1 Samuel 5

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World English Bible         

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1 Now the Philistines had taken the ark of God, and they brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod.

2 The Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it into the house of Dagon, and set it by Dagon.

3 When they of Ashdod arose early on the next day, behold, Dagon was fallen on his face to the ground before the ark of Yahweh. They took Dagon, and set him in his place again.

4 When they arose early on the next day morning, behold, Dagon was fallen on his face to the ground before the ark of Yahweh; and the head of Dagon and both the palms of his hands [lay] cut off on the threshold; only [the stump of] Dagon was left to him.

5 Therefore neither the priests of Dagon, nor any who come into Dagon's house, tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod, to this day.

6 But the hand of Yahweh was heavy on them of Ashdod, and he destroyed them, and struck them with tumors, even Ashdod and its borders.

7 When the men of Ashdod saw that it was so, they said, "The ark of the God of Israel shall not stay with us; for his hand is severe on us, and on Dagon our God."

8 They sent therefore and gathered all the lords of the Philistines to them, and said, "What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel?" They answered, "Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried over to Gath." They carried the ark of the God of Israel [there].

9 It was so, that after they had carried it about, the hand of Yahweh was against the city with a very great confusion: and he struck the men of the city, both small and great; and tumors broke out on them.

10 So they sent the ark of God to Ekron. It happened, as the ark of God came to Ekron, that the Ekronites cried out, saying, "They have brought about the ark of the God of Israel to us, to kill us and our people."

11 They sent therefore and gathered together all the lords of the Philistines, and they said, "Send away the ark of the God of Israel, and let it go again to its own place, that it not kill us and our people." For there was a deadly confusion throughout all the city; the hand of God was very heavy there.

12 The men who didn't die were struck with the tumors; and the cry of the city went up to heaven.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 5      

The Philistines took the captured Ark of the Covenant deep into their own territory to a temple dedicated to their god Dagon in the city of Ashdod. Dagon has popularly been depicted as half man-half fish, and Swedenborgian teachings support this description. Early the next morning, the people of Ashdod found that the statue of Dagon had fallen on its face before the Ark. They set it back up, only to find it fallen again the next morning. This second time the head and hands were broken off the torso.

Modern translations often describe the people of Ashdod and surrounding territories as being struck down by “tumors.” A more accurate reading is that they suffered severe hemorrhoids- to be precise, “swellings of their private parts.” These afflictions were so serious that many people died. Swedenborg writes that these hemorrhoids represent earthly loves, “which are unclean when they are separated from spiritual loves.” The next chapter describes how the people were also afflicted with rodents- and this represents the “destruction of the church by distortions of the truth” (see Divine Providence 326).

These both indicate a separation of faith and charity, two important parts of spiritual life. Swedenborg talks about how the Philistines represent people with whom faith has been separated from charity (see Arcana Coelestia 1197 and Doctrine of Faith 49). Note here as elsewhere, that we should not directly connect any group of people to the positive or negative things that they spiritually represent. This means that we should not assume that the Philistines were any more guilty of separating faith from charity than any other group of people. We should instead think about how in this particular story, they are a symbolic representation of a particular type of human challenge.

The statue of Dagon fell on its face and was destroyed in front of the Ark of the Covenant, which held the Ten Commandments. This is an illustration of the power of the Lord’s Divine Word. A person’s faith cannot only be a belief in the Lord’s Word, or just an intellectual acknowledgement of His Commandments. It is a function of a life led based on these commandments. Belief without a good life, faith without charity, is destructive- on an individual level and a collective level. We see this symbolically represented in the destruction of the statue of Dagon.

The ways in which the statue was destroyed are symbolic, and speak to this message of faith separate from charity. For example, hands generally symbolize power, and the ability to put things into action, whether they be good or bad (see Arcana Coelestia 878). The hands were cut off of the statue of Dagon, perhaps representing that this false idol represents faith without action, or charity.

This further drives home the message that faith and charity must go together, to preserve an individual’s covenant with the Lord.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Apocalypse Explained 700

Apocalypse Revealed 529

Divine Providence 326

Doctrine of the New Jerusalem Regarding the Sacred Scripture 23


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Doctrine of Life 59

Doctrine of Faith 52

True Christian Religion 71, 284, 614, 630, 691


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Spiritual Experiences 2472

Marriage 71

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Exodus 10:7

Deuteronomy 28:27

Joshua 11:22, 13:3, 15:11

Judges 16:23

1 Samuel 4:1, 8, 6:2, 20, 17:52

1 Kings 18:26

1 Chronicles 7:21, 10:10

Psalms 97:7, 115:7

Isaiah 20:1, 46:7

Jeremiah 10:11, 14, 15

Amos 6:2

Významy biblických slov

philistines
The Philistines play a large role in the Bible as one of the longest-standing and most bitter rivals of the people of Israel, clashing with...

ark
There are three arks mentioned in the Word, the ark of Noah, the ark of bulrushes for the baby Moses, and the ark of the...

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

Dagon
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

early
Since the sun represents the Lord, the early morning and sunrise represent a state of enlightenment, with a new and clear understanding coming after a...

fallen
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

face
“The eyes are the windows of the soul.” That’s a sentiment with roots somewhere in murky antiquity, but one that has become hopelessly cliché because...

ground
In Zechariah 8:12, 'the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground her increase,' signifies that the spiritual affection of truth produces the good of...

before
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

Yahweh
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

place
'A dry place,' as in Luke 11:24, signifies states of evil and falsity which are in the life of someone who does the work of...

morning
Morning comes with the rising of the sun, and the sun – which gives life to the earth with its warmth and light – represents...

head
The head is the part of us that is highest, which means in a representative sense that it is what is closest to the Lord....

both
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

Palms
'To hold palms in the hands' signifies confession from divine truths. 'Palms' signify a holy celebration which is from good, as in John 12:12, 13...

hands
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Cut off
To be cut off, as in Genesis 41:36, signifies to perish.

priests
Priests' represent the Lord regarding His divine good. When they do not acknowledge the Lord, they lose their signification of the Lord.

come
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

dagon's
Dagon, (1 Sam. 5:6), being the idol of the Philistines, signifies their religion, which also was faith separate from charity.

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

hand
In Genesis 27:22, 'voice' relates to truth, and 'hand,' to good.

struck
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

borders
Often translated as “edge,” “border,” “boundary,” “outskirts,” “far places” and other ways, this term is used in the Bible for the farthest reaches of an...

saw
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

said
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

sent
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

gath
Gath, a city of the Philistines, signifies the spiritual principle of the church.

gathered
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

after
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

city
In the ancient world cities were very nearly nations unto themselves – they existed within walls, with their own laws and customs, generally centered on...

great
The word "great" is used in the Bible to represent a state with a strong degree of love and affection, of the desire for good;...

small and great
Used several times in the Bible, the phrase “both small and great” (or “both the small and the great”) represents various levels or degrees of...

came
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

cried
As with most common verbs, the spiritual meaning of “crying” or “crying out” (meaning a shout or wail, not weeping) is highly dependent on context....

send away
To "let someone go" can have a couple of different meanings: It can mean allowing them to leave (as in Moses asking Pharaoh to "let...

send
'To send' signifies revealing.

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

own
In many cases, the spiritual meaning of "own," both as a verb and as an adjective, is relatively literal. When people are described as the...

die
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

heaven
"Air" in the Bible represents thought, but in a very general way – more like our capacity to perceive ideas and the way we tend...

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