Micah 4

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1 And it hath come to pass, In the latter end of the days, The mount of the house of Jehovah Is established above the top of the mounts, And it hath been lifted up above the hills, And flowed unto it have peoples.

2 And gone have many nations and said, Come and we go up to the mount of Jehovah, And unto the house of the God of Jacob, And He doth teach us of His ways, And we do walk in His paths, For from Zion doth go forth a law, And a word of Jehovah from Jerusalem.

3 And He hath judged between many peoples, And given a decision to mighty nations afar off, They have beaten their swords to ploughshares, And their spears to pruning-hooks, Nation lifteth not up sword unto Nation, Nor do they learn war any more.

4 And they have sat each under his vine, And under his fig-tree, And there is none troubling, For the mouth of Jehovah of Hosts hath spoken.

5 For all the peoples do walk, Each in the name of its god -- and we, We do walk in the name of Jehovah our god, To the age and for ever.

6 In that day -- an affirmation of Jehovah, I do gather the halting one, And the driven away one I bring together, And she whom I have afflicted.

7 And I have set the halting for a remnant, And the far-off for a mighty nation, And reigned hath Jehovah over them in mount Zion, From henceforth, and unto the age.

8 And thou, O tower of Eder, Fort of the daughter of Zion, unto thee it cometh, Yea, come in hath the former rule, The kingdom to the daughter of Jerusalem.

9 Now, why dost thou shout aloud? A king -- is there none in thee? Hath thy counsellor perished, That taken hold of thee hath pain as a travailing woman?

10 Be pained, and bring forth, O daughter of Zion, As a travailing woman, For now, thou goest forth from the city, And thou hast dwelt in the field, And thou hast gone unto Babylon, There thou art delivered, There redeem thee doth Jehovah from the hand of thine enemies.

11 And now, gathered against thee have been many nations, who are saying: `Let her be defiled, and our eyes look on Zion.'

12 They have not known the thoughts of Jehovah, Nor have they understood His counsel, For He hath gathered them as a sheaf [into] a threshing-floor.

13 Arise, and thresh, O daughter of Zion, For thy horn I make iron, And thy hoofs I make brass, And thou hast beaten small many peoples, And I have devoted to Jehovah their gain, And their wealth to the Lord of the whole earth!



Exploring the Meaning of Micah 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

Micah 4:1,2. When a church stops honoring what is good and what is true it comes to an end, and the Jehovah sets up a new church. 1 The prophesy of Micah, like many of the other prophecies in the Bible, tells about such a happening: the end of the Israelitish church, and the start of Christianity. 2 The older words are used because they still mean the same spiritual idea. Jehovah was Jacob's God,, just as He is our God today. Zion and Jerusalem still correspond to the good and truth of the Lord’s church. 3

Micah 4:3,4. In that new church - that "house of God" - everyone will have spiritual truth written on the heart. Changing weapons into farming tools, and not going to war anymore, means that people will agree about the Lord’s truth without any dispute, and - because there are no evils in that house - they will be safe and without fear.

Micah 4:5. The Word uses many names for God, and any name is okay when it means the one creator, savior and redeemer. 4

Micah 4:6. Of those who "go up", all who need help will be given what they need.

Micah 4:7. Jehovah shall reign over all who are walking in his ways. 5 Those who are outcasts mean those who can’t see where to walk. Those that are lame can’t walk. The outcasts will have their eyes opened, and the lame will have their legs healed.

Micah 4:8-10. The "daughter of Zion" 6 means the affection of truths and goods with those of the church. The bringing forth means the multiplication of goods and truths because of the affection for them. Inhabiting the field means that the church will learn truths of many kinds and may even understand what Babylon has spoiled. But there will be no harm there, since the Lord protects.

Micah 4:11, 12. Falsities want to infest those who belong to the Lord, but He protects them. People who hold those falsities will be “threshed”, or judged.

Micah 4:13. The goods and truths that the Lord provides are as “iron” or “bronze”. 7 The falsities that are to be “threshed” aren't as strong, and can’t withstand them.

There are a lot of truths here for us, and there are appealing images. If we "go up" -- try to learn the true ideas in Christianity, and to walk in the Lord's ways, there will be healing, and affection, and understanding, and multiplying good, and protection.

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Footnotes:

1. For reference, see True Christian Religion 782.
2. See Doctrine of the Lord 3.
3. See Apocalypse Explained 850.
4. See True Christian Religion 298.
5. See Apocalypse Revealed 920.
6. See Arcana Coelestia 721.
7. See Arcana Coelestia 7769.

-----

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Micah 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

Micah 4:1,2. When a church stops honoring what is good and what is true it comes to an end, and the Jehovah sets up a new church. 1 The prophesy of Micah, like many of the other prophecies in the Bible, tells about such a happening: the end of the Israelitish church, and the start of Christianity. 2 The older words are used because they still mean the same spiritual idea. Jehovah was Jacob's God,, just as He is our God today. Zion and Jerusalem still correspond to the good and truth of the Lord’s church. 3

Micah 4:3,4. In that new church - that "house of God" - everyone will have spiritual truth written on the heart. Changing weapons into farming tools, and not going to war anymore, means that people will agree about the Lord’s truth without any dispute, and - because there are no evils in that house - they will be safe and without fear.

Micah 4:5. The Word uses many names for God, and any name is okay when it means the one creator, savior and redeemer. 4

Micah 4:6. Of those who "go up", all who need help will be given what they need.

Micah 4:7. Jehovah shall reign over all who are walking in his ways. 5 Those who are outcasts mean those who can’t see where to walk. Those that are lame can’t walk. The outcasts will have their eyes opened, and the lame will have their legs healed.

Micah 4:8-10. The "daughter of Zion" 6 means the affection of truths and goods with those of the church. The bringing forth means the multiplication of goods and truths because of the affection for them. Inhabiting the field means that the church will learn truths of many kinds and may even understand what Babylon has spoiled. But there will be no harm there, since the Lord protects.

Micah 4:11, 12. Falsities want to infest those who belong to the Lord, but He protects them. People who hold those falsities will be “threshed”, or judged.

Micah 4:13. The goods and truths that the Lord provides are as “iron” or “bronze”. 7 The falsities that are to be “threshed” aren't as strong, and can’t withstand them.

There are a lot of truths here for us, and there are appealing images. If we "go up" -- try to learn the true ideas in Christianity, and to walk in the Lord's ways, there will be healing, and affection, and understanding, and multiplying good, and protection.

-----
Footnotes:

1. For reference, see True Christian Religion 782.
2. See Doctrine of the Lord 3.
3. See Apocalypse Explained 850.
4. See True Christian Religion 298.
5. See Apocalypse Revealed 920.
6. See Arcana Coelestia 721.
7. See Arcana Coelestia 7769.

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 218


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2009, 2362, 3305, 4302, 4599, 5113, 6435, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 81, 167, 206, 270, 612, 704, 749, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 100

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 39, 64

True Christian Religion 117, 298, 304, 782


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 97, 102, 176, 220, 316, 403, 405, ...

Spiritual Experiences 4673

Marriage 117

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 19, 22, 57, 99

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Zephaniah 3:13, 19, 20

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Revelation 12:2

Významy biblických slov

days
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

mount
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

lifted
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

hills
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

nations
'A nation,' as in Genesis 21:18, signifies the spiritual church which should receive the good of faith. Nation from afar,' as in Jeremiah 5:17, signifies...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

go up
When we talk about "going up" in the modern world, we usually mean either that we're going north – which is toward the top of...

house of the
'The house of the prison' denotes the vastation of falsity, and also falsity itself.

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

God of Jacob
The God of Jacob signifies goods in act.

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

ways
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

paths
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

Zion
Zion, in 1 Kings 8:1 and Revelation 14:1 signifies heaven and the church where the Lord alone is worshipped. (Apocalypse Revealed 612). Zion, in the...

Go forth
To go forth, as in Genesis 19:14, signifies to recede from, or not to remain in [evil]. To go forth, as in Genesis 41:45, denotes...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

judged
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

peoples
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

mighty
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

nation
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

swords
'Spears and swords' signify truths adapted to spiritual warfare.

sword
The three words, sword, famine and pestilence, appear in a group in 26 different Bible verses. That's not an accident. Sword, famine and pestilence describe...

Ploughshares
'Ploughshares,; as in Isaiah 2:4 and Micah 4:3, signify the goods of the church which are perfected, or set forth by truths.

lifteth
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

sat
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

under
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

fig
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

hosts
When the divine power of good or omnipotence is being discussed in the Word, then says 'Jehovah Zebaoth,' or 'Jehovah of hosts,' and also 'Lord,'...

spoken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

ever
In many cases, the use of “eternity” in the Bible is pretty literal, simple meaning forever. This is especially true when the text is referring...

day
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

gather
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

reigned
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

tower
'Towers,' as in Psalms 48:12, signify the interior truths which defend the aspects of love and charity. In the opposite sense, they denote the interiors...

Tower of Eder
'The tower of Eder,' as in Genesis 35 and Joshua 15:21, signifies the progression of holiness to interior things.

Fort
Fortifications denote truths so far as they defend good. Fortifications signify defense against falsities and evils.

daughter of zion
'Virgin' and 'daughter of Zion' signify the church regarding the affection of good and truth.

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

cometh
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

shout
'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.

Pain
'Pain' signifies repugnant things arising from interior falsities, because what is repugnant is painful.

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

Woman
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

goest
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

babylon
Babylon was an ancient city built on the Euphrates river in what is now southern Iraq. It once was the capital of a great empire...

redeem
Jehovah is called 'the redeemer,' because He took on a human nature.

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

gathered
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

eyes
'Pairs of hands, eyes, etc.' relate to the will and understanding, or to good and truth. The right side to the will or good, and...

known
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

thoughts
There are thoughts from perception, from conscience, and from a lack of conscience. Thoughts from perception are only possible in the celestial, that is, people...

Threshing-floor
In Genesis 50:10, 'threshing floor' signifies where the good of truth is, because a threshing floor holds grain, and 'grain' signifies the good derived from...

floor
The floor, as in Matthew 3:12, signifies the world of spirits which is between heaven and hell, and where the separation of evils and falsities...

thresh
'To thresh,' as in Micah 4:13, signifies dissipating evils among people of the church.

horn
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

iron
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

hoofs
'A hoof' signifies truth in the ultimate degree, or sensory truth. 'The hooves of horses' signify the lowest intellectual principles. 'The hooves of the horses,'...

brass
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

gain
Gain denotes every false principle derived from evil, which perverts the judgment of the mind.

wealth
In Jeremiah 20:4-5, 'wealth,' 'labor,' 'precious things,' and 'all the treasures of the kings of Judah' signify the knowledges of faith.

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
In most cases, a "master" in the Bible refers to truth: knowledge, an understanding of the situation at hand, an understanding of the Lord's wishes,...

earth
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...


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