Hakimler 13

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1 İsrailliler yine RABbin gözünde kötü olanı yaptılar. RAB de onları kırk yıl süreyle Filistlilerin boyunduruğuna terk etti.

2 Dan oymağından Soralı bir adam vardı. Adı Manoahtı. Karısı kısırdı ve hiç çocuğu olmamıştı.

3 RABbin meleği kadına görünerek, ‹‹Kısır olduğun, çocuk doğurmadığın halde gebe kalıp bir oğul doğuracaksın›› dedi,

4 ‹‹Bundan böyle şarap ya da içki içmemeye dikkat et, murdar bir şey yeme.

5 Çünkü gebe kalıp bir oğul doğuracaksın. Onun başına ustura değmeyecek. Çünkü o daha rahmindeyken Tanrıya adanmış olacak. İsraili Filistlilerin elinden kurtarmaya başlayacak olan odur.››

6 Kadın kocasına gidip, ‹‹Yanıma bir Tanrı adamı geldi›› dedi, ‹‹Tanrının meleğine benzer görkemli bir görünüşü vardı. Nereden geldiğini sormadım. Bana adını da söylemedi.

7 Ama, ‹Gebe kalıp bir oğul doğuracaksın› dedi, ‹Bundan böyle şarap ve içki içme, murdar bir şey yeme. Çünkü çocuk ana rahmine düştüğü andan öleceği güne dek Tanrının adanmışı olacak.› ››

8 Manoah RABbe şöyle yakardı: ‹‹Ya Rab, gönderdiğin Tanrı adamının yine gelmesini, doğacak çocuk için ne yapmamız gerektiğini bize öğretmesini dilerim.››

9 Tanrı Manoahın yakarışını duydu. Kadın tarladayken Tanrının meleği yine ona göründü. Ne var ki, Manoah karısının yanında değildi.

10 Kadın haber vermek için koşa koşa kocasına gitti. ‹‹İşte geçen gün yanıma gelen adam yine bana göründü!›› dedi.

11 Manoah kalkıp karısının ardısıra gitti. Adamın yanına varınca, ‹‹Karımla konuşan adam sen misin?›› diye sordu. adam, ‹‹Evet, benim›› dedi.

12 Manoah, ‹‹Söylediklerin yerine geldiğinde, çocuğun yaşamı ve göreviyle ilgili yargı ne olacak?›› diye sordu.

13 RABbin meleği, ‹‹Karın kendisine söylediğim her şeyden sakınsın›› diye karşılık verdi,

14 ‹‹Asmanın ürününden üretilen hiçbir şey yemesin, şarap ve içki içmesin. Murdar bir şey yemesin. Buyurduklarımın hepsini yerine getirsin.››

15 Manoah, ‹‹Seni alıkoymak, onuruna bir oğlak kesmek istiyoruz›› dedi.

16 RABbin meleği, ‹‹Beni alıkoysan da hazırlayacağın yemeği yemem›› dedi, ‹‹Yakmalık bir sunu sunacaksan, RABbe sunmalısın.›› Manoah onun RABbin meleği olduğunu anlamamıştı.

17 RABbin meleğine, ‹‹Adın ne?›› diye sordu, ‹‹Bilelim ki, söylediklerin yerine geldiğinde seni onurlandıralım.››

18 RABbin meleği, ‹‹Adımı niçin soruyorsun?›› dedi, ‹‹Adım tanımlanamaz.››

19 Manoah bir oğlakla tahıl sunusunu aldı, bir kayanın üzerinde RABbe sundu. O anda Manoahla karısının gözü önünde şaşılacak şeyler oldu:

20 RABbin meleği sunaktan yükselen alevle birlikte göğe yükseldi. Bunu gören Manoahla karısı yüzüstü yere kapandılar.

21 RABbin meleği Manoahla karısına bir daha görünmeyince, Manoah onun RABbin meleği olduğunu anladı.

22 Karısına, ‹‹Kesinlikle öleceğiz›› dedi, ‹‹Çünkü Tanrıyı gördük.››

23 Karısı, ‹‹RAB bizi öldürmek isteseydi, yakmalık sunuyu ve tahıl sunusunu kabul etmezdi›› diye karşılık verdi, ‹‹Bütün bunları bize göstermezdi. Bugün söylediklerini de işitmezdik.››

24 Ve kadın bir erkek çocuk doğurdu. Adını Şimşon koydu. Çocuk büyüyüp gelişti. RAB de onu kutsadı.

25 RAB'bin Ruhu Sora ile Eştaol arasında, Mahane-Dan'da bulunan Şimşon'u yönlendirmeye başladı.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 13      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 13: The birth of Samson.

Chapters 13-16 of Judges tell the story of Samson, one of the greatest judges of Israel. At the time of Samson’s birth, Israel had been under Philistine oppression for forty years, because they had once again sinned against the Lord. As we have seen in previous chapters, the Lord appears to have punished them, but this is not the case; it is really our own waywardness that brings about these negative consequences.

This story begins with Samson’s parents, Manoah and his wife. Manoah’s wife was barren, but the angel of the Lord appeared to her, with news that she would have a son. The angel said that she was forbidden to drink alcohol or eat anything unclean, and that her son was never to have his hair cut, for he would be a Nazirite. And finally, the angel prophesied that her son would deliver Israel from the Philistines.

When Manoah’s wife told him what had happened, he prayed to the Lord for the man to return. The angel reappeared to Manoah’s wife, so she brought her husband to speak with the angel directly. Manoah asked what they should do for their child, but the angel only told Manoah that his wife must follow the instructions she had received.

Manoah offered a meal to the angel of the Lord, but the angel declined, saying that the burnt offering must be made to the Lord. Manoah brought out the meat of a young goat, placed it upon a rock, and gave it as a burnt offering to the Lord. The angel of the Lord ascended in the flames toward heaven, and the couple knew that they had seen God.

In time, Samson was born, and the Lord blessed him.

*****

Samson’s name literally means “sun-like”. He was a mighty warrior, a womaniser, and a powerful character prone to sudden outbursts and rage, but his intention was to defend Israel and defeat the Philistines. He was strong in his acknowledgement of his people and his God.

Samson represents the Lord in His divine human, and also the power of the Word in its literal sense. This is why Samson had strength in the abundance of his hair (see Swedenbrog’s works, Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 49[2], and Arcana Caelestia 9836[2]).

Spiritually, barrenness stands for a lack of personal doctrine or a spiritual path, representing how life can feel before regeneration begins. The angel of the Lord appeared to just the woman at first, because the purpose of regeneration is primarily to make us love what is good (represented by a woman). We do this by knowing and obeying truth (represented by a man).

The Nazarites, who vowed not to drink or cut their hair, represented the Lord as the Word in its ultimate and fullest sense (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Revealed 47). These customs are the marks of a natural and genuine life, as wine can lead us astray, and focusing on appearances can lead to vanity. Above all, Samson’s uncut hair represented this greatness of divine truths from the Word (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 214).

The angel was reluctant to tell Manoah and his wife details about their son’s future, except that he would be a Nazarite, and would deliver Israel. He intentionally kept them from knowing what would take place, because if they knew the future, they would no longer be able to act in freedom. Divine Providence - the Lord’s plan for our world - cannot be disclosed to us, or we would no longer live in freedom to make our own decisions (Arcana Caelestia 2493).

Manoah asked the angel what his name was, so he could be honored. However, the angel declined to tell them, as his name was wonderful. A name describes a person’s spiritual qualities, and we are unable to fathom the extent of heavenly qualities because they are of God.

The spiritual meaning of Manoah’s sacrifice comes from the correspondence of a young goat (innocence within the human soul) and the rock (truth). The young goat, placed on the rock as a sacrifice, represents worshipping from our hearts in faith to the Lord. This is the Lord’s requirement of us (Doctrine of Sacred Scripture 18[3] and Arcana Caelestia 9393).

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2165, 2332, 3301, 3519, 4299, 5113, 6437, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 54, 939

The New Jerusalem and its Heavenly Doctrine 218


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 66, 78, 412, 817

Spiritual Experiences 6017

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