Exodus 30

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English: Young's Literal Translation         

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1 `And thou hast made an altar [for] making perfume; [of] shittim wood thou dost make it;

2 a cubit its length, and a cubit its breadth, (it is square), and two cubits its height; its horns [are] of the same.

3 `And thou hast overlaid it with pure gold, its top, and its sides round about, and its horns; and thou hast made to it a crown of gold round about;

4 and two rings of gold thou dost make to it under its crown; on its two ribs thou dost make [them], on its two sides, and they have become places for staves, to bear it with them.

5 `And thou hast made the staves of shittim wood, and hast overlaid them with gold;

6 and thou hast put it before the vail, which [is] by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy-seat which [is] over the testimony, whither I am met with thee.

7 `And Aaron hath made perfume on it, perfume of spices, morning by morning; in his making the lamps right he doth perfume it,

8 and in Aaron's causing the lamps to go up between the evenings, he doth perfume it; a continual perfume before Jehovah to your generations.

9 `Ye do not cause strange perfume to go up upon it, and burnt-offering, and present, and libation ye do not pour out on it;

10 and Aaron hath made atonement on its horns, once in a year, by the blood of the sin-offering of atonements; once in a year doth he make atonement for it, to your generations; it [is] most holy to Jehovah.'

11 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying,

12 `When thou takest up the sum of the sons of Israel for their numbers, then they have given each an atonement [for] his soul to Jehovah in their being numbered, and there is no plague among them in their being numbered.

13 `This they do give, every one passing over unto those numbered, half a shekel, by the shekel of the sanctuary (the shekel [is] twenty gerahs); half a shekel [is] the heave-offering to Jehovah;

14 every one passing over unto those numbered, from a son of twenty years and upwards, doth give the heave-offering of Jehovah;

15 the rich doth not multiply, and the poor doth not diminish from the half-shekel, to give the heave-offering of Jehovah, to make atonement for your souls.

16 `And thou hast taken the atonement-money from the sons of Israel, and hast given it for the service of the tent of meeting; and it hath been to the sons of Israel for a memorial before Jehovah, to make atonement for your souls.'

17 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying,

18 `And thou hast made a laver of brass (and its base of brass), for washing; and thou hast put it between the tent of meeting and the altar, and hast put water there;

19 and Aaron and his sons have washed at it their hands and their feet,

20 in their going in unto the tent of meeting they wash [with] water, and die not; or in their drawing nigh unto the altar to minister, to perfume a fire-offering to Jehovah,

21 then they have washed their hands and their feet, and they die not, and it hath been to them a statute age-during, to him and to his seed to their generations.'

22 And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying,

23 `And thou, take to thyself principal spices, wild honey five hundred [shekels]; and spice-cinnamon, the half of that, two hundred and fifty; and spice-cane two hundred and fifty;

24 and cassia five hundred, by the shekel of the sanctuary, and olive oil a hin;

25 and thou hast made it a holy anointing oil, a compound mixture, work of a compounder; it is a holy anointing oil.

26 `And thou hast anointed with it the tent of meeting, and the ark of the testimony,

27 and the table and all its vessels, and the candlestick and its vessels, and the altar of perfume,

28 and the altar of burnt-offering and all its vessels, and the laver and its base;

29 and thou hast sanctified them, and they have been most holy; all that is coming against them is holy;

30 and Aaron and his sons thou dost anoint, and hast sanctified them for being priests to Me.

31 `And unto the sons of Israel thou dost speak, saying, A holy anointing oil is this to Me, to your generations;

32 on flesh of man it is not poured, and with its proper proportion ye make none like it; it [is] holy; it is holy to you;

33 a man who compoundeth [any] like it, or who putteth of it on a stranger -- hath even been cut off from his people.'

34 And Jehovah saith unto Moses, `Take to thee spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum, spices and pure frankincense; they are part for part;

35 and thou hast made it a perfume, a compound, work of a compounder, salted, pure, holy;

36 and thou hast beaten [some] of it small, and hast put of it before the testimony, in the tent of meeting, whither I am met with thee; most holy it is to you.

37 `As to the perfume which thou makest, with its proper proportion ye do not make to yourselves, holy it is to thee to Jehovah;

38 a man who maketh [any] like it -- to be refreshed by it -- hath even been cut off from his people.'

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Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 10733

Apocalypse Revealed 239, 270, 364, 378, 392, 393, 394, ...

True Christian Religion 670


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 79, 155, 204, 242, 316, 324, 329, ...

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Altar
The first altar mentioned in the Word was built by Noah after he came out of the ark. On that altar, he sacrificed clean animals...

Shittim wood
'Shittim wood' signifies the good of merit, and in the highest sense, the mercy of the Lord.

wood
To ask counsel at their stocks,' as in Hosea 4:12, signifies the good of the delight that comes from some lusts.

Make
'To make,' as in Hosea 8:11, refers to good. In the opposite sense it refers to evil. To make heaven, and earth, and the sea,...

Length
'Length' symbolizes goodness, here, the goodness of the church, for the same reason that 'breadth' symbolizes truth. This is because 'length means the sweep of...

Square
'Square' signifies righteousness.

two
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Height
'Height' signifies the good and truth of the church in every degree.

pure
To be "pure" in the Bible means - unsurprisingly - to be devoid of evil. Thus all the washing for purification prescribed in the Laws...

gold
Gold means good, and just as gold was the most precious metal known to ancient mankind so it represents the good of the highest and...

Sides
'Sides' signify the interior or middle between the inmost and the extremes. The word 'rib' is used to mean sides, they denote truths, but sides...

Round
Something 'round' relates to good. 'A small round thing,' as in Exodus 16:14, refers to the good of truth in its first formation. This is...

Round about
'Round about' denotes the things most distant from the middle, or from good and truth.

Crown
The crown of glory in the hand of Jeho­vah (Isa 62:3) signifies wisdom which is of good, and a royal diadem in the hand of...

Rings
'Rings' signify the conjunction of good and truth. In Exodus 25:12, 'rings' particularly signify divine truth with divine good.

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

ribs
The most famous rib in the Bible is, of course, the one taken from Man (or Adam) and formed into Woman (or Eve) in the...

bear
Like many verbs, the spiritual meaning of "bearing" something depends greatly on context – what it is that's being borne, and why. It is further...

Put
'To put' has reference to order, arrangement, application, and influx.

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Vail
'A veil,' as in Genesis 38:19, signifies obscurity of the truth. The first vail of the tabernacle, which was the screen in front of the...

ark
There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

Mercy-seat
'The mercy seat' denotes cleansing from evils or remission of sins.

mercy
In regular language, "mercy" means being caring and compassionate toward those who are in poor states. That's a position we are all in relative to...

seat
If you think about sitting, it seems fair to say that where you're sitting is more important than that you're sitting. Sitting in a movie...

met
In natural language, to "meet" someone can be positive or negative: it can be a welcoming and greeting, or it can be "meeting" them in...

aaron
Aaron was the brother of Moses. He symbolizes two things, one during the first part of the exodus, when he was Moses' spokesperson, and another...

Spices
In Genesis 37:25, 'spices, resin, and myrrh' signify interior natural truths joined to good in the natural level. Among the ancients, they used things with...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

Go up
To go up and to go down: in the Word, mention is made of going up and going down when speaking of going from one...

Jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

generations
To “generate” something is to create it, and that idea underpins the meaning of a “generation” of people – it is a group that was...

upon
'Upon' or 'over' signifies being within.

Present
It was customary in the representative Ancient Church, and later in the Jewish Church, when people went to the judges, and at a later time,...

Pour out
Pouring out the vials upon the earth, which contained the plagues,' in Revelation 16:1, signifies influx of the reformed into the church, or into people...

the blood of the
‘The blood of the grape’ signifies spiritual celestial good, which is the name given to the divine in heaven as it goes out from the...

blood
The internal meaning of “blood” is a little tricky, because Swedenborg gives two meanings that seem quite different. In most cases, Swedenborg links blood with...

sin
In the Word three terms are used to mean bad things that are done. These three are transgression, iniquity, and sin, and they are here...

Atonements
Atonements (Exodus 28:36) are the receptions of the good of love and faith from the Lord, after the removal of evils and thence of falsities.

holy
The Bible describes many things as being holy, or sacred. The Ark of the Covenant is one very holy object. The inmost chamber of the...

speaketh
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

Sum
To 'take the sum of the sons of Israel,' as in Exodus 30:12, signifies the whole church.

Sons
'Sons of Canaan,' as in Genesis 10, are people who kept external worship separate from internal.

Sons of Israel
'The camp of the sons of Israel' represents the church.

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

Numbers
All numbers in the Word signify things or states, according to the relationship they have to other numbers. When two multiples of a number, which...

soul
The nature of the soul is a deep and complicated topic, but it can be summarized as "spiritual life," who we are in terms of...

give
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

Every one
The phrase “Every one,” where it occurs in Genesis 20:7, signifies every thing or all things.

one
A company might have executives setting policy and strategy, engineers designing products, line workers building them, managers handling personnel and others handling various functions. They...

Half
Half and double in reference to numbers in the world have a similar signification as the numbers themselves.

Shekel
'A shekel' signifies the price or estimation of good and truth, and 'half a shekel' signifies the determination of the quantity thereof.

Sanctuary
'Sanctuary' signifies the truth of heaven and the church. 'Sanctuary,' as in Ezekiel 24:21, signifies the Word.

Twenty
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

Son
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Upwards
'To look upwards' or 'forwards' signifies looking to celestial things, but 'to look downwards' or 'backwards' signifies looking towards bodily and earthly things, as in...

rich
When the Bible talks about riches, it is talking about spiritual wealth, not worldly wealth – ideas and knowledge about the Lord and spiritual things,...

multiply
'Spreading themselves on the earth,' as in Genesis 8:17, signifies the internal self operating on the external.

Poor
'Poor' signifies someone who is not in truths, and people who are ignorant of good and truth, but desire instruction.

Money
'Money' relates to truth.

Service
'Service' denotes everything beneath, which is subordinate and obeys, and so, truth being derived from good, and ministering to good.

Tent
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

Memorial
'For a sign and for a memorial,' denotes that a thing should be perpetually remembered.

Laver of brass
A laver of brass,' as in Exodus 30:18, signifies the good of the natural self, in which purification takes place. 'Lavers' signify the natural, and...

Brass
Brass and iron as in Isaiah 48:4 and Daniel 7:19 signify what is hard.

washing
It does not take a great leap of imagination to see that “washing” in the Bible represents purification. Washing dirt from the skin is symbolic...

water
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

hands
'Washing of the hands' was an ancient declaration of innocence, and signifies purification from evils and falsities, as in Psalms 73:13 and Matthew 27:24.

feet
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

going
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

die
'To perish,' or 'die,' relates to damnation, or the state in hell.

Nigh
'Nigh' denotes truth in affinity with good.

Minister
'To minister,' as in Genesis 40:2, relates to scientific ideas.

fire
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

Seed
'A seed' signifies love, and everyone who has love, as in Genesis 12:7. 8:15, 16. 'A seed' signifies faith grounded in charity. 'A seed' signifies...

Spice
'Spice,' in Ezekiel 27:22, in an internal sense, is charity. 'Spice,' in 1 Kings 10:2, signifies interior truths.

Honey
'Honey' signifies the delight derived from good and truth or from the affection thereof, and specifically the external delight. Thus it signifies the delight of...

Five
Five also signifies all things of one part.

hundred
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

fifty
God rested on the seventh day of creation. That represents a state of holiness and tranquility that was preserved in the form of the sabbath....

cane
'A reed' or 'cane' signifies feeble power, like a person has from himself.

Cassia
Cassia, (Exod. 30:24), signifies interior truth from good, or interior truth of the internal man. Cassia and Calamus (Ezek. 27:19) signify natural truth from which...

Olive
'An olive,' as in Isaiah 17:6, signifies celestial remains. 'An olive' signifies love and charity, because 'the olive tree' signifies the celestial church, and so...

oil
In Revelation 18:13, 'wine, oil, flour, and wheat' signify celestial principles of worship.

Hin
'A hin' denotes the measurement of conjunction.

anointed
Oil in the Bible represents the Lord’s love, so anointing someone (or something) with oil was a way to make that person (or object) a...

table
Food and drink in the Bible represent the desire to be loving and the understanding of how to be loving, gifts that flow from the...

Vessels
'Vessels,' in the internal sense, signify things serving as a receptacle, as scientific ideas and knowledges are to truths, and as truths themselves are to...

Coming
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

Priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

flesh
Flesh has several meanings just in its most obvious form. It can mean all living creatures as when the Lord talks about the flood "destroying...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

none
'No one,' or 'none' denotes the negative side of something.

stranger
'A sojourner' or 'stranger,' as in Matthew 25:32, signifies someone who is willing to be instructed.

people
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nation.” When it uses the term “nation,” it is talking about a group...

saith
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

Stacte
'Stacte,' as in Exodus 30:34, signifies the affection for sensory truth.

Onycha
'Onycha,' as in Exodus 30:34, signifies the affection of interior natural truth.

Galbanum
Galbanum, mentioned in Exodus 30:34, signifies the affection of interior truth in the internal man.

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Altars of Burnt Offering and Incense in the Tabernacle
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 The Altar of Burnt Incense
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14


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