Ban giám khảo 14

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1 Sam-sôn đi xuống Thim-na, thấy một người nữ trong vòng con gái Phi-li-tin.

2 Người đã trở lên, thuật điều đó cho cha mẹ mình, mà rằng: Con có thấy tại Thim-ma một người nữ trong vòng con gái Phi-li-tin; bây giờ xin hãy hỏi nàng cưới cho con.

3 Cha mẹ người nói rằng: Trong vòng các con gái của anh em con và trong cả dân sự chúng ta, há chẳng có người nữ nào, mà con phải đi cưới vợ nơi dân Phi-li-tin chẳng chịu cắt bì đó sao? Sam-sôn đáp cùng cha rằng: Xin cha hãy cưới nàng đó cho con, vì nó đẹp mắt con.

4 Vả, cha mẹ người chẳng rõ điều đó bởi nơi Ðức Giê-hô-va mà đến; vì người tìm dịp tranh đấu cùng dân Phi-li-tin. Lúc bấy giờ dân Phi-li-tin quản hạt Y-sơ-ra-ên.

5 Sam-sôn đi xuống Thim-na với cha mẹ mình; khi đến vườn nho Thim-na, thấy một con sư tử tơ đến đón gầm hét.

6 Thần của Ðức Giê-hô-va cảm động Sam-sôn rất mạnh, tuy chẳng cầm vật chi, song người con sư tử đó như con dê con vậy. Nhưng người chẳng thuật lại cho cha mẹ hay điều mình đã làm.

7 Vậy, người đi xuống, nói cùng người nữ, người nữ đẹp lòng Sam-sôn.

8 Sau một ít lâu, người trở lại đặng cưới nàng; đi vòng lại xem cái thây sư tử, thấy trong xác nó có một đoàn ong và mật.

9 Người bụm mật trong tay, vừa ăn vừa đi. Ðến gần cha mẹ, người đưa cho cha mẹ ăn, nhưng chẳng thuật lại rằng mình đã thấy mật đó trong thây sư tử.

10 Cha người đi xuống nhà người nữ ấy, và tại đó Sam-sôn bày ra một tiệc. Ấy là thường tục của các gã thanh niên hay làm.

11 Vừa thấy chàng, người ta bèn mời ba mươi gã thanh niên để kết bạn cùng chàng.

12 Sam-sôn nói: Tôi sẽ ra cho anh em một câu đố; nếu trong bảy ngày tiệc, anh em giải nó ra, thì tôi sẽ thưởng anh em ba mươi cái áo trong và ba mươi bộ áo lễ;

13 còn nếu anh em không giải nó ra được, thì anh em phải nộp cho tôi ba mươi cái áo trong, và ba mươi bộ áo lễ. Chúng đáp rằng: Hãy ra câu đố anh cho chúng tôi nghe.

14 Vậy, chàng ra cho chúng rằng: Của ăn từ giống ăn mà ra; vật ngọt từ giống mạnh mà ra. Trong ba ngày chúng không giải được câu đố.

15 Ðến ngày thứ bảy, chúng nói cùng vợ Sam-sôn rằng: Hãy dụ chồng nàng giải đáp câu đố cho chúng ta; bằng chẳng, chúng ta sẽ đốt nàng và nhà cha nàng. Có phải để bóc lột chúng ta mà các ngươi thỉnh chúng ta chăng?

16 Vợ Sam-sôn khóc trước mặt người mà rằng: Quả thật, chàng ghét tôi, chẳng thương tôi chút nào: chàng đã ra một câu đố cho người dân sự tôi, mà không có giải nghĩa cho tôi. Người đáp: Kìa, ta không có giải nghĩa cho cha mẹ ta thay, mà ta lại phải, mà ta lại giải nghĩa cho nàng sao?

17 Trong bảy ngày ăn tiệc nàng cứ khóc như vậy trước mặt người. Qua ngày thứ bảy, người giải nghĩa cho nàng, bởi vì nàng làm cực lòng người. Ðoạn, nàng giải lại cho người dân sự mình.

18 Vậy, ngày thứ bảy, trước khi mặt trời lặn, người trong thành đến nói cùng chàng rằng: Có gì ngọt hơn mật, có chi mạnh hơn sư tử? Sam-sôn bèn đáp: Nếu các ngươi không cày ruộng bằng bò cái tơ ta, thì các ngươi không giải được câu đố ta.

19 Bấy giờ Thần của Ðức Giê-hô-va cảm động người; người đi xuống Ách-ca-lôn, giết ba mươi người, cướp lấy áo xống của chúng nó, thưởng cho những người giải được câu đố; đoạn, người nổi giận phừng phừng trở về nhà cha mình.

20 Vợ Sam-sôn bị gả cho một người trai trẻ mà chàng đã chọn làm bạn.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 14: Samson’s Philistine wife.

At the time of Samson, the Philistines were fiercely oppressing Israel. The Philistines lived on the coast, and they may well have come from overseas. They lived in the region for about 600 years, and the Old Testament refers to many later conflicts with the Philistines.

One day, Samson saw a young Philistine woman in Timnath, and he asked his parents to get her for his wife. They asked why he did not choose an Israelite woman, but he insisted on marrying the woman he saw in Timnath, so they all went to meet her. On the way, Samson was attacked by a lion, and he tore it apart with his bare hands. After some time, when he passed by the same place, there was a swarm of bees and honey inside the lion’s carcass. He ate some of the honey, and even brought some of it to his parents, but he did not tell them where it came from.

The woman pleased Samson, and he arranged a feast to which thirty companions were invited. At the feast, Samson told them a riddle: “Out of the eater came something to eat, out of the strong came something sweet.” He said that if they solved the riddle in the seven days of the feast, he would give them thirty linen sheets and thirty changes of clothing. If not, they were to give him the same. They could not solve the riddle for three days, so they convinced Samson’s wife to beg him for the answer. At the end of seven days, the men answered Samson’s riddle, and he was furious.

Then the Lord’s spirit came upon Samson, and he killed thirty Philistine men from Ashkelon, took their garments, and gave these to the thirty men at the feast. His wife was given to his companion.

*****

The spiritual meaning of the powerful Philistines is believing faith is all-important, and does not require charity or good works in life — a fundamental spiritual error. This way of thinking is called ‘faith alone’ spirituality, and it can take many forms. The proximity of the Philistines to Israel is also significant, as it suggests that the temptation to prefer faith without considering charity is never far away (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 200[3]).

The pursuit of a Philistine wife reflects the alluring nature of faith without charity, an easy, complacent spirituality. The young lion represents the force of faith alone to hold us in its grip. The honey stands for the spiritual sweetness following regeneration, as we use our faith to expand our hearts and minds (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 5620[1]).

Samson’s riddle stands for the puzzling nature of the Word’s teachings to those living by faith alone. The number thirty stands for what is whole, in this instance, the completely opposing nature of faith alone and true spiritual living. The linen sheets and changes of clothing mean taking up a genuine spiritual life which involves repentance, living the by the Word, and acknowledging the Lord. Linen is the material of a priest’s robes, and stands for the highest spiritual truths (Arcana Caelestia 5319[7]).

This end of this story shows us that faith alone doubles back on itself, and leads to a completely external understanding of the Lord. This is seen in taking garments from the thirty dead Philistines and giving them to the Philistines from the feast. Samson’s wife, who was given to his Philistine companion, stands for the complete divide between faith alone and love for the Lord. Samson’s apparent anger is really the zeal of protecting the nature of true spiritual life, which comes from the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 365).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 4855, 9836


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 619

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