Deuteronomy 20

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1 When you go forth to battle against your enemies, and see horses, and chariots, [and] a people more than you, you shall not be afraid of them; for Yahweh your God is with you, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt.

2 It shall be, when you draw near to the battle, that the priest shall approach and speak to the people,

3 and shall tell them, "Hear, Israel, you draw near this day to battle against your enemies: don't let your heart faint; don't be afraid, nor tremble, neither be scared of them;

4 for Yahweh your God is he who goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you."

5 The officers shall speak to the people, saying, "What man is there who has built a new house, and has not dedicated it? Let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it.

6 What man is there who has planted a vineyard, and has not used its fruit? Let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man use its fruit.

7 What man is there who has pledged to be married a wife, and has not taken her? Let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her."

8 The officers shall speak further to the people, and they shall say, "What man is there who is fearful and fainthearted? Let him go and return to his house, lest his brother's heart melt as his heart."

9 It shall be, when the officers have made an end of speaking to the people, that they shall appoint captains of armies at the head of the people.

10 When you draw near to a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace to it.

11 It shall be, if it makes you answer of peace, and opens to you, then it shall be, that all the people who are found therein shall become tributary to you, and shall serve you.

12 If it will make no peace with you, but will make war against you, then you shall besiege it:

13 and when Yahweh your God delivers it into your hand, you shall strike every male of it with the edge of the sword:

14 but the women, and the little ones, and the livestock, and all that is in the city, even all its spoil, you shall take for a prey to yourself; and you shall eat the spoil of your enemies, which Yahweh your God has given you.

15 Thus you shall do to all the cities which are very far off from you, which are not of the cities of these nations.

16 But of the cities of these peoples, that Yahweh your God gives you for an inheritance, you shall save alive nothing that breathes;

17 but you shall utterly destroy them: the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite; as Yahweh your God has commanded you;

18 that they not teach you to do after all their abominations, which they have done to their gods; so would you sin against Yahweh your God.

19 When you shall besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, you shall not destroy its trees by wielding an axe against them; for you may eat of them, and you shall not cut them down; for is the tree of the field man, that it should be besieged of you?

20 Only the trees of which you know that they are not trees for food, you shall destroy and cut them down; and you shall build bulwarks against the city that makes war with you, until it fall.

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Explanation of Deuteronomy 20      

Napsal(a) Alexander Payne

Verses 1-4. The soul must not be afraid of evils and falsities when opposed by them in temptations, but must rely upon heaven.

Verses 5-9. Directions for combating with evil and falsity.

Verses 10-15. On contending with doctrines in the external mind that oppose regeneration.

Verses 16-18. But those derived from interior evil to be utterly destroyed.

Verses 19-20. But care to be taken not to destroy any genuine knowledges and perceptions in contending with false doctrines.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1097, 1444, 1664, 2913, 6394, 6858, 7111

Apocalypse Revealed 400, 847


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 109, 725, 734, 750, 919

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 15:20, 21

Exodus 14:13, 20:2, 23:32, 33

Numbers 10:9, 13:29, 14:9, 31:6, 7, 9, 17

Deuteronomy 1:21, 29, 30, 2:26, 35, 4:21, 7:2, 4, 21, 9:3, 12:30, 31, 18:9, 24:4, 5, 28:30, 31:6

Joshua 1:5, 9, 9:9, 10:8, 11, 23:10

Judges 6:12, 16, 7:3, 11:12

1 Samuel 14:23, 17:32

2 Samuel 18:1

1 Kings 5:1, 11:15

2 Kings 3:19, 25

1 Chronicles 14:15

2 Chronicles 10, 32:8

Psalms 33:17, 46:8

Jeremiah 16:14

Zechariah 10:5

1 Corinthians 9:7

Významy biblických slov

Go forth
To go forth, as in Genesis 19:14, signifies to recede from, or not to remain in [evil]. To go forth, as in Genesis 41:45, denotes...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

battle
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

see
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

horses
'A horse' signifies knowledges or understanding of the Word. In an opposite sense it signifies the understanding of the Word falsified by reasonings, and likewise...

afraid
Fear has various significations according to the thing which causes it. Fear signifies love. Fear, as in Gen 28:17, signifies a holy change.

Yahweh
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

land
Land' in the Word, denotes the church, for the things which signify the church also signify the things relating to the church, for these constitute...

egypt
Egyptians represent those who are in natural science, thus the natural, but the Hebrews, those who are of the church, thus respectively the spiritual. The...

draw
"Drawing" is used a number of different ways in the Bible, generally in the sense of pulling, leading or moving: People most commonly draw water,...

near
'Nigh' denotes truth in affinity with good.

speak
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

tell
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

hear
Thanks to modern science, we now understand that hearing actually happens in the brain, not the ears. The ears collect vibrations in the air and...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

goes
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

save
To be saved or rescued means getting true ideas that we can hold to even in the face of a storm of false thinking. Sometimes...

people
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

built
To build something generally means to put together a variety of simpler pieces to make a useful and more complex structure, as to build a...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

return
Everyone knows the phrase "the natural order of things." It means that everything is in its proper place, occupying the niche it is meant to...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

planted
'To plant' denotes regeneration.

Vineyard
'A vine' signifies spiritual good and truth. 'A vine' or 'vineyard' signifies the church where the Word, and the Lord in it, is known, or...

fruit
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

wife
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

brother
There are two ways "brother" is used in the Bible, ways that are still reflected in modern language. One denotes an actual blood relationship; the...

melt
'To melt' denotes vanishing before the heat of lust.

captains
In the Bible, “captains,” “commanders” and “chiefs”, and the armies they lead, represent large collections of spiritual desires and large collections of spiritual ideas. The...

armies
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

head
'Officer' denotes doctrines or principles of interpretation.

city
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

proclaim
'To proclaim' signifies exploration from influx of the Lord.

peace
In ordinary life, we tend to think of "peace" as essentially "a lack of conflict." As a nation, if we're not at war, it's a...

answer
To "answer" generally indicates a state of spiritual receptivity. Ultimately this means being receptive to the Lord, who is constantly trying to pour true ideas...

found
To not to be found any more, signifies not to rise again.

serve
Generally speaking, those who are at lower levels of an organization serve those at higher levels. Bosses boss and their employees serve; coaches devise strategy...

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

besiege
'To lay siege' means bringing distress by evils and falsities.

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

strike
'The smitten' signify people who are oppressed by the falsities of ignorance.

Edge of the sword
The edge of the sword (Gen. 34:26) signifies what is false and evil in a state of combat.

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

women
The word "woman" is used a number of different ways in the Bible – as a simple description, as someone connected to a man ("his...

spoil
'To spoil,' as in Genesis 34:27, signifies destruction. 'Spoil,' as in Deuteronomy 13:16, signifies the falsification of truth.

eat
When we eat, our bodies break down the food and get from it both energy and materials for building and repairing the body. The process...

given
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

cities
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

nations
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nation.” When it uses the term “nation,” it is talking about a group...

gives
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

inheritance
In Biblical times, possessions passed from fathers to sons, a patriarchal system that would not be accepted in today's society – but one that is...

hittite
'A Hittite' in a good sense, signifies the spiritual church, or the truth of the church. The Hittites were among the upright Gentiles who were...

hivite
The Hivites' represent those who were in idolatry, but in which there was something of good.

commanded
To command is to give an order that something must be done, and is directed to an individual, or a group. It is an imperative,...

gods
The Lord is called "Jehovah" in the Bible when the text is referring to his essence, which is love itself. He is called "God" when...

long
'Long' and thence to prolong, refer to good.

trees
In general, plants in the Bible represent facts, thoughts and ideas – intellectual things. This makes sense: Plants are rooted in place, but can grow...

tree
'Trees,' in general, signify the perceptions when discussing the celestial self, but when related to the spiritual church, they signify knowledges. A person in the...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

know
In a general sense, men represent things of the intellect – facts, ideas, knowledge, everything from the deepest truths to the most pernicious falsities about...

down
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

build
To build something generally means to put together a variety of simpler pieces to make a useful and more complex structure, as to build a...

bulwarks
Bulwarks (Isa. 26:2) signify truths.

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