Micah 4

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1 But in the last days it shall come to pass, that the mount of the house of the LORD shall be established on the top of the mountains, and it shall be exalted above the hills; and people shall flow to it.

2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth from Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

3 And he shall judge among many people, and rebuke strong nations afar off; and they shall beat their swords into plow-shares, and their spears into pruning-hooks: nation shall not lift up a sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more.

4 But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig-tree; and none shall make them afraid: for the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken it.

5 For all people will walk every one in the name of his god, and we will walk in the name of the LORD our god for ever and ever.

6 In that day, saith the LORD, I will assemble her that halteth, and I will gather her that is driven out, and her that I have afflicted;

7 And I will make her that halted a remnant, and her that was cast far off a strong nation: and the LORD will reign over them in mount Zion from henceforth, even for ever.

8 And thou, O tower of the flock, the strong hold of the daughter of Zion, to thee shall it come, even the first dominion; the kingdom shall come, to the daughter of Jerusalem.

9 Now why dost thou cry aloud? is there no king in thee? hath thy counselor perished? for pangs have taken thee as a woman in travail.

10 Be in pain, and labor to bring forth, O daughter of Zion, like a woman in travail: for now shalt thou go forth from the city, and thou shalt dwell in the field, and thou shalt go even to Babylon; there shalt thou be delivered; there the LORD shall redeem thee from the hand of thy enemies.

11 Now also many nations are gathered against thee, that say, Let her be defiled, and let our eye look upon Zion.

12 But they know not the thoughts of the LORD, neither understand they his counsel: for he will gather them as sheaves into the floor.

13 Arise and thresh, O daughter of Zion: for I will make thy horn iron, and I will make thy hoofs brass: and thou shalt beat in pieces many people: and I will consecrate their gain to JEHOVAH, and their substance to the Lord of the whole earth.



Exploring the Meaning of Micah 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

Micah 4:1,2. When a church stops honoring what is good and what is true it comes to an end, and the Jehovah sets up a new church. 1 The prophesy of Micah, like many of the other prophecies in the Bible, tells about such a happening: the end of the Israelitish church, and the start of Christianity. 2 The older words are used because they still mean the same spiritual idea. Jehovah was Jacob's God,, just as He is our God today. Zion and Jerusalem still correspond to the good and truth of the Lord’s church. 3

Micah 4:3,4. In that new church - that "house of God" - everyone will have spiritual truth written on the heart. Changing weapons into farming tools, and not going to war anymore, means that people will agree about the Lord’s truth without any dispute, and - because there are no evils in that house - they will be safe and without fear.

Micah 4:5. The Word uses many names for God, and any name is okay when it means the one creator, savior and redeemer. 4

Micah 4:6. Of those who "go up", all who need help will be given what they need.

Micah 4:7. Jehovah shall reign over all who are walking in his ways. 5 Those who are outcasts mean those who can’t see where to walk. Those that are lame can’t walk. The outcasts will have their eyes opened, and the lame will have their legs healed.

Micah 4:8-10. The "daughter of Zion" 6 means the affection of truths and goods with those of the church. The bringing forth means the multiplication of goods and truths because of the affection for them. Inhabiting the field means that the church will learn truths of many kinds and may even understand what Babylon has spoiled. But there will be no harm there, since the Lord protects.

Micah 4:11, 12. Falsities want to infest those who belong to the Lord, but He protects them. People who hold those falsities will be “threshed”, or judged.

Micah 4:13. The goods and truths that the Lord provides are as “iron” or “bronze”. 7 The falsities that are to be “threshed” aren't as strong, and can’t withstand them.

There are a lot of truths here for us, and there are appealing images. If we "go up" -- try to learn the true ideas in Christianity, and to walk in the Lord's ways, there will be healing, and affection, and understanding, and multiplying good, and protection.

-----
Footnotes:

1. For reference, see True Christian Religion 782.
2. See Doctrine of the Lord 3.
3. See Apocalypse Explained 850.
4. See True Christian Religion 298.
5. See Apocalypse Revealed 920.
6. See Arcana Coelestia 721.
7. See Arcana Coelestia 7769.

-----

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Exploring the Meaning of Micah 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

Micah 4:1,2. When a church stops honoring what is good and what is true it comes to an end, and the Jehovah sets up a new church. 1 The prophesy of Micah, like many of the other prophecies in the Bible, tells about such a happening: the end of the Israelitish church, and the start of Christianity. 2 The older words are used because they still mean the same spiritual idea. Jehovah was Jacob's God,, just as He is our God today. Zion and Jerusalem still correspond to the good and truth of the Lord’s church. 3

Micah 4:3,4. In that new church - that "house of God" - everyone will have spiritual truth written on the heart. Changing weapons into farming tools, and not going to war anymore, means that people will agree about the Lord’s truth without any dispute, and - because there are no evils in that house - they will be safe and without fear.

Micah 4:5. The Word uses many names for God, and any name is okay when it means the one creator, savior and redeemer. 4

Micah 4:6. Of those who "go up", all who need help will be given what they need.

Micah 4:7. Jehovah shall reign over all who are walking in his ways. 5 Those who are outcasts mean those who can’t see where to walk. Those that are lame can’t walk. The outcasts will have their eyes opened, and the lame will have their legs healed.

Micah 4:8-10. The "daughter of Zion" 6 means the affection of truths and goods with those of the church. The bringing forth means the multiplication of goods and truths because of the affection for them. Inhabiting the field means that the church will learn truths of many kinds and may even understand what Babylon has spoiled. But there will be no harm there, since the Lord protects.

Micah 4:11, 12. Falsities want to infest those who belong to the Lord, but He protects them. People who hold those falsities will be “threshed”, or judged.

Micah 4:13. The goods and truths that the Lord provides are as “iron” or “bronze”. 7 The falsities that are to be “threshed” aren't as strong, and can’t withstand them.

There are a lot of truths here for us, and there are appealing images. If we "go up" -- try to learn the true ideas in Christianity, and to walk in the Lord's ways, there will be healing, and affection, and understanding, and multiplying good, and protection.

-----
Footnotes:

1. For reference, see True Christian Religion 782.
2. See Doctrine of the Lord 3.
3. See Apocalypse Explained 850.
4. See True Christian Religion 298.
5. See Apocalypse Revealed 920.
6. See Arcana Coelestia 721.
7. See Arcana Coelestia 7769.

-----

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 218


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 2009, 2362, 3305, 4302, 4599, 5113, 6435, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 81, 167, 206, 270, 612, 704, 749, ...

A Brief Exposition of New Church Doctrine 100

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 39, 64

True Christian Religion 117, 298, 304, 782


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 97, 102, 176, 220, 316, 403, 405, ...

Spiritual Experiences 4673

Marriage 117

Scriptural Confirmations 2, 4, 19, 22, 57, 99

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Významy biblických slov

days
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

mount
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

house of the
'The house of the prison' denotes the vastation of falsity, and also falsity itself.

house
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

the Lord
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

lord
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

mountains
In Isaiah 40:12 'to weigh the mountains in a balance, and the hills in scales,' signifies that the celestial aspects of love and charity are...

hills
In Isaiah 40:12 'to weigh the mountains in a balance, and the hills in scales,' signifies that the celestial aspects of love and charity are...

many
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

nations
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

say
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

us
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

go up
To go up and to go down: in the Word, mention is made of going up and going down when speaking of going from one...

mountain
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

God of Jacob
The God of Jacob signifies goods in act.

God
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

Jacob
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

ways
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

walk
To walk in the Bible represents living, and usually means living according to the true things taught to us by the Lord -- to "walk...

paths
These days we tend to think of "roads" as smooth swaths of pavement, and judge them by how fast we can drive cars on them....

Go forth
To go forth, as in Genesis 19:14, signifies to recede from, or not to remain in [evil]. To go forth, as in Genesis 41:45, denotes...

Zion
Zion, in 1 Kings 8:1 and Revelation 14:1 signifies heaven and the church where the Lord alone is worshipped. (Apocalypse Revealed 612). Zion, in the...

the Word
In general, we tend to be very aware of how knowing what's true leads to doing what is good. That starts as children, with parents...

word
'Word,' as in Psalms 119:6-17, stands for doctrine in general. 'The Word,' as in Psalms 147:18, signifies divine good united with divine truth. 'Word,' as...

jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

judge
It’s easy to see the connection between judging and truth. In a court of law, the judge’s whole purpose is to find the truth. In...

people
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

nation
The Bible generally uses two different terms for large groups: “people” and “nations.” When it uses “nation,” it is talking about a group with the...

swords
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

sword
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

lift
The idea of "lifting" is used in a number of different ways in the Bible. In general, it means connecting with a higher spiritual state...

war
War in the Word represents the combat of temptation when what is good is assaulted by what is evil or false. The evil that attacks...

sit
'To sit before Jehovah' is to be with Him, and so, it also means willing and acting from Him. 'To stand before Him,' is to...

man
"Man" is a tricky word to discuss, because the Hebrew of the Old Testament uses six different words that are generally translated as "man," with...

under
In the Bible, things that are lower down, or under, physically, generally represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases, the...

fig
The Writings tell us that the fig tree represents the "natural human," which is our outward life in the world, and the thoughts and feelings...

mouth
In most cases, "mouth" in the Bible represents thought and logic, especially the kind of active, concrete thought that is connected with speech. The reason...

hosts
When the divine power of good or omnipotence is being discussed in the Word, then says 'Jehovah Zebaoth,' or 'Jehovah of hosts,' and also 'Lord,'...

spoken
Like "say," the word "speak" refers to thoughts and feelings moving from our more internal spiritual levels to our more external ones – and ultimately...

ever
'Perpetual' in the literal sense, means to the end of one’s life, after death, and eternity.

Every one
The phrase “Every one,” where it occurs in Genesis 20:7, signifies every thing or all things.

name
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

name of the lord
Names in the Bible are not simply names; they represent the qualities of the people who bear them. So the various names of the Lord...

day
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

saith
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

gather
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

reign
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

tower
'Towers,' as in Psalms 48:12, signify the interior truths which defend the aspects of love and charity. In the opposite sense, they denote the interiors...

daughter of zion
'Virgin' and 'daughter of Zion' signify the church regarding the affection of good and truth.

come
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

the first
'Resurrection' signifies salvation and eternal life. 'The first,' mentioned in Revelation 20:5, 6, does not mean a first resurrection, but the essence and primary part...

first
Why would it be insulting for a man to refer to his married partner as his “first wife”? Because it implies there will be a...

cry
'To shout from the top of the mountain,' as in Isaiah 42:11, signifies worship from the good of love.

travail
'To travail in birth' signifies conceiving and bringing forth the elements of spiritual life.

Pain
'Pain' signifies repugnant things arising from interior falsities, because what is repugnant is painful.

bring
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “bring” is highly dependent on context, but in general it represents an introduction to a new...

Woman
It is because of a celestial and angelic proprium, or selfhood, that the church is called 'a woman,' 'a wife,' 'a bride,' 'a virgin,' and...

go
In the physical world, the places we inhabit and the distances between them are physical realities, and we have to get our physical bodies through...

field
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

babylon
Babylon was an ancient city built on the Euphrates river in what is now southern Iraq. It once was the capital of a great empire...

redeem
Jehovah is called 'the redeemer,' because He took on a human nature.

enemies
An enemy in the Bible refers to people who are in the love of evil and the false thinking that springs from evil. On a...

gathered
To gather, as in Genesis 6:21, refers to those things which are in the memory of man, where they are gathered. It also implies that...

eye
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

know
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

thoughts
There are thoughts from perception, from conscience, and from a lack of conscience. Thoughts from perception are only possible in the celestial, that is, people...

floor
The floor, as in Matthew 3:12, signifies the world of spirits which is between heaven and hell, and where the separation of evils and falsities...

thresh
'To thresh,' as in Micah 4:13, signifies dissipating evils among people of the church.

horn
'A horn,' when spoken of the Lord, signifies omnipotence. 'The little horn that rose up,' as mentioned in Daniel 7:3-8, signifies the full perversion of...

iron
'An iron pan,' as in Ezekiel 4:3, signifies the truth that was falsified and adulterated among the Jewish people.

hoofs
'A hoof' signifies truth in the ultimate degree, or sensory truth. 'The hooves of horses' signify the lowest intellectual principles. 'The hooves of the horses,'...

brass
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

gain
Gain denotes every false principle derived from evil, which perverts the judgment of the mind.

jehovah
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

substance
Substance' and 'treasures,' as in Jeremiah 17:3, signify the spiritual riches of faith, or the aspects of the doctrine of faith.

earth
Is there any difference in meaning between “earth” and “ground”? At first it doesn’t seem so; both refer to the soil making up the land...


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