1 Samuel 4

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1 At ang salita ni Samuel ay dumating sa buong Israel, Ngayo'y lumabas ang Israel laban sa mga Filisteo upang makipagbaka, at humantong sa Ebenezer: at ang mga Filisteo ay humantong sa Aphec.

2 At ang mga Filisteo ay humanay laban sa Israel: at nang sila'y magsagupa, ang Israel ay nasaktan sa harap ng mga Filisteo; at kanilang pinatay sa hukbo sa parang, ay may apat na libong lalake.

3 At nang ang bayan ay dumating sa kampamento, ay sinabi ng mga matanda sa Israel, Bakit sinaktan tayo ngayon ng Panginoon sa harap ng mga Filisteo? Ating dalhin sa atin ang kaban ng tipan ng Panginoon mula sa Silo, upang mapasa gitna natin yaon, at iligtas tayo sa kamay ng ating mga kaaway.

4 Sa gayo'y nagsugo ang bayan sa Silo, at kanilang dinala mula roon ang kaban ng tipan ng Panginoon ng mga hukbo, na nauupo sa gitna ng mga querubin: at ang dalawang anak ni Eli, si Ophni at si Phinees, ay nandoon na binabantayan ang kaban ng tipan ng Dios.

5 At nang ang kaban ng tipan ng Panginoon ay pumasok sa kampamento, ang buong Israel ay humiyaw ng malakas na hiyaw, na ano pa't naghinugong sa lupa.

6 At nang marinig ng mga Filisteo ang ingay ng hiyaw, ay nagsipagsabi, Ano ang kahulugan ng ingay nitong malakas na hiyaw sa kampamento ng mga Hebreo? At kanilang natalastas na ang kaban ng Panginoon ay ipinasok sa kampamento.

7 At ang mga Filisteo ay nangatakot, sapagka't kanilang sinabi, Ang Dios ay pumasok sa kampamento. At kanilang sinabi, Sa aba natin! sapagka't hindi pa nagkakaroon ng ganyang bagay kailan man.

8 Sa aba natin! sino ang magliligtas sa atin sa kamay ng makapangyarihang mga dios na ito? ito ang mga dios na nanakit sa mga taga-Egipto ng sarisaring salot sa ilang.

9 Kayo'y magpakalakas at magpakalalake, Oh kayong mga Filisteo, upang kayo'y huwag maging mga alipin ng mga Hebreo, na gaya ng naging lagay nila sa inyo: kayo'y magpakalalake, at magsilaban.

10 At ang mga Filisteo ay nagsilaban, at ang Israel ay nasaktan, at tumakas ang bawa't isa sa kanila sa kaniyang tolda: at nagkaroon ng malaking patayan; sapagka't nabuwal sa Israel ay tatlong pung libong lalaking lakad.

11 At ang kaban ng Dios ay kinuha; at ang dalawang anak ni Eli, si Ophni at Phinees ay pinatay.

12 At tumakbo ang isang lalake ng Benjamin na mula sa hukbo, at naparoon sa Silo nang araw ding yaon, na may barong hapak at may lupa sa kaniyang ulo.

13 At nang siya'y dumating, narito, si Eli ay nakaupo sa kaniyang upuan sa tabi ng daan na nagbabantay; sapagka't ang kaniyang puso'y nanginginig dahil sa kaban ng Dios. At nang ang tao ay pumasok sa bayan, at saysayin ang mga balita, ang buong bayan ay humiyaw.

14 At nang marinig ni Eli ang ingay ng hiyawan, ay kaniyang sinabi, Ano ang kahulugan ng kaingay ng gulong ito? At ang tao'y nagmadali, at naparoon, at isinaysay kay Eli.

15 Si Eli nga'y may siyam na pu't walong taon na; at ang kaniyang mga mata'y malalabo na, siya'y di na makakita.

16 At sinabi ng lalake kay Eli, Ako yaong nanggaling sa hukbo, at ako'y tumakas ngayon mula sa hukbo. At kaniyang sinabi, Paano ang nangyari, anak ko?

17 At siya na nagdala ng mga balita ay sumagot at nagsabi, Ang Israel ay tumakas sa harap ng mga Filisteo, at nagkaroon din naman doon ng isang malaking patayan sa gitna ng bayan, at pati ng iyong dalawang anak, si Ophni at si Phinees ay patay na, at ang kaban ng Dios ay kinuha.

18 At nangyari, nang kaniyang banggitin ang kaban ng Dios, na siya'y nabuwal sa likuran sa kaniyang upuan sa dako ng pintuang-bayan; at nabalian siya sa leeg, at siya'y namatay: sapagka't siya'y lalaking matanda at mabigat. At hinatulan niya ang Israel na apat na pung taon.

19 At ang kaniyang manugang, na asawa ni Phinees, ay buntis na kagampan: at pagkarinig niya ng balita na ang kaban ng Dios ay kinuha, at ang kaniyang biyanan at kaniyang asawa ay patay na, ay yumukod siya at napanganak; sapagka't ang kaniyang pagdaramdam ay dumating sa kaniya.

20 At nang mamatay na siya, ay sinabi sa kaniya ng mga babaing nakatayo sa siping niya, Huwag kang matakot; sapagka't ikaw ay nanganak ng isang lalake. Nguni't hindi siya sumagot, o inalumana man niya.

21 At ipinangalan niya sa bata ay Ichabod, na sinasabi, Ang kaluwalhatian ay nahiwalay sa Israel; sapagka't ang kaban ng Dios ay kinuha, at dahil sa kaniyang biyanan at sa kaniyang asawa.

22 At kaniyang sinabi, Ang kaluwalhatian ng Dios ay nahiwalay sa Israel; sapagka't ang kaban ng Dios ay kinuha.

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Exploring the Meaning of 1_Samuel 4      

Although it was clear throughout Israel that Samuel had been established as the Lord’s prophet, the Israelites were still unprepared to listen to his prophecy. A new battle took place between the army of Israel and the army of the Philistines, that went decidedly in the Philistines’ favor. About four thousand men of Israel died.

The Israelites were in great distress, and they sent for the Ark of the covenant from Shiloh in order to summon the power of the Lord. Accompanying the Ark were the two sons of the High Priest Eli: Hophni and Phinehas. When the Ark reached the Israelite camp, the Israelites shouted with joy, and the Philistines became afraid. They knew that the Israelite God was surely with them, and they remembered His power from the plagues of Egypt (in Exodus 7 through 12). The Philistines, in order to avoid being enslaved by the Israelites, summoned courage and defeated Israel. In the process, they captured the Ark of the Covenant.

A messenger was dispatched to bring the bad news to Shiloh, where Eli was. Hophni and Phinehas were dead, and the Ark was in enemy hands. Upon hearing the news, the elderly Eli fell backwards from his seat and died. Phinehas’ wife was heavily pregnant. The bad news broke her spirit and she died shortly after delivering a son that she named Ichabod. The doom predicted in Chapter three of 1 Samuel had come to pass.

The Ark of the Covenant contained two stone tablets, on which were written the Ten Commandments. These were written by the finger of God, and given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Commandments represented the covenant between the Lord and people. They would be joined together through love and faith: God’s love for His people, and their love for Him. Love, faith in God and obedience to His message would forever bind them. The covenant is only fulfilled when people, individually and collectively, do what is written on those two tablets (see True Christianity 285.)

When the Israelites lose the Ark of the Covenant in this story (and with it, the Ten Commandments) it symbolizes the loss of a person’s covenantal relationship with the Lord their Creator. This covenant can be severed, if we choose to break it, and this story is a representation of the destruction that breaking the covenant can cause. God, however, will never give up on us, and is always ready to come into our lives if we accept Him.

In True Christianity 285, Swedenborg writes that God is always ready to keep His commandment with us, but we must use our free will to keep our commandment with Him. This is illustrated in a quote from Revelation 3:20: “Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with me.”

While this story is an example of a covenant with God described in the Old Testament of the Word, this relationship between God and His people (and, of course, with each one of us individually) is a theme throughout all of the Bible. The New Testament describes a new covenant that the Lord seeks to build with each of us.

The Philistines, whom the Israelites were battling in this chapter, are mentioned in Swedenborg’s writings, where he writes that they represent faith without charity. Both faith and charity are necessary to follow the Lord, and knowledge of what is right and true is not useful unless we apply it to our lives. If we do not, this knowledge simply becomes memory instead of an ongoing part of our life (see Arcana Coelestia 1197). In this chapter, the Israelites lose a battle to the Philistines and surrender the Ark of the Covenant, which contains the Ten Commandments. Since Philistines represent knowledge without charity, perhaps this story is telling us that in order to keep our covenant with God, it is not enough to know what is required of us, what is written on the tablet. We must also act accordingly. When we both understand the commandments and practice them, then we are able to keep our covenant with God.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 1343, 1703, 2576, 4763, 9396, 9416


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 277, 700, 817

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Skočit na podobné biblické verše

Genesis 35:17, 18

Exodo 9:14, 14:14, 25, 15:14, 25:22

Levitico 26:17, 37

Numero 10:35, 14:45

Deuteronomio 29:10

Joshua 7:6, 15:53

Mga hukom 13:1, 15:20

1 Samuel 2:34, 3:2, 11, 12, 5:1, 7, 7:12, 10:19, 14:3, 29:1, 3

2 Samuel 10:12

1 Hari 1:40, 20:26

Mga Awit 74:11, 78:60, 61, 62, 64, 80:2

Isaias 59:1, 2

Panaghoy 2:1

Pahayag 11:6

Významy biblických slov

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dumating
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ngayon
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panginoon
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kaban
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mga kaaway
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hukbo
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kamay
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ilang
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tolda
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patayan
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araw
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nakaupo
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daan
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puso
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bayan
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ingay
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mata
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namatay
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asawa ni
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mamatay
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 The Capture and Return of the Ark
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
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