Hakimler 4

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Turkish Bible         

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1 Ehutun ölümünden sonra İsrailliler yine RABbin gözünde kötü olanı yaptılar.

2 RAB de İsraillileri Hasorda egemenlik süren Kenanlı kral Yavinin eline teslim etti. Yavinin Sisera adında bir ordu komutanı vardı; Haroşet-Goyimde yaşardı.

3 Dokuz yüz demir savaş arabasına sahip olan Yavin, yirmi yıldır İsraillileri acımasızca eziyordu. Bu yüzden İsrailliler RABbe yakardılar.

4 O sırada İsraili Lappidotun karısı Peygamber Debora yönetiyordu.

5 Debora Efrayimin dağlık bölgesinde, Rama ile Beytel arasındaki hurma ağacının altında oturur, kendisine gelen İsraillilerin davalarına bakardı.

6 Debora bir gün adam gönderip Avinoam oğlu Barakı Kedeş-Naftaliden çağırttı. Ona, ‹‹İsrailin Tanrısı RAB, yanına Naftali ve Zevulunoğullarından on bin kişi alıp Tavor Dağına gitmeni buyuruyor›› dedi,

7 ‹‹RAB, ‹Kral Yavinin ordu komutanı Siserayı, savaş arabalarını ve ordusunu Kişon Vadisine, senin yanına çekip eline teslim edeceğim› diyor.››

8 Barak Deboraya, ‹‹Eğer benimle gelirsen giderim›› dedi, ‹‹Benimle gelmezsen gitmem.››

9 Debora, ‹‹Seninle gelmesine gelirim, ama böyle bir yol tuttuğun için onurlandırılmayacaksın›› dedi, ‹‹Çünkü RAB Siserayı bir kadının eline teslim etmiş olacak.›› Böylece Debora kalkıp Barakla birlikte Kedeşe gitti.

10 Barak Zevulun ve Naftali oğullarını Kedeşte topladı. Ardında on bin kişi vardı. Debora da onunla birlikte gitti.

11 Kenlilerden Hever, Musanın kayınbiraderi Hovavın torunlarından, yani Kenlilerden ayrılmış, çadırını Kedeş yakınında Saanannimdeki meşe ağacının yanına kurmuştu.

12 Avinoam oğlu Barakın Tavor Dağına çıktığını duyan Sisera,

13 dokuz yüz demir arabasını ve yanındaki halkı Haroşet-Goyimden çıkarıp Kişon Vadisinde topladı.

14 Debora Baraka, ‹‹Haydi kalk! Çünkü RABbin Siserayı senin eline teslim ettiği gün bugündür›› dedi, ‹‹RAB senin önünden gidiyor.›› Bunun üzerine Barak ardında on bin kişiyle Tavor Dağından indi.

15 RAB, Siserayı, savaş arabalarını sürenleri ve ordusunu Barakın önünde şaşkına çevirerek bozguna uğrattı. Sisera savaş arabasından indi ve yaya olarak kaçtı.

16 Barak savaş arabalarını ve orduyu Haroşet-Goyime kadar kovaladı. Siseranın bütün ordusu kılıçtan geçirildi, tek kişi bile kurtulamadı.

17 Yaya olarak kaçan Sisera ise Kenlilerden Heverin karısı Yaelin çadırına sığındı. Çünkü Hasor Kralı Yavinle Kenlilerden Heverin arası iyiydi.

18 Yael Siserayı karşılamaya çıktı. Ona, ‹‹Korkma, efendim, gel çadırıma sığın›› dedi. Çadırına sığınan Siseranın üzerine bir yorgan örttü.

19 Sisera, ‹‹Susadım, lütfen biraz su ver de içeyim›› dedi. Yael süt tulumunu açıp ona içirdikten sonra üzerini yine örttü.

20 Sisera kadına, ‹‹Çadırın kapısında dur›› dedi, ‹‹Biri gelir de çadırda kimse var mı diye sorarsa, yok de.››

21 Heverin karısı Yael eline bir çadır kazığı ile tokmak aldı. Yorgunluktan derin bir uykuya dalmış olan Siseraya sessizce yaklaşarak kazığı şakağına dayadı ve yere saplanıncaya dek çaktı. Sisera hemen öldü.

22 Yael Siserayı kovalayan Barakı karşılamaya çıktı. ‹‹Gel, aradığın adamı sana göstereyim›› dedi. Barak kadını izledi ve şakağına kazık çakılmış Siserayı ölü buldu.

23 Böylece Tanrı o gün Kenanlı kral Yavini İsraillilerin önünde bozguna uğrattı.

24 Giderek güçlenen İsrailliler sonunda Kenanlı kral Yavin'i ortadan kaldırdılar.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 4: Deborah

Yet again, the children of Israel had disobeyed the Lord. At this point in time, they had been under the yoke of Jabin, a Canaanite king, for twenty years. He had nine hundred chariots of iron, and was apparently very powerful.

The Lord raised up Deborah, a prophetess, to free the Israelites from oppression under Jabin. The text says that she would pass judgements for the children of Israel while she sat under the palm tree of Deborah.

Deborah summoned Barak, an army officer, and told him to go with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight King Jabin’s armies. Barak said he would only go if Deborah went as well, so she agreed to join him. Deborah then prophesied that Sisera, the enemy commander, would be defeated by a woman.

The two armies clashed at by the River Kishon, and all of Sisera’s men were killed. Sisera then fled to the tent of Heber, an Israelite who was on peaceful terms with King Jabin. Jael, Heber’s wife, invited Sisera to come in with the comforting words, “fear not”. She covered him with a blanket, gave him milk to drink, and let him sleep there.

Then Jael quietly took a tent peg and drove it into Sisera’s temple using a hammer, so that the peg stuck in the earth. When Barak came to the tent, pursuing Sisera, Jael went out to tell him, “come, and I will show you the man you seek.” And she showed him Sisera, dead, with a peg through his temple.

So Jabin’s army was defeated that day, and Israel grew stronger until their oppression under Jabin came to an end.

*****

Deborah is an especially significant character in the Bible, because she was the only female judge of Israel. It was very unusual for a woman in those times to rise to power, yet she truly earned the respect of her people. Deborah, as a woman, stands for the nurturing power of the Word to strengthen us during regeneration. Her name means ‘a bee’, but this comes from a word meaning ‘to speak’ – here, to speak the Word. Bees make honey; honey is nutritious; God’s word is our nourishment (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 3424[2]).

The fact that Deborah judged from under a palm tree may seem like a passing detail, but even this contributes to the spiritual meaning of the story. Palm trees stand for the divine truths of the Word, which means that Deborah was judging the people from her understanding of the Lord’s truths.

King Jabin’s nine hundred iron chariots represent the apparent power of false beliefs, thoughts and persuasions over us. The number ‘nine’ stands for something which is complete, and ‘iron’ here stands for either natural truths or falsities. A ‘chariot’, being pulled by a horse, always stands for a set of teachings or doctrine. These three symbols add to the picture of a very powerful enemy: false ideas and views that can weaken and overwhelm us (Arcana Caelestia 4720[2]).

The spiritual meaning of the complex arrangement between Barak and Deborah is that we can only deal with our spiritual conflicts if we take the Word’s power (Deborah) with us. Barak, a man, represents the power of truth, but Deborah says a woman will gain victory over Sisera. The feminine stands for the power of love: our charity, our affection for good, and our wish to be useful. These qualities are always essential in our spiritual life (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1120[2]).

The story about Jael and Sisera is really about actively resisting the temptations of evil in our lives. Jael, a woman, stands for the power of good to overcome what is false in our mind. Driving the tent peg through Sisera’s head stands for the complete destruction of what is false. Driving it right through and into the ground stands for the power of good in our life and in our regeneration, because the ground represents our actions (Arcana Caelestia 268).

When Barak and Jael meet, it stands for the unity between good (Jael, a woman) and truth (Barak, a man). This unity of good and truth appears again at the start of the next chapter, in which Deborah and Barak sing of Israel’s victory.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 447, 811

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Významy biblických slov

İsrailliler
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

RAB
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Kral
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Sisera
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

Ordu
A host and an army come from the same Hebrew word and mean the same thing in Bible; when the Children of Israel were numbered...

Dokuz
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

yüz
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

Demir
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

yirmi
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

altında
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

adam
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Naftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

on
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

bin
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

yol
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

gün
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

kaçtı
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

kaçan
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

hasor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

Su
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

Süt
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

çadır
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

gel
Coming (Gen. 41:14) denotes communication by influx.

kazık
'A peg' denotes the conjoining and strengthening principles.

ölü
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Tanrı
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

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 Canaanite Chariots
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Chariots in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Deborah and Barak
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Go with Me
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Jael Hides Sisera in Her Tent
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Palms in the Word Crossword Puzzle
A crossword puzzle about palms in the Word. Complete the puzzle using reference clues.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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