โจชัว 5

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1 ต่อมาเมื่อบรรดากษัตริย์ของคนอาโมไรต์ซึ่งอยู่ฟากจอร์แดนข้างตะวันตก และบรรดากษัตริย์ของคนคานาอัน ซึ่งอยู่ใกล้ทะเล ได้ยินว่าพระเยโฮวาห์ทรงบันดาลให้น้ำในจอร์แดนแห้งไปต่อหน้าคนอิสราเอล ให้เราข้ามฟากไปได้หมดแล้ว จิตใจของเขาก็ละลายไป ไม่มีกำลังใจในตัวอีกต่อไปเหตุเพราะคนอิสราเอล

2 คราวนั้น พระเยโฮวาห์ตรัสกับโยชูวาว่า "จงทำมีดด้วยหินคมและให้คนอิสราเอลเข้าสุหนัตเป็นครั้งที่สอง"

3 โยชูวาจึงทำมีดด้วยหินคมและให้คนอิสราเอลเข้าสุหนัตที่เนินเขาแห่งหนังหุ้มปลายองคชาต

4 นี่แหละเป็นเหตุซึ่งโยชูวาให้เขาเข้าสุหนัต ในบรรดาประชาชนผู้ออกมาจากอียิปต์พวกผู้ชาย คือทหารทั้งหมดสิ้นชีวิตเสียตามทางในถิ่นทุรกันดารหลังจากที่ออกจากอียิปต์

5 แม้ว่าประชาชนผู้ออกมาเหล่านั้นได้เข้าสุหนัตหมดทุกคนแล้ว แต่ประชาชนทุกคนที่เกิดมาใหม่ตามทางที่ในถิ่นทุรกันดารหลังจากที่ออกมาจากอียิปต์นั้น ยังไม่ได้เข้าสุหนัต

6 เพราะว่าคนอิสราเอลเดินทางสี่สิบปีอยู่ในถิ่นทุรกันดารจนประชาชนทั้งสิ้น คือทหารที่ออกมาจากอียิปต์สิ้นชีวิตเสียหมด เพราะเขามิได้เชื่อฟังพระสุรเสียงของพระเยโฮวาห์ ผู้ซึ่งพระเยโฮวาห์ทรงปฏิญาณกับเขาว่า พระองค์จะไม่ทรงยอมให้เขาเห็นแผ่นดิน ซึ่งพระเยโฮวาห์ได้ปฏิญาณแก่บรรพบุรุษว่าจะประทานแก่เราทั้งหลาย เป็นแผ่นดินที่มีน้ำนมและน้ำผึ้งไหลบริบูรณ์

7 แต่บุตรของเขาซึ่งพระองค์ทรงให้แทนเขานั้น โยชูวาก็ได้ให้เข้าสุหนัต เพราะว่าเขายังไม่เข้าสุหนัต เพราะว่าเขาไม่เคยได้เข้าสุหนัตเมื่อมาตามทาง

8 ต่อมาเมื่อได้ให้ประชาชนเข้าสุหนัตเสร็จหมดแล้ว เขาก็พักอยู่ในที่อาศัยในค่ายจนกว่าจะหายเป็นปกติ

9 พระเยโฮวาห์ตรัสกับโยชูวาว่า "วันนี้เราได้กลิ้งความอดสูเพราะอียิปต์ไปให้พ้นเจ้าแล้ว" จึงเรียกชื่อตำบลนั้นว่ากิลกาลจนทุกวันนี้

10 ฝ่ายคนอิสราเอลได้ตั้งค่ายที่กิลกาล เขาถือเทศกาลปัสกาในวันที่สิบสี่ของเดือนนั้นเวลาเย็น ณ ที่ราบเมืองเยรีโค

11 วันรุ่งขึ้นหลังวันเทศกาลปัสกา วันนั้นเองเขาก็รับประทานผลอันเกิดจากแผ่นดิน คือขนมไร้เชื้อและข้าวคั่ว

12 ตั้งแต่วันรุ่งขึ้นมานาก็ขาดไป คือเมื่อเขาได้รับประทานผลจากแผ่นดิน คนอิสราเอลไม่มีมานาอีกเลย ในปีนั้นเขารับประทานผลจากแผ่นดินคานาอัน

13 ต่อมาเมื่อโยชูวาอยู่ข้างเมืองเยรีโค ท่านก็เงยหน้าขึ้นมองดู และดูเถิด มีชายคนหนึ่งชักดาบออกมาถือยืนอยู่ตรงหน้าท่าน โยชูวาเข้าไปหาชายนั้น กล่าวแก่เขาว่า "ท่านอยู่ฝ่ายเราหรืออยู่ฝ่ายศัตรู"

14 ผู้นั้นจึงตอบว่า "มิใช่ ที่เรามานี้ก็มาเป็นจอมพลโยธาของพระเยโฮวาห์" ฝ่ายโยชูวาก็กราบลงถึงดินนมัสการแล้วถามว่า "เจ้านายของข้าพเจ้าท่านจะให้ผู้รับใช้ของท่านกระทำอะไร"

15 และจอมพลโยธาของพระเยโฮวาห์จึงสั่งโยชูวาว่า "จงถอดรองเท้าออกจากเท้าของเจ้าเสีย เพราะว่าที่ซึ่งเจ้ายืนอยู่นี้เป็นที่บริสุทธิ์" โยชูวาก็กระทำตาม


Exploring the Meaning of โจชัว 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 5      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth and New Christian Bible Study Staff

Joshua 5: The Circumcision and the Passover

In this chapter, the Israelites are now in the land of Canaan, and local Amorite and Canaanite kings lose heart to oppose them because of God’s miracle at the river Jordan.

God tells Joshua to circumcise all the men who were born since they left Egypt, because none were circumcised in the wilderness, and their fathers who were have now all died. So Joshua obeys, requiring circumcision of all the men of Israel.

As a result, God says to Joshua : “I have this day rolled away the stain of Egypt from you.” The place was therefore called Gilgal, which means “rolling”. The Children of Israel camped there till they were healed. They then ate the Passover using the food of the land for the very first time, and the daily manna, which had been provided by God every day in the wilderness, stopped.

Then, Joshua has an encounter with an angel:

When Joshua lifted his eyes he saw a man opposite him with a drawn sword in his hand. Joshua asked him, “Are you for us or for our adversaries?” The man answered, “No, but as Commander of the army of the Lord I have now come.” Joshua fell and worshipped and asked what he should do? The man said, “Take your sandal off your foot, for the place where you stand is holy”. And Joshua did so.

Note that this chapter is the very first one when the Israelites are in Canaan, and straightaway two important Jewish rituals are carried out – circumcision and the Passover. Circumcision is the cutting off of the foreskin. It means to become purified from loving oneself and the world, and the outer things of life, and to be righteous before God inwardly. (See Arcana Caelestia 2102.)

This meaning helps us see why elsewhere in the Bible it often talks about “circumcising your heart”. The circumcision in Canaan was to mark the new generation, which spiritually for us means that our regeneration always involves new states. (True Christian Religion 601)

The Passover was originally a meal to mark leaving slavery in Egypt, so it is very appropriate for celebrating entering the promised land. The spiritual meaning of the Passover is rich and complex, but, put simply, it is about the presence of the Lord with us, especially when we attribute life’s good events and blessings to the presence of God. “The Lord has done this for me… The Lord has done that for us.” (Arcana Caelestia 7902) The reason that it is a meal is that we share meals together, often in families, and spiritually everything in us comes together to be joyful and thankful.

The first camp of the Israelites in Canaan was at Gilgal, a place close to Jericho, the name of which means “rolling”. We’ve looked at its connection with circumcision but more generally, to ‘roll’ is to move forward, move on, keep going. This is a powerful early-in-the-story description of our regeneration, with its trials and blessings, both of which aim to keep us moving forward to be evermore in the life the Lord wants us to have. (Arcana Caelestia 8911)

With all this early first feeling of having finally got to Canaan, the land which God had always promised to give them, it is so very appropriate that Joshua is met by a militant angel of the Lord, the Commander of the army of the Lord. (Arcana Caelestia 7277). Note carefully that when Joshua asks if he is for us or for our enemies, the Commander says “No.” Spiritually this is very significant because the Lord uses everything – good and evil – peace and temptation – to lead us towards heaven.

The Commander declares that Joshua is to remove his sandal from off his foot because where he stands, this is holy ground. Spiritually, “holy ground” is the whole sweep of life, and our sense that all of it is the Lord’s gift to us. (See Arcana Caelestia 566, 1585)

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1664, 1748, 1784, 2039, 2799, 6846, 8294, ...


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 619

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 49

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 At Gilgal
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Compare: Moses and Joshua
Activity | Ages 7 - 14

 Joshua Kneels Before the Commander of the Lord’s Army
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Joshua Meets the Commander of the Lord’s Army
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Loose Thy Shoe
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Lord Is the Hero of War
Color picture of the Commander of the Lord's army appearing to Joshua.
Picture | All Ages


Many thanks to Philip Pope for the permission to use his 2003 translation of the English King James Version Bible into Thai. Here's a link to the mission's website: www.thaipope.org


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