Mga hukom 10

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1 At pagkamatay ni Abimelech ay bumangon doon, upang magligtas sa Israel, si Tola na anak ni Pua, na anak ni Dodo, na lalake ng Issachar; at siya'y tumahan sa Samir sa lupaing maburol ng Ephraim.

2 At siya'y naghukom sa Israel na dalawang pu't tatlong taon; at namatay, at inilibing sa Samir.

3 At pagkamatay niya'y bumangon si Jair, na Galaadita; at siya'y naghukom sa Israel na dalawang pu't dalawang taon.

4 At siya'y may tatlong pung anak na sumasakay sa tatlong pung asno, at sila'y may tatlong pung bayan na tinatawag na Havot-jair hanggang sa araw na ito, na nangasa lupain ng Galaad.

5 At namatay si Jair, at inilibing sa Camon.

6 At ginawa uli ng mga anak ni Israel ang kasamaan sa paningin ng Panginoon, at naglingkod sa mga Baal, at kay Astaroth, at sa mga dios sa Siria, at sa mga dios sa Sidon, at sa mga dios sa Moab, at sa mga dios ng mga anak ni Ammon, at sa mga dios ng mga Filisteo; at pinabayaan nila ang Panginoon, at hindi naglingkod sa kaniya.

7 At ang galit ng Panginoon ay nagalab laban sa Israel, at ipinagbili niya sila sa kamay ng mga Filisteo, at sa kamay ng mga anak ni Ammon.

8 At kanilang pinahirapan at pinighati ang mga anak ni Israel nang taong yaon: labing walong taong pinighati ang lahat ng mga anak ni Israel na nangasa dako roon ng Jordan sa lupain ng mga Amorrheo, na nasa Galaad.

9 At ang mga anak ni Ammon ay tumawid sa Jordan upang lumaban naman sa Juda, at sa Benjamin, at sa sangbahayan ni Ephraim; na ano pa't ang Israel ay totoong pinapaghinagpis.

10 At dumaing ang mga anak ni Israel sa Panginoon, na sinasabi, Kami ay nagkasala laban sa iyo, sapagka't aming pinabayaan ang aming Dios, at kami ay naglingkod sa mga Baal.

11 At sinabi ng Panginoon sa mga anak ni Israel, Di ba pinapaging laya ko kayo sa mga taga Egipto, at sa mga Amorrheo, sa mga anak ni Ammon, at sa mga Filisteo?

12 Ang mga Sidonio man, at ang mga Amalecita, at ang mga Maonita ay pumighati rin sa iyo; at kayo'y dumaing sa akin, at pinapaging laya ko kayo sa kanilang mga kamay.

13 Gayon ma'y pinabayaan ninyo ako, at kayo'y naglingkod sa ibang mga dios: kaya't hindi ko na kayo palalayain.

14 Kayo'y yumaon at dumaing sa mga dios na inyong pinili; palayain kayo nila sa panahon ng inyong kapighatian.

15 At sinabi ng mga anak ni Israel sa Panginoon, Kami ay nagkasala: gawin mo sa amin anomang iyong mabutihin; isinasamo namin sa iyo, na iligtas mo lamang Kami sa araw na ito.

16 At kanilang inihiwalay ang mga dios ng iba sa kanila, at naglingkod sa Panginoon: at ang kaniyang kaluluwa ay nagdalamhati dahil sa karalitaan ng Israel.

17 Nang magkagayon ang mga anak ni Ammon ay nagpipisan, at humantong sa Galaad. At ang mga anak ni Israel ay nagpipisan, at humantong sa Mizpa.

18 At ang bayan, at ang mga prinsipe sa Galaad, ay nagsangusapan, Sinong tao ang magpapasimulang lumaban sa mga anak ni Ammon? siya'y magiging pangulo ng lahat na taga Galaad.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 10      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 10: Tola, Jair; Israel oppressed again.

This chapter opens by mentioning the judges Tola and Jair, who judged for twenty-three years and twenty-two years, respectively. The text gives us very little information about them, except that Jair had thirty sons, who rode on thirty donkeys and had thirty cities in the land of Gilead.

After Jair died, the people soon disobeyed the Lord, and worshipped the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Philistia, and Ammon. This provoked the Lord’s anger, so He caused the Philistines and Ammonites to oppress Israel. The Ammonites first attacked the two-and-a-half tribes living on the eastern side of the Jordan, then crossed the river to attack Judah, Benjamin and Ephraim.

The people cried out to the Lord, saying that they had forsaken Him, but He told them to go to the other gods they had chosen. However, the people asked again for forgiveness, stopped worshipping foreign gods, and turned back to the Lord, so His anger toward them subsided.

*****

This chapter describes another episode in Israel’s cycle of disobedience and punishment, in which the people repeatedly turn away from the Lord when there is no leader. No matter how often we affirm our faith in the Lord, we, too, will default to our natural desires and false thinking. As we come to recognize and accept this fact of life, we can find comfort in the Lord. He understands this completely, and does not blame or punish us.

The first judge mentioned is Tola. His name means “a worm-like grub”, suggesting the idea of metamorphosis and regeneration (see Swedenborg’s work, True Christian Religion 106[2]). Tola’s father was Puah (meaning “shining”), his grandfather was Dodo (meaning “amorous, loving”), and their city was Shamir (which means “keeping the commandment”). These names bring to mind the spiritual qualities of truth, love and life in the Lord (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 977).

The next judge is Jair, whose name means ”he whom God enlightens”. The number thirty (used in reference to his thirty sons and their thirty towns) means fullness or readiness. This readiness refers to our spiritual ‘remains’, or states of innocence and charity that the Lord imparts to us during childhood. These remains are essential during regeneration (Arcana Caelestia 1050).

The Philistines, soon to be a major enemy of Israel, stand for the belief in “faith alone” salvation. This way of thinking instills the idea that we will be saved if we “believe in the Lord”, regardless of our actions. “Faith alone” doctrine is present in many religious practices (see Swedenborg’s work, Doctrine of Life 4).

The people of Ammon stand for profaning what is true, by turning the truths of the Word into false ideas. We profane the truth when we claim to know what the Word teaches, but live in a way that is contrary to the Lord’s commandments (Arcana Caelestia 6348[3]).

This chapter, like many others in the book of Judges, shows Israel’s decline into chaos and evil. The two judges, Tola and Jair, provide a picture of spiritual integrity, in contrast with Israel’s oppression by the very evils they have turned to. In our regeneration, with its highs and lows, we must avoid the temptation of shallow faith by acting according to our values.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2781, 8301, 9212


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 31, 811, 817

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

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