1 Samuweli 8

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1 Kwathi, xenikweni uSamuweli alixhego, wabamisa oonyana bakhe baba ngabagwebi kumaSirayeli.

2 Igama lonyana wakhe wamazibulo lalinguYoweli, Igama lowesibini lalinguAbhiya; bengabagwebi eBher-shebha.

3 Oonyana bakhe abahambanga ngendlela yakhe, banabela inzuzo embi, bamkela izicengo, basijika isigwebo.

4 Aza ahlanganisana onke amadoda amakhulu akwaSirayeli, eza kuSamuweli eRama, athi kuye, Uyabona,

5 waluphele wena, oonyana bakho abahambi ngendlela yakho; simisele ngoko ukumkani wokusilawula, njengeentlanga ezi zonke.

6 Laba libi elo zwi emehlweni kaSamuweli, xa bathi, Sinike ukumkani wokusilawula. Wathandaza uSamuweli kuYehova.

7 Wathi uYehova kuSamuweli, Liphulaphule izwi labantu entweni yonke abayithethayo kuwe; ngokuba ingenguwe abamgibileyo, bagibe mna, ukuze ndingabi ngukumkani kubo.

8 Ngokwezenzo zonke abazenzileyo, kuselokwemini endabanyusayo eYiputa kwada kwaba namhla, bandishiya, bakhonza thixo bambi, benjenjalo namhla nakuwe.

9 Liphulaphule ngoko izwi labo; kodwa uze ubaqononondise kakuhle, ubaxelele isiko aya kuphatha ngalo ukumkani oya kuba ngukumkani wabo.

10 Wabaxelela ke uSamuweli abo bantu babebiza ukumkani kuye onke amazwi kaYehova.

11 Wathi, Lilo eli isiko lokumkani oya kuba ngukumkani kuni: Oonyana benu uya kubathabatha abamisele yena ezinqwelweni zakhe zokulwa, nasemahasheni akhe akhwelwayo, babaleke phambi kwenqwelo yakhe;

12 abamisele yena babe ngabathetheli bamawaka, nabathetheli bamashumi ngamahlanu, balime amasimi akhe, bavune ukutya kwakhe, benze iimpahla zakhe zemfazwe neempahla zenqwelo yakhe.

13 Iintombi zenu wozithabatha zibe ngabaqholikazi, nabapheki, nabosi bezonka.

14 Amasimi enu wowathabatha, nezidiliya zenu, nezinquma zenu ezona zilungileyo, azinike abakhonzi bakhe;

15 nesishumi sembewu yenu asibize, nesezidiliya zenu, asinike ababusi bakhe nabakhonzi bakhe.

16 Abakhonzi benu uya kubathabatha, nabakhonzazana benu, namadodana enu, namaesile enu, enze umsebenzi wakhe;

17 isishumi sempahla yenu emfutshane asibize; nina nibe ngabakhonzi bakhe.

18 Niya kukhala ngaloo mini ngokumkani wenu enazinyulelayo, anganiphenduli uYehova ngaloo mini.

19 Abavuma abantu ukuliphulaphula ilizwi likaSamuweli; bathi, Hayi, inene, masibe nokumkani;

20 nathi sibe njengeentlanga ezi zonke, asilawule ukumkani wethu, aphume phambi kwethu, alwe iimfazwe zethu.

21 Waweva uSamuweli onke amazwi abantu, wawathetha ezindlebeni zikaYehova.

22 Wathi uYehova kuSamuweli, Liphulaphule izwi labo, ubenzele ukumkani. Wathi uSamuweli kumadoda akwaSirayeli, Hambani niye elowo emzini wakhe.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

IGenesis 46:1

IEksodus 16:8, 23:6, 8

IDuteronomi 16:18, 17:14

Abagwebi 8:22

1 Samuweli 1:19, 8:5, 7, 20, 22, 10:19, 25, 12:1, 2, 12, 17, 19, 23, 14:52, 15:11, 17:8, 22:7

2 Samuweli 15:1

1 Kumkani 12:4

2 Kumkani 19:14, 21:9

EyokuQala yeziKronike 6:13, 27:1

Umsebenzi 8

IiNdumiso 78:8, 81:12

ImiZekeliso 1:25, 28

UIsaya 23, 59:1

NguYeremiya 22:17, 44:16

UHezekile 8:18

UHoseya 13:10

UMika 3:4, 11

UMateyu 20:25

Izenzo zaBapostile 13:21

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