โจชัว 14

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1 ต่อไปนี้เป็นดินแดนต่างๆซึ่งประชาชนอิสราเอลได้รับเป็นมรดกในแผ่นดินคานาอัน ซึ่งเอเลอาซาร์ปุโรหิตและโยชูวาบุตรชายนูน และหัวหน้าบรรพบุรุษของตระกูลต่างๆแห่งคนอิสราเอลได้แจกจ่ายให้เป็นมรดกแก่เขา

2 มรดกนี้เขาจับสลากแบ่งกันในระหว่างคนเก้าตระกูลครึ่ง ตามที่พระเยโฮวาห์ทรงบัญชาทางโมเสส

3 เพราะโมเสสได้ให้มรดกแก่คนสองตระกูลครึ่งทางฟากแม่น้ำจอร์แดนข้างโน้นแล้ว แต่ท่านหาได้แบ่งส่วนมรดกให้แก่พวกเลวีไม่

4 เพราะว่าลูกหลานของโยเซฟมีสองตระกูล คือมนัสเสห์และเอฟราอิม และพวกเลวีหาได้มีส่วนแบ่งในแผ่นดินนั้นไม่ ได้แต่หัวเมืองที่จะเข้าอาศัยอยู่ กับลานทุ่งหญ้ารอบเมืองสำหรับฝูงสัตว์และทรัพย์สินของเขาเท่านั้น

5 คนอิสราเอลได้กระทำตามที่พระเยโฮวาห์ทรงบัญชาไว้กับโมเสส เขาแบ่งที่ดินกัน

6 ขณะนั้นคนยูดาห์มาหาโยชูวา ณ เมืองกิลกาล และคาเลบบุตรชายเยฟุนเนห์ชาวเคนัสได้กล่าวแก่ท่านว่า "ท่านทราบเรื่องซึ่งพระเยโฮวาห์ตรัสกับโมเสสบุรุษของพระเจ้าที่คาเดชบารเนียเกี่ยวกับท่านและข้าพเจ้าแล้ว

7 เมื่อโมเสสผู้รับใช้ของพระเยโฮวาห์ใช้ให้ข้าพเจ้าไปจากคาเดชบารเนีย เพื่อสอดแนมดูแผ่นดิน ข้าพเจ้ามีอายุสี่สิบปี ข้าพเจ้าได้นำข่าวมาแจ้งแก่ท่านตามความคิดเห็นของข้าพเจ้า

8 แต่ส่วนพี่น้องซึ่งขึ้นไปพร้อมกับข้าพเจ้าได้กระทำให้จิตใจของประชาชนละลายไป แต่ข้าพเจ้าได้ติดตามพระเยโฮวาห์พระเจ้าของข้าพเจ้าอย่างสุดใจ

9 ในวันนั้นโมเสสได้ปฏิญาณว่า `แท้จริงแผ่นดินซึ่งเท้าของท่านได้เหยียบย่ำไปนั้นจะตกเป็นมรดกของท่าน และของลูกหลานของท่านสืบไปเป็นนิตย์ เพราะว่าท่านได้ติดตามพระเยโฮวาห์พระเจ้าของข้าพเจ้าอย่างสุดใจ'

10 และบัดนี้ ดูเถิด พระเยโฮวาห์ยังทรงให้ข้าพเจ้ามีชีวิตอยู่ตลอดสี่สิบห้าปีนี้ ดังที่พระองค์ตรัส ตั้งแต่พระเยโฮวาห์ตรัสเช่นนี้แก่โมเสส เมื่อคนอิสราเอลเดินทางอยู่ในถิ่นทุรกันดาร และบัดนี้ ดูเถิด วันนี้ข้าพเจ้ามีอายุแปดสิบห้าปีแล้ว

11 วันนี้ข้าพเจ้ายังมีกำลังแข็งแรงเช่นเดียวกับวันที่โมเสสใช้ให้ข้าพเจ้าไป กำลังของข้าพเจ้าในการทำศึกสงครามหรือออกไปและเข้ามาเดี๋ยวนี้ก็เป็นเหมือนครั้งนั้น

12 เพราะฉะนั้นขอมอบแดนเทือกเขานี้ ซึ่งพระเยโฮวาห์ตรัสในวันนั้นให้แก่ข้าพเจ้า เพราะท่านได้ยินในวันนั้นแล้วว่าคนอานาคอยู่ที่นั่น มีหัวเมืองใหญ่ที่มีกำแพงล้อมอย่างเข้มแข็ง ชะรอยพระเยโฮวาห์จะทรงสถิตกับข้าพเจ้า ข้าพเจ้าก็จะขับไล่เขาออกไปได้ ดังที่พระเยโฮวาห์ตรัสไว้แล้ว"

13 แล้วโยชูวาก็อวยพรแก่ท่านและยกเมืองเฮโบรนให้คาเลบบุตรชายเยฟุนเนห์เป็นมรดก

14 เฮโบรนจึงตกเป็นมรดกแก่คาเลบบุตรชายเยฟุนเนห์คนเคนัสจนทุกวันนี้ เพราะว่าท่านติดตามพระเยโฮวาห์พระเจ้าของอิสราเอลอย่างสุดใจ

15 เมืองเฮโบรนนั้นแต่เดิมมีชื่อว่าคีริยาทอารบา อารบาคนนี้เป็นคนใหญ่โตในคนอานาค แผ่นดินจึงได้สงบจากการศึกสงคราม


Exploring the Meaning of โจชัว 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Joshua 14      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Joshua 14: The territories west of the Jordan, and Caleb’s inheritance.

This chapter tells how the land of Canaan would be distributed among the remaining nine-and-a-half tribes, which would be determined by drawing lots. The tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel, would not receive their own territory, but would be given cities to live in across the land. The tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, the sons of Joseph, were each recognized as a tribe of Israel to make the number of tribes receiving land equal twelve. Caleb and his people received Mount Hebron as a special inheritance, because he had fully and whole-heartedly followed the Lord God of Israel many years ago.

Casting lots was used in those days to decide many things, because people believed that the outcome showed the will of God. Lots were often sticks or stones, each marked with a symbol, which would be cast much like rolling dice. Then the result would be examined to make a decision. The spiritual meaning of casting lots is that we should allow the Lord to show us what is required, and believe that His providence extends over everything in our lives (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10773). “The lot is cast into the lap, but its every decision is from the Lord” (Proverbs 16:33).

The tribe of Levi, the third of the twelve sons of Jacob, had been set apart from the other tribes during their time in the wilderness; when the war cry “Who is on the Lord’s side?” was given before a battle, it was only the tribe of Levi who had responded. They were appointed as the priests of Israel for this dedication to God. Here, now, we are told that they are to live throughout the land (Arcana Caelestia 6998).

On a spiritual level, the Levites stand for the Lord’s presence throughout the whole of our life. Another way of putting this is that our spirit (and our life) is there throughout the whole of our body. And a third way of seeing this is that every part of our life should be guided by our love for the Lord. Other references to the Levites mention that all the people of Israel are to provide food and gifts for the Levites, reinforcing this same idea.

Caleb gets special treatment; he is given Mount Hebron as a new home for his people. Caleb and Joshua had been sent with 10 other men to spy out the land of Canaan 40 years earlier. They had given it a good report, and had - unsuccessfully - urged the Children of Israel to follow the Lord's leading and conquer the land at that time. Now, Caleb reminds Joshua about the Lord’s words to Moses regarding them, and Moses’ promise to give Caleb an inheritance. At the age of eighty-five, Caleb was still as strong as when spied out the land. He tells Joshua: “Now therefore, give me this mountain and the Lord will be with me to drive out the enemy” (Joshua 14:12). And it is given to him with a blessing from Joshua.

Mount Hebron is in the territory of Judah, west of the Dead Sea and south of what is now Jerusalem. Its name means ‘bound by a common bond’ or ‘accord’. Its spiritual meaning is that it brings diversity into unity, many into one, and for us, harmony in our spiritual life (Arcana Caelestia 3241[2]).

Caleb’s name means ‘bold, fearless, ferocious to enemies’. For us, Caleb is a picture of sureness and determination that to follow the Lord will always lead to success. Caleb never led Israel, but he acts as a right-hand-man to Joshua. Even though Joshua was the one to lead the children of Israel, there is still the need in each of us for Caleb’s enthusiasm, conviction and assurance to move forward with full confidence. His strength never left him, because he felt and lived the strength which the Lord gave him (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 137[5]).

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 9338


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 1616, 2909, 3862

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Many thanks to Philip Pope for the permission to use his 2003 translation of the English King James Version Bible into Thai. Here's a link to the mission's website: www.thaipope.org


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