1 Samuel 8

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1 Samuel yaşlanınca oğullarını İsraile önder atadı.

2 Beer-Şevada görev yapan ilk oğlunun adı Yoel, ikinci oğlunun adıysa Aviyaydı.

3 Ama oğulları onun yolunda yürümediler. Tersine, haksız kazanca yönelip rüşvet alır, yargıda yan tutarlardı.

4 Bu yüzden İsrailin bütün ileri gelenleri toplanıp Ramaya, Samuelin yanına vardılar.

5 Ona, ‹‹Bak, sen yaşlandın›› dediler, ‹‹Oğulların da senin yolunda yürümüyor. Şimdi, öteki uluslarda olduğu gibi, bizi yönetecek bir kral ata.››

6 Ne var ki, ‹‹Bizi yönetecek bir kral ata›› demeleri Samuelin hoşuna gitmedi. Samuel RABbe yakardı.

7 RAB, Samuele şu karşılığı verdi: ‹‹Halkın sana bütün söylediklerini dinle. Çünkü reddettikleri sen değilsin; kralları olarak beni reddettiler.

8 Onları Mısırdan çıkardığım günden bu yana bütün yaptıklarının aynısını sana da yapıyorlar. Beni bırakıp başka ilahlara kulluk ettiler.

9 Şimdi onları dinle. Ancak onları açıkça uyar ve kendilerine krallık yapacak kişinin onları nasıl yöneteceğini söyle.››

10 Samuel kendisinden kral isteyen halka RABbin bütün söylediklerini bildirdi:

11 ‹‹Size krallık yapacak kişinin yönetimi şöyle olacak: Oğullarınızı alıp savaş arabalarında ve atlı birliklerinde görevlendirecek. Onun savaş arabalarının önünde koşacaklar.

12 Bazılarını biner, bazılarını ellişer kişilik birliklere komutan atayacak. Kimisini toprağını sürüp ekinini biçmek, kimisini de silahların ve savaş arabalarının donatımını yapmak için görevlendirecek.

13 Kızlarınızı ıtriyatçı, aşçı, fırıncı olmak üzere alacak.

14 Seçkin tarlalarınızı, bağlarınızı, zeytinliklerinizi alıp hizmetkârlarına verecek.

15 Tahıllarınızın, üzümlerinizin ondalığını alıp saray görevlileriyle öbür hizmetkârlarına dağıtacak.

16 Kadın erkek kölelerinizi, seçkin boğalarınızı, eşeklerinizi alıp kendi işinde çalıştıracak.

17 Sürülerinizin de ondalığını alacak. Sizler ise onun köleleri olacaksınız.

18 Bunlar gerçekleştiğinde, seçtiğiniz kral yüzünden feryat edeceksiniz. Ama RAB o gün size karşılık vermeyecek.›› ‹‹Gençlerinizi››.

19 Ne var ki, halk Samuelin sözünü dinlemek istemedi. ‹‹Hayır, bizi yönetecek bir kral olsun›› dediler,

20 ‹‹Böylece biz de bütün uluslar gibi olacağız. Kralımız bizi yönetecek, önümüzden gidip savaşlarımızı sürdürecek.››

21 Halkın bütün söylediklerini dinleyen Samuel, bunları RABbe aktardı.

22 RAB Samuel'e, ‹‹Onların sözünü dinle ve başlarına bir kral ata›› diye buyurdu. Bunun üzerine Samuel İsrailliler'e, ‹‹Herkes kendi kentine dönsün›› dedi.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 8      

This chapter marks a historic turning point for the Children of Israel. Since their escape from Egypt some four hundred years earlier, the Lord Jehovah, through Moses, and Joshua, and then a series of judges, had directly ruled the people. Now, though, the people pleaded that they might instead have a king. In a sense, they wanted to be led by human nature, not by the God's law and prophets.

The corruption of Samuel’s sons, as judges over Israel, was what spurred this movement. Samuel had grown old, and his sons, Joel and Abiah, had become judges over Israel. However, they began to act immorally, taking bribes and “perverting judgement.” This is similar to the corruption of the High Priest Eli’s sons, described in 1 Samuel 2, and not unlike the misbehavior of two of Aaron's sons, Nadab and Abihu, as in Leviticus 10.

Samuel prayed to the Lord, asking what he should do about the people’s demand for a king. The Lord assured him that the request came not because he, Samuel, had been rejected. Instead, it was the Lord Himself who the people of Israel had rejected. The Lord sent a warning through Samuel to the people, and Samuel told them of the personal and financial cost that would come with having a king. The king would use a substantial portion of the land’s resources, and take the best for himself. Having a king would also mean that they were rejecting the Lord’s direct leadership, and because of this they would be unable to call on His help in the way that they had in the past. The people heard the warning, but did not change their minds.

There are two united ways in which the Lord wants to judge us. One way is through love or goodness. The other is through truth. In other words, our lives can be judged according to the type of love that exists in our hearts, and therefore the love we exhibit toward others. We will make mistakes, but it is our intent that matters most. Judgment according to truth, by comparison, is somewhat cold. We either adhere to the law or we don’t. The two, love and truth, should exist together. Intentions should be considered together with what we actually do. From this time in Israelite history, the role of priest, representing judgment from goodness or love, was separated from the role of king, representing judgment by truth. They denied themselves the opportunity to be ruled by love and left themselves to be ruled by the cold letter of the law (see Arcana Coelestia 6148).

Swedenborg also discusses this concept in Arcana Coelestia 1672. He writes that there is a different meaning of a “people,” meaning truths, and a “nation,” meaning goods. Kings, he writes, are associated with a people, not a nation. Thus before the Children of Israel were ruled by a king, they represented “a good, or that which is celestial,” but while they had a king they represented “truth or that which is spiritual” (Arcana Coelestia 1672). This further supports the idea that they began to separate the judgement by truth and judgement by love, choosing only truth, or the law as represented by a king.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1672, 2015, 2567, 2723, 6148, 8301, 8770


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 638, 654, 919

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İsrailliler
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

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