Mga hukom 1

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1 At nangyari, pagkamatay ni Josue, na itinanong ng mga anak ni Israel sa Panginoon, na sinasabi, Sino ang unang sasampa sa amin laban sa mga Cananeo, upang lumaban sa kanila?

2 At sinabi ng Panginoon, Ang Juda ang sasampa: narito, aking ibinigay ang lupain sa kaniyang kamay.

3 At sinabi ng Juda sa Simeon na kaniyang kapatid, Sumampa kang kasama ko sa aking kapalaran, upang ating kalabanin ang mga Cananeo; at ako nama'y sasama sa iyong kapalaran. Sa gayo'y yumaon ang Simeon na kasama niya.

4 At sumampa ang Juda; at ibinigay ng Panginoon ang mga Cananeo, at ang mga Pherezeo sa kanilang kamay: at sinaktan nila sa kanila sa Bezec ay sangpung libong lalake.

5 At kanilang nasumpungan si Adoni-bezec sa Bezec: at siya'y nilabanan nila, at kanilang sinaktan ang mga Cananeo at ang mga Pherezeo.

6 Nguni't tumakas si Adoni-bezec; at kanilang hinabol siya, at hinuli siya, at pinutol nila ang mga daliring hinlalaki ng kaniyang kamay at paa.

7 At sinabi ni Adoni-bezec, Pitong pung hari, na mga may putol ng kanilang mga hinlalaki sa kamay at sa paa ay namulot ng kanilang pagkain sa ilalim ng aking dulang: kung paano ang aking ginawa ay gayon ako pinaghigantihan ng Dios. At dinala nila siya sa Jerusalem, at siya'y namatay roon.

8 At ang mga anak ni Juda ay lumaban sa Jerusalem, at sinakop at sinugatan ng talim ng tabak, at sinilaban ng apoy ang bayan.

9 At pagkatapos, ang mga anak ni Juda ay lumusong na lumaban sa mga Cananeo na tumatahan sa mga lupaing maburol, at sa Timugan, at sa mababang lupa.

10 At ang Juda'y yumaon laban sa mga Cananeo na tumatahan sa Hebron (ang pangalan ng Hebron nang una ay Chiriath-arba:) at kanilang sinaktan ang Sesai, at ang Ahiman, at ang Talmai.

11 At mula roo'y yumaon laban sa mga taga Debir. (Ang pangalan nga ng Debir nang una ay Chiriath-sepher.)

12 At sinabi ni Caleb, Ang sumakit sa Chiriath-sepher at sumakop niyaon, ay doon ko papagaasawahin si Axa na aking anak.

13 At si Othoniel na anak ni Cenez, kapatid na bata ni Caleb, ay siyang sumakop: at pinapag-asawa nito sa kaniya si Axa na kaniyang anak.

14 At nangyari, nang makipisan si Axa, na kaniyang kinilos siya na humingi sa kaniyang ama ng isang bukid: at siya'y bumaba sa kaniyang asno, at sinabi ni Caleb sa kaniya, Anong ibig mo?

15 At sinabi ni Axa sa kaniya, Bigyan mo ako ng isang kaloob; sapagka't inilagay mo ako sa lupain na Timugan, Bigyan mo naman ako ng mga bukal ng tubig. At ibinigay ni Caleb sa kaniya ang mga bukal sa itaas, at ang mga bukal sa ibaba.

16 At ang mga anak ni Cineo, na bayaw ni Moises ay umahon sa bayan ng mga puno ng palma na kasama ng mga anak ni Juda sa ilang ng Juda, na nasa timugan ng Arad; at sila'y naparoon at nagsitahang kasama ng bayan.

17 At ang Juda'y yumaong kasama ng Simeon na kaniyang kapatid, at kanilang sinaktan ang mga Cananeo na nagsisitahan sa Sephath at lubos na pinuksa. At ang pangalan ng bayan ay tinawag na Horma.

18 Sinakop rin naman ng Juda ang Gaza pati ng hangganan niyaon at ang Ascalon pati ng hangganan niyaon, at ang Ecron pati ng hangganan niyaon.

19 At ang Panginoon ay sumasa Juda; at kaniyang pinalayas ang mga taga lupaing maburol; sapagka't hindi niya mapalayas ang mga nananahan sa libis, dahil sa sila'y may mga karong bakal.

20 At kanilang ibinigay ang Hebron kay Caleb, gaya ng sinalita ni Moises: at kaniyang pinalayas doon ang tatlong anak ni Anac.

21 At hindi pinalayas ng mga anak ni Benjamin ang mga Jebuseo na tumatahan sa Jerusalem: kundi ang mga Jebuseo ay nagsitahang kasama ng mga anak ni Benjamin sa Jerusalem hanggang sa araw na ito.

22 At ang sangbahayan ni Jose, sila'y umahon din laban sa Beth-el: at ang Panginoon ay sumakanila.

23 At ang sangbahayan ni Jose, ay nagsugo upang tiktikan ang Beth-el. (Ang pangalan nga ng bayan nang una ay Luz.)

24 At nakita ng mga bakay ang isang lalake na lumalabas sa bayan at kanilang sinabi sa kaniya, Ituro mo sa amin, isinasamo namin sa iyo ang pasukan sa bayan at kahahabagan ka namin.

25 At itinuro niya sa kanila ang pasukan sa bayan, at kanilang sinugatan ng talim ng tabak ang bayan nguni't pinayaon ang lalake at ang madlang sangbahayan niya.

26 At ang lalake ay pumasok sa lupain ng mga Hetheo, at nagtayo ng isang bayan, at tinawag ang pangalan niyaon na Luz: na siyang pangalan niyaon hanggang sa araw na ito.

27 At hindi pinalayas ng Manases ang mga taga Beth-sean at ang mga bayan niyaon, ni ang mga taga Taanach at ang mga bayan niyaon, ni ang mga taga Dor at ang mga bayan niyaon, ni ang mga taga Ibleam at ang mga bayan niyaon, ni ang mga taga Megiddo at ang mga bayan niyaon: kundi ang mga Cananeo ay nagsitahan sa lupaing yaon.

28 At nangyari, nang lumakas ang Israel, na kanilang pinapagatag ang mga Cananeo, at hindi nila lubos na pinalayas.

29 At hindi pinalayas ni Ephraim ang mga Cananeo na tumatahan sa Gezer; kundi ang mga Cananeo ay nagsitahan sa Gezer sa gitna nila.

30 Hindi pinalayas ni Zabulon ang mga nananahan sa Chitron, ni ang mga nananahan sa Naalol; kundi ang mga Cananeo ay nagsitahan sa gitna nila, at naging mga tagapagpaatag.

31 Hindi pinalayas ng Aser ang mga taga Acho, ni ang mga taga Sidon, ni ang taga Ahlab, ni ang taga Achzib, ni ang taga Helba, ni ang taga Aphec, ni ang taga Rehob:

32 Kundi ang mga Aserita ay nagsitahang kasama ng mga Cananeo, na mga taga lupaing yaon: sapagka't hindi nila pinalayas sila.

33 Hindi pinalayas ng Nephtali ang mga nananahan sa Beth-semes, ni ang mga nananahan sa Beth-anath; kundi siya'y tumahan sa gitna ng mga Cananeo, na nagsisitahan sa lupaing yaon: gayon ma'y ang mga nananahan sa Beth-semes at nananahan sa Beth-anath ay naging mga tagapagpaatag sa kaniya.

34 At piniit ng mga Amorrheo ang mga anak ni Dan sa mga lupaing maburol; sapagka't ayaw nilang payagang sila'y lumusong sa libis;

35 Nguni't inibig ng mga Amorrheo na tumahan sa bundok ng Heres, sa Ajalon, at sa Saalbin: gayon ma'y nanaig ang kamay ng sangbahayan ni Jose, na anopa't sila'y naging mga tagapagpaatag.

36 At ang hangganan ng mga Amorrheo ay mula sa sampahan ng Acrabim, buhat sa batuhan, at paitaas.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 1      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 1: The continuing conquest of Canaan.

The book of Judges follows on almost seamlessly from Joshua. It is called ‘Judges’ because a number of regional leaders arose and made judgments for the people, often actively defending Israel from outside oppression. A pattern emerges in Judges: Israel disobeys the Lord – an enemy oppresses Israel – the Lord raises a leader – the leader is victorious against the enemy – there is peace for a time – Israel disobeys the Lord again.

There were twelve judges in all, about whom we either hear very much or next to nothing. The number twelve (as with the twelve tribes of Israel, the twelve disciples, and other examples in the Word), stands for all the various aspects of spirituality that we need to understand, develop, and put to use. A clue is often found in the meaning of their names, because biblical names are nearly always linked to spiritual qualities, such as ‘courage’, or ‘one who walks with God’ (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 10216).

The theme of this first chapter is the further conquest of the land. The Israelites asked the Lord, “Who shall go up and fight for us?” And the Lord said that the tribe of Judah would go, because the Lord had delivered the land into their hand. Judah then called on the tribe of Simeon to join them, and they won many battles against the Canaanites still in the land.

One Canaanite king, Adoni-bezek, fled and was captured by the Israelites, who then cut off his thumbs and big toes. Adoni-bezek said that God had dealt justice by punishing him, as he had previously cut off seventy kings’ thumbs and big toes, and they had to gather scraps of food under his table.

Then Caleb, a leader of Israel during the journey through the wilderness, said that the man who took Kirjath-sepher (Caleb’s inheritance city) from the Canaanites would marry his daughter, Achsah. Caleb’s nephew, Othniel, took the city and Achsah was given to him. Achsah asked her father for the blessing of springs of water, and Caleb gave her the upper and lower springs.

Next, spies were sent to Bethel. They met a man there, and said that if he directed them the entrance to the city, they would show him mercy. He helped them, and they took the city but showed mercy on the man and all his family. After all of this, the man built a new city called Luz in the land of the Hittites.

The chapter ends by listing the twelve tribes, as well as the Canaanite peoples who remained unsubdued in each of their territories.

*****

The overarching spiritual theme of Judges is the process of our regeneration. As the opening of Judges reminds us, there were still parts of the land and various tribes that Israel needed to conquer. In fact, the Israelites never finished driving enemies out of their land. In the same way, we need to control our inherited human nature, but it is never completely wiped out (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 238).

During regeneration, we will discover deeper and subtler self-centered states in ourselves, which need to be mitigated. Each judge raised by the Lord stands for our determination to deal with these states, using the Word as a guide. This brings us a period of peace, followed by the start of another personal discovery.

When the Israelites chose which tribes would fight for them, it was no coincidence that they selected Judah and Simeon. Judah (who was a prominent tribe of Israel) and Simeon (who usually acts with another tribe) stand for the highest things in our spiritual life: our love for the Lord, and our obedience to the Lord’s Word. Choosing Judah and Simeon as our strength will always bring victory in our regeneration (see Arcana Caelestia 3654 and Apocalypse Explained 443).

The spiritual meaning in the story of Adoni-bezek is about taking away the power of our self-love, as cutting off thumbs and big toes makes hands and feet virtually useless. When we work on our lower nature, we are to minimize its control over us. It is the same with any influences from hell; their power must end. Adoni-bezek’s comment about doing the same to seventy kings vividly describes how self-love can only lead to our downfall (Arcana Caelestia 10062[4]).

The delightful story of Caleb, Achsah and Othniel illustrates that after battle, there is rest and reward. In the same way, we strengthen the ‘marriage’ of good and truth in us after overcoming spiritual struggles (see Swedenborg’s work, Divine Love and Wisdom 409). The springs of water given to Achsah stand for the truths which flow into our mind, both about the ‘upper’ things of the Lord and heaven, and those ‘lower’ ones about spiritual life and responsibility.

The episode about the man from Bethel means that when we open up our life to the Lord to allow Him to guide us, we become blessed (Arcana Caelestia 3928). Then our life can be re-built in very practical and good ways, represented by the Hittites.

The final mention of the Canaanites still in the land points to the continuing presence of our unregenerate qualities. Although we may progress through the work of regeneration, we are still human, and we will always have flaws left to improve on.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 66, 1408, 1574, 1616, 2799, 2838, 2909, ...

Apocalypse Revealed 367

True Christian Religion 614


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 458, 734

Coronis (An Appendix to True Christian Religion) 41

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 9:26, 49:8, 24

Exodo 18:1, 15

Levitico 24:19, 20

Numero 10:29, 14:45, 27:21, 34:4

Deuteronomio 2:23, 34:3, 4

Joshua 2:1, 12, 14, 24, 6:22, 23, 25, 11:21, 12:8, 14:9, 13, 15, 15:11, 13, 16, 63, 16:1, 2, 10, 17:11, 16, 18:21, 28, 19:15, 24, 28, 29, 30, 38, 42, 43, 47

Mga hukom 1:8, 21, 27, 2:8, 9, 3:5, 9, 13, 4:3, 11, 9:24, 57, 14:19, 16:1, 18:1, 19:11, 20:18, 23, 27, 28

1 Samuel 10:22, 15:6, 33, 18:5, 12, 14, 30:15, 31:10

1 Hari 9:21, 16:31, 21:19, 22:5

2 Hari 18:7, 23:29

1 Mga Cronica 2:55

Mga Awit 106:34

Isaias 33:1

Jeremiah 25:20

Zephaniah 3:19

Mateo 7:1, 15:27

Pahayag 22:12

Významy biblických slov

josue
Joshua is first mentioned in Exodus 17, where he is told to select men to fight for the children of Israel against the Amalekites in...

mga anak
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Anak
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Israel
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

panginoon
The Lord, in the simplest terms, is love itself expressed as wisdom itself. In philosophic terms, love is the Lord's substance and wisdom is His...

Juda
City of Judah,' as in Isaiah 40:9, signifies the doctrine of love towards the Lord and love towards our neighbor in its whole extent.

ibinigay
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

lupain
Generally in the Bible a "country" means a political subdivision ruled by a king, or sometimes a tribe with a territory ruled by a king...

kamay
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

Simeon
In Revelation 7, 'Simeon', in the highest sense, signifies providence, in a spiritual sense, love towards our neighbor, or charity, and in a natural sense,...

Kapatid
Brethren (Gen. 27:29) signify the affections of good.

Tumakas
To flee signifies to escape, and be rescued. To flee signifies to be overcome.

hinabol
'To pursue,' as in Genesis 14:16, signifies a state of purification, because 'to pursue enemies' is the expulsion of evils and falsities which were with...

Paa
Our feet are the lowest and most utilitarian parts of our bodies, and in the Bible they represent the lowest and most utilitarian part of...

hari
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

sa ilalim
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

Jerusalem
Jerusalem, on Mount Zion, signifies the doctrine of love to the Lord, and how it governs your life. Jerusalem first comes to our attention in...

namatay
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

tabak
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

Apoy
Just as natural fire can be both comforting in keeping you warm or scary in burning down your house, so fire in the spiritual sense...

bayan
Cities of the mountain and cities of the plain (Jer. 33:13) signify doctrines of charity and faith.

pagkatapos
According to Swedenborg, time and space don’t exist in spiritual reality; they are purely natural things that exist only on the physical plane. This means...

Hebron
'Hebron' represents the Lord's spiritual church in the land of Canaan. 'Hebron' represents the church as to good.

pangalan
It's easy to see that names are important in the Bible. Jehovah changed Abram and Sarai to Abraham and Sarah, changed Jacob to Israel and...

caleb
Caleb, In Numbers 14:24, represents those who are introduced into the church, and, accordingly, his seed signifies the truth of the doctrine of the church.

Asawa
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

ama
Father in the Word means what is most interior, and in those things that are following the Lord's order, it means what is good. In...

bukid
When we have a desire to be good people and to do good things, the natural first questions are "What does that mean?" "What should...

asno
Donkeys signify the things relating to the self-intelligence of the sensual man; and camels, the things of self-intelligence in the natural man (Isa 30:6, 7.)

bigyan
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "give" in the Bible is affected by context: who is giving what to whom? In general, though, giving...

tubig
'Waters' signify truths in the natural self, and in the opposite sense, falsities. 'Waters' signify particularly the spiritual parts of a person, or the intellectual...

ilang
'Wilderness' signifies something with little life in it, as described in the internal sense in Luke 1:80 'Wilderness' signifies somewhere there is no good because...

tinawag
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

Gaza
Azzah, (Gen 10:19), signifies those things which are revealed concerning charity.

hangganan
A border as in Isaiah 54:12 signifies the scientific and sensual principle. "And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand-breath round about."...

Bakal
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

Benjamin
Also, Benjamin signifies the Word in its ultimate sense (Deut. 33:12)

araw
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

beth-el
When Jacob had his famous dream, of a staircase leading to heaven, he named the place "Bethel," which is Hebrew for "the house of God."...

Luz
'Luz,' as in Genesis 28, signifies a state wherein truth and good are together in the ultimate principle of order.

nakita
The symbolic meaning of "seeing" is "understanding," which is obvious enough that it has become part of common language (think about it; you might see...

Manases
'Manasseh' signifies the will of the spiritual church.

Megiddo
'Megiddo,' as in 2 Chronicles 3, signifies the same as Armageddon.

nephtali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

at
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

Dan
The tribe of Dan (Jer. 8:16) signifies truth in its own ultimate degree of order, here truth in the church, which is contained in the...

bundok
'Hills' signify the good of charity.

Ajalon
The valley of Ajalon has respect to faith: by the sun standing still upon Gibeon, and the moon in the valley of Ajalon (Joshua 10:12)...

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 Books of Joshua and Judges Multiple Choice Review
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges with a multiple-choice activity.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Caleb Gave Othniel His Daughter, Achsah, to Be His Wife
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Chart of the Judges Review Activity
Review the Judges of Israel by completing a chart to show their enemies, enemy rulers, weapons and years of peace.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Qualities of a Hero Review of Joshua and Judges
Identify heroes who showed courage, obedience to the Lord, strength and trust in the Lord. Choose additional qualities shown in Judges.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Review of Joshua and Judges Crossword Puzzle
Review events from the books of Joshua and Judges by completing a crossword puzzle.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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