Domarboken 4

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1 Men Israels barn gjorde åter vad ont var i HERRENS ögon, när Ehud var död.

2 Då sålde HERREN dem i Jabins hand, den kananeiske konungens, som regerade i Hasor. Hans härhövitsman var Sisera, och denne bodde i Haroset-Haggoim.

3 Och Israels barn ropade till HERREN; ty han hade nio hundra stridsvagnar av järn, och han förtryckte Israels barn våldsamt i tjugu år.

4 Men Debora, en profetissa, Lappidots hustru, var på den tiden domarinna i Israel.

5 Hon plägade sitta under Deborapalmen, mellan Rama och Betel i Efraims bergsbygd, och Israels barn drogo ditupp till henne, for att hon skulle skipa rätt.

6 Hon sände nu och lät kalla till sig Barak, Abinoams son, från Kedes i Naftali, och sade till honom: »Se, HERREN, Israels Gud, bjuder: Drag åstad upp på berget Tabor och tag med dig tio tusen man av Naftali barn och Sebulons barn.

7 Ty jag vill draga Sisera, Jabins härhövitsman, med hans vagnar och skaror, till dig vid bäcken Kison och giva honom i din hand

8 Barak sade till henne: »Om du går med mig, så går jag, men om du icke går med mig, så går icke heller jag.»

9 Då svarade hon: »Ja, jag skall gå med dig; dock skall äran då icke bliva din på den väg du nu går, utan HERREN skall sälja Sisera i en kvinnas hand.» Så stod Debora upp och gick med Barak till Kedes.

10 Då bådade Barak upp Sebulon och Naftali till Kedes, och tio tusen man följde honom ditupp; Debora gick ock ditupp med honom.

11 Men kainéen Heber hade skilt sig från de övriga kainéerna, Hobabs, Moses svärfaders, barn; och han hade sina tältplatser ända till terebinten i Saannim vid Kedes.

12 Och man berättade för Sisera att Barak, Abinoams son, hade dragit upp på berget Tabor.

13 Då bådade Sisera upp alla sina stridsvagnar, nio hundra vagnar av järn, därtill ock allt folk han hade, att draga från Haroset-Haggoim till bäcken Kison.

14 Men Debora sade till Barak: »Stå upp, ty detta är den dag på vilken HERREN har givit Sisera i din hand; se, HERREN har dragit ut framför dig.» Så drog då Barak ned från berget Tabor, och tio tusen man följde honom.

15 Och HERREN sände förvirring över Sisera och alla hans vagnar och hela hans här, så att de veko tillbaka för Baraks svärd; och Sisera steg ned från sin vagn och flydde till fots.

16 Och Barak jagade efter vagnarna och hären ända till Haroset-Haggoim. Och hela Siseras här föll för svärdsegg; icke en enda kom undan.

17 Men Sisera hade under flykten styrt sina steg till Jaels, kainéen Hebers hustrus, tält; ty vänskap rådde mellan Jabin, konungen i Hasor, och kainéen Hebers hus.

18 Då gick Jael ut emot Sisera och sade till honom: »Kom in, min herre, kom in till mig, frukta intet.» Så gick han då in till henne i tältet, och hon höljde över honom med ett täcke.

19 Och han sade till henne: »Giv mig litet vatten att dricka, ty jag är törstig.» Då öppnade hon mjölk- kärlet och gav honom att dricka och höljde sedan åter över honom.

20 Och han sade till henne: »Ställ dig vid ingången till tältet; och kommer någon och frågar dig om någon är här, så svara nej.»

21 Men Jael, Hebers hustru, grep en tältplugg och tog en hammare i sin hand, gick därefter sakta in till honom och slog pluggen genom tinningen på honom, så att den gick ned i marken. Så dödades han, där han låg försänkt i tung sömn, medtagen av trötthet.

22 I samma stund kom Barak jagande efter Sisera; då gick Jael ut emot honom och sade till honom: »kom hit, så skall jag visa dig den man som du söker.» När han då gick in till henne, fick han se Sisera ligga död där, med tältpluggen genom tinningen.

23 Så lät Gud på den dagen Jabin, konungen i Kanaan, bliva kuvad av Israels barn.

24 Och Israels barns hand vilade allt tyngre på Jabin, konungen i Kanaan; och till slut förgjorde de Jabin, konungen i Kanaan.

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Exploring the Meaning of Judges 4      

Napsal(a) Rev. Julian Duckworth

Judges 4: Deborah

Yet again, the children of Israel had disobeyed the Lord. At this point in time, they had been under the yoke of Jabin, a Canaanite king, for twenty years. He had nine hundred chariots of iron, and was apparently very powerful.

The Lord raised up Deborah, a prophetess, to free the Israelites from oppression under Jabin. The text says that she would pass judgements for the children of Israel while she sat under the palm tree of Deborah.

Deborah summoned Barak, an army officer, and told him to go with ten thousand men from the tribes of Naphtali and Zebulun to fight King Jabin’s armies. Barak said he would only go if Deborah went as well, so she agreed to join him. Deborah then prophesied that Sisera, the enemy commander, would be defeated by a woman.

The two armies clashed at by the River Kishon, and all of Sisera’s men were killed. Sisera then fled to the tent of Heber, an Israelite who was on peaceful terms with King Jabin. Jael, Heber’s wife, invited Sisera to come in with the comforting words, “fear not”. She covered him with a blanket, gave him milk to drink, and let him sleep there.

Then Jael quietly took a tent peg and drove it into Sisera’s temple using a hammer, so that the peg stuck in the earth. When Barak came to the tent, pursuing Sisera, Jael went out to tell him, “come, and I will show you the man you seek.” And she showed him Sisera, dead, with a peg through his temple.

So Jabin’s army was defeated that day, and Israel grew stronger until their oppression under Jabin came to an end.

*****

Deborah is an especially significant character in the Bible, because she was the only female judge of Israel. It was very unusual for a woman in those times to rise to power, yet she truly earned the respect of her people. Deborah, as a woman, stands for the nurturing power of the Word to strengthen us during regeneration. Her name means ‘a bee’, but this comes from a word meaning ‘to speak’ – here, to speak the Word. Bees make honey; honey is nutritious; God’s word is our nourishment (see Swedenborg’s work, Arcana Caelestia 3424[2]).

The fact that Deborah judged from under a palm tree may seem like a passing detail, but even this contributes to the spiritual meaning of the story. Palm trees stand for the divine truths of the Word, which means that Deborah was judging the people from her understanding of the Lord’s truths.

King Jabin’s nine hundred iron chariots represent the apparent power of false beliefs, thoughts and persuasions over us. The number ‘nine’ stands for something which is complete, and ‘iron’ here stands for either natural truths or falsities. A ‘chariot’, being pulled by a horse, always stands for a set of teachings or doctrine. These three symbols add to the picture of a very powerful enemy: false ideas and views that can weaken and overwhelm us (Arcana Caelestia 4720[2]).

The spiritual meaning of the complex arrangement between Barak and Deborah is that we can only deal with our spiritual conflicts if we take the Word’s power (Deborah) with us. Barak, a man, represents the power of truth, but Deborah says a woman will gain victory over Sisera. The feminine stands for the power of love: our charity, our affection for good, and our wish to be useful. These qualities are always essential in our spiritual life (see Swedenborg’s work, Apocalypse Explained 1120[2]).

The story about Jael and Sisera is really about actively resisting the temptations of evil in our lives. Jael, a woman, stands for the power of good to overcome what is false in our mind. Driving the tent peg through Sisera’s head stands for the complete destruction of what is false. Driving it right through and into the ground stands for the power of good in our life and in our regeneration, because the ground represents our actions (Arcana Caelestia 268).

When Barak and Jael meet, it stands for the unity between good (Jael, a woman) and truth (Barak, a man). This unity of good and truth appears again at the start of the next chapter, in which Deborah and Barak sing of Israel’s victory.

Swedenborg

Výklad(y) nebo odkazy ze Swedenborgových prací:

Arcana Coelestia 2799


Odkazy ze Swedenborgových nevydaných prací:

Apocalypse Explained 447, 811

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Významy biblických slov

Israels
'Israel,' in Jeremiah 23:8, signifies the spiritual natural church. The children of Israel dispersed all the literal sense of the Word by falsities. 'The children...

barn
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Ont
'To hurt,' as mentioned in Revelation 6:6, signifies violation and profanation. 'To hurt' as mentioned in Revelation 9:4, signifies perverting the truths and goods of...

ögon
It’s common to say “I see” when we understand something. And indeed, “seeing” in the Bible represents grasping and understanding spiritual things. So it makes...

Död
Dead (Gen. 23:8) signifies night, in respect to the goodnesses and truths of faith.

HERREN
The Bible refers to the Lord in many different ways, which from the text seem indistinguishable and interchangeable. Understood in the internal sense, though, there...

hand
Scientists believe that one of the most crucial developments in the evolution of humans was bipedalism – walking on two legs. That left our hands...

konungens
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

regerade
To reign,' as in Revelation 5, signifies being in truths and goods, and so in power, from the Lord, to resist evils and falsities which...

Hasor
'The inhabitants of Hazor,' as mentioned in Jeremiah 49:30, signify those who possess spiritual riches, which are the things of faith. 'Hazor,' as mentioned in...

Sisera
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

bodde
'Inhabit' refers to good.

Nio
'Nine' signifies conjunction.

hundra
It's a landmark for a young child to count to 100; it sort of covers all the "ordinary" numbers. One hundred is obviously significant for...

Järn
'Iron,' in Deuteronomy 8:9, signifies natural or rational truth. Iron' signifies natural truth, and consequently, the natural sense of the Word. At the same time,...

tjugu
'Twenty,' when referring to a quantity, signifies everything, or fullness, because it is ten twice. In Genesis 18:31, 'twenty', like all numbers occurring in the...

hustru
The Hebrew of the Old Testament has six different common words which are generally translated as "wife," which largely overlap but have different nuances. Swedenborg...

tiden
Time is an aspect of the physical world, but according to Swedenborg is not an aspect of the spiritual world. The same is true of...

Israel
Jacob is told twice that his name will now be Israel. The first time is when he wrestles with an angel on his journey to...

under
Generally speaking things that are seen as lower physically in the Bible represent things that are lower or more external spiritually. In some cases this...

betel
När Jacob hade sin berömda dröm, om en trappa som leder till himlen, kallade han platsen "Betel", som är hebreisk för "Guds hus." Den bokstavliga...

Efraims
Ephraim was the second son born to Joseph in Egypt and was, along with his older brother Manasseh, elevated by Jacob to the same status...

sände
'Being sent' everywhere signifies, in an internal sense, going forth, as in John 17:8. In similar manner, it is said of the holy of the...

kalla
To call someone or summon someone in the Bible represents a desire for conjunction between higher and lower states of life. For instance, imagine someone...

Son
A child is a young boy or girl in the care of parents, older than a suckling or an infant, but not yet an adolescent....

Naftali
'Naphtali' in a supreme sense, signifies the proper power of the Lord’s divine human. In a spiritual sense, he signifies temptation and victory and a...

Gud
Herren är själv kärlek, uttryckt i form av visdom i sig. Kärlek är alltså Hans väsen, Hans inre. Vishet - den kärleksfulla förståelsen för hur...

tio
Most places in Swedenborg identify “ten” as representing “all,” or in some cases “many” or “much.” The Ten Commandments represent all the guidance we get...

tusen
As children, most of us at some point frustrated our mothers into using the phrase “if I've told you once, I've told you a thousand...

man
The relationship between men and women is deep and nuanced, and one entire book of the Writings – Conjugial Love or Love in Marriage –...

Väg
'To set a way,' as in Genesis 30:36, signifies being separated.

sälja
'To sell,' as in Genesis 41:56, means transferring to another as their own, because what is sold becomes the property of the one who buys...

Moses
Moses's name appears 814 times in the Bible (KJV), third-most of any one character (Jesus at 961 actually trails David at 991). He himself wrote...

dag
The expression 'even to this day' or 'today' sometimes appears in the Word, as in Genesis 19:37-38, 22:14, 26:33, 32:32, 35:20, and 47:26. In a...

ned
"Down" is used many different ways in natural language, and its spiritual meaning in the Bible is highly dependent on context. Phrases like "bowing down,"...

svärd
A 'sword,' in the Word, signifies the truth of faith combating and the vastation of truth. In an opposite sense, it signifies falsity combating and...

efter
Enligt Swedenborg finns tid och rum inte i andlig verklighet; det är rent naturliga saker som bara finns på det fysiska planet. Det betyder att...

Siseras
Sisera, as in Judges 5:20, signifies falsity from evil destroying the church.

föll
Like other common verbs, the meaning of "fall" is highly dependent on context in regular language, and is highly dependent on context in a spiritual...

hus
A "house" is essentially a container - for a person, for a family, for several families or even for a large group with shared interests...

tält
'The tabernacle' has almost the same meaning as 'temple,' that is, in the highest sense, the Lord’s divine humanity, and in a relative sense, heaven...

konungen
The human mind is composed of two parts, a will and an understanding, a seat of loves and affections, and a seat of wisdom and...

herre
Characters in the Bible will often address others using the term “my lord,” and it seems to be no more than an expression of respect....

frukta
Rädsla för det okända och rädsla för förändring är båda vanliga idéer, och täcker tillsammans ett brett spektrum av rädsla vi tenderar att ha i...

tältet
'Tent' is used in the Word to signify the celestial and holy aspects of love, because in ancient time they performed holy worship in their...

vatten
Water was obviously of tremendous importance in Biblical times (and every other time). It is the basis of life, the essential ingredient in all drinks,...

törstig
Food in the Bible generally relates to the desire for good, and drink generally relates to ideas of what is true. It makes sense then,...

mjölk
Water represents true ideas about day-to-day life, and other drinks and liquids in general represent different forms of truth. Milk is a drink that contains...

kommer
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

slog
To strike or smite, when used in the Bible, means to attack, harm or destroy, and is usually in reference to an attack on someone’s...

kom
As with common verbs in general, the meaning of “come” in the Bible is highly dependent on context – its meaning is determined largely by...

Se
To look,' as in Genesis 18:22, signifies thinking, because seeing denotes understanding. Look not back behind thee,' as in Genesis 19:17, means that Lot, who...

visa
'Shew' signifies instruction to the life.

Kanaan
Canaan signifies a worship in things external without internals, which arose out of the internal church corrupted, called Ham. Thus it is that Ham is...

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 Canaanite Chariots
Project | Ages 7 - 14

 Chariots in the Word Crossword Puzzle
Complete a crossword on chariots in the Word by looking up references to stories in the Old ad New Testaments.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13

 Deborah and Barak
A New Church Bible story explanation for teaching Sunday school. Includes lesson materials for Primary (3-8 years), Junior (9-11 years), Intermediate (12-14 years), Senior (15-17 years) and Adults.
Teaching Support | Ages over 3

 Go with Me
Spiritual tasks offer a reflection on a Biblical story and suggest a task for spiritual growth.
Activity | Ages over 18

 Jael Hides Sisera in Her Tent
Coloring Page | Ages 7 - 14

 Palms in the Word Crossword Puzzle
A crossword puzzle about palms in the Word. Complete the puzzle using reference clues.
Activity | Ages 9 - 13


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