaan woon in die rots, inwoners van Moab! En word soos 'n duif wat sy nes maak oorkant die opening van die afgrond.

29 Ons het van die trotsheid van Moab gehoor--hy is baie trots! --van sy hoogheid en sy trotsheid en sy hoogmoed en die verheffing van sy hart.

30 Ek ken sy grimmigheid, spreek die HERE, en sy onbehoorlike grootpratery; onbehoorlik het hulle gehandel.

31 Daarom sal ek oor Moab huil, ja, oor die hele Moab dit uitskreeu; oor die manne van Kir-Heres sug hulle.

32 Bo die geween van Jaéser sal ek jou beween, o wingerdstok van Sibma! Jou ranke het gegaan oor die see, tot by die see van Jaéser het hulle gekom--die verwoester het jou somervrugte en jou druiwe-oes oorval.

33 Daarom is vreugde en gejuig weggeneem uit die land van tuine en uit die land Moab, en Ek het die wyn uit die parskuipe laat verdwyn; hulle sal dit nie trap met vreugdegeroep nie; die vreugdegeroep sal geen vreugdegeroep wees nie.

34 Weens die geskreeu van Hesbon tot by Eleále, tot by Jahas het hulle hul stem verhef, van Soar af tot by Horonáim, Eglat-Selísia; want ook die waters van Nimrim sal 'n woesteny word.

35 En Ek sal in Moab 'n einde maak, spreek die HERE, aan hom wat op die hoogte offer en rook laat opgaan vir sy god.

36 Daarom klaag my hart oor Moab soos fluite, ja, my hart klaag oor die manne van Kir-Heres soos fluite; omdat die oorwins wat hulle verwerf het, verlore gegaan het.

37 Want al die hoofde is kaal en al die baarde is afgeskeer; op al die hande is snye en om die heupe is 'n roukleed.

38 Op al die dakke van Moab en op sy pleine is net rouklag, want Ek het Moab verbreek soos 'n ding waar 'n mens geen behae in het nie, spreek die HERE.

39 Hoe is hy verslae! Hulle huil. Hoe het Moab die rug gedraai met skaamte! So sal Moab dan vir almal wat rondom hom is, 'n belagging en 'n verskrikking word.

40 Want so die HERE: Kyk, hy sal vlieg soos 'n arend en sal sy vleuels oor Moab uitsprei.

41 Die stede is ingeneem, en die bergvestings is verower; en die hart van die helde van Moab sal in dié dag wees soos die hart van 'n vrou wat in nood is.

42 En Moab sal verdelg word, dat hy geen volk meer is nie, omdat hy hom groot gehou het teen die HERE.

43 Die skrik en die kuil en die strik oor jou, o inwoner van Moab, spreek die HERE.

44 Hy wat vlug vir die vrees, sal val in die kuil; en hy wat uit die kuil klim, sal gevang word in die net; want Ek sal oor hom, oor Moab, bring die jaar van hulle besoeking, spreek die HERE.

45 In die beskutting van Hesbon staan vlugtelinge sonder krag; want 'n vuur het uitgegaan uit Hesbon en 'n vlam uit die huis van Sihon, en het die slape van die hoof van Moab en die skedel van die rumoermakers verteer.

46 Wee jou, Moab! Die volk van Kamos is verlore; want jou seuns is weggeneem as gevangenes en jou dogters in gevangenskap.

47 Maar aan die einde van die dae sal Ek die lot van Moab verander, spreek die HERE. Tot sover die oordeel van Moab.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2468

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 114


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 375, 583, 1589, 1825, 2240, 2418, 2608, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 166, 194, 204, 270, 316, 485, ...

The Lord 4, 39, 53

Sacred Scripture 35, 103

Heaven and Hell 365

True Christian Religion 93, 158, 265, 683


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 195, 223, 235, 316, 376, 411, 417, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 15, 25

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 51

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

HERE
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

nasie
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

swaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

groot
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

verbreek
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

gehoor
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

vlug
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

red
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

woestyn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

priesters
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

vorste
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

verwoester
'A spoiler,' as in Jeremiah 48:32, signifies evil and its derivative falsity.

kom
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

gaan
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

woon
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

werk
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

bloed
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

stil
When something is described as quiet, still or calm in the Bible, it represents the state of peace that comes with being aligned with the...

smaak
Our five senses correspond to spiritual affections, or the attraction we feel toward spiritual things. The sense of taste, according to the Writings, corresponds to...

geur
Fragrance means the affection of truth derived from good.

spreek
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

stuur
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

beskaamd
To be ashamed (Gen 2:25) signifies to be in evil

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Bet-el
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

helde
Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

haastig
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

sterk
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

stok
'A staff' signifies power because it is a support for the hand and arm, and through these to the whole body. A staff takes on the...

af
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

sit
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

staan
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

pad
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

huil
To howl' signifies grief caused by vastation.

verkondig
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

oordeel
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Bosra
Bosrah, as in Isaiah 63:1 signifies a vintage, which is predicated concerning truth. Bozrah has respect to the divine truth, and Edom, to the divine...

horing
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

arm
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

rots
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

inwoners
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

duif
A dove (Gen. 8.) signifies goodness and truth. A dove, as in Hosea 11:11, signifies rational good.

nes
To make a nest,' as in Jeremiah 48:28, when related to a bird, signifies the same thing as 'to dwell,' which is fulfilling the duties...

trots
'Pride' signifies the love of self.

hart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

Jaéser
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

Sibma
'Sibmah' signifies the members of the external church, who explain the Word to favor worldly love.

see
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

wyn
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

stem
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

waters
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

kaal
'A bald head' signifies the Word deprived of the natural sense, which is the sense of the letter.

hande
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

heupe
'Loins' in general, signify love, and when referring to the Lord, divine love. 'Loins' signify the interiors of conjugial love. Loins,' as in Isaiah 11:5,...

roukleed
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

dakke
'A house-top,' as mentioned in Matthew 24:13, signifies the superior state of a person, and consequently, his state as to good.

arend
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

vrou
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

strik
'To be in a snare' signifies being taken and seduced by one’s own evil and falsity.

val
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

gevang
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

besoeking
The end time of the church and each individual, is called 'the visitation,' and precedes judgment. 'Visitation' is nothing but an exploration of the quality...

vlam
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

verteer
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

seuns
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

dogters
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Komentář

 

Staff      

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'A staff' signifies power because it is a support for the hand and arm, and through these to the whole body. A staff takes on the meaning of what it most closely supports, that is, the hand and arm, both of which in the Word signify the power of truth. From several passages in the books of Moses, it is very clear that the staff and the hand, represent power, and in the highest sense, the divine omnipotence of the Lord. It is also evident that in that time, the external features of the Church were made up of representatives, and that its internal features - which were spiritual and celestial realities as exist in heaven - corresponded to the external ones, which owed their power to that correspondence. A staff denotes power in the spiritual sense can also be seen in several passages in the prophets. This is also why kings had scepters, which were made like short staves, and kings represent the Lord regarding truth. 'A staff' as in Isaiah 10:24, 26, signifies power derived from reasoning and science, like the power of people who reason from scientific ideas against the truths of faith, and pervert them or downplay them.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4013, 4876; Isaiah 10:24, 10:26)

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Arcana Coelestia # 4779

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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4779. 'And put sackcloth on his loins' means mourning for lost good. This is clear from the meaning of 'putting sackcloth over the loins' as an act representative of mourning for lost good. For 'the loins' means conjugial love and from this all celestial and spiritual love, 3021, 3294, 4277, 4280, 4575. This meaning of 'the loins' is derived from correspondence, for as all the organs, members, and viscera of the human body correspond to the Grand Man, as shown at the ends of chapters, so the loins correspond to those who are within the Grand Man, which is heaven, and in whom genuine conjugial love has existed. And because conjugial love is the fundamental of all kinds of love 'the loins' therefore means in general all celestial and spiritual love. From this arose the custom of putting sackcloth over their loins when they mourned over lost good; for all good belongs to love.

[2] The fact that people put sackcloth over their loins to testify to this mourning becomes clear from the historical and the prophetical parts of the Word, as in Amos,

I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into lamentation; so will I cause sackcloth to come up over all loins, and baldness over every head, and I will make it as the mourning for an only-begotten sore, and its end as a bitter day. Amos 8:10.

'Causing sackcloth to come up over all loins' stands for mourning over lost forms of good, 'all loins' standing for all forms of the good of love. In Jonah,

The men of Nineveh believed in God, and therefore they proclaimed a fast, and put on sackcloths, from the greatest even to the least of them. And when word reached the king of Nineveh he rose up from his throne, and laid aside his royal robe from upon him, and covered himself with sackcloth and sat in ashes. And he proclaimed that man and beast were to be covered with sackcloths. Jonah 3:5-8.

Clearly this was a sign representative of mourning over evil on account of which Nineveh was to perish, and so mourning over lost good.

(Odkazy: Jonah 3:5-6, Jonah 3:8)


[3] In Ezekiel,

They will let forth a cry over you with their voice and will cry out bitterly; and they will cause dust to come up over their heads, and will roll themselves in ashes, and will make themselves bald over you, and will gird themselves with sackcloths. Ezekiel 27:30-31.

This refers to Tyre, each action mentioned here being representative of mourning for falsities and evils and so for lost truths and goods. 'Letting forth a cry and crying out bitterly' stands for lamentation over falsity or lost truth, 2240; 'causing dust to come up over the head' stands for having been condemned on account of evil, 278; 'rolling themselves in ashes' for having been condemned on account of falsities; 'making themselves bald' for mourning because the natural man has no truth, 3301 (end); 'girding themselves with sackcloths' for mourning because the natural man has no good. Similarly in Jeremiah,

O daughter of My people, gird yourself with sackcloth. and roll yourself in ashes; make mourning as for an only-begotten son, very bitter wailing; for suddenly he who lays waste will come upon you. Jeremiah 6:26.

And elsewhere in the same prophet,

The elders of the daughter of Zion will sit on the ground, they will become silent; they will cause dust to come up over their head, they will gird themselves with sackcloths; the virgins of Jerusalem will cause their heads to come down to the ground. Lamentations 2:10.

Here similar representative actions are described which, as above, were appropriate for the types of good and truth which had become lost.

[4] In Isaiah,

A prophecy concerning Moab. He will go up to Bayith, and to Dibon into the high places to weep; over Nebo and over Medeba Moab will howl. On all heads there is baldness; every beard is shaved off; in its streets they have girded themselves untie sackcloth; on its roots and in its streets everyone will wail, descending into weeping. Isaiah 15:2-3.

'Moab' stands for those who adulterate all good, 2468. The mourning over that adulteration meant by 'Moab' is described by the kinds of things that correspond to that type of evil. Virtually the same description therefore occurs in Jeremiah,

Every head is bald, and every beard shaved off; upon all hands are cuts, and over the loins is sackcloth; on all the roofs of Moab and in its streets there is mourning everywhere. Jeremiah 48:37-38.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 15:1-3)


[5] When king Hezekiah heard the blasphemous utterances of the Rabshakeh against Jerusalem 'he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth', Isaiah 37:1; 2 Kings 19:1. The reason for mourning was that his utterances were directed against Jehovah, the king, and Jerusalem. Their being utterances made in opposition to truth is meant by the king rending his clothes, 4763, and utterances made in opposition to good by his covering himself with sackcloth; for when in the Word truth is dealt with, so also is good. This is so because of the heavenly marriage, which is a marriage of good to truth and of truth to good in every single part; as also in David,

You have turned for me my mourning into dancing; You have loosed 1 my sackcloth and girded me with gladness. Psalms 30:11.

Here 'dancing' has reference to truths, and 'gladness' to goods, as they also do in other parts of the Word. 'Loosing sackcloth' accordingly means releasing from mourning over lost good.

[6] In 2 Samuel,

David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, Rend your clothes, and gird sackcloth round you, and wail before Abner. 2 Samuel 3:31.

Because an outrageous act had been committed against that which was true and good David therefore commanded them to rend their clothes and gird sackcloths round them. Something similar occurred in the case of Ahab, for when he heard Elijah's words that he was to be cut off because he had acted contrary to what was fair and right - meaning in the spiritual sense contrary to what is true and good - 'he tore his clothes apart, and put sackcloth over his flesh, and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and went about slowly, 1 Kings 21:27.

[7] The use of 'sackcloth' to refer to lost good is also clear in John,

When he opened the sixth seal, behold, a great earthquake took place, and the sun became black as sackcloth, and the full moon became like blood. Revelation 6:12.

'An earthquake' stands for an alteration in the state of the Church as regards good and truth, 3355. 'The sun' stands for the good of love, 1529, 1530, 2441, 2495, 4060, 4300, 4696, and therefore 'sackcloth' here has reference to lost good. 'The moon' stands for the truth of faith, 1529, 1530, 2120, 2495, 4060, and 'blood' has reference to this because 'blood' means truth that has been falsified and rendered profane, 4735.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 1529-1530)


[8] Because 'being clothed in sackcloth and rolling oneself in ashes' represented mourning over evils and falsities, it also represented both humility and repentance. For humility begins first with the acknowledgement that in oneself one is nothing but a source of evil and falsity. Repentance begins with the same acknowledgement and does not become a reality except through humility, and humility does not become a reality except through heartfelt confession that in oneself one is such a source of evil and falsity. For 'putting on sackcloth' was an expression of humility, see 1 Kings 21:27-29, also of repentance, Matthew 11:21; Luke 10:13. But the fact that this was no more than some representative, and so merely an external activity of the body and not an internal activity of the heart, is evident in Isaiah,

Is he to bow his head like a rush and to lie in sackcloth and ashes? Will you call this a fast, and a day of that which is pleasing to Jehovah? Is not this the fast that I choose, to loose 2 the bonds of wickedness, to break bread for the hungry? Isaiah 58:5-7.


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Footnotes:

1. literally, opened

2. literally, to open

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(Odkazy: Genesis 37:34; Isaiah 15:1-3; Jonah 3:5-6, Jonah 3:8)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 121


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 393

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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