Hakimler 10

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1 Avimelekin ölümünden sonra İsraili kurtarmak için İssakar oymağından Dodo oğlu Pua oğlu Tola adında bir adam ortaya çıktı. Tola Efrayimin dağlık bölgesindeki Şamirde yaşardı.

2 İsraili yirmi üç yıl yönettikten sonra öldü, Şamirde gömüldü.

3 Ondan sonra Gilatlı Yair başa geçti. Yair İsraili yirmi iki yıl yönetti.

4 Otuz oğlu vardı. Bunlar Otuz eşeğe biner, Otuz kenti yönetirlerdi. Gilat yöresindeki bu kentler bugün de Havvot-Yair diye anılıyor.

5 Yair ölünce Kamonda gömüldü. gelir.

6 İsrailliler yine RABbin gözünde kötü olanı yaptılar; Baallara, Aştoretlere, Aram, Sayda, Moav, Ammon ve Filist ilahlarına kulluk ettiler. RABbi terk ettiler, Ona kulluk etmediler.

7 Bu yüzden İsraillilere öfkelenen RAB, onları Filistlilere ve Ammonlulara tutsak etti.

8 Bunlar o yıldan başlayarak İsraillileri baskı altında ezdiler; Şeria Irmağının ötesinde, Gilattaki Amorlular ülkesinde yaşayan bütün İsraillileri on sekiz yıl baskı altında tuttular.

9 Ammonlular Yahuda, Benyamin ve Efrayim oymaklarıyla savaşmak için Şeria Irmağının ötesine geçtiler. İsrail büyük sıkıntı içindeydi.

10 İsrailliler RABbe, ‹‹Sana karşı günah işledik›› diye seslendiler, ‹‹Seni, Tanrımızı terk edip Baallara kulluk ettik.››

11 RAB, ‹‹Sizi Mısırlılardan, Amorlulardan, Ammonlulardan, Filistlilerden kurtaran ben değil miyim?›› diye karşılık verdi,

12 ‹‹Saydalılar, Amalekliler, Maonlular size baskı yaptıklarında bana yakardınız, ben de sizi onların elinden kurtardım.

13 Sizse beni terk ettiniz, başka ilahlara kulluk ettiniz. Bu yüzden sizi bir daha kurtarmayacağım.

14 Gidin, seçtiğiniz ilahlara yakarın; sıkıntıya düştüğünüzde sizi onlar kurtarsın.››

15 İsrailliler, ‹‹Günah işledik›› dediler, ‹‹Bize ne istersen yap. Yalnız bugün bizi kurtar.››

16 Sonra aralarındaki yabancı putları atıp RABbe tapındılar. RAB de onların daha fazla acı çekmesine dayanamadı.

17 Ammonlular toplanıp Gilatta ordugah kurunca İsrailliler de toplanarak Mispada ordugah kurdular.

18 Gilat halkının önderleri birbirlerine, ‹‹Ammonlular'a karşı ilk saldırıyı başlatan kişi, bütün Gilat halkının önderi olacak›› dediler.


Exploring the Meaning of Hakimler 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 10: Tola, Jair; Israel oppressed again.

This chapter opens by mentioning the judges Tola and Jair, who judged for twenty-three years and twenty-two years, respectively. The text gives us very little information about them, except that Jair had thirty sons, who rode on thirty donkeys and had thirty cities in the land of Gilead.

After Jair died, the people soon disobeyed the Lord, and worshipped the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Ammon. This provoked the Lord’s anger, so He caused the Philistines and Ammonites to oppress Israel. The Ammonites first attacked the two-and-a-half tribes living on the eastern side of the Jordan, then crossed the river to attack Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim.

The people cried out to the Lord, saying that they had forsaken Him, but He told them to go to the other gods they had chosen. However, the people asked again for forgiveness, stopped worshipping foreign gods, and turned back to the Lord, so His anger toward them subsided.

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This chapter describes another episode in Israel’s cycle of disobedience and punishment, in which the people repeatedly turn away from the Lord when there is no leader. No matter how often we affirm our faith in the Lord, we, too, will default to our natural desires and false thinking. As we come to recognize and accept this fact of life, we can find comfort in the Lord. He understands this completely, and does not blame or punish us.

The first judge mentioned is Tola. His name means “a worm-like grub”, suggesting the idea of metamorphosis and regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 106[2]). Tola’s father was Puah (meaning “shining”), his grandfather was Dodo (meaning “amorous, loving”), and their city was Shamir (which means “keeping the commandment”). These names bring to mind the spiritual qualities of truth, love and life in the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 977).

The next judge is Jair, whose name means ”he whom God enlightens”. The number thirty (used in reference to his thirty sons and their thirty towns) means fullness or readiness. This readiness refers to our spiritual ‘remains’, or states of innocence and charity that the Lord imparts to us during childhood. These remains are essential during regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 1050).

The Philistines, soon to be a major enemy of Israel, stand for the belief in “faith alone” salvation. This way of thinking instills the idea that we will be saved if we “believe in the Lord”, regardless of our actions. “Faith alone” doctrine is present in many religious practices (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The people of Ammon stand for profaning what is true, by turning the truths of the Word into false ideas. We profane the truth when we claim to know what the Word teaches, but live in a way that is contrary to the Lord’s commandments (Arcana Caelestia 6348[3]).

This chapter, like many others in the book of Judges, shows Israel’s decline into chaos and evil. The two judges, Tola and Jair, provide a picture of spiritual integrity, in contrast with Israel’s oppression by the very evils they have turned to. In our regeneration, with its highs and lows, we must avoid the temptation of shallow faith by acting according to our values.

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