Amos 5

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1 Ey İsrail halkı, kulak ver,
Üzerine yakacağım ağıtın sözlerine:

2 ‹‹Düştü erden kız İsrail,
Bir daha kalkamaz,
Serilmiş kendi toprağına,
Kaldıran yok.››

3 Bu yüzden Egemen RAB şöyle diyor:
‹‹Bin kişiyle savaşa çıkan kentin
Yüz adamı sağ kalacak,
Yüz kişiyle çıkanın
On adamı kalacak İsrail halkına.››

4 Bu yüzden RAB İsrail halkına şöyle diyor:
‹‹Bana yönelin, yaşarsınız;

5 Beytele gitmeyin,
Gilgala girmeyin,
Beer-Şevaya geçmeyin,
Çünkü Gilgal halkı kesinlikle sürgün edilecek,
Beytel bir hiçfç olacak.›› anlamına gelir. ‹‹Beytaven›› aşağılamak amacıyla Beytel için kullanılırdı.

6 RABbe yönelin, yaşarsınız,
Yoksa Yusuf soyunda bir ateş gibi parlar,
Beyteli yakıp yok eder.
Yangını söndürecek kimse çıkmaz.

7 Ey adaleti acı pelinotuna çevirenler,
Doğruluğu yere çalanlar!

8 Ülker ve Oryon takımyıldızlarını yaratan,
Zifiri karanlığı sabaha çeviren,
Gündüzü geceyle karartan,
Deniz sularını çağırıp
Yeryüzüne dökenin adı RABdir.

9 Kaleyi ansızın yıkar,
Surlu kenti yerle bir eder.

10 Mahkemede kendilerini azarlayandan nefret ediyor,
Doğru konuşandan iğreniyorlar.

11 Yoksulu ezdiğiniz,
Ondan zorla buğday kopardığınız için
Yaptığınız yontma taş evlerde oturmayacak,
Diktiğiniz güzel bağların şarabını içmeyeceksiniz.

12 Çünkü isyanlarınızın çok,
Günahlarınızın sayısız olduğunu biliyorum,
Ey doğru kişiye baskı yapan,
Rüşvet alan,
Mahkemede mazlumun hakkını yiyenler!

13 Bu yüzden susmak düşer akıllı insana
Böyle bir zamanda,
Çünkü zaman kötüdür.

14 Kötülüğe değil,
İyiliğe yönelin ki yaşayasınız;
Böylece dediğiniz gibi,
RAB, Her Şeye Egemen Tanrı sizinle olur.

15 Kötülükten nefret edin,
İyiliği sevin,
Mahkemede adaleti koruyun.
Belki RAB, Her Şeye Egemen Tanrı,
Yusufun soyundan sağ kalanlara lütfeder.

16 Bu yüzden RAB,
Her Şeye Egemen Tanrı Rab şöyle diyor:
‹‹Bütün meydanlarda çığlık kopacak,
Sokaklarda inim inim inleyecekler;
Irgatları yas tutmaya,
Ağıtçıları feryat etmeye çağıracaklar.

17 Bütün bağlarda çığlık kopacak,
Çünkü ben aranızdan geçeceğim.››
RAB böyle diyor.

18 Vay başına, RABbin gününü özlemle bekleyenlerin!
Niçin özlüyorsunuz RABbin gününü?
O gün aydınlık değil, karanlık olacak.

19 Nasıl ki, biri aslanın önünden kaçar da karşısına ayı çıkar,
Evine döner, elini duvara dayar da elini yılan sokar.

20 RABbin günü aydınlık değil, karanlık olmayacak mı?
Hem de zifiri karanlık,
Bir parıltı bile yok.

21 RAB şöyle diyor:
‹‹İğreniyor, tiksiniyorum bayramlarınızdan,
Hoşlanmıyorum dinsel toplantılarınızdan,

22 Yakmalık ve tahıl sunularınızı
Bana sunsanız bile kabul etmeyeceğim,
Besili hayvanlarınızdan sunacağınız
Esenlik sunularına dönüp bakmayacağım.

23 Uzak tutun benden ezgilerinizin gürültüsünü,
Çenklerinizin sesini dinlemeyeceğim.

24 Bunun yerine adalet su gibi,
Doğruluk ırmak gibi sürekli aksın.

25 ‹‹Ey İsrail halkı, çölde kırk yıl boyunca
Bana mı kurbanlar, sunular sundunuz?

26 Gerçekte kralınız Sakkutu, putunuz Kayvanı,
Kendiniz için yaptığınız ilahın yıldızını taşıdınız. ‹‹Gerçekte kralınızın çadırını, putlarınızın kaidesini››. Sakkut ve Kayvan İsrailde tapılan ilahlardı. Asur ilahları olduğu sanılıyor.

27 Bu yüzden sizi Şam'ın ötesine süreceğim.››
RAB böyle diyor, O'nun adı Her Şeye Egemen Tanrı'dır.

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Shrnutí kapitoly

Exploring the Meaning of Amos 5      

1-3 The Lord is sorrowful that the church, the Truth from the Divine flowing into the world, has successively been devastated, as is seen in the previous chapter, Amos 4. Verse 3 says, “The city that goes out by a thousand shall have a hundred left.” So very little truth is left to nourish the people, and this bad state is by their own doing.

4-9 Amid this dying out, the Lord entreats, almost anxiously, “Seek Me and live,” then names traps or states that will turn people from Him: Bethel, Gilgal, and Beersheba. The first is falsifying knowledges, the second sensuous or external pleasures; and the last “negative attitudes towards everything that constitutes faith and its doctrine (SH 3923:6). The next warning is to those “who turn justice into wormwood,” v. 7 or turn good into evil (SH 1488:2). He wants them to return to him and explains clearly that He is the source of power, the one who, “Made the Pleiades and Orion,” v. 8 and the one who “rains ruin upon the strong” v.9.

10-13 In their self-intelligence they continue to reject the Lord, to “tread down the poor,” rejecting even the little bits of truth coming to them. The people are warned, “Though you have built houses of hewn stone, yet you shall not dwell in them,” stone meaning truths of the natural (AE 745:3). The dictionary meaning of “hewn” means a workman making something, so it can be seen as coming from themselves, or their own intelligence. Anything like that is “devoid of life from the Divine” (SH 9852:2).

14-15 The path is shown for the way the Lord can be with them, “Seek good and not evil, that you may live.” It can’t be any plainer. In that way the Lord can reach out with His mercy, and “be gracious to the remnant of Joseph” v.15. The remnant is the small amount of truth, and Joseph is the spiritual part of us (SH 3921:3).

16-20 Here people are warned of how bad it will be for them when the day of the Lord comes. “Is not the day of the Lord darkness?” for those who are in evil, “with no brightness in it?” v.20. A person’s suffering will be painful, “as though he went into the house, leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him,” and terrorizing, “As though a man fled from a lion and a bear met him,” v. 19.

21-22 Their worship won’t be accepted, shown by, “I hate, I despise your feast days” v. 21. The strong language of the Lord is the mirror opposite of the depth of the evil the people are in, since only a remnant of the truth is with them, as in v. 3.

23-25 Take away your noisy songs and melodies, the Lord says, take away what sounds beautiful to you but is hurtful to the Divine because of the lack of goodness and truth. In its place he wants people to “Let justice run down like water, and righteousness like a mightly stream” v. 24.

26-27 If people don’t return to the Lord, everything good will be taken from them, shown in “Therefore I will send you into captivity beyond Damascus” v. 27. Damascus was the furtherest boundary of Canaan, or beyond where spiritual things reside. The “boundary of Damascus” is also used in Ezekiel 47:16-18 (AE 1088).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 205


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 195, 468, 576, 922, 925, 1071, 1715, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 316, 410, 413, 501, 573, 620, 650, ...

Doctrine of the Lord 4, 38

Sacred Scripture 85

True Christianity 51, 82, 689, 761


References from Swedenborg's unpublished works:

Apocalypse Explained 208, 365, 376, 448, 519, 526, 573, ...

Canons of the New Church 27

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 5, 56

Marriage 51, 82

Scriptural Confirmations 4, 9, 56, 75

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Hop to Similar Bible Verses

Genesis 26:23, 33

Exodus 11:4, 23:3, 6

Leviticus 26:16

Deuteronomy 28:30, 62, 63, 32:22

Joshua 5:9

1 Samuel 15:22

1 Kings 14:15, 21:20

2 Kings 15:29, 17:23, 18:36, 20:3, 23:8

2 Chronicles 15:2, 20:3, 4, 24:20, 21, 34:25

Job 9:9, 20:19

Psalms 34:13, 69:33, 97:10, 105:4

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Isaiah 1:14, 5:19, 20, 10:2, 3, 24:18, 46:12, 58:2

Jeremiah 4:4, 9:9, 16, 21, 18:8, 13, 22:3, 33:2, 38:20, 48:13

Ezekiel 20:16, 21:3, 34:21, 45:9

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Amos 1:5, 2:7, 3:1, 15, 4:1, 4, 13, 6:7, 12, 7:9, 10, 8:14, 9:6, 14

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Micah 2:3, 3:2, 9, 11, 6:15

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Matthew 24:29

Acts of the Apostles 7:42, 43

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Hebrews 12:29

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Word/Phrase Explanations

İsrail
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

yüz
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

RAB
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

diyor
As with many common verbs, the meaning of “to say” in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Who is speaking? Who is hearing? What...

bin
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

on
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

Gilgal
Gilgal signifies the doctrine of natural truth, serving for introduction into the church.

ateş
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

deniz
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

nefret
If you truly hate someone, that means you would kill them and destroy their reputation if you could do so without repercussion – not a...

çok
Intellectual things – ideas, knowledge, facts, even insight and understanding – are more separate and free-standing than emotional things, and it’s easier to imagine numbering...

zaman
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

Tanrı
The Lord is love itself, expressed in the form of wisdom itself. Love, then, is His essence, His inmost. Wisdom - the loving understanding of...

sağ
He is said to be 'just' in a spiritual sense, who lives according to divine laws. They on the right hand being called 'just,' as...

gün
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

karanlık
"Darkness" is a state without light. "Light" is truth from the Lord, so "darkness" is a state where truth is lacking.

ayı
Bears represent the power of the literal external stories and ideas of Bible, separate from their deeper meanings. Since they are wild carnivores, this is...

yılan
Serpents in the Bible represent reasoning that is based on what we know through our senses. This is the lowest and most outward mode of...

adalet
'Justice' signifies both good and truth.

kırk
'Forty' means completeness because 'four' means what is complete, as does 'ten.' Forty is the product of four and ten. Compound numbers have a meaning...

Şam
Damascus and Aroer (Isaiah 17:1, 2) signify the knowledges of truth and good. See Eliezer of Damascus.


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