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Jeremiah 48

Afrikaans 1953     

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1 Oor Moab. So die HERE van die leërskare, die God van Israel: Wee oor Nebo, want dit is verwoes; Kirjatáim staan beskaamd, dit is ingeneem; die rotsvesting is beskaamd en verskrik.

2 Uit is dit met die roem van Moab; in Hesbon het hulle onheil teen hom bedink en gesê: Kom laat ons hom uitroei, dat hy geen nasie meer is nie. Ook jy, Madmen, sal verwoes word, die swaard sal jou agtervolg.

3 Hoor! Geskreeu uit Horonáim: verwoesting en 'n groot vernieling.

4 Moab is verbreek; sy kleintjies laat 'n geskreeu hoor.

5 Want die hoogte van Luhit gaan hulle op met geween by geween; want aan die hange van Horonáim het hulle angsgeskreeu van verbreking gehoor.

6 Vlug, red julle lewe, en word soos 'n kaal bos in die woestyn!

7 Want omdat jy vertrou het op jou handelinge en op jou voorrade, sal jy ook ingeneem word; en Kamos sal uittrek in ballingskap, sy priesters en sy vorste almal saam.

8 En die verwoester sal kom oor elke stad, sodat geen stad sal vryraak nie; en die dal sal te gronde gaan, en die gelyk veld sal verwoes word, soos die HERE gesê het.

9 Gee vlerke aan Moab, want hy sal moet wegvlieg; en sy stede sal 'n woesteny word, sonder dat daar iemand in woon.

10 Vervloek is hy wat nalatig is om die werk van die HERE te doen; ja, vervloek is hy wat sy swaard van bloed terughou!

11 Moab was gerus van sy jeug af en het stil gelê op sy afsaksel, sonder dat hy leeggemaak is van vat in vat: hy het nie in ballingskap gegaan nie; daarom het sy smaak in hom gebly en sy geur nie verander nie.

12 Daarom, kyk, daar kom dae, spreek die HERE, dat Ek aftappers na hom sal stuur wat hom sal aftap en sy vate sal leegmaak en sy kruike stukkend slaan.

13 En Moab sal beskaamd staan deur Kamos, soos die huis van Israel beskaamd gestaan het deur Bet-el waar hulle op vertrou het.

14 Hoe kan julle : Ons is helde en manne bekwaam om te veg?

15 Moab is verwoes, en hulle het opgegaan in sy stede, en sy beste jongmanne het afgegaan om geslag te word, spreek die Koning wie se Naam is HERE van die leërskare.

16 Die ondergang van Moab is naby om te kom, en sy onheil is baie haastig.

17 Beklaag hom, almal wat rondom hom is en almal wat sy naam ken! : Hoe is die sterk staf, die sierlike stok gebreek!

18 Kom af uit jou heerlikheid, en sit in die dorsland, o inwoner, dogter van Dibon! Want die verwoester van Moab het teen jou opgetrek, hy het jou forte verwoes.

19 Gaan staan op die pad, en kyk uit, o inwoner van Aroër! Vra vir hom wat vlug en vir haar wat ontkom; : Wat het gebeur?

20 Moab staan beskaamd, want hy is verslae. Huil en skreeu, verkondig dit by die Arnon dat Moab verwoes is!

21 Ja, 'n oordeel het gekom oor die land van die gelykte, oor Holon en oor Jahas en oor Mefáät,

22 en oor Dibon en oor Nebo en oor Bet-Diblatáim,

23 en oor Kirjatáim en oor Bet-Gamul en oor Bet-Meon,

24 en oor Kérijot en oor Bosra, ja, oor al die stede van die land Moab, die wat ver en die wat naby is.

25 Die horing van Moab is afgekap en sy arm is verbreek, spreek die HERE.

26 Maak hom dronk, omdat hy hom groot gehou het teen die HERE, sodat Moab neerslaan in sy uitbraaksel en hy self ook 'n belagging word.

27 Want was Israel vir jou nie 'n bespotting nie? Of is hy onder die diewe betrap, dat jy die hoof geskud het so dikwels as jy van hom gespreek het?

28 Verlaat die stede en gaan woon in die rots, inwoners van Moab! En word soos 'n duif wat sy nes maak oorkant die opening van die afgrond.

29 Ons het van die trotsheid van Moab gehoor--hy is baie trots! --van sy hoogheid en sy trotsheid en sy hoogmoed en die verheffing van sy hart.

30 Ek ken sy grimmigheid, spreek die HERE, en sy onbehoorlike grootpratery; onbehoorlik het hulle gehandel.

31 Daarom sal ek oor Moab huil, ja, oor die hele Moab dit uitskreeu; oor die manne van Kir-Heres sug hulle.

32 Bo die geween van Jaéser sal ek jou beween, o wingerdstok van Sibma! Jou ranke het gegaan oor die see, tot by die see van Jaéser het hulle gekom--die verwoester het jou somervrugte en jou druiwe-oes oorval.

33 Daarom is vreugde en gejuig weggeneem uit die land van tuine en uit die land Moab, en Ek het die wyn uit die parskuipe laat verdwyn; hulle sal dit nie trap met vreugdegeroep nie; die vreugdegeroep sal geen vreugdegeroep wees nie.

34 Weens die geskreeu van Hesbon tot by Eleále, tot by Jahas het hulle hul stem verhef, van Soar af tot by Horonáim, Eglat-Selísia; want ook die waters van Nimrim sal 'n woesteny word.

35 En Ek sal in Moab 'n einde maak, spreek die HERE, aan hom wat op die hoogte offer en rook laat opgaan vir sy god.

36 Daarom klaag my hart oor Moab soos fluite, ja, my hart klaag oor die manne van Kir-Heres soos fluite; omdat die oorwins wat hulle verwerf het, verlore gegaan het.

37 Want al die hoofde is kaal en al die baarde is afgeskeer; op al die hande is snye en om die heupe is 'n roukleed.

38 Op al die dakke van Moab en op sy pleine is net rouklag, want Ek het Moab verbreek soos 'n ding waar 'n mens geen behae in het nie, spreek die HERE.

39 Hoe is hy verslae! Hulle huil. Hoe het Moab die rug gedraai met skaamte! So sal Moab dan vir almal wat rondom hom is, 'n belagging en 'n verskrikking word.

40 Want so die HERE: Kyk, hy sal vlieg soos 'n arend en sal sy vleuels oor Moab uitsprei.

41 Die stede is ingeneem, en die bergvestings is verower; en die hart van die helde van Moab sal in dié dag wees soos die hart van 'n vrou wat in nood is.

42 En Moab sal verdelg word, dat hy geen volk meer is nie, omdat hy hom groot gehou het teen die HERE.

43 Die skrik en die kuil en die strik oor jou, o inwoner van Moab, spreek die HERE.

44 Hy wat vlug vir die vrees, sal val in die kuil; en hy wat uit die kuil klim, sal gevang word in die net; want Ek sal oor hom, oor Moab, bring die jaar van hulle besoeking, spreek die HERE.

45 In die beskutting van Hesbon staan vlugtelinge sonder krag; want 'n vuur het uitgegaan uit Hesbon en 'n vlam uit die huis van Sihon, en het die slape van die hoof van Moab en die skedel van die rumoermakers verteer.

46 Wee jou, Moab! Die volk van Kamos is verlore; want jou seuns is weggeneem as gevangenes en jou dogters in gevangenskap.

47 Maar aan die einde van die dae sal Ek die lot van Moab verander, spreek die HERE. Tot sover die oordeel van Moab.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2468

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 114


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 375, 583, 1589, 1825, 2240, 2418, 2608, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 47, 166, 194, 204, 270, 316, 485, ...

The Lord 4, 39, 53

Sacred Scripture 35, 103

Heaven and Hell 365

True Christian Religion 93, 158, 265, 683


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 195, 223, 235, 316, 376, 411, 417, ...

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 56

De Verbo (The Word) 10, 15, 25

Marriage 93

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 51

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Moab
'Moab,' in a positive sense, signifies people who are in natural good, and allow themselves to be easily seduced, but in an opposite sense, it...

HERE
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Hesbon
'Heshbon,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:3, signifies the fructification of truth in the natural self.

ons
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

nasie
'Nations' signify people who are in the good of love and charity from the Lord. Two nations in the womb,' as in Genesis 25:23, signify...

swaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

groot
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

verbreek
To “break” something creates an image that is much different from “attacking,” “destroying,” or “shattering.” It is less emotional, less violent in its intent; it...

gehoor
'To hearken to father and mother,' as mentioned in Genesis 28:7, signifies obedience from affection. 'To hearken,' as mentioned in Genesis 30:22, signifies providence. See...

vlug
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

red
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

woestyn
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

priesters
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

vorste
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

verwoester
'A spoiler,' as in Jeremiah 48:32, signifies evil and its derivative falsity.

kom
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

gaan
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

woon
Many people were nomadic in Biblical times, especially the times of the Old Testament, and lived in tents that could be struck, moved and re-raised...

werk
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

bloed
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

stil
When something is described as quiet, still or calm in the Bible, it represents the state of peace that comes with being aligned with the...

smaak
Our five senses correspond to spiritual affections, or the attraction we feel toward spiritual things. The sense of taste, according to the Writings, corresponds to...

geur
Fragrance means the affection of truth derived from good.

spreek
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

stuur
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

beskaamd
To be ashamed (Gen 2:25) signifies to be in evil

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Bet-el
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

helde
Mighty,' as in Revelation 19:18, signify people who are educated about doctrine derived from the Word. By extension, 'mighty' signifies education or learning derived from...

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

naam
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

haastig
'To hasten' or 'hastiness' in the internal sense, does not denote what is quick, but what is certain, and also what is full, thus every...

sterk
Strength' relates truth and falsity. Strength,' as in Luke 10:27, signifies the will and understanding extended to extremes. Strength,' as in Revelation 1:6, signifies divine...

stok
'A staff' signifies power because it is a support for the hand and arm, and through these to the whole body. A staff takes on the...

af
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

sit
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

staan
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

pad
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

huil
To howl' signifies grief caused by vastation.

verkondig
To "declare" something means to say it formally, publicly and with emphasis; you might say what you think, but you only declare things you're sure...

oordeel
Judgement' pertains to the Lord's divine human and holy proceeding. Judgment' has two sides, a principle of good, and a principle of truth. The faithful...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

Bosra
Bosrah, as in Isaiah 63:1 signifies a vintage, which is predicated concerning truth. Bozrah has respect to the divine truth, and Edom, to the divine...

horing
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

arm
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

rots
'Rocks' signify the good and truth of faith.

inwoners
Inhabitants,' in Isaiah 26:9, signify the men of the church who are in good of doctrine, and thence in the good of life.

duif
A dove (Gen. 8.) signifies goodness and truth. A dove, as in Hosea 11:11, signifies rational good.

nes
To make a nest,' as in Jeremiah 48:28, when related to a bird, signifies the same thing as 'to dwell,' which is fulfilling the duties...

trots
'Pride' signifies the love of self.

hart
The heart means love. A good heart means love to the Lord and to the neighbor while a hard or stony heart means the love...

Jaéser
'Jaser' signifies false principles.

Sibma
'Sibmah' signifies the members of the external church, who explain the Word to favor worldly love.

see
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

wyn
Wine played a key role in the ancient world, where safe, reliable water sources were scarce. It could be stored for long periods of time;...

stem
'Voice' signifies what is announced from the Word. 'Voice' often refers and is applied to things that cannot have a voice, as in Exodus 4,...

waters
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

kaal
'A bald head' signifies the Word deprived of the natural sense, which is the sense of the letter.

hande
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

heupe
'Loins' in general, signify love, and when referring to the Lord, divine love. 'Loins' signify the interiors of conjugial love. Loins,' as in Isaiah 11:5,...

roukleed
'Being clothed in sackcloth' signifies lamentation because of the devastation of truth in the church. 'Sackcloth,' as in Revelation 6:12, relates to destroyed good.

dakke
'A house-top,' as mentioned in Matthew 24:13, signifies the superior state of a person, and consequently, his state as to good.

arend
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

vrou
'Women,' as in Genesis 45:19, signify the affections of truth. But in Genesis 31:50, 'women' signify affections of not genuine truth, so not of the...

strik
'To be in a snare' signifies being taken and seduced by one’s own evil and falsity.

val
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

gevang
"Catching" is used in a variety of ways in the Bible, both positive and negative. Thieves get caught; the Egyptians caught up with the Children...

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

besoeking
The end time of the church and each individual, is called 'the visitation,' and precedes judgment. 'Visitation' is nothing but an exploration of the quality...

vlam
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

verteer
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

seuns
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

dogters
"Behold I have two daughters,” etc. (Gen. 19:8), signifies the affections of good and truth, and the blessedness perceivable from the enjoyment thereof, by those...

Komentář

 

Staff      

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'A staff' signifies power because it is a support for the hand and arm, and through these to the whole body. A staff takes on the meaning of what it most closely supports, that is, the hand and arm, both of which in the Word signify the power of truth. From several passages in the books of Moses, it is very clear that the staff and the hand, represent power, and in the highest sense, the divine omnipotence of the Lord. It is also evident that in that time, the external features of the Church were made up of representatives, and that its internal features - which were spiritual and celestial realities as exist in heaven - corresponded to the external ones, which owed their power to that correspondence. A staff denotes power in the spiritual sense can also be seen in several passages in the prophets. This is also why kings had scepters, which were made like short staves, and kings represent the Lord regarding truth. 'A staff' as in Isaiah 10:24, 26, signifies power derived from reasoning and science, like the power of people who reason from scientific ideas against the truths of faith, and pervert them or downplay them.

(Odkazy: Arcana Coelestia 4013, 4876; Isaiah 10:24, 10:26)

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Apocalypse Revealed # 649

Apocalypse Revealed (Rogers translation)      

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649. And he cried with a loud cry to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, "Thrust in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of grapes of the vine of the earth." This symbolizes the Lord's operation from the goodness of His love through the Word's Divine truth into the works of charity and faith among people belonging to the Christian Church.

This is the spiritual meaning of these words, inasmuch as the two angels symbolize the heavens of the Lord's spiritual and celestial kingdoms (nos. 647, 648), and the heavens do nothing of themselves, but from the Lord. For the angels in the heavens are only recipient vessels. Consequently in the spiritual sense nothing else is symbolized but the Lord's operation, here His operation into the church in the Christian world and into the works of charity and faith among the people in it. The vine, indeed, symbolizes that church, as we shall see after this in number 651, and grapes and clusters of grapes symbolize works of charity. This is the symbolism of grapes and clusters of grapes because they are the fruits of the vine in a vineyard, and fruits in the Word symbolize good works.

(Odkazy: Apocalypse Revealed 647-648; Revelation 14:18)


[2] The angel who came out from the altar told the angel who came out of the temple to thrust in his sickle and gather the grapes because, as we said before, the angel who came out from the altar symbolizes the heavens of the celestial kingdom, or heavens characterized by the goodness of love, while the angel who came out of the temple symbolizes the heavens of the spiritual kingdom, or heavens characterized by truths of wisdom; and the goodness of love does nothing by itself, but only through the truth of wisdom, and the truth of wisdom does nothing by itself, but only in response to the goodness of love. The reality of this is something we showed many times in Angelic Wisdom Regarding Divine Love and Wisdom. That is why the angel who came out from the altar told the angel who came out of the temple to thrust in his sickle and gather the clusters of grapes of the vine of the earth.

That now is why this description symbolizes the Lord's operation from the goodness of His love through the Divine truth of His Word.

[3] That grapes and clusters of grapes symbolize goods and the works of charity can be seen from the following passages:

Woe is me! ...I have become like the gatherings of summer, like the gleanings of vintage grapes; there is no cluster to eat; first-ripe fruit my soul desires. The holy man has perished from the earth, and the upright among men. (Micah 7:1-2)

Their grapes are grapes of gall, they have bitter clusters. (Deuteronomy 32:32)

My beloved had a vineyard... He expected it to produce good grapes, but it produced wild grapes. (Isaiah 5:1-2, 4)

They look to other gods, they love flagons of grapes. (Hosea 3:1)

...every tree is known by its own fruit. ...people do not gather figs from thorns, nor do they gather grapes from a bramble bush. (Luke 6:44)

...in the midst of the land... it shall be... like the gleanings of grapes when the grape harvest is done. (Isaiah 24:12-13)

If the gatherers of the grapes come to you, they will not leave any gleanings. (Jeremiah 49:9, cf. Obadiah verses 4, 5)

The plunderer has fallen on... your grape harvest. (Jeremiah 48:32-33)

You will be troubled, you complacent ones, for the grape harvest is failing, the gathering will not come. (Isaiah 32:9-10)

And so on elsewhere where the fruit of the vineyard and the fruit of the vine are mentioned.

Some goods are the goods of a celestial love, and some are the goods of a spiritual love. The goods of a celestial love are those of love toward the Lord, and the goods of a spiritual love are those of a love for the neighbor. The latter goods are called goods of charity and are those meant by the fruits of the vineyard, which are grapes and clusters of grapes. But the goods of love toward the Lord are meant in the Word by the fruits of trees, primarily olives.

(Odkazy: Isaiah 24:13; John 15:4-5; Obadiah 1:4-5)


[4] "For her grapes are ripe." This symbolically means, because the Christian Church has reached its last state.

The ripening of the vineyard's grapes has the same symbolic meaning as the drying of the harvest above, but a harvest is mentioned in reference to the church in general, while a vineyard is mentioned in reference to the church in particular. The drying of the harvest symbolizes the last state of the church, as may be seen in no. 645 above, and so likewise does the ripening of the grapes of the vineyard.

A vineyard symbolize the church which has the Word's Divine truth and where the Lord is thereby known, since wine symbolizes the interior truth that comes from the Lord through the Word. The vineyard here accordingly symbolizes the Christian Church.

That wine symbolizes truth springing from the goodness of love, thus from the Lord, may be seen in no. 316 above.

(Odkazy: Revelation 14:18)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Apocalypse Revealed 612, 651, 652, 754, 762, 791, 831, 840

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the General Church of the New Jerusalem for the permission to use this translation.


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