Jonah 4

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1 Yunus buna çok gücenip öfkelendi.

2 RABbe şöyle dua etti: ‹‹Ah, ya RAB, ben daha ülkemdeyken böyle olacağını söylemedim mi? Bu yüzden Tarşişe kaçmaya kalkıştım. Biliyordum, sen lütfeden, acıyan, tez öfkelenmeyen, sevgisi engin, cezalandırmaktan vazgeçen bir Tanrısın.

3 Ya RAB, lütfen şimdi canımı al. Çünkü benim için ölmek yaşamaktan iyidir.››

4 RAB, ‹‹Ne hakla öfkeleniyorsun?›› diye karşılık verdi.

5 Yunus kentten çıktı, kentin doğusundaki bir yerde durdu. Kendisine bir çardak yaptı, gölgesinde oturup kentin başına neler geleceğini görmek için beklemeye başladı.

6 RAB Tanrı Yunusun üzerine gölge salacak, sıkıntısını giderecek bir keneotu sağladı. Yunus buna çok sevindi.

7 Ama ertesi gün şafak sökerken, Tanrının sağladığı bir bitki kurdu keneotunu kemirip kuruttu.

8 Güneş doğunca Tanrı yakıcı bir doğu rüzgarı estirdi. Yunus başına vuran güneşten bayılmak üzereydi. Ölümü dileyerek, ‹‹Benim için ölmek yaşamaktan iyidir›› dedi.

9 Ama Tanrı, ‹‹Keneotu yüzünden öfkelenmeye hakkın var mı?›› dedi. Yunus, ‹‹Elbette hakkım var, ölesiye öfkeliyim›› diye karşılık verdi.

10 RAB, ‹‹Keneotu bir gecede çıktı ve bir gecede yok oldu›› dedi, ‹‹Sen emek vermediğin, büyütmediğin bir keneotuna acıyorsun da,

11 ben Ninova'ya, o koca kente acımayayım mı? O kentte sağını solundan ayırt edemeyen yüz yirmi bini aşkın insan, çok sayıda hayvan var.››

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Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 4      

By Joe David and Steve David

In this fourth chapter of the Book of Jonah, (Jonah 4), the prophet Jonah has a strange reaction to his success. He's angry, and sulky. He thinks he knows better than God does. What is this story about?

Rev. George McCurdy, in his exegesis of this chapter, offers a summary in his Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use. Below, we've excerpted part of his summary, and edited it for use in this context.

The people of the Jewish church in Jonah's time didn't want to reconsider their belief in their "most-favored-nation status." They challenged the Lord. They couldn't understand why He wanted to save their enemies in Nineveh.

Despite the hard lessons in chapters 1 and 2, and his success as described in chapter 3, Jonah still thought he knew better than the Lord. He thought that God was being too soft and loving -- too forgiving -- and that He needed to come around to Jonah’s tougher view.

Jonah got so angry and vengeful that he preferred to die rather than approve of the Lord’s way to save the Ninevites. His self-love wanted shade -- protection for its concepts. The Lord needed to bring such thinking to an end; the worm brought about death to the gourd from within. The Lord then sent a vehement east wind, that represents a blowing away of the stagnant thinking of the church.

The Lord's heavenly sun shone upon Jonah, but he felt faint. Here, Jonah's insistence on his own troubling view of things made him uncomfortable with the Lord’s view. The Divine guidance offered him a way to learn to enjoy the success of his neighbors as his own, but he wouldn't take it.

For us, then -- what? This story is telling us that we can't just keep the truths of the Word for ourselves; we have to go to Nineveh and share them. And then, if people start to hear them, and use them to turn their lives around, we can't allow ourselves to get resentful that the Lord accepts their repentance and forgives them. It's a very human reaction; think of the disciples vying to be first in the Lord's command structure (Luke 9:46), or the brother of the prodigal son (Luke 15:28-29), or the workers in the vineyard who had worked all day for a denarius (Matthew 20:10-12). But... it's not a good reaction. The Lord doesn't admire it in Jonah, and doesn't admire it when it crops up in our minds, either.

Rev. Martin Pennington recommends several explanatory passages from Swedenborg's theological writings:

"Shade or shadow means the perception of good and truth lies in obscurity." (Arcana Coelestia 2367)

"A vine is spiritual good (the spiritual church)". (Arcana Coelestia 217)

"A worm represents falsity gnawing away and tormenting one." (Arcana Coelestia 8481)

"'And the sun grew hot' in the contrary sense means self-love and love of the world." (Arcana Coelestia 8487)

And... here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 214


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 10441

Sacred Scripture 51

True Christian Religion 226


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 419

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Genesis 4:6, 41:6

1 Kings 19:4, 21:4

Job 7:2, 15, 16

Psalms 86:15, 145:9

Ecclesiastes 7:9

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Matthew 2:10, 20:15

Luke 15:28

Word/Phrase Explanations

RAB
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

biliyordum
Like so many common verbs, the meaning of "know" in the Bible is varied and dependent on context. And in some cases – when it...

görmek
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

Tanrı
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

gölge
'The shadow is good' of the oak, poplar and elm means complacence.

Güneş
The 'sun' signifies celestial and spiritual love. The 'sun' in the Word, when referring to the Lord, signifies His divine love and wisdom. Because the...

ölmek
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

Ninova
'Nineveh' signifies the falsities of doctrinal matters, also the Gentiles, or the falsities originating in the fallacies of the senses, in the obscurity of an...

yüz
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

yirmi
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything or fullness, because it is ten twice. 'Twenty,' as in Genesis 18:31, like all numbers occurring in...

çok
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

hayvan
"Beasts" represent the affection for doing good things, a true desire to do them from the heart. In the negative sense, "beasts" stand for the...

Resources for parents and teachers

The items listed here are provided courtesy of our friends at the General Church of the New Jerusalem. You can search/browse their whole library by following this link.


 Jonah
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 Jonah
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Gourd (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Gourd (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah Goes to Nineveh
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


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