Jonah 1

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Vietnamese (1934)     

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1 Có lời Ðức Giê-hô-va phán cho Giô-na con trai A-mi-tai như vầy:

2 Ngươi khá chổi dậy! Hãy đi đến thành lớn Ni-ni-ve, và kêu la nghịch cùng nó; vì tội ác chúng nó đã lên thấu trước mặt ta.

3 Nhưng Giô-na chổi dậy đặng trốn qua Ta-rê-si, để lánh khỏi mặt Ðức Giê-hô-va. Người xuống đến Gia-phô, gặp một chiếc tàu đi qua Ta-rê-si. Người trả tiền quá giang, và xuống tàu đặng đi Ta-rê-si với họ, để khỏi mặt Ðức Giê-hô-va.

4 Nhưng Ðức Giê-hô-va khiến gió lớn thổi trên biển; trên biển có trận bão lớn, chiếc tàu hầu vỡ.

5 Những thủy thủ đều sợ hãi, ai nầy kêu cầu thần của mình. Ðoạn, họ quăng những đồ đạc trong tàu xuống biển, để cho nhẹ tàu. Giô-na đã xuống dưới lòng tàu, nằm và ngủ mê.

6 Chủ tàu bèn đến gần người và bảo rằng: Hỡi người ngủ kia, làm sao vậy? Khá chờ dậy! Hãy kêu cầu Ðức Chúa Trời ngươi. Có lẽ Ðức Chúa Trời sẽ tưởng đến chúng ta, thì chúng ta khỏi chết.

7 Kế đó, chúng nói cùng nhau rằng: Hãy đến, chúng ta hãy bắt thăm, để cho biết tai vạ nầy đến cho chúng ta là vì cớ ai. Vậy họ bắt thăm, và thăm trúng nhằm Giô-na.

8 Bấy giờ họ nói cùng người rằng: Khá cho chúng ta biết vì điều chi mà tai vạ nầy đến trên chúng ta. Ngươi làm nghề gì, và từ đâu đến? Xứ ngươi ở đâu, ngươi thuộc về dân nào?

9 Người trả lời rằng: Ta là người Hê-bơ-rơ, và ta kính sợ, Ðức Giê-hô-va, là Ðức Chúa Trời trên trời, Ngài đã làm nên biển và đất khô.

10 Những người ấy cả sợ, và bảo người rằng: Ngươi đã làm việc gì đó? Bấy giờ họ đã biết rằng người trốn khỏi mặt Ðức Giê-hô-va; vì người đã khai ra cho họ.

11 Vậy họ nói rằng: Chúng ta sẽ làm gì về ngươi, hầu cho biển yên lặng cho chúng ta? Vì biển càng động thêm mãi.

12 Người trả lời rằng: Hãy bắt lấy ta; hãy ném ta xuống biển, thì biển yên lặng cho các anh; vì ta biết rằng ấy là vì cớ ta mà các anh đã gặp phải trận bão lớn nầy.

13 Những người ấy bắt tay chèo vào bờ; song không được, vì biển càng nổi lên nghịch cùng họ mãi.

14 Họ bèn kêu cầu Ðức Giê-hô-va mà rằng: Hỡi Ðức Giê-hô-va, chúng tôi nài xin Ngài, chúng tôi nài xin Ngài chớ làm cho chúng tôi chết vì cớ mạng sống của người nầy, và chớ khiến máu vô tội đổ lại trên chúng tôi! Hỡi Ðức Giê-hô-va, vì chính Ngài là Ðấng đã làm điều mình muốn.

15 Ðoạn họ bắt Giô-na, quăng xuống biển, thì sự giận dữ của biển yên lặng.

16 Vì vậy mà những người ấy rất kính sợ Ðức Giê-hô-va. Họ dâng của lễ cho Ðức Giê-hô-va, và hứa nguyện cùng Ngài.

17 (2:1) Ðức Giê-hô-va sắm sửa một con cá lớn đặng nuốt Giô-na; Giô-na ở trong bụng cá ba ngày ba đêm.

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 1      

By Rev. Martin Pennington and Rev. George McCurdy

Billy Graham once said that the whole of Jesus' ministry could be summed up in two words; Come and Go.

COME to me, all who labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. (Matthew 11:28)

GO and make disciples of all nations (Matthew 28:19)

In the beginning of the Book of Jonah, chapter 1, we have a story about what happens when you do the first step, but not the second. Jonah was supposed to go preach the gospel -- the monotheistic worship of Jehovah -- to the people of Ninevah. Swedenborg tells us that the verses in Jonah 1:1-2 are about the people of Israel, who had received the Word - but wouldn't go out and share it amongst the nations.

In Jonah 1:4-6, peoples' spiritual knowledge declines, and begins to perish. It happens both in the land of Israel, and in the wider world.

Here are some key symbolic elements in this account:

- A ship represents the knowledge of good and truth useful for life (a church). (Apocalypse Revealed 406)

- A sea, storm and wind represents Hell and its influence. (Apocalypse Revealed 343[4])

- To be asleep means to be deluded by our own glory. (Arcana Coelestia 147)

In Jonah 1:7-9, the people who lived outside the land of Israel had some perception that their own spiritual knowledge was lacking, and they it had led to a collapse of their spiritual state. As Swedenborg puts it, "the state of the church was perverted among themselves".

When they perceived this, they also came to understand that they needed to reject falsified truths that they were getting from the Jewish church at that time, and pray to the Lord for salvation, to try to restore real worship, real spiritual love and wisdom.

Drawing lots, or playing a game of chance, represents pulling truths apart. (Arcana Coelestia 9942.13)

In Jonah 1:10-13, throwing Jonah into the sea represents the rejection of that hollowed-out church, to make way for a new church. Then, in Jonah 1:14-16, when the people in the boat pray unto the Lord for salvation -- it works! They are saved from foundering and drowning.

What's the takeaway for us? If we're getting false ideas from our neighbors, we need to perceive it, and stop. We need to identify our false beliefs, and reject them -- throw them into the sea. Then, we need to pray for salvation -- and then a new "church" can start in us, too, personally, with renewed spiritual life. And, when we come to the Lord, and experience spiritual "rest", then we can also go share our new true ideas and good loves with our neighbors -- coming, and going.

Here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

Finally, here's a link to Rev. McCurdy's Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 211


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 901, 1188, 1343, 1709, 2606, 2788, 4495, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 505

Sacred Scripture 29

True Christian Religion 211


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 532, 622

Spiritual Experiences 1391

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Word/Phrase Explanations

Giô-na
'Jonah' represents the Jewish nation.

Con trai
'A son,' as in Genesis 5:28, signifies the rise of a new church. 'Son,' as in Genesis 24:3, signifies the Lord’s rationality regarding good. 'A...

Ni-ni-ve
'Nineveh' signifies the falsities of doctrinal matters, also the Gentiles, or the falsities originating in the fallacies of the senses, in the obscurity of an...

trước
In most cases, the meaning of "before" is pretty straightforward, both as a way of assessing relative time, and in its use meaning "in someone's...

xuống
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

đến
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

gió
Because a nearer and stronger divine influx through the heavens disperses truths among the wicked, 'wind' signifies this dispersion of truth and the resulting conjunction...

biển
Water generally represents what Swedenborg calls “natural truth,” or true concepts about day-to-day matters and physical things. Since all water ultimately flows into the seas,...

sợ hãi
The fearful signify people who have no faith.

tàu
'Vessels,' in the internal sense, signify things serving as a receptacle, as scientific ideas and knowledges are to truths, and as truths themselves are to...

Chúa Trời
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

chúng ta
Angels do give us guidance, but they are mere helpers; the Lord alone governs us, through angels and spirits. Since angels have their assisting role,...

biết
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

nói
'To tell' signifies perceiving, because in the spiritual world, or in heaven, they do not need to tell what they think because they communicate every...

làm
'Works,' as in Genesis 46:33, denote goods, because they are from the will, and anything from the will is either good or evil, but anything...

cho
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

máu
Bloods signify evil, in Ezek. 16:9.

nuốt
To 'swallow' signifies natural truth.

ngày
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

đêm
The sun in the Bible represents the Lord, with its heat representing His love and its light representing His wisdom. “Daytime,” then, represents a state...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Casting Lots
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 How the Lord Saved Jonah
A retelling of the story for young children with beautiful color illustrations. 
Story | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Great Fish (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Great Fish (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Stormy Sea
Color the drawings and then follow the directions to make a 3 dimensional picture. 
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Disobeys the Lord
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah in the Great Fish
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Jonah Swallowed by a Fish
Another way to make a 3 dimensional fish that can swallow Noah. 
Project | Ages up to 6

 Jonah Thrown Overboard
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Mighty Tempest on the Sea
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Quotes: Divine Providence and Evil
Teaching Support | Ages over 15

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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