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Ezekiel 17

Afrikaans 1953     

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1 En die woord van die HERE het tot my gekom en gesê:

2 Mensekind, gee 'n raaisel op aan die huis van Israel en dra 'n gelykenis voor

3 en : So spreek die Here HERE: Die groot arend met groot vleuels, met lang vlerke, vol vere wat veelkleurig was, het na die Líbanon gekom en die top van die seder weggeneem.

4 Hy het die boonste van sy jong takkies afgepluk en dit na die koopmansland gebring; hy het dit neergesit in die stad van koopmans.

5 Hy het ook van die saad van die land geneem en dit in 'n saailand geplant; hy het dit na baie waters weggeneem, dit as oewergewas geplant.

6 En dit het uitgespruit en 'n breë wingerdstok geword, laag van groei, sodat sy ranke na die arend kon draai en sy wortels onder hóm kon wees. So het dit dan 'n wingerdstok geword, en dit het lote gemaak en lootjies uitgeskiet.

7 En daar was nog 'n groot arend met groot vleuels en baie vere; en kyk, hierdie wingerdstok het sy wortels na hóm toe gebuig en sy ranke na hom toe uitgeskiet uit die beddings waar dit geplant was, dat hy dit sou bevogtig.

8 Dit was in 'n goeie land by baie waters geplant om ranke te maak en vrugte te dra, om 'n pragtige wingerdstok te word.

9 : So spreek die Here HERE: Sal dit voorspoedig wees? Sal hy nie die wortels daarvan uitruk en die vrugte daarvan afsny, sodat dit verdroog, ja, verdroog in al sy uitgespruite blaartjies nie? En dit nie deur 'n magtige arm en baie mense om dit van sy wortels af uit te lig nie.

10 Ja, kyk, dit is geplant--sal dit voorspoedig wees? Sal dit nie heeltemal verdroog as die oostewind hom aanraak, verdroog op die beddings waar dit uitgespruit het nie?

11 Daarna het die woord van die HERE tot my gekom en gesê:

12 Spreek tog met die wederstrewige huis: Weet julle nie wat hierdie dinge beteken nie? : Kyk, die koning van Babel het na Jerusalem gekom en sy koning en sy vorste weggeneem en hulle na hom toe, na Babel gebring.

13 Toe het hy een uit die koninklike geslag geneem en met hom 'n verbond gesluit en hom 'n eed opgelê, maar die magtiges van die land het hy weggeneem;

14 sodat die koninkryk van geringe betekenis sou wees en hom nie sou verhef nie, maar dat dit, deur sy verbond te onderhou, in stand kon bly.

15 Maar hy het teen hom in opstand gekom deur sy gesante na Egipte te stuur, dat hulle hom perde en baie manskappe sou gee. Sal hy voorspoedig wees? Sal hy ontvlug wat sulke dinge doen? Sal hy die verbond verbreek en tog ontvlug?

16 So waar as Ek leef, spreek die Here HERE, gewis, in die plek waar die koning woon wat hom koning gemaak het, wie se eed hy geminag en wie se verbond hy verbreek het, by hom, binne-in Babel, sal hy sterwe.

17 Ook sal Farao nie met hom saamspan in die oorlog met 'n groot leër en met baie mense nie, as hulle 'n wal opwerp en forte bou om baie siele uit te roei.

18 Want hy het die eed geminag deur die verbond te verbreek; en kyk, hy het sy hand gegee en tog al hierdie dinge gedoen; hy sal nie ontvlug nie.

19 Daarom, so die Here HERE: So waar as Ek leef, Ek sal gewis my eed wat hy geminag het, en my verbond wat hy verbreek het, op sy hoof laat neerkom.

20 En Ek sal my net oor hom uitsprei, en in my strik sal hy gevang word; en Ek sal hom na Babel bring en daar met hom na die gereg gaan, weens die troubreuk wat hy teen My begaan het.

21 En al sy vlugtelinge in al sy leërs sal deur die swaard val, en die wat oorgebly het, sal na al die windstreke verstrooi word; en julle sal weet dat Ek, die HERE, dit gespreek het.

22 So die Here HERE: Dan sal Ek self van die verhewe top van die seder 'n steggie neem en dit insit--van die boonste van sy lootjies sal Ek 'n teer puntjie afpluk en self dit plant op 'n hoë en verhewe berg.

23 Op die hoë berg van Israel sal Ek dit plant, en dit sal takke voortbring en vrugte dra en 'n heerlike seder word, sodat al die voëls van allerhande vere daaronder kan woon; in die skaduwee van sy takke sal hulle woon.

24 En al die bome van die veld sal weet dat Ek, die HERE, die hoë boom verneder, die nederige boom verhoog het; die groen boom laat verdroog en die droë boom laat bloei het. Ek, die HERE, het dit gespreek en gedoen.

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Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 140


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 40, 368, 776, 885, 2702, 3448, 3901, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 244, 298, 343, 400, 401, 757, 759

Doctrine of the Lord 28

True Christian Religion 290, 468


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 109, 281, 283, 355, 419, 507, 577, ...

The White Horse - Appendix 1

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Word/Phrase Explanations

woord
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

HERE
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

huis
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

spreek
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

groot
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

arend
Eagle wings, referred to in Daniel 7:3, signify rational principles grounded in man's proprium.

vlerke
'Wings' signify spiritual truths. 'Wings,' when related to the Lord, signify the divine spiritual. In the opposite sense, 'wings' relate to falsities and rationalizations from...

vere
Feathers signify spiritual good, from which truth is derived.

Líbanon
'Lebanon' signifies spiritual good. 'Lebanon' signifies the church regarding the perception of truth from the rational self.

Stad
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

saad
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

land
'Lands' of different nations are used in the Word to signify the different kinds of love prevalent in the inhabitants.

baie
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

waters
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

groei
‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

draai
Swedenborg says that the Lord is the sun of heaven, and like the natural sun of our world shines on everyone, good or evil. What...

wortels
'A root,' as in Malachi 4:1, signifies charity. The dried up root,' as in Hosea 9:16, 17, signifies charity which could not bear fruit.

onder
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

goeie
It seems rather circular to say that “good” in the Bible represents good, but in a general sense it’s true! The case is this: The...

vrugte
We tend to think of "fruit" in two ways in natural language. One is as food that grows on trees and vines, sweet and delicious,...

voorspoedig
'To be made to prosper' signifies being provided for. Which is why 'Jehovah made it prosper in his hand' means Divine Providence. 

arm
Arms and feet (Daniel 10:6) signify the exterior things of the Word, which are its literal sense.

aanraak
Imagine having your mother touch your cheek. Then imagine having your spouse or someone you love romantically touch your cheek. Then imagine having a baby...

weet
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

koning
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

Jerusalem
Jerusalem first comes to or attention in II Samuel, chapter 5 where King David takes it from the Jebusites and makes it his capital. In...

vorste
Captains and Rulers (Jer. 51:23) signifies principal evils and falsities. Captains and Rulers (Ezek 33:6) signifies principal truths. See Chief Captains.

bly
'To stay with,' as in Genesis 32:4, relates to the life of truth when accompanied by good, and in this instance, it means to take...

in opstand gekom
'Rebel,' as in Genesis 14:4, relates to evils pertaining to a person, or to evil spirits, when they begin to arise and infest, after they...

Egipte
'Mizraim' signifies the same thing as Egypt.

stuur
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

perde
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

gee
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

plek
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

sterwe
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Farao
'Pharaoh' signifies scientific ideas, or the natural principle in general. 'Pharaoh' signifies false ideas infesting the truth of the church. Pharaoh,' in Genesis 40, represents...

oorlog
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

bou
wrought (also entwined or entwisted) is predicated of the natural scientific principle, and in Isaiah 45:13, of divine natural truth.

siele
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

net
To cast the net on the right side,' as in John 21:6, signifies teaching the good of life.

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

gaan
All changes of place in the Bible represent changes in spiritual state. “Entering” – usually used as entering someone’s house or “going in unto” someone...

swaard
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

val
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

plant
'A shrub' signifies the knowledges of truth.

hoë
'Height' signifies what is inward, and also heaven.

berg
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

takke
A branch (Matt. 24:32) signifies affection, for affection springs and flourishes from good as a branch Springs from its trunk. A branch (Mal. 4:1) denotes...

voëls
"Birds" mean rational concepts in the external man and intellectual concepts in the internal man.

skaduwee
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

veld
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

boom
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

droë
'Withering and drying up,' as in Ezekiel 17:10, referring to the east wind, signifies when there is no good or truth.

Ze Swedenborgových děl

 

Arcana Coelestia # 1857

Arcana Coelestia (Elliott translation)      

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1857. 'For the iniquity of the Amorites has not yet come to a close' means the final period when there is no longer any good. This is clear from the meaning of 'the Amorite', and also from the meaning of 'a close'. 'Amorite' in the Word means evil in general, the reason being that the land of Canaan is called 'the land of the Amorites', as is clear in Ezekiel 16:3-4, and Amos 2:9-10. Here therefore 'the Amorite' means all the nations of the land of Canaan, by whom were meant, as stated already, evils and falsities specifically. Consequently 'the Amorite' means all evils in general. 'The close' means that final period when there is no good any longer.

[2] But what is meant in the internal sense by the statement that 'the iniquity of the Amorites has not yet come to a close' is an arcanum. The experience of the evil in the next life is that they are not punished until their evils have reached their peak; this applies to evils both in general and in particular. Indeed the balance of everything in the next life is such that evil punishes itself, that is, those who are evil run into the punishment of their evil, but only when this evil has reached its peak. Every evil has its own limits - varying from one individual to another - beyond which it is not allowed to go. When one who is evil goes beyond it he meets head on with punishment. This is so in every particular case.

[3] The same applies in general, in that those who are evil thrust themselves down into hell, not instantaneously but gradually. This has its origin in the universal law of order established by the Lord that the Lord never sends anyone down into hell but that evil itself, or the person himself who is evil, thrusts himself down, doing so gradually, until evil has reached its close and no trace of good is any longer apparent. As long as there is some trace of good he is being raised up from hell, but when there is nothing but evil, he is thrust down into hell. Good and evil must first of all be separated from each other since they are opposites. No one is allowed to incline in both directions. This is what is meant by 'the iniquity of the Amorites having to come to a close'. With the good however it is different; they are constantly being raised up by the Lord towards heaven, while their evil is gradually wiped away.

[4] It is similar with the state of the Church: visitation does not come until evil has reached a close, that is, when good of charity and truth of faith exist no longer. That close is referred to quite often in the Prophets, as in Isaiah,

A close and a settlement I have heard from the Lord Jehovih Zebaoth over all the earth. Isaiah 28:22.

In Jeremiah,

O Babel, you who dwell on many waters, great in treasures, your end has come, the measure of your gain. Jeremiah 51:13.

In Daniel,

Seventy weeks have been decreed concerning your people and your holy city to bring transgression to a close and to seal up sins and to atone for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up vision and prophet, and to anoint the Most Holy Place. Daniel 9:24.

At length upon the bird of abominations will come desolation, until a closing and settlement is poured out upon the devastation. Daniel 9:27.

[5] The Lord Himself too foretells the close in these words in Luke,

They will fall by the edge of the sword, and will be led captive among all the gentiles, 1 and at length Jerusalem will be trodden down by the gentiles' until the times of the nations are fulfilled. Luke 21:24.

'Falling by the edge of the sword' means from falsities, for 'a sword' in the Word is the punishment of falsity. 'Jerusalem' stands for the Lord's kingdom and the Church, 402, 'the gentiles' for evils, 1260. Thus the meaning is that 'the close' has been reached when the Church has become possessed by evils and falsities, and so has been destroyed by its own self.

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Footnotes:

1. or the nations

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(Odkazy: Genesis 15:16)

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From Swedenborg's Works

Inbound References:

Arcana Coelestia 2243, 2449, 2905, 6306, 6859, 7541, 8054, 8214, 8483, 9102, 10529, 10618

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 170


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 701

Other New Christian Commentary

Thanks to the Swedenborg Society for the permission to use this translation.


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