โยนาห์ 4

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1 เหตุการณ์นี้ไม่เป็นที่พอใจโยนาห์อย่างยิ่ง และท่านโกรธ

2 ท่านจึงอธิษฐานต่อพระเยโฮวาห์ว่า "ข้าแต่พระเยโฮวาห์ เมื่อข้าพระองค์ยังอยู่ในประเทศของข้าพระองค์ ข้าพระองค์พูดแล้วว่า จะเป็นไปเช่นนี้มิใช่หรือ นี่แหละเป็นเหตุให้ข้าพระองค์ได้รีบหนีไปยังเมืองทารชิช เพราะข้าพระองค์ทราบว่า พระองค์ทรงเป็นพระเจ้าผู้ทรงกอปรด้วยพระคุณ และทรงพระกรุณา ทรงกริ้วช้า และบริบูรณ์ด้วยความเมตตา และทรงกลับพระทัยไม่ลงโทษ

3 ข้าแต่พระเยโฮวาห์ เพราะฉะนั้นบัดนี้ ขอพระองค์ทรงเอาชีวิตของข้าพระองค์ไปเสีย เพราะว่าข้าพระองค์ตายเสียก็ดีกว่าอยู่"

4 และพระเยโฮวาห์ตรัสว่า "การที่เจ้าโกรธเช่นนี้ดีอยู่หรือ"

5 แล้วโยนาห์ก็ออกไปนอกนคร นั่งอยู่ทางทิศตะวันออกของเมืองนั้น และท่านทำเพิงไว้เป็นที่ท่านอาศัย ท่านนั่งอยู่ใต้ร่มเพิงคอยดูเหตุการณ์อันจะเกิดขึ้นกับนครนั้น

6 และพระเยโฮวาห์พระเจ้าทรงกำหนดให้ต้นละหุ่งต้นหนึ่งงอกขึ้นมาเหนือโยนาห์ ให้เป็นที่กำบังศีรษะของท่าน เพื่อให้บรรเทาความร้อนรุ่มกลุ้มใจในเรื่องนี้ เพราะเหตุต้นละหุ่งต้นนี้โยนาห์จึงมีความยินดียิ่งนัก

7 แต่ในเวลาเช้าวันรุ่งขึ้น พระเจ้าทรงกำหนดให้หนอนตัวหนึ่งมากัดกินต้นละหุ่งต้นนั้นจนมันเหี่ยวไป

8 ต่อมาเมื่อดวงอาทิตย์ขึ้นแล้ว พระเจ้าทรงกำหนดให้ลมตะวันออกที่ร้อนผากพัดมา และแสงแดดก็แผดลงบนศีรษะของโยนาห์จนท่านอ่อนเพลียไป และท่านนึกปรารถนาในใจที่จะตายเสีย จึงทูลขอว่า "ให้ข้าพระองค์ตายเสียก็ดีกว่าอยู่"

9 แต่พระเจ้าตรัสกับโยนาห์ว่า "ที่เจ้าโกรธเพราะต้นละหุ่งนั้นดีอยู่แล้วหรือ" ท่านทูลว่า "ที่ข้าพระองค์โกรธถึงอยากตายนี้ดีแล้ว พระเจ้าข้า"

10 และพระเยโฮวาห์ตรัสว่า "เจ้าสงสารต้นละหุ่งนั้น ซึ่งเจ้ามิได้ลงแรงปลูก หรือมิได้กระทำให้มันเจริญ มันงอกเจริญขึ้นในคืนเดียว แล้วก็ตายไปในคืนเดียวดุจกัน

11 ไม่สมควรหรือที่เราจะไว้ชีวิตเมืองนีนะเวห์นครใหญ่นั้น ซึ่งมีพลเมืองมากกว่าหนึ่งแสนสองหมื่นคน ผู้ไม่ทราบว่าข้างไหนมือขวาข้างไหนมือซ้าย และมีสัตว์เลี้ยงเป็นอันมากด้วย"



Exploring the Meaning of โยนาห์ 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this fourth chapter of the Book of Jonah, (Jonah 4), the prophet Jonah has a strange reaction to his success. He's angry, and sulky. He thinks he knows better than God does. What is this story about?

Rev. George McCurdy, in his exegesis of this chapter, offers a summary in his Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use. Below, we've excerpted part of his summary, and edited it for use in this context.

The people of the Jewish church in Jonah's time didn't want to reconsider their belief in their "most-favored-nation status." They challenged the Lord. They couldn't understand why He wanted to save their enemies in Nineveh.

Despite the hard lessons in chapters 1 and 2, and his success as described in chapter 3, Jonah still thought he knew better than the Lord. He thought that God was being too soft and loving -- too forgiving -- and that He needed to come around to Jonah’s tougher view.

Jonah got so angry and vengeful that he preferred to die rather than approve of the Lord’s way to save the Ninevites. His self-love wanted shade -- protection for its concepts. The Lord needed to bring such thinking to an end; the worm brought about death to the gourd from within. The Lord then sent a vehement east wind, that represents a blowing away of the stagnant thinking of the church.

The Lord's heavenly sun shone upon Jonah, but he felt faint. Here, Jonah's insistence on his own troubling view of things made him uncomfortable with the Lord’s view. The Divine guidance offered him a way to learn to enjoy the success of his neighbors as his own, but he wouldn't take it.

For us, then -- what? This story is telling us that we can't just keep the truths of the Word for ourselves; we have to go to Nineveh and share them. And then, if people start to hear them, and use them to turn their lives around, we can't allow ourselves to get resentful that the Lord accepts their repentance and forgives them. It's a very human reaction; think of the disciples vying to be first in the Lord's command structure (Luke 9:46), or the brother of the prodigal son (Luke 15:28-29), or the workers in the vineyard who had worked all day for a denarius (Matthew 20:10-12). But... it's not a good reaction. The Lord doesn't admire it in Jonah, and doesn't admire it when it crops up in our minds, either.

Rev. Martin Pennington recommends several explanatory passages from Swedenborg's theological writings:

"Shade or shadow means the perception of good and truth lies in obscurity." (Arcana Coelestia 2367)

"A vine is spiritual good (the spiritual church)". (Arcana Coelestia 217)

"A worm represents falsity gnawing away and tormenting one." (Arcana Coelestia 8481)

"'And the sun grew hot' in the contrary sense means self-love and love of the world." (Arcana Coelestia 8487)

And... here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

   Studovat vnitřní smysl

Exploring the Meaning of Jonah 4      

Napsal(a) New Christian Bible Study Staff

In this fourth chapter of the Book of Jonah, (Jonah 4), the prophet Jonah has a strange reaction to his success. He's angry, and sulky. He thinks he knows better than God does. What is this story about?

Rev. George McCurdy, in his exegesis of this chapter, offers a summary in his Study Guide for the Book of Jonah, which is available for free as a .pdf, for your use. Below, we've excerpted part of his summary, and edited it for use in this context.

The people of the Jewish church in Jonah's time didn't want to reconsider their belief in their "most-favored-nation status." They challenged the Lord. They couldn't understand why He wanted to save their enemies in Nineveh.

Despite the hard lessons in chapters 1 and 2, and his success as described in chapter 3, Jonah still thought he knew better than the Lord. He thought that God was being too soft and loving -- too forgiving -- and that He needed to come around to Jonah’s tougher view.

Jonah got so angry and vengeful that he preferred to die rather than approve of the Lord’s way to save the Ninevites. His self-love wanted shade -- protection for its concepts. The Lord needed to bring such thinking to an end; the worm brought about death to the gourd from within. The Lord then sent a vehement east wind, that represents a blowing away of the stagnant thinking of the church.

The Lord's heavenly sun shone upon Jonah, but he felt faint. Here, Jonah's insistence on his own troubling view of things made him uncomfortable with the Lord’s view. The Divine guidance offered him a way to learn to enjoy the success of his neighbors as his own, but he wouldn't take it.

For us, then -- what? This story is telling us that we can't just keep the truths of the Word for ourselves; we have to go to Nineveh and share them. And then, if people start to hear them, and use them to turn their lives around, we can't allow ourselves to get resentful that the Lord accepts their repentance and forgives them. It's a very human reaction; think of the disciples vying to be first in the Lord's command structure (Luke 9:46), or the brother of the prodigal son (Luke 15:28-29), or the workers in the vineyard who had worked all day for a denarius (Matthew 20:10-12). But... it's not a good reaction. The Lord doesn't admire it in Jonah, and doesn't admire it when it crops up in our minds, either.

Rev. Martin Pennington recommends several explanatory passages from Swedenborg's theological writings:

"Shade or shadow means the perception of good and truth lies in obscurity." (Arcana Coelestia 2367)

"A vine is spiritual good (the spiritual church)". (Arcana Coelestia 217)

"A worm represents falsity gnawing away and tormenting one." (Arcana Coelestia 8481)

"'And the sun grew hot' in the contrary sense means self-love and love of the world." (Arcana Coelestia 8487)

And... here's a link to an interesting (audio) sermon on this chapter, by Rev. Todd Beiswenger.

Swedenborg

Hlavní výklad ze Swedenborgových prací:

The Inner Meaning of the Prophets and Psalms 214


Další odkazy Swedenborga k této kapitole:

Arcana Coelestia 10441

Doctrine of the Sacred Scripture 51

True Christian Religion 226


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 401, 419

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'Lives' is used in the plural, because of the will and understanding, and because these two lives make one.

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ตาย
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‘To grow’ signifies to be perfected.

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 Jonah
Article | Ages 15 - 17

 Jonah
Lesson outline provides teaching ideas with questions for discussion, projects, and activities.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Jonah and the Gourd (3-5 years)
Project | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah and the Gourd (6-8 years)
Project | Ages 7 - 10

 Jonah and the Gourd (9-11 years)
Project | Ages 11 - 14

 Jonah and the Great Fish
A lesson for younger children with discussion ideas and a project.
Sunday School Lesson | Ages 4 - 6

 Jonah Goes to Nineveh
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14

 The Prophet Jonah
This article shows how the Lord tried to teach Jonah to be merciful and kind when Jonah disobeyed the Lord because of his hatred toward the Assyrians. 
Worship Talk | Ages 7 - 14


Many thanks to Philip Pope for the permission to use his 2003 translation of the English King James Version Bible into Thai. Here's a link to the mission's website: www.thaipope.org


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