Yoshuwa 8

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1 Wathi uYehova kuYoshuwa, Musa ukoyika, ungaqhiphuki umbilini. Thabatha bonke abantu bokulwa, usuke, unyuke, uye eAyi. Yabona, ndimnikele esandleni sakho ukumkani waseAyi, nabantu bakhe, nomzi wakhe, nelizwe lakhe;

2 wenze kwiAyi nokumkani wayo njengoko wenza ngako kwiYeriko nokumkani wayo; kodwa nozithimbela amaxhoba ayo, neenkomo zayo; wobeka kuloo mzi abalaleli emva kwawo.

3 Wesuka uYoshuwa nabantu bonke bokulwa, wenyuka, waya eAyi. UYoshuwa wanyula amadoda angamagorha anobukroti, angamashumi amathathu amawaka, wawasusa ngobusuku.

4 Wawawisela umthetho, esithi, Yabonani, ningabalaleli kuwo umzi, emva komzi; musani ukuba kude kakhulu kuwo umzi, lungani nonke niphela.

5 Mna ke, nabantu bonke abanam, siya kusondela kuwo umzi. Kothi, bakuphuma basihlangabeze, njengokuya kokuqala, sisuke sirhole phambi kwabo.

6 Bophuma ke basilandele, side sibarhole kuwo umzi; kuba baya kuthi, Bayasaba phambi kwethu, njengokuya kokuqala. Siya kurhola ke thina phambi kwabo;

7 nisuke ke nina ekulaleleni kwenu, niwuhluthe umzi. UYehova uThixo wenu uwunikele esandleni senu.

8 Kothi, xenikweni nithe nawuthabatha umzi, niwufake isikhuni, nenze ngokwelizwi likaYehova. Yabonani, ndiniwisele umthetho.

9 Wawasusa ke uYoshuwa; aya kulalela, ahlala phakathi kweBheteli neAyi, ngasentshonalanga eAyi; uYoshuwa walala phakathi kwabantu ngobo busuku.

10 Wavuka kusasa ngengomso uYoshuwa, wabahlela abantu, wenyuka, yena namadoda amakhulu akwaSirayeli phambi kwabantu, waya eAyi.

11 Bonke abantu bokulwa ababenaye benyuka, basondela, beza phambi komzi, bamisa ngasentla kweAyi; kwabakho umfula phakathi kwabo neAyi.

12 Wathabatha amadoda amayela kumawaka amahlanu, wawabeka ekulaleleni phakathi kweBheteli neAyi, ngasentshonalanga komzi.

13 Abantu babeyimisile yonke impi ebingasentla komzi, nabalaleli bayo ngasentshonalanga komzi. UYoshuwa wacanda phakathi komfula ngobo busuku.

14 Kwathi, akubona ukumkani waseAyi, amadoda aloo mzi angxama, avuka kwakusasa, aphuma eya kuhlangabeza amaSirayeli ukuba kuliwe, yena nabantu bakhe bonke, endaweni emisiweyo phambi kweArabha. Ebengazi ke yena ukuba kulalelwe emva komzi.

15 UYoshuwa namaSirayeli onke bazenza aboyisiweyo phambi kwabo, barhola ngendlela yasentlango.

16 Bahlatyelwa umkhosi bonke abantu abakuloo mzi ukuba babasukele. Bamsukela ke uYoshuwa, baqhiwukana nomzi wabo.

17 Akwasala nanye indoda eAyi naseBheteli, ingaphumanga iwalandele amaSirayeli; bawushiya umzi uvulekile, bawasukela amaSirayeli.

18 Wathi uYehova kuYoshuwa, wolule umkhonto osesandleni sakho ngakwiAyi; kuba ndiya kuyinikela esandleni sakho. Wawolula ke uYoshuwa umkhonto osesandleni sakhe ngakuwo umzi.

19 Besuka abalaleli ngokukhawuleza endaweni yabo, bagidima; akusolula isandla sakhe, bangena kuloo mzi, bawuthimba, bangxama, bawufaka isikhuni.

20 Abheka emva kwawo amadoda aseAyi, abona, nango umsi womzi unyuka usiya ezulwini; akaba namandla okusabela ngapha nangapha; bathi abantu ababesabele entlango, babaguqukela ababasukelayo.

21 UYoshuwa namaSirayeli onke abona ukuba abalaleli bawuthimbile umzi, nokuba umsi womzi uyenyuka, babuya ke bawabulala amadoda aseAyi.

22 Baphuma abaya kuloo mzi, beza kubakhawulela; aba phakathi kwabakwaSirayeli, abanye abangapha, abanye bangapha; bawabulala ke kwada akwasala usabileyo, nosindileyo.

23 Bambamba ehleli ukumkani waseAyi, bamsondeza kuYoshuwa.

24 Kwathi, xa amaSirayeli abegqibile ukubabulala bonke abemi baseAyi ezweni, entlango apho abebasukele khona, naxa babewile bonke ngohlangothi lwekrele bada bagqitywa, amaSirayeli onke abuyela eAyi, ayibulala ngohlangothi lwekrele.

25 Kwathi, bonke abawayo ngaloo mini, bethabathela kwindoda besisa kumfazi, bangamawaka alishumi elinamabini, bonke abantu baseAyi.

26 Akasibuyisanga uYoshuwa isandla sakhe, awolule umkhonto ngaso, bada batshatyalaliswa bonke abemi baseAyi.

27 Kodwa iinkomo namaxhoba aloo mzi azithimbela amaSirayeli ngokwelizwi likaYehova, abemwisele umthetho ngalo uYoshuwa.

28 Wayitshisa ke uYoshuwa iAyi, wayenza umwewe ingunaphakade, inxowa unanamhla.

29 Wamxhoma emthini ukumkani waseAyi kwada kwalixesha langokuhlwa; lakutshona ilanga, wawisa umthetho uYoshuwa ukuba basithule isidumbu sakhe emthini; basiphosa esithubeni sesango lomzi, bamisa phezu kwaso imfumba enkulu yamatye; ikhona unanamhla.

30 Waza uYoshuwa wamakhela uYehova uThixo kaSirayeli isibingelelo entabeni ye-Ebhali, njengolo uMoses,

31 umkhonzi kaYehova, wabawiselayo oonyana bakaSirayeli umthetho, njengoko kubahliweyo encwadini yomyalelo kaMoses: isibingelelo samatye awonke esingasetyenzwanga ngantsimbi. Banyusa phezu kwaso amadini anyukayo kuYehova, babingelela imibingelelo yoxolo.

32 Wabhala khona ematyeni, wawuphinda ukuwubhala umyalelo kaMoses, awawubhalayo phambi koonyana bakaSirayeli.

33 Onke amaSirayeli, namadoda awo amakhulu, nababhali, nabagwebi bawo, ema ngapha nangapha kwetyeya, phambi kwababingeleli abangabaLevi, abathwele ityeya yomnqophiso kaYehova, owasemzini enjengozalwayo; esinye isiqingatha sabo simalunga nentaba yeGerizim, esinye isiqingatha sabo simalunga nentaba ye-Ebhali; njengoko uMoses umkhomzi kaYehova wawisayo umthetho ngenxa engaphambili, ukuba basikelelwe abantu bakwaSirayeli.

34 Emveni koko wawalesa onke amazwi omyalelo, iintsikelelo neziqalekiso, ngako konke okubhaliweyo encwadini yomyalelo.

35 Akwabakho nalinye ilizwi kuwo onke amazwi abewise uMoses umthetho ngawo, angalilesanga uYoshuwa phambi kwebandla lonke lamaSirayeli, nabafazi, nabantwana, nowasemzini ohamba phakathi kwawo.

  

Exploring the Meaning of Yoshuwa 8      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 8      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff and Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 8: The fall of Ai and the renewal of the covenant.

The events of this chapter - and their spiritual meaning for us - follow on from the previous chapter. After their first setback at Ai, the Children of Israel take the city of Ai by using a clever ruse. Joshua chose thirty thousand men for the battle. The plan was for five thousand of them to hide near the city, while he led the main army to attack the city. Then, Joshua and his forces would pretend to run away, pursued by the men of Ai. Those who had hidden were then to come out, go into the city, and set it on fire. The men of Ai would see this and run back, get ambushed, and be caught between Joshua’s two armies.

It all happened as planned, and Israel took Ai. (See Arcana Caelestia 1557). As with Jericho, everything in Ai was commanded to be destroyed, except that in this case the livestock and the city’s spoils were to be kept. The whole city was burned and its king was hanged on a tree until sunset and then his body was thrown down at the city entrance with a great heap of stones put over it.

The basic spiritual meaning of any battle in the Bible such as this, is to show how a heavenly principle can and will overcome a hellish or evil attack, especially for us, during some temptation - when we seek to resist and fight back.

Evil is only strong in illusion and fear-mongering; when the light of what is true shines on evil it gets shown for what it is. (Heaven and Hell 49)

The city’s name “Ai” means “a heap”. The word gets used several times in the text of the chapter. A heap implies rubble and rubbish. Cities sometimes look noble and well-planned; in Ai’s case it was the very opposite - a heap, a ruin. (Heaven and Hell 586[2])

While Jericho generally represents our wrong thinking, which first stands in the way of our regeneration and spiritual will, Ai represents our evil emotions and our selfish passions. Both of them must fall before we can make further progress.

Joshua chooses a large number to go against a relatively few in Ai, who nevertheless all rush out to fight Israel. “There was not a man left in Ai or Bethel who did not go out after Israel. Thus they left the city open.” (Joshua 8:17)

Joshua’s tactic of drawing out the men of Ai means our challenge to evil - by confronting it with the truths and commandments we know and obey. Joshua’s pretence of fleeing away draws Ai out in glee, interpreting the flight as a real retreat. Then everything turns, and Joshua’s men go forward representing the power of the truth, the Word and our persuasion of their effectiveness in winning. (Arcana Caelestia 6344[4])

Ai’s men see their city on fire, for other Israelites entered Ai and set it ablaze. This represents the self-condemnation of evil, of hell, when it is exposed to what is true, heavenly and of God. But Joshua’s men, lying in ambush and waiting for the moment, represent our keen observation of how our selfish desires work to cause havoc in us. They are 5,000. Symbolically, in the Bible, five or its multiples always stand for a small amount - but enough to use.

Hanging the king of Ai stands for our need to put down the controlling power of any evil which stirs us. And all Ai is destroyed, because all evil must be turned against and refused.

Then, and only then, Joshua remakes the covenant with the Lord God; he builds an altar, he writes a copy on stones of the Law of Moses in the presence of all Israel, the priests stand in two groups in front of two mountains, then Joshua reads the words of blessing and cursing and all the Law of Moses.

After we resist any evil and its temptation, we must re-hear and re-affirm the truth that this was the Lord’s victory, not ours, and re-dedicate ourselves to the life the Lord gives us. (True Christian Religion 13[2])

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 796, 878, 1298, 1453, 2799, 5156, 6752, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 457, 662


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 585, 655, 937

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