Yoshuwa 21



1 Zasondela iintloko zezindlu zooyise zakwaLevi kuElazare umbingeleli, nakuYoshuwa unyana kaNun, nakwiintloko zezindlu zooyise zezizwe zoonyana bakaSirayeli;

2 zathetha kubo eShilo ezweni lakwaKanan, zisithi, UYehova wawisa umthetho ngesandla sikaMoses, ukuba sinikwe imizi yokuhlala, namadlelo ayo eenkomo zethu.

3 Oonyana bakaSirayeli babanika abaLevi elifeni labo, ngokomlomo kaYehova, le mizi namadlelo ayo.

4 Laphuma iqashiso nemizalwane yamaKehati; yaba yeyoonyana baka-Aron umbingeleli abangabaLevi, esizweni sakwaYuda, nasesizweni sakwaSimon, nasesizweni sakwaBhenjamin, imizi elishumi elinamithathu ngeqashiso elo.

5 Abanye oonyana bakaKehati bafumana ngeqashiso imizi elishumi emizalwaneni yesizwe sakwaEfrayim, nasesizweni sakwaDan, nasesiqingatheni sesizwe sakwaManase.

6 Oonyana bakaGershon bafumana ngeqashiso imizi elishumi elinamithathu emizalwaneni yesizwe sakwaIsakare, nasesizweni sakwa-Ashere, nasesizweni sakwaNafetali, nasesiqingatheni sesizwe sakwaManase eBhashan.

7 Oonyana bakaMerari, ngokwemizalwane yabo, bafumana imizi elishumi elinamibini esizweni sakwaRubhen, nasesizweni sakwaGadi, nasesizweni sakwaZebhulon.

8 Oonyana bakaSirayeli babanika abaLevi ngeqashiso loo mizi namadlelo ayo, njengoko uYehova wawisayo umthetho ngesandla sikaMoses.

9 Babanika esizweni soonyana bakaYuda, nasesizweni soonyana bakaSimon, yona le mizi ibizwa ngegama layo;

10 yaba yeyoonyana baka-Aron emizalwaneni yamaKehati, koonyana bakaLevi; ngokuba laba lelabo iqashiso lokuqala.

11 Babanika umzi ka-Arbha, uyise ka-Anaki (ngowaseHebron ke lowo), ezintabeni zakwaYuda, namadlelo ayo ngeenxa zonke.

12 Ke amasimi aloo mzi, nemizana yawo, bawanika uKalebhi unyana kaYefune ukuba abe ngawakhe.

13 Oonyana baka-Aron umbingeleli babanika owaseHebron nedlelo lawo, umzi ke wokusabela umbulali, neLibhena nedlelo layo,

14 neYatire nedlelo layo, ne-Eshtemowa nedlelo layo,

15 neHolon nedlelo layo, neDebhiri nedlelo layo,

16 neAyin nedlelo layo, neYuta nedlelo layo, neBhete-shemeshe nedlelo layo: imizi esithoba kwezo zizwe zibini.

17 Nasesizweni sakwaBhenjamin: iGibheyon nedlelo layo, neGebha nedlelo layo,

18 neAnatoti nedlelo layo, neAlemon nedlelo layo: imizi emine.

19 Iyonke imizi yoonyana baka-Aron, ababingeleli, yabayimizi elishumi elinamithathu inamadlelo ayo.

20 Imizalwane yoonyana bakaKehati, yabaLevi abaseleyo koonyana bakaKehati, yafumana imizi yeqashiso layo esizweni sakwaEfrayim.

21 Babanika owakwaShekem nedlelo lawo, okweleentaba lakwaEfrayim, umzi ke wokusabela umbulali, neGezere nedlelo layo,

22 neKibhetsayim nedlelo layo, neBhete-horon nedlelo layo: imizi emine.

23 Esizweni sakwaDan, iEleteke nedlelo layo, neGibheton nedlelo layo,

24 neAyalon nedlelo layo, neGati-rimon nedlelo layo: imizi emine.

25 Esiqingatheni sesizwe sakwaManase, iTahanaki nedlelo layo, neGati-rimon nedlelo layo: imizi emibini.

26 Iyonke imizi yaba lishumi namadlelo ayo, ngokwemizalwane yoonyana bakaKehati abaseleyo.

27 Babanika oonyana bakaGershon emizalwaneni yabaLevi, esiqingatheni sesizwe sakwaManase, iGolan eBhashan nedlelo layo, umzi ke wokusabela umbulali, neBheheshtera nedlelo layo: imizi emibini.

28 Esizweni sakwaIsakare, iKishon nedlelo layo, neDabherati nedlelo layo,

29 neYarmuti nedlelo layo, ne-En-ganim nedlelo layo: imizi emine.

30 Esizweni sakwa-Ashere, iMishali nedlelo layo, neAbhedon nedlelo layo;

31 neHelekati nedlelo layo, neRehobhi nedlelo layo: imizi emine.

32 Esizweni sakwaNafetali, iKedeshe kwelaseGalili nedlelo layo, umzi ke wokusabela umbulali; iHamoti-dore nedlelo layo, iKartan nedlelo layo: imizi emithathu.

33 Iyonke imizi yamaGershon, ngokwemizalwane yakhe, yaba yimizi elishumi elinamithathu inamadlelo ayo.

34 Bayinika imizalwane yoonyana bakaMerari, yabaLevi abaseleyo, esizweni sakwaZebhulon, iYokeneham nedlelo layo, neKarta nedlelo layo,

35 neDimna nedlelo layo, neNahalali nedlelo layo: imizi emine.

36 Esizweni sakwaRubhen, iBhetsere nedlelo layo, neYahatsa nedlelo layo,

37 neKedemoti nedlelo layo, neMefahati nedlelo layo: imizi emine.

38 Esizweni sakwaGadi, iRamoti kwelaseGiliyadi nedlelo layo, umzi ke wokusabela umbulali; neMahanayim nedlelo layo,

39 neHeshbhon nedlelo layo, neYazere nedlelo layo: iyonke loo mizi mine.

40 Iyonke imizi yoonyana bakaMerari ngokwemizalwane yabo eseleyo, emizalwaneni yabaLevi, iqashiso labo laba yimizi elishumi elinamibini.

41 Iyonke imizi yabaLevi phakathi kwelifa loonyana bakaSirayeli yaba yimizi engamashumi mane anesibhozo, inamadlelo ayo.

42 Yonke loo mizi ngaminye yaba nedlelo layo ngeenxa zonke; kwaba njalo kuloo mizi yonke.

43 UYehova wawanika ke amaSirayeli lonke ilizwe abelifungele ooyise ukuba wobanika; alihlutha ahlala kulo.

44 UYehova wawaphumza ngeenxa zonke, njengako konke awabafungelayo ooyise; akwabakho mntu ezintshabeni zawo zonke umayo phambi kwawo. Zonke iintshaba zawo uYehova wazinikela esandleni sawo.

45 Akuwanga zwi phantsi, emazwini onke alungileyo awawathethayo uYehova kwindlu kaSirayeli; enzeka onke.


Exploring the Meaning of Yoshuwa 21      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 21: The cities of the Levite priests and the end of the settlement.

In this chapter, the last remaining part of the settlement was completed: the provision for the Levites, the priests of Israel. This tribe had been appointed priests because only they had answered the call, “Who is on the side of the Lord?” when the Israelites had been worshipping the golden calf in the wilderness (see Exodus 32:26).

Much of the chapter is spent listing the cities given to the three sons of Aaron, who was appointed high priest. Each extended family of Aaron’s sons was given about sixteen cities. It seems very significant that a lot of these cities were the same ones given to the other tribes, and were also the cities of refuge.

Levi’s name means ‘joined’, which is very suitable for the Levite priests, who received cities in every tribal territory. This meant that the presence of priests was everywhere (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 342).

Spiritually speaking, this distribution is a wonderful illustration that our spirit lives throughout our whole body. Every part of us is alive! Every single thing in our body, from one blood cell to our heart and lungs, is maintained by our spirit, which itself is maintained by the influx of the Lord’s life. The function of everything in our body is in a perfect correspondence with the kingdom of heaven.

So, spiritually, the Levites stand for the presence of the Lord everywhere, in everything. This underlines the point that everything in the natural world - even the cities and territories described in this chapter of Joshua - reflect something about God and heaven (see Swedenborg’s Apocalypse Revealed 194). But there is another important meaning for the distribution of the priestly Levites in cities all through the tribal territories: we must keep on acknowledging that everything is a blessing from the Lord, that everything we do is for God, and that the Lord alone does what is truly good (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Providence 91).

After the distribution of cities to the Levites, Israel was fully established in the land of Canaan. The rest of this chapter is a consolidating statement which is worth including in full:

v43. “So the Lord gave to Israel all the land of which He had sworn to give to their fathers, and they took possession of it and dwelt in it.
v44. The Lord gave them rest all around, according to all that he had sworn to their fathers. And not a man of all their enemies stood against them; the Lord delivered all their enemies into their hand.
v45. Not a word failed of any good thing which the Lord had spoken to the house of Israel. All came to pass.”

These are words of fulfillment, culmination, assurance and blessing. Everything here traces back to the Lord. The Lord made a covenant with the children of Israel, granted them victory over their enemies, and gave them the Land of Canaan; the Lord had spoken in complete truth. “All came to pass.”

This final statement is a promise of our own capacity for regeneration and spiritual progress. We are able to overcome our natural desires and selfish states; we have been established in our life with the ability to understand and do what is good. In devoting ourselves to the Lord, we find strength to see that He will never fail us, and will change us for the better. ‘All came to pass’ is our affirmation that our life is always under God’s care and providence (Arcana Caelestia 977).

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