1 Samuel 4

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1 Samuelin sözü bütün İsrailde yayıldı. yayıldı››, Septuaginta ‹‹O günlerde Filistliler İsraillilerle savaşmak üzere toplandılar››. İsrailliler Filistlilerle savaşmak üzere yola çıktılar. İsrailliler Even-Ezerde, Filistliler de Afekte ordugah kurdu.

2 Filistliler İsraile karşı savaş düzenine girdiler. savaş her yere yayılınca, Filistliler İsraillileri bozguna uğrattı. savaş alanında dört bine yakın İsrailliyi öldürdüler.

3 Askerler ordugaha dönünce, İsrailin ileri gelenleri, ‹‹Neden bugün RAB bizi Filistlilerin önünde bozguna uğrattı?›› diye sordular, ‹‹RABbin Antlaşma Sandığını Şilodan buraya getirelim ki, aramıza geldiğinde bizi düşmanlarımızın elinden kurtarsın.››

4 Halk Şiloya adamlar gönderdi. Keruvlar arasında taht kurmuş, Her Şeye Egemen RABbin Antlaşma Sandığını oradan getirdiler. Elinin iki oğlu, Hofni ile Pinehas da Tanrının Antlaşma Sandığının yanındaydılar.

5 RABbin Antlaşma Sandığı ordugaha varınca, bütün İsrailliler öyle yüksek sesle bağırdılar ki, yer yerinden oynadı.

6 Filistliler bağrışmaları duyunca, ‹‹İbranilerin ordugahındaki bu yüksek bağrışmaların anlamı ne?›› diye sordular. RABbin Sandığının ordugaha getirildiğini öğrenince,

7 korkarak, ‹‹Tanrılar ordugaha gelmiş›› dediler, ‹‹Vay başımıza! Daha önce buna benzer bir olay olmamıştı.

8 Vay başımıza! Bu güçlü tanrıların elinden bizi kim kurtarabilir? Çölde Mısırlıları her tür belaya çarptıran tanrılar bunlar.

9 Güçlü olun, ey Filistliler! Yiğitçe davranın! Yoksa, İbraniler size nasıl boyun eğdiyse, siz de onlara öyle boyun eğeceksiniz. Bu yüzden yiğitçe davranın ve savaşın!››

10 Böylece Filistliler savaşıp İsraillileri bozguna uğrattılar. İsraillilerin hepsi evlerine kaçtı. Yenilgi öyle büyüktü ki, İsrailliler otuz bin yaya asker yitirdi,

11 Tanrının Sandığı alındı, Elinin iki oğlu, Hofni ile Pinehas öldü.

12 Benyaminli bir adam savaş alanından koşarak aynı gün Şiloya ulaştı. Giysileri yırtılmış, başı toz toprak içindeydi.

13 Adam Şiloya vardığında, Tanrının Sandığı için yüreği titreyen Eli, yol kenarında bir sandalyeye oturmuş, kaygıyla bekliyordu. Adam kente girip olup bitenleri anlatınca, kenttekilerin tümü haykırdı.

14 Eli haykırışları duyunca, ‹‹Bu gürültünün anlamı ne?›› diye sordu. Adam olanları Eliye bildirmek için hemen onun yanına geldi.

15 O sırada Eli doksan sekiz yaşındaydı. Gözleri zayıflamış, göremiyordu.

16 Adam Eliye, ‹‹Ben savaş alanından geliyorum›› dedi, ‹‹Savaş alanından bugün kaçtım.›› Eli, ‹‹Ne oldu, oğlum?›› diye sordu.

17 Haber getiren adam şöyle yanıtladı: ‹‹İsrailliler Filistlilerin önünden kaçtı. Askerler büyük bir yenilgiye uğradı. İki oğlun, Hofniyle Pinehas öldü. Tanrının Sandığı da ele geçirildi.››

18 Adam Tanrının Sandığından söz edince, Eli sandalyeden geriye, kapının yanına düştü. Yaşlı ve şişman olduğundan boynu kırılıp öldü. İsrail halkını kırk yıl süreyle yönetmişti.

19 Elinin gelini -Pinehasın karısı- gebeydi, doğurmak üzereydi. Tanrının Sandığının ele geçirildiğini, kayınbabasıyla kocasının öldüğünü duyunca birden sancıları tuttu, yere çömelip doğurdu.

20 Ölmek üzereyken ona yardım eden kadınlar, ‹‹Korkma, bir oğlun oldu›› dediler. Ama o aldırmadı, karşılık da vermedi.

21 Tanrının Sandığı ele geçirilmiş, kayınbabasıyla kocası ölmüştü. Bu yüzden, ‹‹Yücelik İsrailden ayrıldı!›› diyerek çocuğa İkavotfı adını verdi.

22 ‹‹Yücelik İsrail'den ayrıldı!›› dedi, ‹‹Çünkü Tanrı'nın Sandığı ele geçirildi.››

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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savaş
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dört
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RAB
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Keruvlar
A Cherub has as its first definition in the dictionary, “A winged heavenly creature.” Cherubim is the plural of cherub. In the Word, the words...

iki
The number "two" has two different meanings in the Bible. In most cases "two" indicates a joining together or unification. This is easy to see...

tanrılar
When the Bible speaks of "Jehovah," it is representing love itself, the inmost love that is the essence of the Lord. That divine love is...

güçlü
'Might' denotes the forces or power of truth.

İbraniler
The term 'Hebrew' is used in the Word to signify anything relating to service, whatever its nature may be. Hence Abraham, in one passage only...

kaçtı
Flight, as in Matthew 14:20, signifies removal from a state of the good of love and innocence. Flight, as in Mark 8:18, signifies the last...

otuz
'Thirty' has a twofold significance because it is is the product of five and six, and also three and ten. From five multiplied by six,...

bin
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

adam
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

gün
"Day" describes a state in which we are turned toward the Lord, and are receiving light (which is truth) and heat (which is a desire...

yol
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oturmuş
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bildirmek
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geldi
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sekiz
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büyük
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düştü
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İsrail
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kırk
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ölmek
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

oldu
To beget or to be begotten is very similar in meaning to birth: It represents one spiritual state leading to the next spiritual state. "Beget,"...

Tanrı
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 The Capture and Return of the Ark (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14


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